Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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2answers
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How to boot EFI kernel using QEMU (kvm)?

Hey guys I'm trying to emulate a EFI enviroment using QEMU (kmv), virtualbox takes 15 minutes to boot in EFI mode using archboot. Using legacy BIOS mode I can boot using this command: ...
12
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the “/usr/local/src” folder meant for?

I wanted to put my work files (code) in /usr/local/src, but I think it's already a folder that has some other semantic meaning. What is that? Should I put source code there, or is there a better ...
12
votes
5answers
13k views

Why doesn't docker container start at boot w/ upstart script on Ubuntu 12.04?

Using instructions for Docker auto-start on Linode VPS running Ubuntu 12.04 and Docker 0.8.1, the specified container does not start on reboot. Once booted, I am able to ~$ sudo start [service-name] ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I make my laptop sleep when it reaches some low battery threshold?

I'm using Ubuntu, but I have i3 as my window manager. Under i3, when my battery reaches 0%, the computer will just abruptly shut down, no warning or anything. Is there a simple script or ...
11
votes
5answers
22k views

delete line in vi

How can I delete a line in VI? Here what I am doing right now: Open up the terminal alt + ctrl + t vi a.txt I move my cursor to the line which I wan to delete, then what key-combination is should ...
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4answers
4k views

How is Ubuntu based on Debian?

Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu. Ubuntu is based on Debian. Like this, there are several other linux distributions that are based on Ubuntu, Debian, Slackware, etc. What confuses me is what does this ...
11
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4answers
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What program do I use to check mail?

I'm receiving "You have mail" messages and according to How to remove “You have mail” welcome message I should read my mail with mail. However I cannot find the command in my system (Ubuntu 10.04 ...
11
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3answers
8k views

Mount a filesystem read-only, and redirect writes to RAM?

Is it possible to mount a loopback file as read-only, and redirect all writes to RAM?
11
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5answers
552 views

Is there a more succinct alternative to piping to wc for counting files in a directory

If I do ls -1 target_dir | wc -l, I get a count of files in a directory. I find this a bit cumbersome. Is there a more elegant or succinct way?
11
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4answers
8k views

'mv' equivalent of drag and drop with replace?

In a GUI environment, a drag-and-drop with replace will replace files and entire directories (including contents) with whatever is being copied in. Is there a way to accomplish this same intuitive ...
11
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7answers
2k views

Can I label a disk device rather than a partition?

I know about the e2label and friends program for attaching a label to a disk partition e.g. e2label /dev/sda1 bla What I want to do is something different: I want to create a label for a hard ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Can I unfreeze bash or vim when SSH session freezes from timeout? [duplicate]

When my SSH session times out, the whole terminal freezes. Is there any way to break out of that connection? CTRL+C doesn't cut it.
11
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4answers
14k views

XFS vs Ext4 vs Others - which file system is stable, reliable, for long run such as 24/7 case [closed]

XFS and Ext4 file system which one is really stable and reliable for long run with heavy disk write and read? the system will be used in a place where 24/7 is in service, and every second there is ...
11
votes
2answers
54k views

How to recover files I deleted now by running rm *? [duplicate]

By mistake I ran rm * on the current directory where I created many c program files. I had been working on these since morning. Now I can't take out again the time that I spent since morning on ...
11
votes
4answers
21k views

Ubuntu 12.04 hotspot wifi network not visible to Android 4.1.2

I'm running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on my notebook, and I've got a Motorola Razr which I updated to Android 4.1.2. Before updating, I connected my smartphone to my hotspot wifi very quickly, but after the ...
11
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3answers
16k views

How to configure external IP addresses for LXC guests?

I'm exploring the LXC features in Ubuntu 12.04 and I really want to set up a network like this: client1: 192.168.56.101/24 lxc-host: 192.168.56.102/24 guest1 192.168.56.201/24 guest2 ...
11
votes
1answer
7k views

swapon: Operation not permitted

I'm running this as root, obviously. I've created a file called /swap/sw1, by dumping 512 megs of /dev/zero into it. I then ran mkswap, which said: Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 524284 KiB ...
11
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6answers
12k views

How can I switch between different audio output hardware using the shell?

