A terminal is an environment for text input/output. Inside the terminal, one runs command-line and text mode programs (including shells).

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11
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3answers
1k views

Terminal vs bash? [duplicate]

I'm on a Mac but I think this is generally Unix-applicable. I'm in the process of learning shell scripting and there's something I seem to be missing. When I'm in the ordinary terminal, I can use ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Create an alias using Command, Option, Control, or Fn key as part of the input

How can we map these keys into part of an alias or custom shortcut within the terminal? Is it the key codes that must be used or is there another way?
0
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1answer
91 views

Terminal sandbox commands

I was wondering if there's a way to run shell commands that affect only a certain directory and its subdirectories. I'm using PHP and I want to make an app that allows the user to execute shell ...
0
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2answers
85 views

Turn off mail notification in terminal

I'm running some cron jobs on my machine and every time I fire up a terminal session I'm getting a 'You have mail' message (the job produces output on success which gets mailed to me). Any way to ...
0
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2answers
75 views

Tilde on unix:hpux and / or solaris

On Linux press F9 return a correct ~ On unix(solaris or hpux) return 0~ How to set correct tilde on those systems?
0
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1answer
156 views

How do I grep on a live log (stdout)?

I'm not sure if that what stdout is, but that's what I think. What I want to do is filter out a certain log message when running an executable. I tried this: Executable 2>&1 /dev/null | ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Is it possible to open a terminal with specified tty/pty

(I am using Ubuntu.) In my understanding tty is just a kind of port. You input something and it should output something. And a terminal (emulator) is a software handle those input and output. ...
0
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0answers
54 views

wrong MC colors when launched via xterm -e mc

I use ini-customized color theme in Midnight Commander 4.8. [Colors] base_color=linux:normal=cyan,rgb002:input=white,cyan:inputunchanged=black,cyan:dhotnormal=red When I launch xterm and then ...
0
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2answers
289 views

Running a program (command) on terminal after login screen in Ubuntu 14.04

NOTE :- This is not a duplicate question. I have searched about 100 times on this site and several others including Ubuntuforums,askubuntu and stackoverflow. I couldn't get my work done. OBJECTIVE :- ...
0
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1answer
298 views

Solarized theme in both mc and Terminator

I have configured Terminator to use Solarized color theme. I did the same for MC. However, the problem I have is that I don't get actual Solarized color scheme in MC (as there already is one below ...
3
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0answers
112 views

When I use zip, how can I display the overall progress without flooding the command line?

A fixed-length progress bar, a file or byte count, or better yet a timer showing the estimated time remaining would be ideal. zip's standard behavior seems to be to print a line for every file ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Monitor and alert user when stty settings change?

A particularly large (~10^6 LOC) program causes my stty settings to change from echo ixon icanon to -echo -ixon -icanon and I would like to find the function in this massive program that causes this ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Vim colors conflicting with terminal ones

For most vim colorschemes, they appear different than advertised when I open vim in xterm. I've been using xterm-256color and set t_Co=256. A similar thing happens when I use xfce-terminal, but the ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Running Linux in text mode - blank diamonds instead of Chinese/Punjabi etc. characters

While in the text mode and using, for example, Chinese/Simplified or India/Punjabi locale I get blank diamond symbols in the console in place of the characters. I am running Xubuntu with ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

How do I come by this pty and what can I do with it?

It seems that a simple shell redirect from /dev/ptmx gets me a new pseudo-terminal. $ ls /dev/pts; ls /dev/pts </dev/ptmx 0 1 2 ptmx 0 1 2 3 ptmx It disappears as soon as the process that ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

If I cancel when prompted for my Git password, I can no longer see anything I type, until I log back in [duplicate]

Everything still works (typing "exit", for instance, exits), but I can't see anything I type. There's not "funny characters", just nothing. Even re-running git and entering the password properly ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Problem connecting with Beagleboard through serial?

I'm trying to connect to a BeagleBoard on Ubuntu using a Serial-to-USB adapter. It is currently being recognized as ttyUSB0 on our system. When I run "screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200" the output just says ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Locked out of my own mac terminal?

So recently, some of my friends had been tampering with my files and data through terminal, so I decided to secure it by doing two things: First, I added the following to my ~/.bash_profile for ALL ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Can I see remote terminal? [duplicate]

I am running a C program in a Cent OS machine. Now, the lab is locked in this weekend, but I have access to another lab of the institute. I can access the files etc. via SSH from a Mac machine in the ...
1
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0answers
60 views

how are runlevels from CentOS 6 chkconfig translated for CentOS 7 systemctl?

How would I translate the following command from CentOS 6 to run in CentOS 7? chkconfig --level 345 dovecot on My first guess is to type the following instead: systemctl enable dovecot But ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

'Present' terminal window on shell/executable command?

Currently using Xfce and xfce4-terminal, but suggestions involving other Linux-based systems may still be helpful. I start a longish-running program in a terminal window, then alt-tab away and do ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

Set default xdg-open application to terminal program

Is it possible to use terminal vim with xdg-open? I don't have a GUI text editor because I only use vim through the terminal. (I don't care very much for gvim either.) Is it possible to tell xdg-open ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Can I “hijack” a UNIX shell from another login? [duplicate]

Let's say I'm starting a job in a Unix terminal on a machine (a Mac if it matters), and this process does a lot of things and keeps printing output to the terminal. Then I go to another machine and ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Ctrl+D for ending terminal line input

If I do $cat > file.txt text<Ctrl+D><Ctrl+D> Question1: If I don't press enter, why do I have to press Ctrl+D twice? If I do $cat > file.txt pa bam pshhh<Ctrl+Z> [2]+ ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How does executing a file change the std input?

