The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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0
votes
1answer
17 views

Tar Create and Split files into subdir

I have this command: tar -cf - input/* | split --bytes=1m Which splits my huge gz files into small ones. This works fine. However I want the output (the small files) to be created in the input/ ...
3
votes
2answers
37 views

Tell gzip/bzip2/7z/etc not to compress already-compressed files?

I'm tarring up /home, and piping it through bzip2. However, I've got lots of already-compressed files out there (.jpg, .mp4, .mkv, .webm, etc) which bzip2 shouldn't try to compress. Are there any ...
32
votes
5answers
21k views

How to XZ a directory with TAR using maximum compression?

So I need to compress a directory with max compression. How can I do it with xz? I mean I will need tar too because I can't compress a directory with only xz. Is there a oneliner to produce e.g. ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

how to run a software in linux without installing it

I am trying to run Rstudio download page link. On my Windows machine, I just downloaded the zip file from zip/tarballs section and was able to run .exe without installing anything on my machine. I'd ...
12
votes
2answers
62k views

Compress a folder with tar?

I'm trying to compress a folder (/var/www/) to ~/www_backups/$time.tar where $time is the current date. This is what I have: cd /var/www && sudo tar -czf ~/www_backups $time" I am ...
-3
votes
1answer
88 views

How to compress a single huge file (e.g. 200GB) file from command-line [closed]

I'd like to compress one huge file (~200GB) from the command line. no need for archiving its directory along with it, swift operation and high compression ratio preferred. What may be some good ways? ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Why doesn't tar ask before overwriting existing files?

I lost a couple hundred lines of a Vim plugin I wrote and continue back up every so often because I extracted a tar file containing an older version. I decided not to use source control management ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How to create backup from symbolic links and from files, too?

I would like to archive some directories. These directories are contain some softlinks. I should keep these links and files, too. I didn't found any solution... I tried tar with -h option but it ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

How to display progress bar for tar incremental archives?

While creating a level-0 archive I can do this: tar -cf - . | pv -s $(du -sb . | awk '{print $1}') | gzip > out.tgz But in case of a level-1 (incremental) archive, I don't know beforehand what ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Compressing multiple files in different folders without folder structure

Currently I create a copy of my log files like this: # tar -cvzf /var/www/vhosts/example.com/httpdocs/myfiles.tar.gz /var/www/vhosts/example.com/logs/access_log ...
1
vote
3answers
144 views

How to tar files with a sorted order?

If you tar a directory recursively, it just uses the order from the os's readdir. But in some cases its nice to tar the files sorted. Whats a good way to tar a directory sorted alphabetically? ...
7
votes
2answers
523 views

How is the order in which tar works on files determined?

$ touch dir/{{1..8},{a..p}} $ tar cJvf file.tar.xz dir/ dir/ dir/o dir/k dir/b dir/3 dir/1 dir/i dir/7 dir/4 dir/e dir/a dir/g dir/2 dir/d dir/5 dir/8 dir/c dir/n dir/f dir/h dir/6 dir/l dir/m dir/j ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

Compress old log file into single zip-linux

I have a folder /home/testuser/log which contain log files of one day old *.log. I wish to compress all the log files older than one day to a single zip(gzip or tar.gz) and delete the older files. I ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Copy a directory to external HDD

I'm trying to copy a directory to external HDD. I mounted the device and then typed : cd root tar -cf - * | (cd /mnt ; tar -xpf -) I got this error message: "cowardly refusing to create an empty ...
11
votes
1answer
13k views

scp and compress at the same time, no intermediate save

What is the canonical way to: scp a file to a remote location compress the file in transit (tar or not, single file or whole folder, 7za or something else even more efficient) do the above without ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

tar command not found on rhel6

I am trying to download a file in rhel6 and use tar to uncompress it. I am running this on docker. I get a wierd error saying : /bin/sh: tar: command not found 2014/12/22 19:32:21 The command ...
3
votes
2answers
802 views

Making tar split archives as it compresses?

I want to compress a file with tar but I'd like to know if its possible to do it while splitting the files. I know that in windows is possible to do this with winrar, I also know I can use split but ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Untar a specifc folder within tar.gz

How do I untar/uncompress a specific folder within a tar.gz using the terminal/commandline (Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr))? Precise: -file.tar.gz -- folder1 -- folder2 How to extract... ... ...
-3
votes
1answer
53 views

How to tell xargs to unpack tar into certain directory [closed]

I wrote my first script which goes: find /media/temp/test -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n*.tar.gz' | sort -n | tail -1 | cut -f2- -d" " | xargs tar -xvpf I would like to find latest modified file which ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Backing up Linux server to Windows domain

I'm maintaining a small Linux workstation/server in a Windows-domain-based environment. Apart from being in the same network, the Linux computer is not connected to the domain. Until now, I'm using a ...
2
votes
3answers
51 views

tar append to file in archive

Good morning, I have a tar compressed archive tar.bzip2 (created using tar jcf), which contains a file named data.txt (1). On the other side, I have another file also named data.txt (2). Is ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Force the owner and group for the contents of a tar file?

I would like to create a tar file with contents belonging to an owner:group pair who do not exist on the system from which the file is being made. Here's the direction I've tried: tar ca ...
1
vote
3answers
41 views

TAR Files: Move Files From Subdirectories to Main Directory

I've been trying to use this code: find documents -maxdepth 1 -type f -print0 | xargs -0 tar cvf documents.tar.gz to create a backup of the directory documents. The directory has the structure: ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

How can I capture a consistent snapshot of a directory and all its children?

