The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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1answer
1k views

Does tar -x Extract to Current Directory or Does it Extract to the Source of the Archive?

Does tar -x by default just extract to the current directory or does it try to reproduce the original directory structure including overwriting the original source? I know I can specify a folder to ...
4
votes
4answers
703 views

How can I move the entire OS to a different server?

I want to install RhodeCode on a test server at work. However, the internet access is restricted for that server, and RhodeCode has a lot of dependencies (I don't even have Python on that server). So ...
4
votes
2answers
425 views

creating a tar archive without including parent directory

I am trying to create a graphical program for my script. Inside the script I use tar to create a tar archive. From the graphical program I get the full name of file that I want to create a tar ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Extract given tarball and retar it exactly

My versioned project uses the contents of an upstream tarball. I would like to extract the contents in such a way as to be able to recreate the original tarball exactly. The reason is that I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Output file from Archive

Given that I have this archive my_archive.tar.gz which has this file in it: README. How can I output the content of README without having to extract the archive? OS: Debian 7
4
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1answer
135 views

Packaging with tar

I am trying to package the files: file1 folder2/hello folder2/world file3 into a tar file so they are encapsulated in a custom defined folder, so the tar -tvf archive.tar appears as: ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Extract single file from tar to other folder

I've searched for multiple forums for this questions and have seen different answers but so far, nothing have worked yet even from the ones I've seen here. I want to extract a single file from a tar ...
4
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2answers
6k views

How to make tar save the archive on a remote machine using sftp or ftp?

I would like to backup some of my very important data on a remote machine. Currently I'm just saving it to my local machine by using this command: tar -cvjf ~/backups/Backup.tar.bz2 ~/importantfiles/* ...
4
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2answers
126 views

Where can I find updated TAR.rpm for Oracle VM Server?

I'm using tar for my incremental backup script on Oracle VM Server 3.2.2 and it comes with tar 1.15.1 I need this command: tar -cf drive-C.full.tar --no-check-device \ ...
4
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3answers
16k views

How to copy between two remote hosts using tar piped into SSH from remote server when behind a firewall?

I'd like to transfer a directory between two servers, but compress the directory on the remote host before transfer, and then uncompress to another host. I'm sure it's possible to pipe everything all ...
4
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1answer
159 views

Midnight Commander, using date in User menu

I would like to use MC (midnight commander) to compress the selected dir with date in its name, e.g: dirname_20131231.tar.gz The command in the User menu is : tar -czf dirname_`date ...
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2answers
1k views

tar list files only

Fun fact: If you use Archive Manager and extract a .tar.gz so that you have "Keep directory structure" unticked, you will get a tarbomb. tar -ztf lists all the files and directories in a tar file. Is ...
4
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1answer
5k views

Will tar -cvzf packed.tar.gz mydir take hidden files into account?

I need to create a tarball of a given directory. However, I need to make sure hidden files are included too (such as those beginning with .). Will the following command automatically take the hidden ...
4
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4answers
353 views

Generating sets of files that fit on a given media size for tar -T

Can anyone suggest a script that will take as input the name of one or more directories and a media size, and output lists of files for input to tar using -T (assuming no compression)? ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Find recursively all archive files of diverse archive formats and search them for file name patterns

At best I would like to have a call like this: $searchtool /path/to/search/ -contained-file-name "*vacation*jpg" ... so that this tool does a recursive scan of the given path takes all files with ...
4
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1answer
24 views

How to get tar to hardlink identical content on-the-fly during archive creation?

How can I get tar (or any other program that is commonly available on Linux, e.g. pax) to hardlink duplicate content on-the-fly during archive creation? That is, I'd like to avoid hardlinking upfront ...
4
votes
2answers
12k views

Wait for process to finish before going to the next line in shell script

I have a script I made to create a backup. I need to make sure the backup is ready before it runs the /home/ftp.sh command. How can I do so? I use CentOS 5.6 #!/bin/bash tar -Pcf ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Remove files from tar archive

I have a large file foo.tar.xz that contains a lot (say 200000) of files. I figured out that this archive contains some (around 5000) files I don't want. I don't have sufficient disk space to ...
4
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1answer
65 views

How to display progress bar for tar incremental archives?