Imagine I have a script, which contains the goto command. The goto command will search in the std input for a line like this : jumpHere. But the std input is by default the terminal. It only makes ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Selectively record commands and output from terminal to MySQL table

In some situations I would like to store complete commands and output from terminal sessions in a MySQL database. Ideally I would just copy the command and output from the terminal to my clipboard ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Ctrl-z doesn't work in vi launched from Gnome terminal

I'm trying to switch Vi launched from Fedora Gnome terminal to background and go back to bash with Ctrl-Z but it doesn't seem to do anything.
100
votes
7answers
12k views

How to kill a runaway cat?

Many times I accidentally run the cat command on files that have contents up to few thousand lines. I try to kill the cat command with Ctrl+ C or Ctrl+Z, but both only take effect after the total ...
1
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0answers
96 views

Unable to create a configuration directory for [FishShell] Please set the $XDG_CONFIG_HOME variable

I'm getting this error when starting fishshell: melanie:~ melanie$ fish fish: Unable to create a configuration directory for fish. Your personal settings will not be saved. Please set the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Errors on start of iTerm in Mac

I am getting two errors on startup of iTerm terminal on Mac OS X Yosemite. They are: bash: 1.25.32: command not found bash: Welcome: command not found I am unable to find a definitive resource on ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What are the benefits of using Tmux at all times? [closed]

I have been using the terminal for all of my local work, and have only been using tmux when I am ssh'd onto another machine and want to make sure I don't lose work if the connection closes. A software ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Sudo command not working on Intel Galileo Gen 1

I have an Intel Galileo Gen 1 Arduino board and I am using it over SSH with Ethernet. When I try to use the sudo commands the bash terminal reports this, a missing command! I am using the bigger Linux ...
1
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2answers
58 views

How to get a positive signal upon the successful completion of a command

For each of the following commands (four in total) I would like get an exception if one of them throws an exception if case of an error. Ultimately, I will run this through Python using os.system(). ...
4
votes
0answers
173 views

Change Zsh theme in Android Studio

I've recently jumped ship to zsh and I'm using the Oh my Zsh! theme blinks. It looks very nice in the OSX Terminal, but it looks very bad in Android Studio's terminal. So my question is is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Is there a /dev/pts alternative on Mac OSX?

I'm attempting to determine how many terminal windows are open, as described in this Q&A answer. However there doesn't seem to be a /dev/pts on Mac OSX. Is there an alternative to this?
4
votes
1answer
864 views

Untar a specifc folder within tar.gz

How do I untar/uncompress a specific folder within a tar.gz using the terminal/commandline (Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr))? Precise: -file.tar.gz -- folder1 -- folder2 How to extract... ... ...
0
votes
0answers
946 views

CentOS 7 add new user with root privileges

I am reading this tutorial, and trying to create a new user with root privileges and then block root access via ssh in a CentOS 7 server. The problem is that the new user is blocked from doing root ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Prevent application to tamper with terminal settings?

Recently, more and more GUI applications (okular and inkscape, among others) started disabling terminal echo while they are active. This seems unnecessary at best (if you don't background the process, ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

How to disable “Warning: Program '/bin/bash' crashed” message?

I'm using Kubuntu 14.04. When I exiting terminal emulator (konsole or yakuake) by doing something like kill -9 $$ it doesn't close, and saying: Warning: Program '/bin/bash' crashed. How could I ...
0
votes
1answer
595 views

exit tmux window without quitting the Terminal program

OK I'm new to this. I installed tmux to run a several days experiment. After typing tmux new -s name I got a new window with green banner at the bottom. I compile and run java program. Now I do not ...
13
votes
1answer
243 views

What is the name of this terminal window graphical trick, which shows accented edges around highlighted text?

I've noticed a few screenshots of terminal windows online which show thin highlighted edges around status bars or highlighted lines. In the following example, note the light grey edging around lines ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Split the large files into sub files. How to do this process? [duplicate]

I have a large file in my unix box with 2 Gb. The files contains the xml lines. I want to split the files into say 10 files say each file is now of 204 MB ( approx ) so that combining the 10 files ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Resizing Xterm window kills Django running in it

I have a Django instance running in a terminal window. Any time I resize the window, the Django process dies ungracefully, leaving no record of it in the error_log file. I tested it within ratpoison, ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

command “jobs” cannot see the stopped jobs

I have wrote a very simple shell script to practice command "bg" , "fg" and "jobs": #!/bin/bash myvar=1 while [ $myvar -le 100000000 ] do echo $myvar myvar=$(( $myvar + 1 )) done I use ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Using something like scp but when I've logged in already [duplicate]

I want to copy a file via ssh when I've logged in. What scp does is that it copies the files by login, password, path. What I want is to be able to do the same thing when I'm "inside", ideally without ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How to display a BASH X terminal and graphics in split view window?

I created a simple education tool using BASH script which runs in an X terminal. It displays a prompt, at which users can enter choices, as described in the Bash Guide for Beginners' Catching user ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

aterm or gnome-terminal window unresponsive to keyboard events

I try to investigate a problem: Depending on the way I launch aterm or gnome-terminal, the window may or may not be responsive to keyboard events. The cause of the problem may reside in Aterm, ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How to make man(1) use the entire terminal width?

I'm on FreeBSD, using a wide xterm with, say, 132 characters per line. When running $ man man the manual page is formatted to fit an 80 character per line terminal width. Is there a way to make the ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

How to output rsync sent data in realtime using standard tools

I'm developing a small tool for some people who need to send files over to a server. I'd like to use rsync to a rsync deamon to do so. Is it possible to have rsync to output how much data it has ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

How to move a background job from one terminal tab to another? [duplicate]

I have a background job, say jobid 1, in a tab of gnome terminal. Can I move it to a another tab of genome terminal? I understand that the shell process in the first gnome terminal tab is the parent ...