The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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3
votes
2answers
247 views

Tell gzip/bzip2/7z/etc not to compress already-compressed files?

I'm tarring up /home, and piping it through bzip2. However, I've got lots of already-compressed files out there (.jpg, .mp4, .mkv, .webm, etc) which bzip2 shouldn't try to compress. Are there any ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

how to run a software in linux without installing it

I am trying to run Rstudio download page link. On my Windows machine, I just downloaded the zip file from zip/tarballs section and was able to run .exe without installing anything on my machine. I'd ...
46
votes
2answers
149k views

Compress a folder with tar?

I'm trying to compress a folder (/var/www/) to ~/www_backups/$time.tar where $time is the current date. This is what I have: cd /var/www && sudo tar -czf ~/www_backups $time" I am ...
-2
votes
1answer
335 views

How to compress a single huge file (e.g. 200GB) file from command-line [closed]

I'd like to compress one huge file (~200GB) from the command line. no need for archiving its directory along with it, swift operation and high compression ratio preferred. What may be some good ways? ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to create backup from symbolic links and from files, too?

I would like to archive some directories. These directories are contain some softlinks. I should keep these links and files, too. I didn't found any solution... I tried tar with -h option but it ...
1
vote
2answers
328 views

Compressing multiple files in different folders without folder structure

Currently I create a copy of my log files like this: # tar -cvzf /var/www/vhosts/example.com/httpdocs/myfiles.tar.gz /var/www/vhosts/example.com/logs/access_log ...
1
vote
3answers
503 views

How to tar files with a sorted order?

If you tar a directory recursively, it just uses the order from the os's readdir. But in some cases its nice to tar the files sorted. Whats a good way to tar a directory sorted alphabetically? ...
8
votes
2answers
960 views

How is the order in which tar works on files determined?

$ touch dir/{{1..8},{a..p}} $ tar cJvf file.tar.xz dir/ dir/ dir/o dir/k dir/b dir/3 dir/1 dir/i dir/7 dir/4 dir/e dir/a dir/g dir/2 dir/d dir/5 dir/8 dir/c dir/n dir/f dir/h dir/6 dir/l dir/m dir/j ...
5
votes
2answers
14k views

Compress old log file into single zip-linux

I have a folder /home/testuser/log which contain log files of one day old *.log. I wish to compress all the log files older than one day to a single zip(gzip or tar.gz) and delete the older files. I ...
0
votes
4answers
3k views

Copy a directory to external HDD

I'm trying to copy a directory to external HDD. I mounted the device and then typed : cd root tar -cf - * | (cd /mnt ; tar -xpf -) I got this error message: "cowardly refusing to create an empty ...
0
votes
1answer
425 views

tar command not found on rhel6

I am trying to download a file in rhel6 and use tar to uncompress it. I am running this on docker. I get a wierd error saying : /bin/sh: tar: command not found 2014/12/22 19:32:21 The command ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Making tar split archives as it compresses?

I want to compress a file with tar but I'd like to know if its possible to do it while splitting the files. I know that in windows is possible to do this with winrar, I also know I can use split but ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Untar a specifc folder within tar.gz

How do I untar/uncompress a specific folder within a tar.gz using the terminal/commandline (Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr))? Precise: -file.tar.gz -- folder1 -- folder2 How to extract... ... ...
-3
votes
1answer
189 views

How to tell xargs to unpack tar into certain directory [closed]

I wrote my first script which goes: find /media/temp/test -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n*.tar.gz' | sort -n | tail -1 | cut -f2- -d" " | xargs tar -xvpf I would like to find latest modified file which ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Backing up Linux server to Windows domain

I'm maintaining a small Linux workstation/server in a Windows-domain-based environment. Apart from being in the same network, the Linux computer is not connected to the domain. Until now, I'm using a ...
2
votes
3answers
129 views

tar append to file in archive

Good morning, I have a tar compressed archive tar.bzip2 (created using tar jcf), which contains a file named data.txt (1). On the other side, I have another file also named data.txt (2). Is ...
9
votes
2answers
7k views

Force the owner and group for the contents of a tar file?

I would like to create a tar file with contents belonging to an owner:group pair who do not exist on the system from which the file is being made. Here's the direction I've tried: tar ca ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

How can I capture a consistent snapshot of a directory and all its children?

We have an application that periodically backs itself up to a directory on the local file system. Inside this directory are several more files and directories. I want to produce a "snapshot" of all ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

what the best approach in order to compress directory with Hundreds of sub directories [closed]

Under /usr/cti/APP_sys, I have hundreds of directories and subdirectories and files, etc. I wonder what the best approach in order to compress the /usr/cti/APP_sys directory (get the best low ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Scripting multi-volume (GNU) `tar` with pre-defined number of volumes

I've wrote me a little script to test (or extract) a very big multi-volume tar archive (note: created with GNU tar), each of which 00x.tar chunk will fit onto a standard DVD: #!/bin/bash d=$(dirname ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

How do you set the default behavior of tar?

I have never needed to use any other options for tar other than -cvzpf. Is there some way to set that as the default behavior? While I recognize that it is often impossible to say why someone wrote a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

creating a tar archive without including parent directory

I am trying to create a graphical program for my script. Inside the script I use tar to create a tar archive. From the graphical program I get the full name of file that I want to create a tar ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Tar a list of files which don't all exist

I'm running a command from a script like tar -c -f ar.tar a b c d where b, c, and d may not exist, and may be directories. The solutions that I've come up with are piping the output of ls -d to ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

difference between gnu tar and tar package in fedora repositories

man page of tar in fedora (and also man page of tar on die.net) mentions the --acls and --xattrs and --selinux options but they are not mentioned in tar manual in GNU website Why? do this mean ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Tar using progress bar and handling multi-volumes

I'm trying to create a tar of a large LVM volume onto multiple external drives. That part is solved. Now, because it is a LONG process, I'd like a progress bar. From the excellent articles here, ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How to download latest version of cmake using tar xzf?