While creating a level-0 archive I can do this: tar -cf - . | pv -s $(du -sb . | awk '{print $1}') | gzip > out.tgz But in case of a level-1 (incremental) archive, I don't know beforehand what ...
4
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1answer
298 views

GNU `tar` runs `stat` on an excluded directory. Is it normal?

I'm running tar as root like this: cd / tar --create \ --verify \ --exclude-backups \ --exclude-caches \ --auto-compress ...
3
votes
8answers
3k views

Triple compression and I only save 1% in space?

I've been trying to save space on my linux server, and I had a folder containting, in subfolders, 22GB of images. So I decided to compress them. First I used tar: tar -zcf folder.tar folder Then ...
3
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4answers
553 views

tar a result of wget

I want to wget a file and tar it, in one command, I guess it is simple but I can't get it done. I tried several things. wget <url> | tar -cvz file.gz.tar - tar -cvzf file.tar `wget ...
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4answers
1k views

Why is my tar file bigger than the directory backed up

This question did not help me (despite having the same title). So I post this even though this is a duplicate question. As far as I can tell, the total in du -k includes all the subdirectories and ...
3
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3answers
657 views

Tar a file with a different name

To make my environment deployable, I occasionally tar up some handy files and scripts: tar -czvf env.tgz .vimrc .vim/ bin/lsl bin/s I would like to add .bashrc to the mix, but I have some sensitive ...
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4answers
4k views

Why can't tar extract .zip files? [closed]

I tried a majority of the formats (gzip, etc.) to extract a zip file with tar, and when I became frustrated enough to Google for it, I found no way to extract a zip file with tar and only ...
3
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1answer
4k views

Compress a directory using tar/gz over SSH to local computer?

I'd like to essentially tar/gz a directory on a remote machine and save the file to my local computer without having to connect back into my local machine from the remote one. Is there a way to do ...
3
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3answers
2k views

untar a directory of *.tgz files using a wildcard

I've got a directory that looks like $ ls Broad_hapmap3_r2_Affy6_cels_excluded.tgz DINGO.tgz GIGAS.tgz index.html IONIC.tgz passing_cels_sample_map.txt ...
3
votes
1answer
557 views

“tar --exclude-backups” does not exclude files with tilde at end

If I have the following directory: $ ls -a foo . .. a #a# a~ b b.bkp c .git .hg .svn and call: $ tar zcf foo-no-bkp.tar.gz --exclude-backups foo/ The resulting archive still has backup ...
3
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1answer
535 views

tar: exclude gzip file, and don't try to gunzip it

I would like to skip a large gzip file when I extract a tar file, but everytime tar starts to gunzip it to look inside it seems. Even when I just try to peek inside tar seems to start gunzipping it, ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

In what situation would a tarball (.tgz) be almost the same size as the original

I just tarballed a dump of some websites (configs, image directory, css directory, and site content (html files etc)) using tar czf sitedump.tgz backup_folder/. The original "backup_folder" was about ...
3
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2answers
2k views

tar compression without directory structure

Under my current directory, I have two sub-directories: dir_1/ - file1.png - file2.png ... - fileN.png dir_2/ - fileA.txt - ... - fileZ.txt When I tar compress the two ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Making tar split archives as it compresses?

