A representation of a device that asynchronously transmits and receives serial data.

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Linux TTY Colours

I've had this issue for a little while now on a few machines, but never thought to ask anyone. Upon installing a new laptop the other day, and using the virtual terminal for a bit, I noticed that ...
3
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2answers
102 views

Why does the Linux virtual terminal support only 16 colors, by default?

Why does the Linux virtual terminal support only 16 colors, by default? Is there a particular reason for this?
2
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1answer
702 views

Re-ordering serial ports on a multiport card

I have a Red Hat Enterprise 6.2 machine with two on-board serial ports and a PCIe card with 8 additional serial ports (16C950 UARTs, 16C550 compliant). I've added the kernel option 8250.nr_uarts=10 so ...
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3answers
1k views

X11 forwarding through SSH

I have been playing around with X11 forwarding the past few hours and so far I've managed to forward my desktop pc's X Server to my laptop, using X11VNC as server and X2VNC as client. X2VNC uses ...
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0answers
301 views

Only met by a tty “login” prompt when booting Mint

I've installed Linux Mint 11 Katya (dual-booting with Win7) on my PC. After some problems with booting, I decided to use NeoGrub to add a Grub-based bootloader, configurable from within Windows, to ...
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2answers
1k views

Detect if running in a virtual terminal?

I'd like to autologin to tty1 on login and then use vlock to lock it. How can I detect from Bash if the current terminal is a console virtual terminal (e.g. tty1), so that I can put the vlock line ...
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2answers
2k views

how to re-enable input on a serial console

I have an old router which runs Linux and I'd like to have a serial console on. This used to work fine, but after a firmware update, I can now only get output on the console and cannot give any input ...
3
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1answer
173 views

USB device to be detected at the “same” /dev point always?

In Linux (actually I'm with CentOS v6.5), whenever I plug in my USB Terminal/Character Device (some kind of USB Adapter) for the first time (after booted), it is detected at: /dev/ttyUSB0 But ...
3
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0answers
613 views

Plymouth splash not working and causing VT problems

Since I tried installing Plymouth (boot splash), I'm facing two problems : It's not working My Virtual Terminals (tt1 - 6) aren't working anymore Here what I did : Added plymouth hook (after ...
2
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2answers
177 views

Weird escape sequence

I need help identifying what this escape sequences represents. I see this sequence is autogenerating on my server's console, but I'm not sure what is the reason for that. Escape sequence: ^[[[D I've ...
2
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0answers
696 views

Trying to understand how TTYs and PTYs work in CentOS 6.5? [duplicate]

I started to dig into the whole Linux pty and tty hell. I'm trying to understand how it works here in Linux so I was reading quite a lot of articles that covered this topic. So far I know: TTYs ...
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1answer
93 views

Virtual TTY jumps to the next on launching from the Openbox menu

When I launch a terminal from my Openbox menu my virtual terminal TTY jumps to the next CtrlAltF12 slot. It seems that this problem appeared after I wanted some more than 7 TTYs and added some to ...
14
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2answers
702 views

Can the empty spaces/background in a terminal be replaced with a random(but pretty) pattern of ASCII characters?

Context and Question There are many ways to colorize the terminal and shell environment. The output of individual commands, such as ls and grep, can also be colorized. Not directly related but ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

How to switch tty with a script / cronjob

Is it possible to switch the current tty/vt with the help of a bash script or a cronjob? I only know the physical keyboard input "Ctrl-Alt-Fx". I would like to show two virtual desktops at different ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How does a Linux terminal work?

If you fire up a terminal and call an executable (assuming one thats line oriented for simplicity) you get a reply to the command from the executable. How does this get printed to you (the user) does ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

What is the maximum allowed number of TTY, is it defined anywhere in kernel headers?