When I did cmake --version I got this - cmake version 2.6-patch 4
21
votes
4answers
8k views

What are the differences between bsdtar and GNU tar?

I've always used GNU tar. However, all GNU/Linux distributions that I've seen ship bsdtar in their repositories. I've even seen it installed by default in some, IIRC. I know for sure that Arch ...
7
votes
3answers
820 views

How to recompress 2 million gzip files without storing them twice?

I have about 2 million (60GiB) of gzipped small files and I would like to create a compressed archive containing all of them in an uncompressed version. Unfortunately, I cannot just uncompress them ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Extracting tar.gz from distance

I would like to extract a single file from a tar.gz file, but its in another folder than I am currently in. Is it possible to extract from "distance"?
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Adding files to .tar from directory

Is there a way to add files to .tar file in one directory from an another directory? And at the same time list the content of the tar to see if its added. I only found ways to add files if its in the ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Fastest way to find whether a file exists in a number of tarballs? [closed]

Is there a more efficient way to do this other than using tar tf and checking the output of every file against the file that I'm looking for? This is the way I do it right now, but it's very slow ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

command to get topmost directory name in compressed files

Filenames are ones shown below, but the directory will be libgit2-0.21-1 when tar xvf v0.21.1.tar.gz, so how use one-liner to get the directory name(report error if more than two directory exist): ...
-6
votes
3answers
4k views

tar: “No space left on device”

I'm a Debian user. While I was trying apt-get install <package> I got this: tar: ./es_DO/LC_ADDRESS: Cannot write: No space left on device tar: ./es_DO/LC_IDENTIFICATION: Cannot write: No space ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

wget downloading tar.gz file as html?

I need to download this file http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz using wget. I use the command wget ...
3
votes
2answers
710 views

tar exits with bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ignored after extract

I have extracted a large (3.9GB) tar.bz2 file using the following command: tar -xjvf archive.tar.bz2 The extract proceeds fines but exits printing: bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Is archiving the entire filesystem from the root an effective backup strategy?

I am looking at my server through WinSCP and thinking I could tar the lot, save locally, then if starting a fresh identical server later down the line, re-upload and overwrite saving me the initial ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

In the command tar –cvjf foo.tbz a b c, what are a, b, and c?

I know these aren't extra flags to be passed to the tar command, aren't they just files names to be added to the archive?
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Create tar file which consists of directories from another tar file

I have tar file with three directories, dir1, dir2 and dir3. Is there a way to extract dir2 and dir3 directories to create new tar file on the fly, without extracting the directories in temporary ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Compress a tar file without extracting the content

Is it possible to compress a tar file such that I don't end up with an archive file in an other archive file but just an archive file containing my content fx. a tar.gz file? I don't want to extract ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

get the name of new directory that created out of tar command

How can I get the name of new directories that were crated out of tar -xvf command? For ex. When I run the command tar -xvf jdk-7u17-linux-x64.tar.gz the contents of this tar extracted in a new ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Untar only a certain number of files from a large tarball

I have a large tarball that is busy being FTP'd over from a remote system to our local system. I want to know if it is possible to start untarring lets say 50 files at a time so that those files can ...
0
votes
1answer
367 views

“tar (child): Cannot connect to https: resolve failed” when installing Bitmask

I am trying to install Bitmask on my system to get the riseup VPN running(https://help.riseup.net/en/vpn/how-to/linux), but as you can see, there are no packages for Fedora. I tried the compressed ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Find an archive and extract it in the directory where it is located

I want to find a tar file which is presented in any directory and un-archive it in a one line command. I am able to find it separately from home directory. but only can extract it from directory ...
4
votes
2answers
818 views

can't decompress .tgz using gunzip

I was able to archive and compress a folder with the following command: tar -cvfz example2.tgz example1 I then removed the example1 folder and tried to unpack the archive using this command: tar ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is it possible to create an incremental snapshot file from an existing tar archive?

I have created a large tar archive and am now looking to do an incremental backup. The documentation indicates that a snapshot file can only be created when the initial tar backup file is created. ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

In what situation would a tarball (.tgz) be almost the same size as the original

I just tarballed a dump of some websites (configs, image directory, css directory, and site content (html files etc)) using tar czf sitedump.tgz backup_folder/. The original "backup_folder" was about ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

in which units does tar --checkpoint measure?

GNU tar offers the option --checkpoint where a message should be printed each checkpointreached. Question:: In what does --checkpoint measure? My best guess is Bytes. I wasn't able to find a hint ...
1
vote
0answers
221 views

Terminal freezes after using tar or gz

On Linux within bash the Pseudo Terminal window (terminator) as well as the Terminal itself "freezes" when trying to use autocomplete (TAB) as well as after getting an error message using gzip and ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

How to download an archive and extract it without saving the archive to disk?

I'd like to download, and extract an archive under a given directory. Here is how I've been doing it so far: wget http://downloads.mysql.com/source/dbt2-0.37.50.3.tar.gz tar zxf dbt2-0.37.50.3.tar.gz ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

How to tar only files in a multiple of directories but not directory?

I have three folders under the Test folder. Test ----> dir1, dir2, dir3 Under dir1,dir2 and dir3, I have lot of files. I want to tar only the files not the dir1, dir2 and dir3.