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76
votes
12answers
23k views

How to have tail -f show colored output

I'd like to be able to tail the output of a server log file that has messages like: INFO SEVERE etc, and if it's SEVERE, show the line in red; if it's INFO, in green. What kind of alias can I ...
68
votes
3answers
2k views

Does tail read the whole file?

If I want to tail a 25 GB textfile, does the tail command read the whole file? Since a file might be scattered on a disk I imagine it has to, but I do not understand such internals well.
22
votes
5answers
5k views

How to obtain inverse behavior for `tail` and `head`?

Is there a way to head/tail a document and get the reverse output; because you don't know how many lines there are in a document? I.e. I just want to get everything but the first 2 lines of foo.txt ...
21
votes
1answer
622 views

Do I need to worry about “tail: unrecognized file system type 0xbeefdead”?

I'm trying to follow a regular text file with tail -f -n 50 filename. I get the information from the file just fine, except I always get this error message: tail: unrecognized file system type ...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

How to do a `tail -f` of log rotated files?

On a long running system I usually have a terminal with $ tail -f /var/log/kern.log or something like this open. But from time to time I have to restart such command because no new messages are ...
18
votes
3answers
7k views

How does the “tail” command's “-f” parameter work?

$ tail -f testfile the command is supposed to show the latest entries in the specified file, in real-time right? But that's not happening. Please correct me, if what I intend it to do is wrong... I ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a way to make tail -F beep?

Is there a way to make tail -F or less beep (ring the bell in a terminal) when new data comes in (a new line is added to the file). Or is there any other unix utility to do this on a linux or mac.
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Piping from grep to awk not working

I am trying to grep the ongoing tail of file log and get the nth word from a line. Example file: $ cat > test.txt <<EOL Beam goes blah John goes hey Beam goes what? John goes forget it Beam ...
15
votes
4answers
14k views

cat line X to line Y on a huge file

Say I have a huge text file (>2GB) and I just want to cat the lines X to Y (e.g. 57890000 to 57890010). From what I understand I can do this by piping head into tail or viceversa, i.e. head -A ...
14
votes
8answers
6k views

Command to display first few and last few lines of a file

I have a file with many rows, and each row has a timestamp at the starting, like [Thread-3] (21/09/12 06:17:38:672) logged message from code..... So, I frequently check 2 things from this log file. ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

How to monitor only the last n lines of a log file?

I have a growing log file for which I want to display only the last 15 lines. Here is what I know I can do: tail -n 15 -F mylogfile.txt As the log file is filled, tail appends the last lines to the ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

monitor files (ala tail -f) in an entire directory (even new ones)

I normally watch many logs in a directory doing tail -f directory/*. The problem is that a new log is created after that, it will not show in the screen (because * was expanded already). Is there a ...
11
votes
7answers
8k views

grep and tail -f?

Is it possible to do a tail -f (or similar) on a file, and grep it at the same time? I wouldn't mind other commands just looking for that kind of behavior.
11
votes
4answers
600 views

How to do a continous 'wc -l' with gnu texttools?

I know of course that cat logfile.txt | wc -l 120 will tell me the number of lines in a file. Whereas tail -f logfile.txt will show me the new lines that another program writes to logfile.txt. ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

Best way to follow a log and execute a command when some text appears in the log

I have a server log that outputs a specific line of text into its log file when the server is up. I want to execute a command once the server is up, and hence do something like the following: tail -f ...
9
votes
2answers
193 views

How to start tailing a file that has not been yet created

I use tail to monitor the progress of jobs that I know will write their progress to disk. Almost always, I know which file they will create before they start running (the jobs are dispatched by a ...
9
votes
1answer
237 views

How to do `head` and `tail` on null-delimited input in bash?

find command can output names of files as a null-delimited strings (if -print0 is provided), and xargs can consume them with -0 option turned on. But in between, it's hard to manipulate that ...
9
votes
2answers
822 views

“tail -f | iconv -fsjis” does not output anything

I want to tail -f a file, but its content is in sjis encoding, so I need to have it converted to the native (utf-8) encoding of my terminal. When I do tail -f x | iconv -fsjis there will be no ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I make a shell script that sends output to a process

I'm currently running a server console program in a screen because I need to both read it and occasionally send commands. I'd like to run the app as a deamon in the background (start/stop it with ...
9
votes
1answer
871 views

How to have tail -f show colored output with vim?

In this question, Gilles answered Yet another possibility is to run tail -f in an Emacs shell buffer and use Emacs's syntax coloring abilities. Because I'm a vim user, I'd like to do this with ...
7
votes
4answers
259 views

Grep from the end of a file to the beginning

I have a file with about 30.000.000 lines (Radius Accounting) and I need to find the last match of a given pattern. The command: tac accounting.log | grep $pattern gives what I need, but it's too ...
7
votes
4answers
695 views

What is the easiest way to execute text from tail at the command line?

Sometimes I'm working on a new (ubuntu) box and I type git and am alerted: The program 'git' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: apt-get install git-core If that happens I ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Reading from a continuously changing logfile

There is /location/of/thefile, which is a continuously changing logfile. The average density of refreshes is 4 per minute, the possible maximal refresh rate could be 30-40 per minute. Every refresh ...
5
votes
2answers
387 views

Is it possible to follow a command (run repeatedly)? as one would follow a file using tail -f?

I have a script which produces a file 'Detail.out'. I know that the script is completed whenever the file contains a certain number of lines (roughly 21025). So I find myself sitting at the command ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

Show tail of files in a directory?

