The tar archive format and/or the command-line utility for working with tar files.

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1
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2answers
212 views

Compressing multiple files in different folders without folder structure

Currently I create a copy of my log files like this: # tar -cvzf /var/www/vhosts/example.com/httpdocs/myfiles.tar.gz /var/www/vhosts/example.com/logs/access_log ...
1
vote
3answers
231 views

How to tar files with a sorted order?

If you tar a directory recursively, it just uses the order from the os's readdir. But in some cases its nice to tar the files sorted. Whats a good way to tar a directory sorted alphabetically? ...
8
votes
2answers
687 views

How is the order in which tar works on files determined?

$ touch dir/{{1..8},{a..p}} $ tar cJvf file.tar.xz dir/ dir/ dir/o dir/k dir/b dir/3 dir/1 dir/i dir/7 dir/4 dir/e dir/a dir/g dir/2 dir/d dir/5 dir/8 dir/c dir/n dir/f dir/h dir/6 dir/l dir/m dir/j ...
5
votes
2answers
12k views

Compress old log file into single zip-linux

I have a folder /home/testuser/log which contain log files of one day old *.log. I wish to compress all the log files older than one day to a single zip(gzip or tar.gz) and delete the older files. I ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Copy a directory to external HDD

I'm trying to copy a directory to external HDD. I mounted the device and then typed : cd root tar -cf - * | (cd /mnt ; tar -xpf -) I got this error message: "cowardly refusing to create an empty ...
15
votes
1answer
18k views

scp and compress at the same time, no intermediate save

What is the canonical way to: scp a file to a remote location compress the file in transit (tar or not, single file or whole folder, 7za or something else even more efficient) do the above without ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

tar command not found on rhel6

I am trying to download a file in rhel6 and use tar to uncompress it. I am running this on docker. I get a wierd error saying : /bin/sh: tar: command not found 2014/12/22 19:32:21 The command ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Making tar split archives as it compresses?

I want to compress a file with tar but I'd like to know if its possible to do it while splitting the files. I know that in windows is possible to do this with winrar, I also know I can use split but ...
4
votes
1answer
687 views

Untar a specifc folder within tar.gz

How do I untar/uncompress a specific folder within a tar.gz using the terminal/commandline (Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr))? Precise: -file.tar.gz -- folder1 -- folder2 How to extract... ... ...
-3
votes
1answer
84 views

How to tell xargs to unpack tar into certain directory [closed]

I wrote my first script which goes: find /media/temp/test -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n*.tar.gz' | sort -n | tail -1 | cut -f2- -d" " | xargs tar -xvpf I would like to find latest modified file which ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Backing up Linux server to Windows domain

I'm maintaining a small Linux workstation/server in a Windows-domain-based environment. Apart from being in the same network, the Linux computer is not connected to the domain. Until now, I'm using a ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

tar append to file in archive

Good morning, I have a tar compressed archive tar.bzip2 (created using tar jcf), which contains a file named data.txt (1). On the other side, I have another file also named data.txt (2). Is ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Force the owner and group for the contents of a tar file?

I would like to create a tar file with contents belonging to an owner:group pair who do not exist on the system from which the file is being made. Here's the direction I've tried: tar ca ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

TAR Files: Move Files From Subdirectories to Main Directory

I've been trying to use this code: find documents -maxdepth 1 -type f -print0 | xargs -0 tar cvf documents.tar.gz to create a backup of the directory documents. The directory has the structure: ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

How can I capture a consistent snapshot of a directory and all its children?

We have an application that periodically backs itself up to a directory on the local file system. Inside this directory are several more files and directories. I want to produce a "snapshot" of all ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

what the best approach in order to compress directory with Hundreds of sub directories [closed]

Under /usr/cti/APP_sys, I have hundreds of directories and subdirectories and files, etc. I wonder what the best approach in order to compress the /usr/cti/APP_sys directory (get the best low ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII in filenames and paths?

Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII printable characters? For example, Japanese characters, Chinese characters, newline character etc. Are there any known ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

How to specify a different “top level” name for tar?

I would like to tar root (/) and let it appear as /abc in the tar archive. Is there a tar flag for specifying a custom top-level name?
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Is it possible to add error correction codes (BCH, RS or etc.) to a single file?

As far as I know, WinRAR archives may contain ECC (error correction codes), so if the archive is slightly damaged, then it can be fixed by itself. For example, I can first encode archives.tar to ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

'Tar' the result of a 'find', preserving the directory structure

I want to tar all the *.txt file, that I get from the result of a find, that exist into a directory having a tree like this: Directory_name dir1 file1.pdf file1.txt dir2 file2.pdf ...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

Scripting multi-volume (GNU) `tar` with pre-defined number of volumes

I've wrote me a little script to test (or extract) a very big multi-volume tar archive (note: created with GNU tar), each of which 00x.tar chunk will fit onto a standard DVD: #!/bin/bash d=$(dirname ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

How do you set the default behavior of tar?

