A terminal is an environment for text input/output. Inside the terminal, one runs command-line and text mode programs (including shells).

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4
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4answers
474 views

Multiple terminals at once without an X server

There is a way to visualize multiple terminals at the same time without running a Xorg session ? I have a really low profile machine that could be great for some basic stuff but has an horrible ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Why some packages don't get upgraded?

I upgrade packages in terminal using this command apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade -y --show-progress && apt-get autoremove -y && apt-get check && apt-get ...
78
votes
6answers
47k views

How can I close a terminal without killing the command running in it?

Sometimes I want to start a process and forget about it. If I start it from the command line, like this: redshift I can't close the terminal, or it will kill the process. Can I run a command in ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Standard Terminal Font Aspect Ratio

What is the aspect ratio of a mono font that's made for terminal use, or more specifically, the size of the cell that any single character would fill? I've read that a standard terminal is 80x24 ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Save views in multiple screen terminals

As I do in default single view screen terminal of ubuntu; gnome-terminal \ --tab-with-profile=Default --working-directory="some dir" --title="some title" \ --tab-with-profile=Default ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

Show error messages and information that a program was killed on another terminal [duplicate]

If I open a program, say evince, from the GNOME GUI, it is not attached to a terminal. If I send it a signal, it acts accordingly but nothing shows up in my terminal. If I were to open it in a ...
6
votes
2answers
957 views

What’s the difference between a “raw” and a “cooked” device driver?

Does this concept only apply to terminal drivers (which is what most sites cover) or to any driver in general?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Show status lines of vim and tmux on the same line

I would like to figure out a way to get my vim statusline and tmux statusline on the same line if such a thing is possible and not immensely difficult (ideally, the vim prompt, or whatever it's called ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Output file contents while they change

I want to output a file's contents while they change, for example if I have the file foobar and I do: magic_command foobar The current terminal should display the file's contents and wait until, I ...
2
votes
1answer
688 views

Installing Steam on Debian Wheezy

I downloaded the .deb file from the Steam website, but couldn't install it as it complained about having and "outdated" version of libc6. I look around and apparently I have to add jessie sources to ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Who does the linewrap and how to deactivate?

If I connect to a linux device via serial adapter (no matter if pyserial, screen or minicom), and no matter how I change settings like stty when I enter a long command it gets line wrapped ...
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

How to use grep to find all instances of one .txt file in another?

How would I use grep to compare if any line from one .txt document occurred in another? Further how would I use grep to find out the opposite? Would it be grep -v?
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votes
2answers
1k views

How to switch X windows from the command-line?

How can I create a script that automatically switches windows? I'm trying to do the same thing Alt+Tab does.
20
votes
6answers
3k views

Using VI keys to edit shell commands in UNIX

I used to have a co-worker who was really good at UNIX. He showed me how to use Vi key bindings to edit my shell commands. He placed the command in a file that ran every time I logged in. Since ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

X11 Path Issues and Confusion for Installed Packages

I am using GMT (generic mapping tools) and SAC (Seismic Analysis Code), and each use X11 (or XQuartz on 10.9.4 Mavericks) to display graphics. When I want to display postscript using ghostview, I get ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Vintage terminal for Ubuntu

So I have just been introduced to Cathode for OSX and I am completely fascinated by how classic it looks with it's 1970s retro style. Does anyone know of any programs/packages I can download to get my ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How can I recreate a VT100 environment and connect an Esprit 250C Terminal?

I have an Esprit 250c Modular Color RS/232 Terminal "Intelligence Unit" ( overview here, and pdf of features here ) I would like to make it work as a text-based tty terminal, maybe VT100 as it ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Is it possible to change what tty a terminal emulator is connected to?

If I have a terminal emulator (say, xterm) by default it connects to a pseudoterminal like /dev/pts/3 What I would like to know is if it is possible to connect it directly to, say, tty1? Could I ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Using X11 Displays through Terminal.app commands : generic mapping tools

I am trying to figure out why I can't use ghostscript or ghostview (or any other X11 applications) when I try to call them in the Terminal. I am using bash, and I also used Fink to get the packages I ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Logging interactive input and output without capturing all typed input and control characters

I am trying to log output from an interactive command-line program; units, specifically. I have tried using tee like this: units | tee units.log or script like this: script -c units units.log ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

logging session with 'script' - how later read it?

I log my terminal session with script. As we know, it contains all characters that were send to terminal, including control ones, like backspaces etc. This makes output file a kind of unreadable, ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

How to draw a single pixel in a terminal?

Until now I used characters to draw images, shapes etc in a terminal. Is it possible to draw a single pixel? Let's say: foo 1 1 red This will draw a red pixel at the coordinate (1, 1). Is there ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

How to change title in gnome-terminal profile

I know how to load a specific terminal profile as well as loading a config file that the terminal reads, but every time I try to set the title and save the config file, it still returns to the ...
439
votes
3answers
83k views

What is the exact difference between a 'terminal', a 'shell', a 'tty' and a 'console'?

I think these terms almost refer to the same thing, when used loosely: terminal shell tty console What exactly does each of these terms refer to?
52
votes
7answers
3k views

How safe is it to cat an arbitrary file?

