The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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4
votes
3answers
566 views

Why does the specific sequence of options matter for tar command?

I was trying out tar command to make archive with .tar extension. please have a look at the following series of commands I tried: $ ls abc.jpg hello.jpg xjf.jpg $ tar -cfv test.tar *.jpg tar: ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why doesn't tar ask before overwriting existing files?

I lost a couple hundred lines of a Vim plugin I wrote and continue back up every so often because I extracted a tar file containing an older version. I decided not to use source control management ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does tar --exclude=“.*” create an empty archive?

Everything I read says that to exclude .svn and .htaccess and other hidden files when creating a tar archive, use the --exclude=".*" pattern. When I try, I get an empty archive. When I leave out the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

I want to tar X directory not including its parents

tar cvf /var/lib/backup/sample.tar /home/user/.project However, when I extract, I get its parents as well /backup/ - /home/ - /user/ - .project/ This tar commands does it job ...
4
votes
4answers
566 views

tar extract into directory with same base name?

I have a ziped file like myArchive123.tar.gz. Inside it contains a folder like helloWorld If I extract it: tar -xf myArchive123.tar.gz I get the helloWorld folder: ls myArchive123.tar.gz helloWorld ...
4
votes
4answers
8k views

Why can't tar extract .zip files? [closed]

I tried a majority of the formats (gzip, etc.) to extract a zip file with tar, and when I became frustrated enough to Google for it, I found no way to extract a zip file with tar and only ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Untar a specifc folder within tar.gz

How do I untar/uncompress a specific folder within a tar.gz using the terminal/commandline (Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr))? Precise: -file.tar.gz -- folder1 -- folder2 How to extract... ... ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Using files that have spaces in their name in pipes

I have folder named play which contains a file damn file (with space). When I use find and pipe the output to tar: find play/ -name 'damn*' | tar cf archive.tar -T - It works perfectly. Why does ...
4
votes
2answers
704 views

can't decompress .tgz using gunzip

I was able to archive and compress a folder with the following command: tar -cvfz example2.tgz example1 I then removed the example1 folder and tried to unpack the archive using this command: tar ...
4
votes
3answers
319 views

Indexed archive format?

I need to create compressed archives of files, and be able to quickly extract individual files/directories from them. The problem is, for example, tar.bz2 seems to be not the best choice for such ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

how to run a software in linux without installing it

I am trying to run Rstudio download page link. On my Windows machine, I just downloaded the zip file from zip/tarballs section and was able to run .exe without installing anything on my machine. I'd ...
4
votes
2answers
937 views

creating a tar archive without including parent directory

I am trying to create a graphical program for my script. Inside the script I use tar to create a tar archive. From the graphical program I get the full name of file that I want to create a tar ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Extract single file from tar to other folder

I've searched for multiple forums for this questions and have seen different answers but so far, nothing have worked yet even from the ones I've seen here. I want to extract a single file from a tar ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

What is the difference between a tar of a complete filesystem and an image?

I can create an image of a filesystem, or I can create a tar-file containing all of it. Is an image therefore something like a tar-archive? Or do these two types differ in more ways?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does tar -x Extract to Current Directory or Does it Extract to the Source of the Archive?

Does tar -x by default just extract to the current directory or does it try to reproduce the original directory structure including overwriting the original source? I know I can specify a folder to ...
4
votes
4answers
733 views

How can I move the entire OS to a different server?

I want to install RhodeCode on a test server at work. However, the internet access is restricted for that server, and RhodeCode has a lot of dependencies (I don't even have Python on that server). So ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

tar compression without directory structure

Under my current directory, I have two sub-directories: dir_1/ - file1.png - file2.png ... - fileN.png dir_2/ - fileA.txt - ... - fileZ.txt When I tar compress the two ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Extract given tarball and retar it exactly

My versioned project uses the contents of an upstream tarball. I would like to extract the contents in such a way as to be able to recreate the original tarball exactly. The reason is that I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Output file from Archive

Given that I have this archive my_archive.tar.gz which has this file in it: README. How can I output the content of README without having to extract the archive? OS: Debian 7
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Packaging with tar

I am trying to package the files: file1 folder2/hello folder2/world file3 into a tar file so they are encapsulated in a custom defined folder, so the tar -tvf archive.tar appears as: ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

How to make tar save the archive on a remote machine using sftp or ftp?

I would like to backup some of my very important data on a remote machine. Currently I'm just saving it to my local machine by using this command: tar -cvjf ~/backups/Backup.tar.bz2 ~/importantfiles/* ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

Where can I find updated TAR.rpm for Oracle VM Server?

I'm using tar for my incremental backup script on Oracle VM Server 3.2.2 and it comes with tar 1.15.1 I need this command: tar -cf drive-C.full.tar --no-check-device \ ...
4
votes
3answers
18k views

How to copy between two remote hosts using tar piped into SSH from remote server when behind a firewall?

I'd like to transfer a directory between two servers, but compress the directory on the remote host before transfer, and then uncompress to another host. I'm sure it's possible to pipe everything all ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

modify file ownership for files inside tar archive

I am working as user, and I would like to create a tar archive, which when unpacked (by root) will extract its files with root ownership (otherwise root would have to change the ownership manually for ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Midnight Commander, using date in User menu

I would like to use MC (midnight commander) to compress the selected dir with date in its name, e.g: dirname_20131231.tar.gz The command in the User menu is : tar -czf dirname_`date ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Will tar -cvzf packed.tar.gz mydir take hidden files into account?

