A terminal is an environment for text input/output. Inside the terminal, one runs command-line and text mode programs (including shells).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

17
votes
2answers
7k views

GNU Screen: new window name change

I can change the name of a window with Ctrl-a Shift-a. Instead of editing several window names by hand, is there a way to have them automatically named after the current directory?
3
votes
4answers
696 views

How can I turn the behavior of `gedit something & disown` into the default behavior when calling gedit from the command line?

When I gedit files from the command line, it's always locking the terminal, and I'm tired of explicitly commanding a detached process for it. I tried to alias gedit as something like gedit $* & ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I set my local machine's terminal colors to use those of the machine I ssh into?

I have a color scheme that I like for when I'm in a terminal, but I ssh into the machine I work on from multiple sources (locally, PuTTY, my netbook, etc.) and I want to maintain the same color scheme ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

What protocol/standard is used by terminals?

I was wondering how the "GUI" of a command line application is communicated over a network. Most of the time, it's quite simple (plain text / input) but sometimes it's more complex (aptitude). Is it ...
12
votes
2answers
19k views

What is the concept behind “tty” in linux?

Where did the terminology "tty" come from in Linux?
8
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I jump to the next or previous word with CTRL + arrow keys in a console?

In terminal emulation applications, pressing CTRL + Left / Right arrows jumps from one word to the previous or next one. Is it possible to have the same functionality in a Linux console, whether it is ...
4
votes
1answer
783 views

Is it possible to boot an x86 Linux kernel using both 80x25 text mode consoles and VESA framebuffer consoles?

The Linux kernel documents that you can choose to boot Linux with VESA framebuffer consoles instead of the default 80x25 text mode consoles. For text application testing purposes, one may need both ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I permanently increase the font size in mrxvt?

The Ctrl+= hotkey increases the font size for the current session in mrxvt. What configuration option will increase the font size permanently?
6
votes
1answer
4k views

rxvt and Inconsolata (a font)

Is it possible to use the rxvt terminal emulator with Inconsolata? Is it possible to use any TrueType fonts with rxvt? I'd like to use rxvt but would love to use my own fonts.
23
votes
1answer
5k views

Is it possible to have vim key bindings in terminal?

I'm getting used to vim bindings (like pressing w to go to word, dw to delete a word, and such) and it's modes (insert, normal, visual), and, out of curiosity would like to know: is there some kind of ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Disabling line wrap in Konsole

Is there a way to prevent konsole from wrapping lines? It would be great if I could do it without disabling any of the other features like extended colors and other of the fancier things.
4
votes
3answers
949 views

How to get output from a remote shell

I have an application running on a server, started from the command line. From time to time, I need to connect to the server via SSH and get the output messages written to stdout from the application. ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Copy text from one terminal into another

I am logged into ssh to a university account from my home computer. Then I find a file that I want to copy onto my local system. So I open a new shell terminal and am about to use scp to copy that ...
681
votes
5answers
158k views

What is the exact difference between a 'terminal', a 'shell', a 'tty' and a 'console'?

I think these terms almost refer to the same thing, when used loosely: terminal shell tty console What exactly does each of these terms refer to?
14
votes
8answers
1k views

Is screen useful?

When I need to open different processes or terminals that I need to check, I just open a new tab in my terminal and use different workspaces in my machine to keep everything organized. I do some web ...
111
votes
8answers
59k views

How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell?

I have a running program on a SSH shell. I want to pause it and be able to unpause its execution when I come back. One way I thought of doing that was to transfer its ownership to a screen shell, ...
135
votes
10answers
117k views

How can I close a terminal without killing the command running in it?

Sometimes I want to start a process and forget about it. If I start it from the command line, like this: redshift I can't close the terminal, or it will kill the process. Can I run a command in ...
6
votes
5answers
609 views

Would it be possible to jump between prev/next command prompts?

I'm using zsh in OS X Terminal.app and for quite a while, I've been longing for a way to jump back and forth between prev/next prompts in the terminal's output. One convenience with this would be to ...
2
votes
0answers
331 views

How can I check which shell I am currently using? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to test what shell I am using in a terminal? An echo $SHELL will only display the value of the SHELL variable which would indicate the default shell on the system. ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Why don't Page U/Down, Home/End work in less on Solaris over ssh from Ubuntu?

I need to work on a Solaris server over ssh from my Ubuntu (Lucid) laptop. I got Home/End Insert/Delete Page Up/Down working in csh and bash using bindkey and ~/.inputrc, respectively. But I can't ...
4
votes
2answers
982 views

How do I fix unix so that I can use the arrow keys in a terminal?

