The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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12
votes
2answers
39k views

Can I zip an entire folder using gzip?

I'm trying to zip a folder in unix. Can that be done using the gzip command?
2
votes
1answer
128 views

recover partially overwritten tape from tar -c

I have a situation. I was supposed to run tar -x to recover a tar file from a tape but I pressed "c" and forgot to put the tape on readonly. The file was on fsf position 23, but the tape had 27 files. ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

tar '-u' operation

When adding an updated version of a file to a tar file using '-u', and looking at the tar file with '-t', I notice that a newer version gets added to the end (the tar file also increases in size); ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What characters TAR doesn't like?

I keep a list of photos burned to dvds for incremental backups but I got into a strange situation where a file was already burned into a dvd but tar keeps saying it's not. Here the steps to reproduce: ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Error handling with tar and keep-old-files option

I am unpacking tar files with the option --keep-old-files so that I don't clobber files that are already there. The annoying thing is that this causes tar to produce an error code #2 (fatal error) ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Installer packages: .bin, -rpm.bin, tar, tar.z

Is it correct that most of Unix&Linux software supports x-copy deployment? If I download the installation package and uncompress the files into a particular directory - would that be enough to ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

tar: short read

I get an error when I uncompress my tar. I do this: tar xvf VM_DECOMPTES.tar and after some time I get the following error: tar: short read What is going wrong here? tar: unrecognized ...
0
votes
2answers
309 views

Is it safe to assume the tar.gz file is healthy?

I have a rather large tar.gz file (17GB) which is a tar.gz version of a directory. The problem here is I got the following message after the tar operation. tar: Error exit delayed from previous ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Taking Backup of files of particular limit in unix

Here is the scenario, I have 1000 files in a folder each ~3 MB. I want to zip all files into 50MB each zip and remove the original files. NOTE: 50MB may contain 20 files or 10 files but that zip ...
1
vote
4answers
424 views

tar a specific number of files listed in a text file

I have a text file which contains a list of files. I use. tar --null --no-recursion -uf abc.tar --directory= /tmp/temp --files-from abc.txt This command simply creates a tar with all the files ...
-3
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a way to tar multiple files in a directory (Linux/Unix)?

Is there a fairly simple way to tar several (specific) files in a directory? For example let's say the following is a directory: -rw-r--r-- 1 allend bin 98 Jul 20 15:50 scriptlog.log -rw-r--r-- 1 ...
-1
votes
2answers
80 views

What's wrong with this tar command? [closed]

find /informatica/dev/SrcFiles* -mtime +7 -and -size +1M -exec tar -rvf files.8.2.2013.tar {} \; This command is running/working correctly and I'm not sure whats wrong. I want to find the files that ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

find command and tar

find /informatica/dev/SrcFiles* -mtime +7 -and -size +1M -exec tar -cvjf> So I ran this command and I can't find the file after it was done running (probably because I never named it?). The ...
4
votes
2answers
827 views

How to download an archive and extract it without saving the archive to disk?

I'd like to download, and extract an archive under a given directory. Here is how I've been doing it so far: wget http://downloads.mysql.com/source/dbt2-0.37.50.3.tar.gz tar zxf dbt2-0.37.50.3.tar.gz ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Disk partition emptied during tar backup

This morning I was doing a routine backup of my development drive, one of 4 primary partitions on my hard-drive. The script I ran was: filename="/home/Backups/Devi_"`eval date +%Y%m%d`".tgz" touch ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

creating archive using tar including all 'dotfiles' but excluding all subdirectories and /wo directory structure

I want to backup all the 'dotfiles' (f.e. .zshrc) under my home directory with tar, but excluding the directory structure and all subdirectories. I've tried it several times with different commands, ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

GNU `tar` runs `stat` on an excluded directory. Is it normal?

I'm running tar as root like this: cd / tar --create \ --verify \ --exclude-backups \ --exclude-caches \ --auto-compress ...
2
votes
2answers
855 views

Verifying a .tar.gz backup

Edit 3: For people who will read this question: --verify mysteriously fails with "Warning: Cannot seek: Illegal seek", hence I recommend you look for alternative ways to verify your archives. My ...
3
votes
4answers
784 views

Why is my tar file bigger than the directory backed up

This question did not help me (despite having the same title). So I post this even though this is a duplicate question. As far as I can tell, the total in du -k includes all the subdirectories and ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Efficiently remove file(s) from large .tgz

Assume i have an gzip compressed tar-ball compressedArchive.tgz (+100 files, totaling +5gb). What would be the fastest way to remove all entries matching a given filename pattern for example ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Create .tar.gz from a directory omitting some subdirectories and add only new or changed files

I need to create a script, maybe bash, maybe just a .sh that checks for files changes on a root directory and sub-directories of the root, and adds to a new file. The tar.gz file name should have the ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

How to do incremental backup of .img files containing windows partition?

On an OVS I have a few windows machines. I want to create a full backup their .img disk files, thats done, .img.gz. Than I want to incrementally backup their C:/ partition, but thats not working. ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Where can I find updated TAR.rpm for Oracle VM Server?

I'm using tar for my incremental backup script on Oracle VM Server 3.2.2 and it comes with tar 1.15.1 I need this command: tar -cf drive-C.full.tar --no-check-device \ ...
1
vote
6answers
752 views

How to avoid overwriting existing files while using tar command?

The tar command just overwrote my file an hour ago while I was trying to make a tar to backup it. I ran tar zcvf foo.tex foo.bib and after that my tex source file lost. What's worse, this is the ...
1
vote
2answers
248 views

Why is my tar file bigger than its contents?

