The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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4
votes
4answers
316 views

Generating sets of files that fit on a given media size for tar -T

Can anyone suggest a script that will take as input the name of one or more directories and a media size, and output lists of files for input to tar using -T (assuming no compression)? ...
4
votes
2answers
990 views

diff a gzipped tarball against a directory?

Is there a way I can diff a gzipped tarball against an existing directory? I would like to be able to do it without extracting the data from the tarball.
4
votes
2answers
517 views

tar list files only

Fun fact: If you use Archive Manager and extract a .tar.gz so that you have "Keep directory structure" unticked, you will get a tarbomb. tar -ztf lists all the files and directories in a tar file. Is ...
4
votes
2answers
870 views

Find recursively all archive files of diverse archive formats and search them for file name patterns

At best I would like to have a call like this: $searchtool /path/to/search/ -contained-file-name "*vacation*jpg" ... so that this tool does a recursive scan of the given path takes all files with ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Will tar -cvzf packed.tar.gz mydir take hidden files into account?

I need to create a tarball of a given directory. However, I need to make sure hidden files are included too (such as those beginning with .). Will the following command automatically take the hidden ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

GNU `tar` runs `stat` on an excluded directory. Is it normal?

I'm running tar as root like this: cd / tar --create \ --verify \ --exclude-backups \ --exclude-caches \ --auto-compress ...
3
votes
8answers
2k views

Triple compression and I only save 1% in space?

I've been trying to save space on my linux server, and I had a folder containting, in subfolders, 22GB of images. So I decided to compress them. First I used tar: tar -zcf folder.tar folder Then ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is my tar file bigger than the directory backed up

This question did not help me (despite having the same title). So I post this even though this is a duplicate question. As far as I can tell, the total in du -k includes all the subdirectories and ...
3
votes
3answers
579 views

Tar a file with a different name

To make my environment deployable, I occasionally tar up some handy files and scripts: tar -czvf env.tgz .vimrc .vim/ bin/lsl bin/s I would like to add .bashrc to the mix, but I have some sensitive ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

untar a directory of *.tgz files using a wildcard

I've got a directory that looks like $ ls Broad_hapmap3_r2_Affy6_cels_excluded.tgz DINGO.tgz GIGAS.tgz index.html IONIC.tgz passing_cels_sample_map.txt ...
3
votes
4answers
354 views

Does gzip add integrity/crc check to a .tar?

I run commands: tar -cf myArchive.tar myDirectory/ gzip myArchive.tar then I copy the file over a lot of unreliable mediums, and later I unpack it using: tar -xzf myArchive.tar.gz The fact that ...
3
votes
1answer
496 views

“tar --exclude-backups” does not exclude files with tilde at end

If I have the following directory: $ ls -a foo . .. a #a# a~ b b.bkp c .git .hg .svn and call: $ tar zcf foo-no-bkp.tar.gz --exclude-backups foo/ The resulting archive still has backup ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Compress a directory using tar/gz over SSH to local computer?

I'd like to essentially tar/gz a directory on a remote machine and save the file to my local computer without having to connect back into my local machine from the remote one. Is there a way to do ...
3
votes
1answer
488 views

tar: exclude gzip file, and don't try to gunzip it

I would like to skip a large gzip file when I extract a tar file, but everytime tar starts to gunzip it to look inside it seems. Even when I just try to peek inside tar seems to start gunzipping it, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Test tar file integrity in bash

I have a bash script that creates a '.tar' file. Once the file is created, I would like to test its integrity and send an email to the root user if the integrity is bad. I know I would need to use ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

How to recover a corrupted “tar.gz” file

I suddenly needed to recover an old tar.gz file, but as soon as I execute so: tar -zxvf filename.tar.gz I get this: gzip: stdin: invalid compressed data--format violated tar: Child returned ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

In what situation would a tarball (.tgz) be almost the same size as the original

I just tarballed a dump of some websites (configs, image directory, css directory, and site content (html files etc)) using tar czf sitedump.tgz backup_folder/. The original "backup_folder" was about ...
3
votes
2answers
625 views

how to include or add /dev with tar --one-file-system

I'm running tar on a complete remote filesystem using ssh -n <hostname> 'sudo tar -cpvzf - --one-file-system /' | cat > Bak.tar.gz This gave me a tarball. I tried importing this tarball ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Extract single file from tar to other folder

I've searched for multiple forums for this questions and have seen different answers but so far, nothing have worked yet even from the ones I've seen here. I want to extract a single file from a tar ...
3
votes
3answers
580 views

Different count for compressed file listing vs directory listing

I was taking a backup of a folder, where I used the following command : sudo tar -zcvf www.tar.gz /var/www/ It successfully compressed, just for verifying the number of files in the compressed ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Extrat tar “Cannot open: File name too long”

I made a tar with a directory on a remote machine with: tar -czvf I scp it to my local machine, where I wanted to untar it: tar -xzvf But I get : Cannot open: File name too long On my local ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Tar overwrites read only files

I created directory test, created file 1.txt in test, wrote 'Before' in this file. Then I went cd .. and used the command: tar -cvzf ./test.tgz ./test Then I entered the test dir again. Opened ...
3
votes
1answer
659 views

Copy just permissions and ownership from one tar file to another

I have two tar files which are basically backups of my /data folder on android. The problem is the permissions and ownership of the files inside latest back-up is messed up. However the permissions in ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Estimate the size of the extracted files before extraction a `tar.gz` archive?

Before using tar to extract a .tar.gz archive, it is possible to get an estimate of how large the extracted files are in total?
3
votes
2answers
9k views

Compress old log file into single zip-linux

I have a folder /home/testuser/log which contain log files of one day old *.log. I wish to compress all the log files older than one day to a single zip(gzip or tar.gz) and delete the older files. I ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

How to create a folder which will change its contents’ ownership to what the folder has?