What's the maximum allowed number of TTYs? I found pty.max, but is there anything similar for TTYs? Or is it defined as a fixed value in kernel headers, I couldn't find that
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1answer
2k views

Read what is written to /dev/tty*

How can I read what is written to /dev/tty*(* = 0 - number of tty)? I tried sudo tail -f /dev/tty1 on one terminal(X) and then sudo cp .emacs /dev/tty1 from another. X didn't show the the content of ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Change the number of generated /dev/tty devices

I'm building an embedded Linux system, based on Gentoo. Using udev, all tty devices are probed with a PROGRAM stanza to determine if they are a modem. Right now the system boots up with 64 /dev/tty*. ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

GNU Screen weird characters on click

I have a small problem in GNU screen. A GNU screen session runs on my RaspberryPi. Now sometimes, when I join it, if I click in the terminal (I'm using terminator on Fedora) I see weird characters ...
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2answers
748 views

How can I replace a tty using getty with qingy on ubuntu 12.04 or later?

Qingy is a getty replacement. I'd like to use it for a tty terminal on Linux Mint 15 (in hopes of getting tmux to get proper 256 colors in tty which fails with fbterm) which means replacing getty. ...
31
votes
1answer
852 views

What happens when Ctrl + Alt + F<Num> is pressed?

I am looking for an explanation of what happens in Linux when this key combination is pressed to change the current terminal. In particular, what software component intercepts this key combination and ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Pasting binary data into a Unicode terminal

I need to be able to paste binary data into a terminal. For some reason, every byte outside the ASCII range (0x80-0xff) is pasted as the same three byte sequence 0xef 0xbf 0xbd. For example: $ echo ...
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1answer
82 views

Capture textual snapshot of pseudo terminal

My question is related to Keyboard and Console, but I want to do it for an arbitrary pseudo terminal, and not just the built-in Linux ones. Also, I'm not interested in a stream, I just want the ...
3
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4answers
303 views

How do you find what keys the “erase” and “line-kill” characters are in Ubuntu?

I'm new to Unix and have bought today a copy of "The Unix Programming Environment". I'm trying out the stuff from the book. But some of them are not working as expected like : To kill a line and ...
2
votes
1answer
315 views

accessing stdin/stdout of a process started in another tty

I logged in to my linux physically(say tty1) and started a process that watches stdin for commands and has some stdout-put. How can I access/use this process from a SSH session?
5
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1answer
938 views

Return to X session after Ctrl+Alt+F1

What is the command to return to the graphical desktop after entering the terminal mode with Ctrl+Alt+F1? I need it for operating my Raspbian.
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0answers
113 views

No Login on created on tty2 to 6

On my Debian Linux no Login is possible on terminals 2 to 6. Login on 1 works fine, xorg-session with XDM and awesome wm works, too. The Error Message shown on these 5 screens is: ...
0
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1answer
157 views

Making a tty9 on a openvz VE

I am in a virtual environment. I am installing Asterisk and freepbx. They use this script amportal and it has a requirement to check for tty9 there is alot of mention on folks running this in a VE ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Use case of providing file-like API to terminal/console

It was explained in this Stack Overflow thread that each logical terminal has a "pseudo-terminal", and that writing to one: $ cat some-file.txt > /dev/ttys002 will cause the data to appear in ...
2
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1answer
97 views

How to restore from a scrambled screen?

My screen is scrambled while reading some unexpected chars, It happens in a local tty, so logging out won't help. Any ideas? Hopefully I don't have to reboot
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Why does `last` show '{' and '|' in the TTY field?

We recently set up a new FreeBSD 7.2 machine on March 11. When looking at last, we noticed some funny characters for the TTY field. What do these characters mean? Note that at this time, the ...
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vote
2answers
6k views

How to set default console keyboard layout in Arch Linux?

Whenever I reboot my computer I have to set the keyboard layout in a console again with loadkeys. Is there a way to change the default keyboard layout that is loaded everytime the computer boots?
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2answers
227 views

Is there a way to mirror USB outputs?

I'm currently writing a program for a project. It is for a braille reading system where I have a braille display connected via USB that is controlled by a program called brltty. One of the ...
5
votes
2answers
862 views

Best way to set serial port speeds on boot?