I have never needed to use any other options for tar other than -cvzpf. Is there some way to set that as the default behavior? While I recognize that it is often impossible to say why someone wrote a ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

cpio VS tar - what the best archive solution in order to compress hundred of directories to one file

I have hundreds of directories under /var/Recording, and each directory there will have subdirectories, including files, hard links and soft links. I want to compress all directories under ...
4
votes
2answers
425 views

creating a tar archive without including parent directory

I am trying to create a graphical program for my script. Inside the script I use tar to create a tar archive. From the graphical program I get the full name of file that I want to create a tar ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Tar a list of files which don't all exist

I'm running a command from a script like tar -c -f ar.tar a b c d where b, c, and d may not exist, and may be directories. The solutions that I've come up with are piping the output of ls -d to ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

difference between gnu tar and tar package in fedora repositories

man page of tar in fedora (and also man page of tar on die.net) mentions the --acls and --xattrs and --selinux options but they are not mentioned in tar manual in GNU website Why? do this mean ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Tar using progress bar and handling multi-volumes

I'm trying to create a tar of a large LVM volume onto multiple external drives. That part is solved. Now, because it is a LONG process, I'd like a progress bar. From the excellent articles here, ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How to download latest version of cmake using tar xzf?

When I did cmake --version I got this - cmake version 2.6-patch 4
19
votes
4answers
6k views

What are the differences between bsdtar and GNU tar?

I've always used GNU tar. However, all GNU/Linux distributions that I've seen ship bsdtar in their repositories. I've even seen it installed by default in some, IIRC. I know for sure that Arch ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Estimate the size of the extracted files before extraction a `tar.gz` archive?

Before using tar to extract a .tar.gz archive, it is possible to get an estimate of how large the extracted files are in total?
7
votes
3answers
764 views

How to recompress 2 million gzip files without storing them twice?

I have about 2 million (60GiB) of gzipped small files and I would like to create a compressed archive containing all of them in an uncompressed version. Unfortunately, I cannot just uncompress them ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Extracting tar.gz from distance

I would like to extract a single file from a tar.gz file, but its in another folder than I am currently in. Is it possible to extract from "distance"?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Adding files to .tar from directory

Is there a way to add files to .tar file in one directory from an another directory? And at the same time list the content of the tar to see if its added. I only found ways to add files if its in the ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Fastest way to find whether a file exists in a number of tarballs? [closed]

Is there a more efficient way to do this other than using tar tf and checking the output of every file against the file that I'm looking for? This is the way I do it right now, but it's very slow ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

command to get topmost directory name in compressed files

Filenames are ones shown below, but the directory will be libgit2-0.21-1 when tar xvf v0.21.1.tar.gz, so how use one-liner to get the directory name(report error if more than two directory exist): ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

How to create a deterministic tar.gz using git-archive?

Creating a git repository for testing. ~ $ mkdir somefolder ~ $ cd somefolder/ ~/somefolder $ git init Initialized empty Git repository in /home/user/somefolder/.git/ ~/somefolder $ echo test > ...
-5
votes
3answers
3k views

tar: “No space left on device”

I'm a Debian user. While I was trying apt-get install <package> I got this: tar: ./es_DO/LC_ADDRESS: Cannot write: No space left on device tar: ./es_DO/LC_IDENTIFICATION: Cannot write: No space ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

wget downloading tar.gz file as html?

I need to download this file http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz using wget. I use the command wget ...
4
votes
4answers
789 views

Does gzip add integrity/crc check to a .tar?

I run commands: tar -cf myArchive.tar myDirectory/ gzip myArchive.tar then I copy the file over a lot of unreliable mediums, and later I unpack it using: tar -xzf myArchive.tar.gz The fact that ...
3
votes
2answers
434 views

tar exits with bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ignored after extract

I have extracted a large (3.9GB) tar.bz2 file using the following command: tar -xjvf archive.tar.bz2 The extract proceeds fines but exits printing: bzip2: (stdin): trailing garbage after EOF ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is archiving the entire filesystem from the root an effective backup strategy?

I am looking at my server through WinSCP and thinking I could tar the lot, save locally, then if starting a fresh identical server later down the line, re-upload and overwrite saving me the initial ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

In the command tar –cvjf foo.tbz a b c, what are a, b, and c?

I know these aren't extra flags to be passed to the tar command, aren't they just files names to be added to the archive?
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Create tar file which consists of directories from another tar file

I have tar file with three directories, dir1, dir2 and dir3. Is there a way to extract dir2 and dir3 directories to create new tar file on the fly, without extracting the directories in temporary ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Compress a tar file without extracting the content

Is it possible to compress a tar file such that I don't end up with an archive file in an other archive file but just an archive file containing my content fx. a tar.gz file? I don't want to extract ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

get the name of new directory that created out of tar command

How can I get the name of new directories that were crated out of tar -xvf command? For ex. When I run the command tar -xvf jdk-7u17-linux-x64.tar.gz the contents of this tar extracted in a new ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Untar only a certain number of files from a large tarball

I have a large tarball that is busy being FTP'd over from a remote system to our local system. I want to know if it is possible to start untarring lets say 50 files at a time so that those files can ...
0
votes
1answer
273 views

“tar (child): Cannot connect to https: resolve failed” when installing Bitmask

I am trying to install Bitmask on my system to get the riseup VPN running(https://help.riseup.net/en/vpn/how-to/linux), but as you can see, there are no packages for Fedora. I tried the compressed ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Find an archive and extract it in the directory where it is located

I want to find a tar file which is presented in any directory and un-archive it in a one line command. I am able to find it separately from home directory. but only can extract it from directory ...
4
votes
2answers
416 views

can't decompress .tgz using gunzip

I was able to archive and compress a folder with the following command: tar -cvfz example2.tgz example1 I then removed the example1 folder and tried to unpack the archive using this command: tar ...
8
votes
2answers
366 views

How to convince tar (etc.) to archive block device contents?

I have six Linux logical volumes that together back a virtual machine. The VM is currently shutdown, so its easy to take consistent images of them. I'd like to pack all six images together in an ...