Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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What happens in each step of the Linux kernel-building process?

I've read many tutorials about how to build custom kernels and boot Ubuntu using those kernels, and successfully followed the guides and booted custom kernels, but I have no understanding about what ...
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2answers
5k views

Why is vi apparently broken (viminfo error E576), and how can I fix it?

I am proficient at using Unix/Linux, but I am not an expert. If I want to open a file (for example, file.txt), I use vi: vi file.txt This opens the file, and if I want to close it, I use :q!. I ...
15
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2answers
13k views

What is the “/usr/local/src” folder meant for?

I wanted to put my work files (code) in /usr/local/src, but I think it's already a folder that has some other semantic meaning. What is that? Should I put source code there, or is there a better ...
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5answers
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Why doesn't docker container start at boot w/ upstart script on Ubuntu 12.04?

Using instructions for Docker auto-start on Linode VPS running Ubuntu 12.04 and Docker 0.8.1, the specified container does not start on reboot. Once booted, I am able to ~$ sudo start [service-name] ...
14
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4answers
2k views

Is there a way to auto turn-on Ubuntu?

Like a command line or a small piece of software I know that there are many ways to auto-shutdown, but I'm concerned about auto-turn-on.
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7answers
16k views

Linux equivalent for Windows Startup

Is there any way to add an application/script to the Linux startup so every time the system is on it executes [i'm looking for some automated way, user should not add this by cron job or something ...
14
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3answers
18k views

Linux, disable /dev/fd0 (floppy)

Is it possible to make Linux kernel completely ignore the floppy disk controller? I do not have the drive but obviously my motherboard does contain the controller. I would like to disable the /dev/fd0 ...
14
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3answers
12k views

What is the proper way to manage multiple python versions?

I have a machine with Python 2.6 installed as the default Python. Then, I installed Python 2.7, and manually created /usr/bin/python as a symlink to the new installation. Then, I was running into ...
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3answers
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Overflow /tmp mounted when there is free space on /

I recently faced an "overflow" issue on /tmp. I don't have a separate /tmp partition, and there is 17% free in / – then why did I get an overflow tmp filesystem? # /etc/fstab: static file ...
14
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1answer
7k views

What does a kernel source tree contain? Is this related to Linux kernel headers?

In books, I typically read references to the Linux Source Tree at /usr/src/linux with the usual set of subdirectories (arch, block, crypto, ...). I was expecting this tree to contain the binary files ...
14
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2answers
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How to recover files I deleted now by running rm *? [duplicate]

By mistake I ran rm * on the current directory where I created many c program files. I had been working on these since morning. Now I can't take out again the time that I spent since morning on ...
14
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1answer
12k views

How do I set a user's default .bashrc file?

On Ubuntu 10.4 I have edited the /etc/bash.bashrc file to set some variables like the command history size (HISTSIZE=5000), however if I create a new users Ubuntu by default gives them a .bashrc file ...
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3answers
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How to boot EFI kernel using QEMU (kvm)?

Hey guys I'm trying to emulate a EFI enviroment using QEMU (kmv), virtualbox takes 15 minutes to boot in EFI mode using archboot. Using legacy BIOS mode I can boot using this command: ...
14
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3answers
6k views

Are multiple @daily crontab entries processed in order, serially?

I want two jobs to run sometime every day, serially, in exactly the order I specify. Will this crontab reliably do what I want? @daily job1 @daily job2 I'm assuming they run one after the other, ...
13
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6answers
2k views

Is there a root password on OS X and Ubuntu?

When you setup a new Ubuntu or OS X installation a user is generally created for you. On OS X it is whatever username you pick. On Ubuntu (the server version) usually the ubuntu user is created. The ...
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5answers
8k views

How is sudo set to not change $HOME in Ubuntu and how to disable this behavior?

On Ubuntu 12.04, when I sudo -s the $HOME variable is not changed, so if my regular user is regularuser, the situation goes like this: $ cd $ pwd /home/regularuser $ sudo -s # cd # pwd ...
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3answers
2k views

How can I de-fragment a drive using Ubuntu?