I use my laptop with an external monitor which has speakers. When the monitor is attached through HDMI I can switch (using the GUI: Sound Setting --> Hardware) between the normal laptop audio output ...
11
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2answers
574 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...
11
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5answers
7k views

Screen turns on automatically (xset dpms force off)

I am using xset dpms force off to manually turn my screen off to save power. However, it turns back on after some time (20 - 40 seconds). Distro: Ubuntu-Lucid Graphics: Intel 4500 MHD ...
11
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5answers
16k views

How do I set up dual monitor wallpaper (Ubuntu/NVIDIA)?

On Ubuntu 10.4 with NVIDIA drivers I have dual monitors setup with TwinView. How do I configure a single wallpaper to span both monitors? Right now the same wallpaper is replicated on both monitors. ...
11
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1answer
3k views

How can I monitor CPU usage by user?

I need to monitor CPU usage by users of two servers' (Ubuntu and CentOS). For example: user1 5% user2 10% ... Is there a tool similar to top or htop that can do that?
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2answers
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Is it possible to simulate installation of Debian packages, still marking them installed?

Here's what I would like. Start with a virtual system with no installed packages. Then I invoke a tool similar to apt-get to ask it to compute the dependencies and mark all the packages that would be ...
11
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1answer
2k views

is upstart and supervisord used for the same thing?

I have a some jvm based processes that I need to make sure start whenever my server is rebooted, and also if it stops because of an unexpected error etc. I'm running Ubuntu 12.04 in case in matters. ...
11
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1answer
5k views

Installing two glibc alongside in debian/ubuntu

Is it possible to install and use two different glibc versions on the same machine. Where one version is only used to run legacy software, which relies on old glibc binaries? Is it possible to do ...
10
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3answers
34k views

How to start a service automatically, when Ubuntu starts?

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and want to have a service starting, when the system is booted normally. As 'service' I understand some code, for example cd my_directory; my_command -host 0.0.0.0 -port ...
10
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4answers
38k views

How can I look up a username by id in linux?

The command id can be used to look up a user's uid, for example: $ id -u ubuntu 1000 Is there a command to lookup up a username from a uid? I realize this can be done by looking at the /etc/passwd ...
10
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3answers
2k views

How do I log into my Linux laptop if I have forgotten both the login and password?

How do I log into my Linux laptop if I have forgotten both the username and password?
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5answers
17k views

Can a linux user change their password without knowing the current password?

I'm setting up a few ubuntu boxes, and using opscode's chef as a configuration tool. It would be fairly easy to install public keys for each user on each of these servers, and disable password ...
10
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4answers
15k views

keyserver timed out when trying to add a GPG public key

I am trying to add a public key for installing a program with CPG. But i am pretty new to this but every command i found gave me the same error: gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys ...
10
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4answers
19k views

How to find out if Ubuntu is using DHCP (Ubuntu 12.04 LTS GUI)

How can I find out if my IP address is DHCP, Fixed or Dynamic? I need to tell my network administrator what the IP address is, that my Virtual Machine is using. I know the numbers, but I don't know ...
10
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3answers
5k views

How to /dev/null background processes “informational” output?

[USER@SERVER ~] sleep 3 & [1] 5232 [USER@SERVER ~] [1]+ Done sleep 3 [USER@SERVER ~] How do I /dev/null these two messages?: [1] 5232 [1]+ Done sleep ...
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6answers
17k views

Finding files that use the most disk space

Is it possible to list the largest files on my hard drive? I frequently use df -H to display my disk usage, but this only gives the percentage full, GBs remaining, etc. I do a lot of data-intensive ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Using Atlas from scipy