I have a directory that is too huge to browse by any means. Grepping returns argument lists too long, WINSCP crashes when trying to open the directory. Is there a way I can view just the last 200 ...
4
votes
3answers
740 views

How can I do the equivalent of tail -f with ls? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible to follow a command (run repeatedly)? as one would follow a file using tail -f? I would like to monitor files that are being downloaded to a directory in ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

`tail -f` until text is seen

I've got a CI server with a command-line interface that allows me to remotely kick-off a job (jenkins CI server and the jenkins-cli.jar tool). After I kick the job off I tail -f the log (sorry for ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

What's a convenient way of checking what's being added to a log file in realtime?

Right now I'm essentially executing tail /var/log/syslog manually every once in a while. Is there something that lets me see what's being added continuously, or do I need to write something myself?
4
votes
5answers
208 views

Only output most recent 10 (or n) lines of a lengthy command output

I have currently worked alot with shell and bash on linux. I have made tons of backups scripts and much more. In many cases I have a command that outputs thousands of lines. I actually need these ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Is it possible to “roll” a symlink to a new file without affecting any open file handles?

An application I am developing locally logs it's output to files formatted with the current timestamp such as app-%Y%m%d.log. To make it simple to be able to tail the current's day log in a terminal ...
4
votes
2answers
430 views

What does tail -f <directory name> do?

I mistakenly executed the following command in the terminal: tail -f /logs/applications/logs* I got the following output: tail: file shrunk! Error 0 I am not sure what exactly happened. I have ...
4
votes
2answers
36 views

Can less load lines which were appended to a file after opening?

When I am viewing a log file in less is it possible to make less reload the file to get lines which were appended to that file since it was opened?
4
votes
1answer
570 views

Observe multiple log files in one output

Is there an easy way to do something like tail -f mylogfile but to have the changes of more than one file displayed (maybe with the file name added as prefix to each line)? Or maybe a GUI tool? I am ...
4
votes
2answers
661 views

Moving average on a log file with awk or other unix utilities?

Scenario: I have a log file that has a few number of entry "classes", like this: R0 dx=0.00500 rb=0.00000 sn=1 3145.88 2.59 0.08 se=21315 id=16190 R0 dx=0.00300 rb=-1.00000 sn=1 3150.40 2.38 0.05 ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Follow a pipe using less?

Can less follow (by pressing F) a piped input (similarly to a file)? For a file that is being written to, the command less <file> will follow the file when pressing F. But if I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to follow (a la “tail -f”) a binary file from the beginning?

Is it possible to follow a binary file from the beginning, a la tail -f? This is useful in some cases, for example if I'm scping a file to a remote server, and at the same time I want to feed it to ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

How can I colorize head, tail and less, same as I've done with cat?

I've got 'color cat' working nicely, thanks to others (see How can i colorize cat output including unknown filetypes in b&w?). In my .bashrc: cdc() { for fn in "$@"; do source-highlight ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Combing head and tail in a single call via pipe [duplicate]

On a regular basis, I am piping the output of some program to either head or tail. Now, suppose that I want to see the first AND last 10 lines of piped output, such that I could do something like ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to use tail -f with grep to show surrounding lines

I would like to see the output in a logfile greped by only one domain but also the following two lines. Example: tail -f /var/log/apache2/modsec_audit.log |grep mydomain.de this shows all lines, ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Why are some file changes not shown in tail -f?

I tried to follow the mysql history file with: tail -f ~/.mysql_history in another window I entered as the same user: mysql -u someotheruser -p and none of the following commands are shown in my ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Why does tailing an output log sometimes give partial lines?

Sometimes, tailing an output log which is constantly being updated doesn't give the whole lines. Why is that? grep pattern input_file > output.log & tail output.log Why doesn't it print the ...
3
votes
1answer
288 views

limit stdout to terminal output speed [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I limit the output speed of stdout? What's the easiest way to limit the speed at which stdout is output in a terminal, so that, for instance, tail -f outputs ...
3
votes
4answers
453 views

is there an alternative to tail -f that has convenient scrolling? [duplicate]

I'm usually inside GNU Screen or tmux, which doesn't give me excellent scrolling functionality. Is there an alternative to tail -f that allows me to quickly scroll up? A tool that is like most is to ...
3
votes
3answers
756 views

How do I make Vim behave like “tail -f”?

I would like to know if there is a way to make Vim behave like tail -f. Even the best Vim plugin I've found so far doesn't do what I expect. I really want to see the file update in real-time. Even ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Output the changes to a log file

If I use tail -f *filename* I get a real nice display of whatever is changing in a given file. However, sometimes I want to be able to search this text or otherwise look it over slowly. Is ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

How can I monitor a file that fully recreates during its run?

This is a follow-up question of Why are some file changes not shown in tail -f? With the use of capital F: tail -F I can monitor the output of tail -F ~/.mysql_history from the manual: ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

How to follow and seek in a file being piped through a filter, in less

I basically wish to seek, search and follow a growing log file after passing it through a sed filter. I figured I need to follow a file with tail -f pipe it to sed and then pipe that to less. For ...
3
votes
3answers
379 views

How to make dot matrix printer print every line of 'tail -f'

I have a dot matrix printer, an Epson LQ-500. It works well with CUPS, and I use it to print listings sometimes, text files, etc. now, I'd like to use it as a logging printer. for that, I need it to ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

How to limit the number of lines a command's output has available in bash?

I started downloading a big file in the background using $ nohup wget http://example.tld/big.iso & which also gives me a nohup.out file that includes the output of wget. Now, if I later want ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

How to tail a file over the network?

How can I tail -f a file that over the network, say at \\192.168.2.130\public\print.log? I have tried the variations of the following: tail -f //192.168.2.130/Southpaw/Tactic/print.log which erred ...