Is it necessary to defrag drives in Ubuntu? If so, how do I do it and how often should it be done?
13
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7answers
35k views

Finding files that use the most disk space

Is it possible to list the largest files on my hard drive? I frequently use df -H to display my disk usage, but this only gives the percentage full, GBs remaining, etc. I do a lot of data-intensive ...
13
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4answers
11k views

Mount a filesystem read-only, and redirect writes to RAM?

Is it possible to mount a loopback file as read-only, and redirect all writes to RAM?
13
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3answers
23k views

How to configure external IP addresses for LXC guests?

I'm exploring the LXC features in Ubuntu 12.04 and I really want to set up a network like this: client1: 192.168.56.101/24 lxc-host: 192.168.56.102/24 guest1 192.168.56.201/24 guest2 ...
13
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4answers
19k views

XFS vs Ext4 vs Others - which file system is stable, reliable, for long run such as 24/7 case [closed]

XFS and Ext4 file system which one is really stable and reliable for long run with heavy disk write and read? the system will be used in a place where 24/7 is in service, and every second there is ...
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4answers
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I changed my hostname, why is my bash PS1 prompt unchanged

I changed my hostname by editing /etc/hostname and can see the new hostname using the hostname and hostname -F commands. But the shell prompt is still showing the old hostname. This is Ubuntu 11.0.4 ...
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2answers
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Is it possible to simulate installation of Debian packages, still marking them installed?

Here's what I would like. Start with a virtual system with no installed packages. Then I invoke a tool similar to apt-get to ask it to compute the dependencies and mark all the packages that would be ...
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5answers
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Can't apply chmod to a file

I have a file on my HDD, cd /media/celebisait/5AC69788C6976355 There is my file called myFile.tar.gz. I do als -l, -rw------- 2 celebisait celebisait 1387745311 Jun 6 2013 myFile.tar.gz ...
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3answers
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l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
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4answers
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How to copy-merge two directories? [duplicate]

I have two directories images and images2 with this structure in Linux: /images/ad /images/fe /images/foo ... and other 4000 folders and the other is like: /images2/ad /images2/fe ...
12
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3answers
6k views

How to /dev/null background processes “informational” output?

[USER@SERVER ~] sleep 3 & [1] 5232 [USER@SERVER ~] [1]+ Done sleep 3 [USER@SERVER ~] How do I /dev/null these two messages?: [1] 5232 [1]+ Done sleep ...
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7answers
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Can I label a disk device rather than a partition?

I know about the e2label and friends program for attaching a label to a disk partition e.g. e2label /dev/sda1 bla What I want to do is something different: I want to create a label for a hard ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How to implement package install suggestion on Debian?

I have noticed that while on Ubuntu, if I type the following: mc and it isnt installed, I get the message below: The program 'mc' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: sudo ...
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4answers
2k views

In Debian based systems, how do we purge configuration files of packages that have already been uninstalled?

To be more specific, I would like to do the equivalent of adding the --purge flag to the following command sudo apt-get autoremove --purge [package name] to packages that are no longer on the ...
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3answers
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Why don't my arrow keys work in sh?

I recently installed Ubuntu and when I run sh on the Terminal my arrow keys don't work so I can't go through my call history or edit whatever I'm typing. It just comes out as weird characters like ...
12
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1answer
336 views

Partitioning done incorrectly?

Long story short, we had issues installing linux on this system. It magically decided to work, but now I'm unsure about the hard drive partitioning. One hard drive has linux installed on it and the ...
12
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6answers
17k views

How can I switch between different audio output hardware using the shell?

I use my laptop with an external monitor which has speakers. When the monitor is attached through HDMI I can switch (using the GUI: Sound Setting --> Hardware) between the normal laptop audio output ...
12
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3answers
16k views

How can I track who SSH'es into my linux machine?