I've got instruments hooked up to /dev/ttyS1 through ttyS9 on a machine running Debian Wheezy. The various instruments communicate at various speeds. Is there a better way to set the baud rates than ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

sudo askpass: ask from other tty

Context I want to setup rsync backups of my server, so I run the following command rsync -r -e ssh --rsync-path="sudo rsync" rsyncuser@example.com:/ /backup/ Ideally, that command would ask my ...
2
votes
1answer
455 views

Debian chroot blocking PTTYs on host

I've created a Debian-based chroot environment using debootstrap under Arch Linux, and fill it with life like this: #!/bin/sh mount -t proc proc $CHROOT/proc mount -t devpts devpts $CHROOT/dev/pts ...
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0answers
160 views

FreeBSD gettytab configuration

I have a serial port on my system which is named cuau3 under FreeBSD. I want to change the properties of this port, I can change the device's speed using /etc/ttys and /etc/gettytab files, but I can't ...
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0answers
36 views

How to get 256 color support in a login shell TTY? [duplicate]

I want to experiment with a fully text-based environment, however, the only thing that is stopping me - is getting 256 colors so my Vim color schemes could work perfectly. When I enter a TTY by ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Take copy of TTY0 text

I have some output in TTY1 that I think might hold clues as to why my last GUI session froze (CtrlAltBackspace was able to get me back to the terminal and I reloaded the GUI). However, I cannot seem ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

No room on ep ring?

I just switched to tty1, and I'm getting all kinds of output. It all looks like this: [timestamp] xhci_hcd 0000:00:14.0: ERROR no room on ep ring It's happening over 100 times per second, every 5 ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Change the number of rows and columns in the TTY [duplicate]

I want to resize the terminal which comes up when you press CtrlAltF1 (or F2,F3,...). 25x80 is small for a 24" screen. Tried using stty, but the commands stty columns 200 and stty rows 50 does not ...
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0answers
78 views

Root has no permission on virtual console screen devices

Even being root I can't do the following: # cat /dev/vcs1 cat: /dev/vcs1: Operation not permitted And the rights are set correctly: # ls -o /dev/ crw-r--r-- 1 root 7, 1 Aug 5 22:00 vcs1 ...
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vote
1answer
43 views

Cannot figure out how to revert back to backed up profile file

Basically, I made a backup copy of my /etc/profile (or ~/.profile I can't remember exactly) file that executes as soon as you login to a TTY, and then I changed the one that was there, and now it ...
1
vote
1answer
781 views

How to disable respawn for terminal?

In old 5.3 rhel, we used to define the number of terminals and their respawn settings in /etc/inittab file as below. 1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty1 1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty2 ...
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votes
1answer
1k views

In which cases is SIGHUP not sent to a job when you log out?

I read an answer from a user who claimed that running foo 2>&1 >& output.log & would result in foo continuing to run even when they log out. According to this user, this even ...
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1answer
262 views

Black screen TTYs1-6 (KDE)

Since I installed KDE and removed Gnome, when I switch to any TTY1-6 I got a black screen. Switching back to TTY7 works fine. I don't know why is this happening, but I guess that some needed package ...
5
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2answers
577 views

My process was killed but I cannot understand the kernel notice

I have a custom application running on an embedded x86 setup (built using buildroot and uClibc). The application has been running fine but this morning when I returned to work I discovered my process ...
2
votes
1answer
532 views

Start remote X session on local tty

I have access to two Linux boxes, both running X servers. Let's call them A and B. I do not always have physical access to machine A, though I can always access it remotely and I have admin access to ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does awk do full buffering when reading from a pipe

I'm reading from a serial port connected to a gps device sending nmea strings. A simplified invocation to illustrate my point: $ awk '{ print $0 }' /dev/ttyPSC9 ...
3
votes
1answer
377 views

Relationship among runlevels and virtual terminals (TTY)

When I switch from rulevel 5 to 3 (with init command) and I press CtrlAltF1 up to F7, I realize that now I’m on TTY1 instead of TTY7 and when I switch back to runlevel 5 I return back to TTY7. Why? ...