I want to compress a file with tar but I'd like to know if its possible to do it while splitting the files. I know that in windows is possible to do this with winrar, I also know I can use split but ...
3
votes
2answers
839 views

how to include or add /dev with tar --one-file-system

I'm running tar on a complete remote filesystem using ssh -n <hostname> 'sudo tar -cpvzf - --one-file-system /' | cat > Bak.tar.gz This gave me a tarball. I tried importing this tarball ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Untar Without Top-Level Directory

I have a tar (websites.tgz) that contain a bunch of Drupal websites that are tarred up starting with 'htdocs' I need to untar them into /local/htdocs/web1 /local/htdocs/web2 and so on. But I ...
3
votes
3answers
666 views

Different count for compressed file listing vs directory listing

I was taking a backup of a folder, where I used the following command : sudo tar -zcvf www.tar.gz /var/www/ It successfully compressed, just for verifying the number of files in the compressed ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Extrat tar “Cannot open: File name too long”

I made a tar with a directory on a remote machine with: tar -czvf I scp it to my local machine, where I wanted to untar it: tar -xzvf But I get : Cannot open: File name too long On my local ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Tar overwrites read only files

I created directory test, created file 1.txt in test, wrote 'Before' in this file. Then I went cd .. and used the command: tar -cvzf ./test.tgz ./test Then I entered the test dir again. Opened ...
3
votes
1answer
713 views

Copy just permissions and ownership from one tar file to another

I have two tar files which are basically backups of my /data folder on android. The problem is the permissions and ownership of the files inside latest back-up is messed up. However the permissions in ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Estimate the size of the extracted files before extraction a `tar.gz` archive?

Before using tar to extract a .tar.gz archive, it is possible to get an estimate of how large the extracted files are in total?
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it and copy the result to another folder

I need to search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it. After that, I need to copy the file that was searched (if ever there is) to another folder. So far I have this, but the copy ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

How to create a folder which will change its contents’ ownership to what the folder has?

In a GNU/Linux OS there is no way to change ownership of a file until you are root. But what if I want to hide my system’s username e.g. before sending a file to someone, because some things like tar ...
3
votes
1answer
484 views

Extract directory from wget's stdout

I am trying to wget a tarball from github.com and, without creating a temporary file, extract a subdirectory from it: wget -qO- https://github.com/django-nonrel/django-nonrel/tarball/develop | tar ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Find files with same name but different extensions, send to tgz

I have a large archive of edited images from my camera, each image is actually a pair of files - *.nef & *.xmp. I would like to go through all the folders and then zip these pairs into single tgz ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Tell gzip/bzip2/7z/etc not to compress already-compressed files?

I'm tarring up /home, and piping it through bzip2. However, I've got lots of already-compressed files out there (.jpg, .mp4, .mkv, .webm, etc) which bzip2 shouldn't try to compress. Are there any ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Is it possible to get file list, byte range from the head of a tar+bzip2 file?

Essentially, I'm hoping someone with an advanced knowledge of tar/bz2 can answer whether this is possible. The situation is that we have a periodic 24GB feed of data from a vendor, as a .tbz file. ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Can tar discover the archive format when piping it in via wget?

When I have a tar archive of any format, I can use: tar xf archive.tar.xz tar xf anotherarchive.tar.gz as tar discovers the relevant format by itself. Now I want to download the archives and ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

How to install BPG (Better Portable Graphics) on Linux Mint 17?

How do I install BPG (Better Portable Graphics) on Linux Mint 17? I downloaded the tar.gz file from Fabrice Bellard's website. The ReadMe file says, Edit the Makefile to change the compile ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

How to create a deterministic tar.gz using git-archive?

Creating a git repository for testing. ~ $ mkdir somefolder ~ $ cd somefolder/ ~/somefolder $ git init Initialized empty Git repository in /home/user/somefolder/.git/ ~/somefolder $ echo test > ...
3
votes
2answers
26 views

Help checking the integrity of TAR files for backup

I want make a backup of my Home directory and I've read a good method is to use the tar tool, and I think it suits me well since all I need to do is create a .tar of every folder in the Home directory ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

TAR: better to skip directory or use split

I've got a file.tar.gz that I create and backup to Amazon S3. It's gotten bigger than Amazon's limits and thus has not been backing up. This is my current command: tar -cpzf file.tar.gz directory/ ...