I'm running Ubuntu 10.04. Is there a way I can get a daily report of who has logged onto the box, what time, and even - this may be asking too much - a report of the commands they used? This is a ...
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6answers
8k views

Screen turns on automatically (xset dpms force off)

I am using xset dpms force off to manually turn my screen off to save power. However, it turns back on after some time (20 - 40 seconds). Distro: Ubuntu-Lucid Graphics: Intel 4500 MHD ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I monitor CPU usage by user?

I need to monitor CPU usage by users of two servers' (Ubuntu and CentOS). For example: user1 5% user2 10% ... Is there a tool similar to top or htop that can do that?
12
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4answers
10k views

How to get rid of the “scanning for btrfs file systems” at start-up?

After upgrading from Ubuntu 12.04 to Ubuntu 12.10, I get a message "scanning for btrfs file systems" at starting-up. I don't have any BTRFS filesystem. It delays the booting for about 15 seconds. How ...
12
votes
1answer
6k views

Installing two glibc alongside in debian/ubuntu

Is it possible to install and use two different glibc versions on the same machine. Where one version is only used to run legacy software, which relies on old glibc binaries? Is it possible to do ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Is there a tool(!) to list assigned subuid and subgid values for users?

The question is basically in the title. usermod -v (--add-sub-uids) and usermod -w (--add-sub-gids) can be used to manipulate the subuid and subgid ranges for a user account, but there appears to be ...
11
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4answers
8k views

/etc/rc.d vs /etc/init.d

Is ubuntu's /etc/init.d directory exactly equivalent (functionally) to what I presume to be the more standard /etc/rc.d/ (at least on arch)? Is there any particular reason canonical used init.d ...
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5answers
640 views

Is there a more succinct alternative to piping to wc for counting files in a directory

If I do ls -1 target_dir | wc -l, I get a count of files in a directory. I find this a bit cumbersome. Is there a more elegant or succinct way?
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5answers
23k views

Can a linux user change their password without knowing the current password?

I'm setting up a few ubuntu boxes, and using opscode's chef as a configuration tool. It would be fairly easy to install public keys for each user on each of these servers, and disable password ...
11
votes
4answers
13k views

'mv' equivalent of drag and drop with replace?

In a GUI environment, a drag-and-drop with replace will replace files and entire directories (including contents) with whatever is being copied in. Is there a way to accomplish this same intuitive ...
11
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2answers
7k views

Installing mysql-server in vagrant bootstrap shell script (how to skip setup?)

I did try to install mysql-server on my Vagrant Ubuntu 12.04 LTS virtual machine. When I did so, the setup auto-starts. I can see this in the Vagrant output: While not mandatory, it is highly ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Using Atlas from scipy

I installed Ubuntu 12.04 64 bit. I need to work with python and scipy, I installed them and when I run the test: python -c "import scipy; scipy.test()" I get the message: ImportError: ...
11
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1answer
21k views

How to permanently disable a network interface?

I've brought down a network interface with ifconfig wlan0 down, but every few hours or so, the wlan0 interface comes back up and I can't figure out why. I don't restart the machine, never changed ...
11
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3answers
24k views

Ubuntu 12.04 hotspot wifi network not visible to Android 4.1.2

I'm running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on my notebook, and I've got a Motorola Razr which I updated to Android 4.1.2. Before updating, I connected my smartphone to my hotspot wifi very quickly, but after the ...
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3answers
21k views

Ubuntu Server Continuously “goes to sleep”

I am running a web server at home using Ubuntu 11.4 (maybe? I can't 100% recall) on an older AMD 2400+ desktop with 1 or 2 GB of RAM. Sorry I can't recall the details 100%. Anyway, I have a KVM ...
11
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1answer
9k views

swapon: Operation not permitted

I'm running this as root, obviously. I've created a file called /swap/sw1, by dumping 512 megs of /dev/zero into it. I then ran mkswap, which said: Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 524284 KiB ...
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2answers
602 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...