A terminal is an environment for text input/output. Inside the terminal, one runs command-line and text mode programs (including shells).

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18
votes
5answers
17k views

view stdout for another pts

Here is the situation. I left my pc at home doing an rsync from a 2TB hard drive to another 2TB hard drive (it's going to take a while since they are both USB 2.0). I am now at work and I have ssh-ed ...
27
votes
6answers
18k views

Removing control chars (including console codes / colours) from script output

I can use the "script" command to record an interactive session at the command line. However, this includes all control characters and colour codes. I can remove control characters (like backspace) ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Strange Character in my Bash prompt?

I'm somewhat new to Bash prompts, but I was finally able to get things somewhat working. However, I have a strange character at the beginning of my prompt: Here's my actual PS1 prompt: ...
44
votes
3answers
20k views

How can I break away from an SSH session that has crashed?

Many times I have an SSH session that doesn't respond anymore (for example, when I lose internet connection and then reconnect). Ctrl+C, Ctrl+D, Ctrl+Z and a zillion of key presses don't have any ...
6
votes
1answer
873 views

Displaying stdout of a background process in specific location of the terminal

I have a command that I run every time a new terminal is opened or a new login is made. This program produces output (colored) which should be positioned before the command prompt. It can take a few ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How to prevent a program from dying when its ssh session dies?

I have a really old console application that I want to make a bit more resilient. The program is used this way: the user uses a custom terminal emulator to connect to a remote machine through ssh ...
5
votes
3answers
10k views

Force telnet / ssh to use crtl-H for backspace

I have some devices connected to a Cisco serial term server; many work fine when I telnet directly to the port on the Cisco. However, I have a few stubborn devices that will not use Backspace as it ...
6
votes
3answers
911 views

How to disable styling on man pages?

Is there an easy way to turn off all styling on man pages? Colors, bold, italics, everything... If not, what is an uneasy way?
28
votes
4answers
27k views

Dark blue color in vim or ls output in linux

I have a problem with dark-blue color in vim or ls output. Because I'm using black background color, words colored in dark-blue are almost completely invisible. How can I address this problem?
2
votes
1answer
346 views

Change size of system console as user

At uni, I'm using a terminal to log into a text console of some unix server. As the monitors are 17" and the console is displayed full screen, it's a bit annoying to look at the screen with the ...
3
votes
2answers
315 views

Divorced input line in GNU Screen

Is it possible to divorce my input from the overall shell using Screen? What I'm aiming for is akin to a status line that expands if I type more than would fit within a single line and is ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Cursor movement in terminals

I'm trying to wrap my head how shells move the screen cursor around (Moving around input the arrow keys and such). I've been doing a lot of testing, and I haven't found any system call that allows ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Different Title formats for different Terminal apps?

I use a script which either activates an already running window of a program, or starts that program if it is not running.  It uses different shortcut-keys; one for each of my most used apps — it ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I opt out of recieving broadcast messages?

I am logged in to a university system and a very annoying n00b thinks he or she is some awesome hacker because she or he can broadcast an object dump to everyone using pipes. I bet they think it is ...
50
votes
6answers
6k views

Can I configure my shell to print STDERR and STDOUT in different colors?

I want to set my terminal up so stderr is printed in a different color than stdout; maybe red. This would make it easier to tell the two apart. Is there a way to configure this in .bashrc? If not, is ...
4
votes
3answers
318 views

Can I insert sudo via the ^ command?

Sorry if this is a yes/no question.. I am reading this unix tutorial and found the following: Repeating and Modifying the Previous Command [..] If you mistype leavenworth as leaveworth ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I get weechat to signal gnome-terminal on a highlight?

When using a terminal based client like weechat, weechat does not signal the terminal letting the user know that they have been highlighted. How can this be done? I would like my terminal to blink ...
217
votes
3answers
123k views

How to unfreeze after accidentally pressing Ctrl-S in a terminal?

It's a situation that has happened quite often to me: after I press (with a different intention) Ctrl-S in a terminal, the interaction (input or output) with it is frozen. It's probably a kind of ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

How can I program vncserver to automatically setup my shells for me?

I use VNC to connect to a hosted machine. Whenever I start a VNC server at some port and connect to it, I first need to setup my shells for me - 5 of them in a particular configuration that I like and ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

supress error messages sent to console?

How can I suppress error messages sent to a console? On: Ubuntu? Fedora? Debian? CentOS? RedHat?
2
votes
2answers
736 views

'less' width issues

I'm connecting to my Linux boxes (primarily Debian Squeeze) using Putty for Windows. Whenever I run a 'less' command, e.g. on an aptitude search, less truncates the listing to much less than my ...
8
votes
2answers
675 views

Dynamically reformatting man pages on terminal dimension changes

One common workflow of mine is to open a manual page in a terminal, then another terminal in which to test things. The man page is formatted to the initial dimensions of the first terminal. When I now ...
20
votes
5answers
43k views

delete line in vi

How can I delete a line in VI? Here what I am doing right now: Open up the terminal alt + ctrl + t vi a.txt I move my cursor to the line which I wan to delete, then what key-combination is should ...
5
votes
1answer
683 views

why does my emacs whitespace mode add “” to my buffer?