I installed Ubuntu 12.04 64 bit. I need to work with python and scipy, I installed them and when I run the test: python -c "import scipy; scipy.test()" I get the message: ImportError: ...
10
votes
2answers
26k views

iptables --set-mark - Route diferent ports through different interfaces

Short story, 3 interfaces, eth0 (LAN), eth1(ADSL), eth2(4G). eth0 -> eth1: Works (ports 80, 443, 4070) eth0 -> eth2: Doesn't happen This is a graphical representation of the idea: Port 80 & ...
10
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6answers
24k views

Create a Bootable (UEFI GRUB) USB for Ubuntu & Windows 7 Install

I want to create a Bootable EFI USB to install Ubuntu & Windows 7 (maybe with utilities like PartedMagic). I did that using MultiSystem previously. However, I am using GPT and Windows install ...
10
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5answers
5k views

Vintage terminal for Ubuntu

So I have just been introduced to Cathode for OSX and I am completely fascinated by how classic it looks with it's 1970s retro style. Does anyone know of any programs/packages I can download to get my ...
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4answers
7k views

How to get rid of the “scanning for btrfs file systems” at start-up?

After upgrading from Ubuntu 12.04 to Ubuntu 12.10, I get a message "scanning for btrfs file systems" at starting-up. I don't have any BTRFS filesystem. It delays the booting for about 15 seconds. How ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Spamassassin object method location problems after restart

After spamassassin was restarted by the daily cronjob this morning it's flooding syslog with the following errors: Feb 9 09:24:26 mail spamd[8766]: spamd: got connection over /var/run/spamd.socket ...
10
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2answers
711 views

Driver is sometimes loaded, sometimes not

I was assigned an Ubuntu desktop with some stuff already on it. I did not reformat it, but attached a mini-PCI wireless card over a PCI to mini-PCI adapter. I manually built the madwifi driver and ...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

How to truely install a tar.gz file on Linux - how to manage manually-installed (or standalone) applications?

I see all these links explaining packages and .debs... I know that... and there are many kludges to get tar.gz files working (eg: update-alternatives for Java or manually dropping the file in ...
9
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7answers
15k views

How do I work with GUI tools over a remote server?

I have an Ubuntu server running on EC2 (which I didn't install myself, just picked up an AMI). So far I'm using putty to work with it, but I am wondering how to work on it with GUI tools (I'm not ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Use #!/bin/sh or #!/bin/bash for Ubuntu-OSX compatibility and ease of use & POSIX

I know that I can use either as the first line of scripts to invoke the desired shell. Would #!/bin/sh be recommended if compatibility with all unix systems is an absolute requirement? In my case ...
9
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3answers
2k views

In awesome window manager, how can I make key bindings send keyboard events?

I don't think that title probably helps very much, but here's my issue: I'm using the awesome window manager and am trying to make my key bindings to be similar in flavor to OSX for special keys. ...
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2answers
3k views

l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
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5answers
746 views

What should I expect if I switch from Ubuntu to openSuse

As probably most of you I have been long using Ubuntu. I'm not an expert, but I have been using different distros until I settled with Ubuntu. I started using SuSE 5.x, Conectiva (that later became ...
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2answers
2k views

How to implement package install suggestion on Debian?

I have noticed that while on Ubuntu, if I type the following: mc and it isnt installed, I get the message below: The program 'mc' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: sudo ...
9
votes
2answers
15k views

Use shared libraries in /usr/local/lib

I have build some libraries from sources, and the files after make install are in /usr/local/lib For example, in my case I have the file libodb-2.2.so which is in this directory. However when I ...
9
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3answers
21k views

Creating an user without a password

I'm trying to create user without password like this: sudo adduser \ --system \ --shell /bin/bash \ --gecos ‘User for managing of git version control’ \ --group \ --disabled-password \ ...
9
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2answers
10k views

Configuring syslogd in Ubuntu

In CentOS and many other distros you can configure syslogd using /etc/syslog.conf but in Ubuntu there is no such file. Which file I should edit for configuring syslogd in Ubuntu.