Before I was able to use the Up/Down arrow keys to cycle through previous commands, but now when I press a directional key it outputs "^[[A". I'm running a bash shell. How do I fix this?
23
votes
4answers
4k views

How to know the “level” of shells I am in?

If I open a terminal like xterm I will have a shell. Then if I use ssh or zsh I will have another "level" of shell. Is there a way to know how many times I have to Ctrl+D or type exit to exit all of ...
9
votes
3answers
9k views

Viewing system console messages in GUI

Under Linux, is it possible to view error messages that show up on the text mode terminal while in GUI mode, instead of having to press Ctrl+Alt+F1 or Ctrl+Alt+F2 to view the messages every time and ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the MIME equivalent of uuencode for sendmail?

e.g., I've got files I want to send by sendmail but the receiving mailbox (for posting pictures to my blog) will not accept uuencode files a la $uuencode file | sendmail user@domain I'm guessing ...
5
votes
1answer
813 views

How to use the ul command line utility

I wanted to answer http://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/3043/use-roff-to-underline-words with "just use ul, this command is meant specifically for underlining text", however I just can't grasp how ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the Linux equivalent of the Windows registry?

I have a DVD+-RW drive that has quit working. Apparently many users of this laptop model experience the same problem under windows and are required to edit the registry to correct the problem. So ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

LS_COLORS settings for specific types of files

I'm trying to set up my color scheme for ls, and I'm having trouble finding information about exactly what parameters I have to work with, or where those come from. And especially setting colors for ...
51
votes
1answer
10k views

Kill an unresponsive ssh session without closing the terminal

Is there a way to disconnect from an SSH session that has become unresponsive without killing the whole terminal? Specifically I'm using konsole, and the machine I'm working with sometimes hangs, but ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Best way to handle lots of mail on server?

Due to some bad cron jobs I now have ~1600 mail messages, most of them containing the same error log. I would like to quickly group them by subject and delete them, while limiting the chances of ...
6
votes
7answers
1k views

Minimalistic terminal music player that can play all my files randomly

I'm looking for a terminal music player. mpg321/mpg123 is quite what I need, but it can't play all my music directory (which contains child directories). cmus seems to be a bit of an overkill, as ...
26
votes
4answers
19k views

How to remove “You have mail” welcome message

When I open up my terminal it says "you have mail", anyone has any idea of why? I am running OS X, but since it too is based on Unix and relies on files such as bashrc, bash_profile etc. I thought ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

closing unused gnome terminals

while working I start lots of gnome-terminals and do something with them. dd on first terminal, 12 ssh sessions to a bunch of servers to do something. These sessions are finishing it's job and get ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Identifying files with special characters in its name in a terminal

Something strange happened today. I was connected to an HP server with putty, and saw two files with exact same name: -rw-r--r-- 1 hemantj 3368 Apr 1 12:47 test -rw-r--r-- 1 ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Change the PS1 color based on the background color?

I learned that I can change the format of PS1, especially the color of the string. Then, is it possible to change the color based on the background color of the shell? Or, how can I detect the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

dash compatibility to bash

Wikipedia says that dash executes faster than bash. My question is, if I set /bin/sh to dash, will all scripts that use /bin/sh in their shebang line that was intended for bash work under dash?
6
votes
1answer
277 views

Whenever I type some wrong command, my terminal tries to run that command in the background

Something strange started happening to my terminal. Whenever I type some wrong command it tries to run that command in the background. hegeek@colinux: ~# l [9]+ Stopped l thegeek@colinux: ~# ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Clearing GNU Screen after full-screen application

When working at a normal xterm (not sure about a "real" terminal), when a full-screen program such as man or vim is closed, it disappears, leaving your screen so you can see your prompt, and previous ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

How does “top” command show live results?

How can I write a shell script that shows the results in real time? Something like the top command that updates the results after some fixed intervals of time.
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What encoding does my Konsole support?

How can I check what encoding (ASCII, UTF-8, UTF-16 etc) my Terminal uses? It shouldn't matter, but I am using Konsole on KDE3.5.
5
votes
6answers
4k views

Is there a (light-weight) replacement for `rxvt-unicode`?

I am currently using rxvt-unicode as a terminal emulator. Since I also like the configurability of terminal emulators from GNOME and KDE, I wonder whether there is some kind of replacement for ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

vim on FreeBSD does not react on arrow keys correctly and other vi-like behaviours

I tried to use vim on FreeBSD (via ssh on Linux xterm-compatible terminal). However vim behaves similar to vi out-of-box. For example it does not react on delete key, insert F character instead of ...
17
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there a terminal app that allows filenames to be clickable?

Is there a terminal emulator (extension or app) that does link resolution for local paths? In particular when I see things like: ...