We have an application that periodically backs itself up to a directory on the local file system. Inside this directory are several more files and directories. I want to produce a "snapshot" of all ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

what the best approach in order to compress directory with Hundreds of sub directories [closed]

Under /usr/cti/APP_sys, I have hundreds of directories and subdirectories and files, etc. I wonder what the best approach in order to compress the /usr/cti/APP_sys directory (get the best low ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII in filenames and paths?

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII printable characters? For example, Japanese characters, Chinese characters, newline character etc. Are there any known ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Remove tar compress spool from cron email

I have a crontab job that call a simple script to backup a website: 15 0 1,10,20 * * /home/username/bin/backup_whatever This is the script: #!/bin/bash TODAY=$(date +"%Y%m%d") ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

How to specify a different “top level” name for tar?

I would like to tar root (/) and let it appear as /abc in the tar archive. Is there a tar flag for specifying a custom top-level name?
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Is it possible to add error correction codes (BCH, RS or etc.) to a single file?

As far as I know, WinRAR archives may contain ECC (error correction codes), so if the archive is slightly damaged, then it can be fixed by itself. For example, I can first encode archives.tar to ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

'Tar' the result of a 'find', preserving the directory structure

I want to tar all the *.txt file, that I get from the result of a find, that exist into a directory having a tree like this: Directory_name dir1 file1.pdf file1.txt dir2 file2.pdf ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

Scripting multi-volume (GNU) `tar` with pre-defined number of volumes

I've wrote me a little script to test (or extract) a very big multi-volume tar archive (note: created with GNU tar), each of which 00x.tar chunk will fit onto a standard DVD: #!/bin/bash d=$(dirname ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

How do you set the default behavior of tar?

I have never needed to use any other options for tar other than -cvzpf. Is there some way to set that as the default behavior? While I recognize that it is often impossible to say why someone wrote a ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

cpio VS tar - what the best archive solution in order to compress hundred of directories to one file

I have hundreds of directories under /var/Recording, and each directory there will have subdirectories, including files, hard links and soft links. I want to compress all directories under ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why can't the tape device such as '/dev/st0' use commands like 'cp' to copy contents to it?

I got this point from a book,it says Because the tape device is a disposable I/O device,so we can't use commands like 'cp' to copy. And the author recommended to use 'tar': tar -cvf /dev/st0 ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

creating a tar archive without including parent directory

I am trying to create a graphical program for my script. Inside the script I use tar to create a tar archive. From the graphical program I get the full name of file that I want to create a tar ...
40
votes
2answers
131k views

Can I zip an entire folder using gzip?

I'm trying to zip a folder in unix. Can that be done using the gzip command?
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Tar a list of files which don't all exist

I'm running a command from a script like tar -c -f ar.tar a b c d where b, c, and d may not exist, and may be directories. The solutions that I've come up with are piping the output of ls -d to ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

difference between gnu tar and tar package in fedora repositories

man page of tar in fedora (and also man page of tar on die.net) mentions the --acls and --xattrs and --selinux options but they are not mentioned in tar manual in GNU website Why? do this mean ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Tar using progress bar and handling multi-volumes

I'm trying to create a tar of a large LVM volume onto multiple external drives. That part is solved. Now, because it is a LONG process, I'd like a progress bar. From the excellent articles here, ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

How to download latest version of cmake using tar xzf?

When I did cmake --version I got this - cmake version 2.6-patch 4
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the differences between bsdtar and GNU tar?

I've always used GNU tar. However, all GNU/Linux distributions that I've seen ship bsdtar in their repositories. I've even seen it installed by default in some, IIRC. I know for sure that Arch ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Estimate the size of the extracted files before extraction a `tar.gz` archive?

Before using tar to extract a .tar.gz archive, it is possible to get an estimate of how large the extracted files are in total?
7
votes
3answers
709 views

How to recompress 2 million gzip files without storing them twice?

I have about 2 million (60GiB) of gzipped small files and I would like to create a compressed archive containing all of them in an uncompressed version. Unfortunately, I cannot just uncompress them ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Extracting tar.gz from distance

I would like to extract a single file from a tar.gz file, but its in another folder than I am currently in. Is it possible to extract from "distance"?
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Adding files to .tar from directory

Is there a way to add files to .tar file in one directory from an another directory? And at the same time list the content of the tar to see if its added. I only found ways to add files if its in the ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Fastest way to find whether a file exists in a number of tarballs? [closed]

Is there a more efficient way to do this other than using tar tf and checking the output of every file against the file that I'm looking for? This is the way I do it right now, but it's very slow ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

command to get topmost directory name in compressed files

Filenames are ones shown below, but the directory will be libgit2-0.21-1 when tar xvf v0.21.1.tar.gz, so how use one-liner to get the directory name(report error if more than two directory exist): ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

How to create a deterministic tar.gz using git-archive?

Creating a git repository for testing. ~ $ mkdir somefolder ~ $ cd somefolder/ ~/somefolder $ git init Initialized empty Git repository in /home/user/somefolder/.git/ ~/somefolder $ echo test > ...
-5
votes
3answers
3k views

tar: “No space left on device”

I'm a Debian user. While I was trying apt-get install <package> I got this: tar: ./es_DO/LC_ADDRESS: Cannot write: No space left on device tar: ./es_DO/LC_IDENTIFICATION: Cannot write: No space ...
0
votes
3answers
577 views

wget downloading tar.gz file as html?

I need to download this file http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz using wget. I use the command wget ...