I'm using Putty to ssh into a RedHat box, and I'm running GNU emacs inside the putty ssh window. When I turn on whitespace-mode using M-x whitespace mode, I notice I see a "Â" before each space or ...
3
votes
2answers
384 views

Unix Shell and colours

Can any one please help me understand this code snippet that I found in .profile file echo -en "\e[32;44m $(hostname) \e[m";echo -e "\e[m"
3
votes
2answers
4k views

change terminal title

I want to make a shell alias that starts a certain program and also changes the title of the terminal to the name of the program. How can I do that? In case it matters, I am running the terminal on ...
4
votes
1answer
736 views

Reverse control-code look up for terminals

My understanding is that terminals often use ANSI control-codes to represent non-alphanumeric character sequences. For example, when editing .inputrc for Bash in Linux, it's easy to find code ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Terminal and web browser combination

I often use only two applications, terminal and web browser. I like the tmux application which enables to split a terminal window into more regions. I noticed that I can open lynx in another region ...
5
votes
1answer
533 views

How do I get back to X?

I pressed some key combination and got a big full screen black terminal screen with a login prompt. After logging in, I tried startx to get the UI back, but got a message Fatal server error: Server ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Overriding the shade of color displayed

I have to work on systems which display some colors that are hard to read. I ssh into these systems, but don't have management permission to change the colors they display. Is there any way I can ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Encoding changed after running cat

After running cat on some files I get the infamous 'bushes': ␌⎺└⎻⎼␊⎽⎽␊␍ ├▒⎼ °␋┌␊. B␊├├␊⎼ ┤⎽␊ ├▒⎼'⎽ ≥ which I believe are result of encoding being changed. Is there any way to recover the terminal ...
26
votes
2answers
13k views

Output from ls has newlines but displays on a single line. Why?

I think I may be overlooking a relatively fundamental point regarding shell. Output from the ls command by default separates output with newlines, but the shell displays the output on a single line. ...
6
votes
3answers
19k views

Shell console clearing

Is there a way to clear up what is displayed on the shell console (in ubuntu linux) in just a single key or two? When I get flood of lines from grep and that exceeds the height of the window, I want ...
4
votes
2answers
538 views

How to redirect tty1 to an X11 (KDE) Konsole shell?

I would like to see what is going on at tty1 - the console I was booting from - while I am now on tty7 running X11 with KDE4, without switching back to tty1 (Ctrl+Alt+F1). I would like to see it ...
10
votes
4answers
27k views

How to write the output of live-f1 into a file

I opened terminal and ran live-f1 which displays live feed in terminal (text) that changes every second. Only "Enter" key can be used while this program is running (it exits that program). So you ...
29
votes
6answers
12k views

How to check if bash can print colors

I want to know if there's any way to check if my program can output terminal output using colors or not. Running commands like less and looking at the output from a program that outputs using ...
0
votes
1answer
432 views

Setting a Multi-Terminal Linux Server

So Im a complete newb when it comes to enterprise level linux distros, and linux servers in general. I know my way around Most Linux Desktops, but Im going to be setting up a small Linux Server that ...
4
votes
5answers
5k views

How to change title in gnome-terminal profile

I know how to load a specific terminal profile as well as loading a config file that the terminal reads, but every time I try to set the title and save the config file, it still returns to the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to transfer a running process to your terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I pause up a running process over ssh, disown it, associate it to a new screen shell and unpause it? It is fairly easy to disown a process, or make it run ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Make diff Use Full Terminal Width in Side-by-Side Mode

Most applications are smart about using the full width of the terminal available to them. My shell does, screen, vim, etc. However, diff in side-by-side mode (-y), does not. This angers me. It uses ...
4
votes
1answer
330 views

Why is Vim eating up Ctrl when used with Ctrl+v and how to fix it?

I'm using Vim /etc/zsh/zshrc to add key bindings for zsh because it doesn't work with inputrc. In my terminal with tmux when I type Ctrl+v then Ctrl+LeftArrow the shell will show ^[OD. However, when ...
17
votes
6answers
13k views

Can a Gnome Terminal profile use UTF-8 by default?

I am on an Ubuntu (I think) system. I don't have root, so I can't change the locale. I want to make my default terminal profile use UTF-8 by default. There should be a way to do this, either in the ...
1
vote
2answers
884 views

Git Server Bash and SSH

I want to use Git over SSH with my Linode VPS running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS. Instructions seem pretty easy, in fact given I had already setup my SSH key etc.. All I had to do was instruct my local ...
20
votes
5answers
41k views

Using the system date / time in a Cron Script

I'm setting up a Cronjob that will backup a MySQL database I have in my server, but I don't want it to keep overwriting the same file over and over again. Instead, I want to have an array of backups ...
19
votes
5answers
12k views

How can I close a terminal without killing its children (without running `screen` first)?

sometimes I run an app in the gnome-terminal, but then I suddenly have to restart gnome or something. I guess the answer to the question is also useful then I want to disconnect from SSH where ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Why curl -O -C on mac fails to download

The following script works on Ubuntu, but not on Mac. Why? How to edit it so that it would work there too? #!/bin/sh v=1.1 test_file="Test10.java" jar_file="dp4j-$v-jar-with-dependencies.jar" curl ...
32
votes
7answers
32k views

Disable screen blanking on text console

I'm running linux clusters, mostly on SLES10. The servers are mostly blades, accessed via remote console. There is a real console in the server room, but switched off. I would like to disable the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Remapping caps-lock to escape, and menu to compose, on the linux console

When running X I use a .xmodmaprc to remap certain keys thusly: ! Make it so that both Caps Lock and Escape do Escape clear Lock keysym Caps_Lock = Escape ! Remap the menu key as Compose keysym Menu ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

screen + vim — Any way to automatically set screen window name to open vim filename?

I have a pretty nice screen rc file that shows me the open screen windows almost like tabs at the bottom of the terminal. Currently the windows are named according to my prompt which is not so useful. ...
123
votes
8answers
161k views

How to split the terminal into more than one “view”?

From vi, if you issue the command :sp, the screen splits into two "views", allowing you to edit more than one file from the same terminal. Along those same lines, is there a way to have multiple ...