I need to create a tarball of a given directory. However, I need to make sure hidden files are included too (such as those beginning with .). Will the following command automatically take the hidden ...
4
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4answers
371 views

Generating sets of files that fit on a given media size for tar -T

Can anyone suggest a script that will take as input the name of one or more directories and a media size, and output lists of files for input to tar using -T (assuming no compression)? ...
4
votes
2answers
45 views

Can I store and work with a directory in compressed form?

I have to work with many large sized directories which are shipped around in the form of tarballs. However, in order to really do any operations these tarballs have to be untarred into directories and ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

How can I repair a tar file where stderr got mixed with stdout?

I have a tar file that I'm trying to repair. The problem is that tar's stderr got mixed in with its stdout, so the file looks like this: % head android-1435613730.tar tar: removing leading '/' from ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

How to get tar to hardlink identical content on-the-fly during archive creation?

How can I get tar (or any other program that is commonly available on Linux, e.g. pax) to hardlink duplicate content on-the-fly during archive creation? That is, I'd like to avoid hardlinking upfront ...
4
votes
2answers
13k views

Wait for process to finish before going to the next line in shell script

I have a script I made to create a backup. I need to make sure the backup is ready before it runs the /home/ftp.sh command. How can I do so? I use CentOS 5.6 #!/bin/bash tar -Pcf ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Remove files from tar archive

I have a large file foo.tar.xz that contains a lot (say 200000) of files. I figured out that this archive contains some (around 5000) files I don't want. I don't have sufficient disk space to ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

How to display progress bar for tar incremental archives?

While creating a level-0 archive I can do this: tar -cf - . | pv -s $(du -sb . | awk '{print $1}') | gzip > out.tgz But in case of a level-1 (incremental) archive, I don't know beforehand what ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Is it possible to add error correction codes (BCH, RS or etc.) to a single file?

As far as I know, WinRAR archives may contain ECC (error correction codes), so if the archive is slightly damaged, then it can be fixed by itself. For example, I can first encode archives.tar to ...
4
votes
1answer
332 views

GNU `tar` runs `stat` on an excluded directory. Is it normal?

I'm running tar as root like this: cd / tar --create \ --verify \ --exclude-backups \ --exclude-caches \ --auto-compress ...
3
votes
8answers
3k views

Triple compression and I only save 1% in space?

I've been trying to save space on my linux server, and I had a folder containting, in subfolders, 22GB of images. So I decided to compress them. First I used tar: tar -zcf folder.tar folder Then ...
3
votes
4answers
878 views

tar a result of wget

I want to wget a file and tar it, in one command, I guess it is simple but I can't get it done. I tried several things. wget <url> | tar -cvz file.gz.tar - tar -cvzf file.tar `wget ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is my tar file bigger than the directory backed up

This question did not help me (despite having the same title). So I post this even though this is a duplicate question. As far as I can tell, the total in du -k includes all the subdirectories and ...
3
votes
3answers
775 views

Tar a file with a different name

To make my environment deployable, I occasionally tar up some handy files and scripts: tar -czvf env.tgz .vimrc .vim/ bin/lsl bin/s I would like to add .bashrc to the mix, but I have some sensitive ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Compress a directory using tar/gz over SSH to local computer?

I'd like to essentially tar/gz a directory on a remote machine and save the file to my local computer without having to connect back into my local machine from the remote one. Is there a way to do ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

untar a directory of *.tgz files using a wildcard

I've got a directory that looks like $ ls Broad_hapmap3_r2_Affy6_cels_excluded.tgz DINGO.tgz GIGAS.tgz index.html IONIC.tgz passing_cels_sample_map.txt ...
3
votes
5answers
148 views

View a file in a tar archive without extracting it

I want to view the content of the tarred file without extracting it, Scenario: I have a.tar and inside there is a file called ./x/y.txt. I want to view the content of y.txt without actually ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

“tar --exclude-backups” does not exclude files with tilde at end

If I have the following directory: $ ls -a foo . .. a #a# a~ b b.bkp c .git .hg .svn and call: $ tar zcf foo-no-bkp.tar.gz --exclude-backups foo/ The resulting archive still has backup ...
3
votes
4answers
310 views

Is it possible to make a .tar.gz file directly from stdin? Or, I need to tar together already gzipped files

I'm going to tell you exactly what I need in order to clarify the cryptic question in the title. I'm currently making scheduled MySQL backups of all my databases with something like: mysqldump ... | ...
3
votes
1answer
572 views

tar: exclude gzip file, and don't try to gunzip it

I would like to skip a large gzip file when I extract a tar file, but everytime tar starts to gunzip it to look inside it seems. Even when I just try to peek inside tar seems to start gunzipping it, ...
3
votes
2answers
20k views

How to install tar file (jhead) on Mac or Linux machine

I'm new to Linux and tar balls and was wondering how to properly install them on a Mac or Linux machine. I would prefer to know how to install on a mac but I just need some help understanding them. I ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

In what situation would a tarball (.tgz) be almost the same size as the original

I just tarballed a dump of some websites (configs, image directory, css directory, and site content (html files etc)) using tar czf sitedump.tgz backup_folder/. The original "backup_folder" was about ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Making tar split archives as it compresses?

I want to compress a file with tar but I'd like to know if its possible to do it while splitting the files. I know that in windows is possible to do this with winrar, I also know I can use split but ...
3
votes
2answers
979 views

how to include or add /dev with tar --one-file-system

I'm running tar on a complete remote filesystem using ssh -n <hostname> 'sudo tar -cpvzf - --one-file-system /' | cat > Bak.tar.gz This gave me a tarball. I tried importing this tarball ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it and copy the result to another folder

I need to search for a file inside a tar.gz file without extracting it. After that, I need to copy the file that was searched (if ever there is) to another folder. So far I have this, but the copy ...