Sometimes when I cat a binary file by mistake, my terminal gets garbled up. Nothing a quick reset can't fix, but couldn't an attacker theoretically create a file that, when displayed on a terminal, ...
0
votes
1answer
353 views

Change size of pantheon terminal

I haven't found any settings with regard to terminal size and I hate to keep resizing every time I want to use it. How can I change the size of the terminal?
9
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I open a new terminal in the same directory of the last used one from a window manager keybind?

I'm using a tiling window manager and I switched from gnome-terminal with multiple tabs to multiple urxvt instances managed by the window manager. One of the features I miss is the ability to open a ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Play .wav when text scrolls in terminal

After watching a TV show, I came up with a fun idea. Is there a way to take that cheesy high-pitched sound effect they play every time text scrolls down a command-line screen on TV and play it when ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

tmux, TERM and 256 colours support

Introduction My question arises from the necessity of understanding why I have now (after multiple trials) Terminal and tmux supporting 256 colours and tput colors telling me there are only 8 of ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

What exactly is 'scrollback' and 'scrollback buffer'?

What are "scrollback" and "scrollback buffer" in programs like bash and screen, and how do they relate to the tty, the programs being run, and stdin/ stdout/ stderr? Here is the only definition of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to change the width of remote serial console?

I followed this tutorial and now I'm able to connect to serial line. Now I want to change the width of terminal. How can I do this by using screen or minicom or something else?
7
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I hook on to one terminal's output from another terminal?

I need to hook onto output of currently running terminal (tty1) from virtual terminal and capture it (running X server). I'm pretty sure such a thing is possible by simpler means than debugging ...
-1
votes
1answer
98 views

How to control network bandwidth using Linux [closed]

Currently my Internet is really slow. But I want to allocate all resources to a browser that is loading a movie. How do I do that?
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Stop printer jobs from terminal

I am working with an old CentOs version (5.0) that is not really my machine. Recently, for some dark reasons, I have problems in printing. The jobs rest in queue, and I cannot cancel them from the ...
2
votes
1answer
610 views

Garbage characters appear on screen when typing

When typing, garbage characters somehow appear on the screen for all the letters that I type. The garbage character is a small rectangle box, and this prevents me from executing any commands on the ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

What does typing a single apostrophe do in terminal? [duplicate]

I typed in a single ' by accident and I got this as a result and exited out of it after typing ' in again. ' > > ' : command not found What does this do?
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Control + L not clearing screen

When I try to clear my terminal screen on OSX: computer@ ~ () $ ^L And when I hit Enter after that it just shows: -bash: : command not found Any ideas on how this happens? My .bash_profile, ...
7
votes
3answers
488 views

How to permanently change both STDOUT and STDERR color to grey?

This question is similar to Can I configure my shell to print STDERR and STDOUT in different colors? But I am looking for a solution that will allow me to change both STDOUT and STDERR to ONE color. ...
61
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the point of CTRL-s?

CTRL+s stops all output to the terminal which can be restarted with CTRL+q. But, why does CTRL+s exist in the first place? What problem was trying to be solved by putting that control sequence in ...
8
votes
2answers
676 views

disable CTRL-D window close in terminator (terminal emulator)

I am often logged in through multiple SSH sessions. To logout from my sessions, I press CTRL+d, until I am back on my local machine. However, sometimes I press once too many, and my terminal exits. ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Copy/paste across vim without X

In vim, "+p pastes from the system clipboard. However, when working remotely over SSH on a non-GUI box, this is not available. Is it possible to implement copy/paste in this environment? Merely ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Running Custom commands in a Terminal Application [duplicate]

I'm running a terminal application in /dev/pts/X terminal that has its own console as:         What I need is to run commands specific to this application but from ...
1
vote
1answer
879 views

How to change terminal character encoding

Today I uninstalled the GUI packages on my home CentOS installation. Now, when the machine starts, I get the login prompt. It acts finicky. Sometimes pressing enter just once after answering each ...
16
votes
2answers
598 views

How do I start all shell sessions in a directory other than $HOME?

When I open my non-login shell in Ubuntu, my present working directory is /home/user_name (my $HOME environment variable), but I want to change this such that when I start my terminal I am in some ...
14
votes
3answers
943 views

Using variables to store terminal color codes for PS1?

In my .bashrc, I use ANSI terminal color codes to colorize various bits. It looks like this: PS1='\u@\h:\w\[\033[33m\]$(virtual_env)\[\033[32m\]$(git_branch)\[\033[0m\]$ ' where virtual_env and ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is it possible to switch the user logged in to desktop environment via the terminal?

Is there any possibility to login as a different user while changing also the environment (or how do you say the wallpaper, shortcuts,...) via terminal command like su, ssh or login? Like when you ...
8
votes
2answers
11k views

Connect to a Bluetooth device via Terminal

I'm using Mint 15 w/ cinammon. I bought a set of bluetooth speakers and i'm tring to connect to them via terminal. Via GUI i can see them normally and i am connected to them. I want to make a small ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Why do I have to execute bash programs with ./? [duplicate]

Why is it that some bash programs will only run on my system when I type ./ before their name? An example: In my [...]/android/sdk folders I have to execute adb like this: ./adb devices Why not ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Is it possible to save the state of open terminals?

When working on certain projects, I routinely open a number of terminals, navigate each of them to various directories and resize and position them on my desktop. Is there any way to save this ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Endless data loop from dev/ttyUSB while sending AT commands

I have problem sending AT commands to my USB modem. At first I tried php-serial class, but when i was reading data, I got endless loop with strange data. Then I tried to debug problem and opened putty ...