I have a tar file that I have recreated from two files - xaa, xab (the results of using the split command). The tar file is the size I expect it to be but when I extract it the folder I get is a ...
1
vote
1answer
888 views

Ignore Symlinks when Extracting Tarball

I have a relatively simple question that I cannot seem to find the answer for. I am attempting to extract a tarball (*.tgz, to be exact) and receiving terminal errors on extracted symlinks. ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

What are the relative merits of the various standard Unix archival utilities? [closed]

There are many archival tools for Unix, with varying degrees of availability. To make matters more confusing, many of them can write each other's formats. I am seeking more information on their ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

How can I copy a file between server using bsdtar?

I'm looking for the fastest way of copying a file between 2 linux servers using bsdtar. With normal tar, I would do something like: ssh root@remote 'tar -cz -C /my/path/ big_file.txt' | tar -zxv ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

How to install tar file (jhead) on Mac or Linux machine

I'm new to Linux and tar balls and was wondering how to properly install them on a Mac or Linux machine. I would prefer to know how to install on a mac but I just need some help understanding them. I ...
9
votes
3answers
903 views

Universal extractors

With an increasing number of archive/compression file formats, is there a single free/open-source command line tool to rule them all? Perhaps something with a consistent / unified set of flags? (note ...
7
votes
1answer
895 views

Under what circumstances does gunzip & tar xf work but tar xzf fail?

To illustrate the point: I have downloaded the LEDA library from the company's website. Using tar -xzf on it fails: $ tar -xzf LEDA-6.3-free-fedora-core-8-64-g++-4.1.2-mt.tar.gz tar: This does not ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How to scp/tar files that are in between specific days?

I need to copy db log files between two suse servers where I am interested in files ONLY in between 10.3.2013 - 13.3.2013 It is desired to compress the files before copying so I tar them and scp. ...
1
vote
1answer
700 views

Difference between --xz and --lzma in GNU tar?

As far as I can tell, XZ is a container that uses the LZMA2 algorithm (i.e. extended LZMA); but e.g. $ xz foo/ complains about foo/ being a directory. So presumably the correct way to preserve ...
3
votes
8answers
2k views

Triple compression and I only save 1% in space?

I've been trying to save space on my linux server, and I had a folder containting, in subfolders, 22GB of images. So I decided to compress them. First I used tar: tar -zcf folder.tar folder Then ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Do tar archives include user/group name by default?

In tar's man page I stumbled upon two options: --numeric-owner: always use numbers for user/group names --owner=NAME: force NAME as owner for added files This made me wonder: When I tar ...
2
votes
6answers
1k views

How to make tar globbing work with the 'change directory' option

I have the followin directory structure: base/ files/ archives/ scripts/ I want a script to run from scripts/, compress files that match results.*.log in files/ into a gzipped tar archive ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

scp and compress at the same time, no intermediate save

What is the canonical way to: scp a file to a remote location compress the file in transit (tar or not, single file or whole folder, 7za or something else even more efficient) do the above without ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Remove files from tar archive

I have a large file foo.tar.xz that contains a lot (say 200000) of files. I figured out that this archive contains some (around 5000) files I don't want. I don't have sufficient disk space to ...
2
votes
4answers
83 views

What year did the Unix “tar” program get released?

Here's an simple question: what year did the Unix "tar" (TApe ARchive) come out? I wasn't able to find the answer with Internet searches.
0
votes
2answers
129 views

Can tar archiver zerofill a file?

I have received a tar archive from a co-worker and after decompresing I found that some text files are corrupted. More precisely they are filled with zeros. They have correct size but all bytes are ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

How to create tar archive in a different directory?

I want to create a tar archive in a different directory rather than the current directory. I tried this command: tar czf file.tar.gz file1 -C /var/www/ but it creates the archive in the current ...
2
votes
1answer
707 views

Untar Without Top-Level Directory

I have a tar (websites.tgz) that contain a bunch of Drupal websites that are tarred up starting with 'htdocs' I need to untar them into /local/htdocs/web1 /local/htdocs/web2 and so on. But I ...
5
votes
3answers
557 views

Tar piped to split piped to scp

So I'm trying to transfer a bunch of files via SCP. Some of these are too large to be stored on the recipient (Android phone, 4GB file size limit). The sender is almost out of space, so I can't ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Create a tar archive split into blocks of a maximum size

I need to backup a fairly large directory, but I am limited by the size of individual files. I'd like to essentially create a tar.(gz|bz2) archive which is split into 200MB maximum archives. ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How to extract specific file(s) from tar.gz

How can we extract specific files from a large tar.gz file? I found the process of extracting files from a tar in Untar only a certain number of files from a large tarball but, when i tried the ...
2
votes
0answers
317 views

How to fix the corruption of the tar balls?

I was making a complete server backup and tried making the tar balls of each directory structure by using the following commands: nohup tar -cvf - /etc | gzip -9 -c > /opt/Backup_4_Jan/etc.tgz ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Force the owner and group for the contents of a tar file?

I would like to create a tar file with contents belonging to an owner:group pair who do not exist on the system from which the file is being made. Here's the direction I've tried: tar ca ...
12
votes
5answers
15k views

tar: Removing leading `/' from member names

root@server # tar fcz bkup.tar.gz /home/foo/ tar: Removing leading `/' from member names How can I solve this problem and keep the / on file names ?
5
votes
2answers
4k views

tar files from another directory without copying them

This should be very simple for experts in here. I have a Linux account with user disk quota of only 6GB. There is some data-folder in /opt with about 3GB of data with when compressed comes up 1GB. ...
6
votes
1answer
498 views

tar: how can I exclude intermediate directories but include leaf directories?

I want to create a tar file suitable for extracting into /. I've created a work directory that represents the root of the file system, and it has all the stuff I want included in the tar underneath, ...