In a GNU/Linux OS there is no way to change ownership of a file until you are root. But what if I want to hide my system’s username e.g. before sending a file to someone, because some things like tar ...
3
votes
1answer
435 views

Extract directory from wget's stdout

I am trying to wget a tarball from github.com and, without creating a temporary file, extract a subdirectory from it: wget -qO- https://github.com/django-nonrel/django-nonrel/tarball/develop | tar ...
3
votes
2answers
952 views

Find files with same name but different extensions, send to tgz

I have a large archive of edited images from my camera, each image is actually a pair of files - *.nef & *.xmp. I would like to go through all the folders and then zip these pairs into single tgz ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Is it possible to get file list, byte range from the head of a tar+bzip2 file?

Essentially, I'm hoping someone with an advanced knowledge of tar/bz2 can answer whether this is possible. The situation is that we have a periodic 24GB feed of data from a vendor, as a .tbz file. ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it and copy the result to another folder

I need to search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it. After that, I need to copy the file that was searched (if ever there is) to another folder. So far I have this, but the copy ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

Wait for process to finish before going to the next line in shell script

I have a script I made to create a backup. I need to make sure the backup is ready before it runs the /home/ftp.sh command. How can I do so? I use CentOS 5.6 #!/bin/bash tar -Pcf ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

TAR: better to skip directory or use split

I've got a file.tar.gz that I create and backup to Amazon S3. It's gotten bigger than Amazon's limits and thus has not been backing up. This is my current command: tar -cpzf file.tar.gz directory/ ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

How can I copy a file between server using bsdtar?

I'm looking for the fastest way of copying a file between 2 linux servers using bsdtar. With normal tar, I would do something like: ssh root@remote 'tar -cz -C /my/path/ big_file.txt' | tar -zxv ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Remove files from tar archive

I have a large file foo.tar.xz that contains a lot (say 200000) of files. I figured out that this archive contains some (around 5000) files I don't want. I don't have sufficient disk space to ...
3
votes
1answer
582 views

HP-UX 9: Backup filesystem using tar

So I've got an HP-UX 9 box that I'm trying to backup, first to a tape with fbackup, to no avail, and now to a folder shared over NFS. I'm using the command "tar -cvf /nfs/Results/backup.tar /" where ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII in filenames and paths?

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII printable characters? For example, Japanese characters, Chinese characters, newline character etc. Are there any known ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Is it possible to add error correction codes (BCH, RS or etc.) to a single file?

As far as I know, WinRAR archives may contain ECC (error correction codes), so if the archive is slightly damaged, then it can be fixed by itself. For example, I can first encode archives.tar to ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

tar exits with bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ignored after extract

I have extracted a large (3.9GB) tar.bz2 file using the following command: tar -xjvf archive.tar.bz2 The extract proceeds fines but exits printing: bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Compose and pipe a gzipped tar archive in one go

I'm trying to come up with an effective way to create a gzipped archive of various system partitions on Android, piping everything out to stdout so as to be able to encrypt it as it comes across via ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

tar exits on “Cannot stat: No such file of directory”, why?

I'm trying to create tar.gz file using the following command: sudo tar -vcfz dvr_rdk_v1.tar.gz dvr_rdk/ It then start to create files (many files in folder), but then I get the following error: ...
2
votes
4answers
89 views

What year did the Unix “tar” program get released?

Here's an simple question: what year did the Unix "tar" (TApe ARchive) come out? I wasn't able to find the answer with Internet searches.
2
votes
2answers
4k views

How to scp/tar files that are in between specific days?

I need to copy db log files between two suse servers where I am interested in files ONLY in between 10.3.2013 - 13.3.2013 It is desired to compress the files before copying so I tar them and scp. ...
2
votes
2answers
230 views

Create release version using tar

I have a project with the usual stuff (source code, yadda, yadda) and I want to have a command to Scons (but it could be whatever build system to be honest) that will do the following: Build the ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

What characters TAR doesn't like?

I keep a list of photos burned to dvds for incremental backups but I got into a strange situation where a file was already burned into a dvd but tar keeps saying it's not. Here the steps to reproduce: ...
2
votes
2answers
8k views

How to install tar file (jhead) on Mac or Linux machine

I'm new to Linux and tar balls and was wondering how to properly install them on a Mac or Linux machine. I would prefer to know how to install on a mac but I just need some help understanding them. I ...
2
votes
1answer
744 views

Extracting / Installing a TAR file

When I extract a tar file using this command: tar xvzf gcc-4.7.1.tar.gz (This is the directory the tar file is in: cd /u/test/GCC-4.7.1/) The files were extracted but they are in /dev/... (see below ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Use find and tar together

I have a directory with many log files, with filenames like acct.20111001 up to acct.20111030. I want to zip them by running: tar -cvjf acct.20111001.bz2 acct.20111001 How can I use find to ...
2
votes
3answers
903 views

How do I use gunzip and tar to extract my tar.gz file to the specific directory I want?

When I run gunzip -dc /path_to_tar.gz_file/zip1.tar.gz | tar xf - in the directory where the tar.gz file is located, it extracts just fine. How do I tell it to place the contents from the tar.gz file ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

tar and if-statement

I have a script that check if a file exist inside a tar file but something's wrong because it always go to the else part of the script. I am pretty sure that it shouldn't be that way. The date is in ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

How to make tar globbing work with the 'change directory' option

I have the followin directory structure: base/ files/ archives/ scripts/ I want a script to run from scripts/, compress files that match results.*.log in files/ into a gzipped tar archive ...