The Transport Control Protocol (TCP) is a low-level part of the protocol stack used by the Internet. It sits directly above the IP layer and is responsible for making sure that dropped packets are resent.

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How can I configure a reverse SSH connection to the connecting computer?

I'm going to be deploying a number of machines in the near future which will be behind routers. It won't be feasible to set up dynamic DNS on each router and port forwarding, so is there a way I can ...
16
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1answer
19k views

How does tcp-keepalive work in ssh?

I am trying to code a shell-script that uses a ssh-connection for doing "heartbeats". I want to terminate the client- and server-side of that connection after a certain timeout (after the connection ...
6
votes
4answers
9k views

Logging outgoing connections as they happen

Is there a way to log to file all the outgoing connections that a process creates? I am aware of netstat but that seems to be more of a snapshot of a point in time rather than something that runs and ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

iptables port-mirroring

I need to be able to get a copy of packets received on port 8001 to port 8002. I have tried the following but I get an error that --tee is undefined. sudo iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p TCP -s ...
9
votes
2answers
39k views

Orphaned connections in CLOSE_WAIT state

I've got a SLES machine that accumulates TCP connections in a CLOSE_WAIT state for what appears to be forever. These descriptors eventually suck up all available memory. At the moment, I've got 3037 ...
17
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1answer
8k views

Why are the first 1024 ports restricted to the root user only?

This is more idle curiosity than anything else. A friend of mine asked me 'which port range is it that only root can use under Linux?' I told him 0-1024 were restricted. Then he asked my why it was so ...
3
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1answer
2k views

socat reliable file transfer over TCP

I am aware of disadvantages of "wait->stop" design, that usually is proposed with netcat: server$ cat test.dat | nc -q 10 -l -p 7878 client$ nc -w 10 remotehost 7878 > out.dat (It's not reliable ...
16
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6answers
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Linux: allowing an user to listen to a port below 1024

I need to allow an user (different from root) to run a server listening on port 80. Is there any way to do this?
14
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4answers
896 views

TCP dies on a Linux laptop

Once in several days I have the following problem. My laptop (Debian testing) suddenly becomes unable to work with TCP connections to the internet. The following things continue working fine: UDP ...
6
votes
2answers
236 views

what's the format spec for `ss -D `?

Background of the question: I am trying to sum up the total bandwidth, but ss -i cleverly converted numbers to more readable format like Kbps/s or Mbps/s, which is not accurate. So does ss -o with ...
3
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2answers
2k views

SSH tunnel to router periodically hangs. TCP problem?

Something weird I've noticed since upgrading my office router to the Buffalo WZR-HP-G300NH. When I remote in using an SSH tunnel, the tunnel will "freeze" pretty often. The freeze lasts 1-2 minutes ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

how to connect ssh 'with' specified port?

I know how to connect 'to' a certain port when ssh'ing. ssh user@remotehostip -p XXX but is there a way to establish a ssh 'with' a certain port? I mean, is there a way to specify the port which ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why can't I use strace with rsh?

If I run rsh, it works, but prints some strange “Connection refused” messages at the beginning: $ rsh localhost pwd connect to address 127.0.0.1 port 544: Connection refused Trying krb4 rsh... ...