systemd is an alternative approach to SystemV init daemon for Linux. It is intended to provide a better framework for expressing services' dependencies, allow more work to be done in parallel at system startup, and to reduce shell overhead.

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Systemd fails to start after removal of encrypted swap partition on Fedora 20

In order to resize my boot partition I had to recreate my swap partition. After this systemd does not seem to be able to start. I am new to Fedora/systemd and don't quite understand where I could ...
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96 views

journalctl process groups

I recently tried setting up the ChrootDirectory property in sshd_config and ran into the ownership problems for chroot targets. After i have fixed the problem i noticed that syslog-ng had created log ...
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How to start ipsec on Gentoo after migrated to systemd?

My system is Gentoo 64bit, and is using systemd as the initialization system. After I migrated to systemd, I found there's not service to start ipsec. I tried to run /etc/init.d/ipsec, but it says it ...
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2answers
581 views

installing/configuring and running sshguard on debian

I am trying to install/configure and run sshguard on debian, I want to check if brute force attacks happen on my server. I have installed it via apt-get, then I installed systemd and followed the ...
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743 views

OpenVPN autostart with systemd

I enabled an openvpn globally by systemctl enable openvpn@con.service Which works well and I'm connected to my VPN after reboot. But once I suspend my laptop instead of rebooting, or simply lose ...
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355 views

How to preserve the logind session in Arch Linux?

I got audio working in Arch Linux without problems yesterday, but at some point it stopped working again: $ alsamixer cannot open mixer: No such file or directory $ vlc foo.mp4 ... [0x7f1388006be8] ...
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How to modprobe radeon and turn off card at start with systemd?

ArchLinux has completly replaced rc.conf with systemd. I used /etc/rc.local to modprobe radeon module and turn it off using vgaswitcheroo. modprobe radeon && echo OFF > ...
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215 views

How to move rc.conf HARDWARE section to /etc/modules-load.d/?

I've just begun moving my Arch system to systemd, and started by moving the deprecated parts of rc.conf to their respective configuration files. The rc.conf wiki article lists files for most options, ...
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systemctl to start cron-like job

In /etc/systemd/system directory I have: rsnapshot-backup.service file, with following content: [Unit] Description=rsnapshot backup automation [cron like] [Service] Nice=19 IOSchedulingClass=2 ...
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How to determine a log's source process spawned from a systemd service?

I have a systemd service which starts multiple 3rd-party processes which output to standard output. Is there anyway to easily determine which logs are from specific process from the system journal? ...
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98 views

Inherit environment variables in systemd Docker container

I have a Docker container running systemd. I want to pass environment variables to applications under it. When I start systemd from within Docker (/sbin/init as command line), Docker exposes ...
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systemd start unit after another unit goes inactive

Is there any way to delay a unit from starting up once another unit goes inactive? I have a startup process (oneshot.service) that runs as a one-shot and sets up the environment for all other ...
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clamd randomly stops

I am using clamav in conjuction with c-icap to filter content with squid. I am also using the safebrowsing functionality of clamav to block access to bad domains. For some reason or another, clamav ...
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116 views

Modifier keys cannot be mapped to regular keys on USB keyboard with udev

Using an hwdb file, /etc/udev/hwdb.d/99-keyboard.hwdb, I can remap the left Alt key on my USB keyboard as the Ctrl key: keyboard:usb:v*p* KEYBOARD_KEY_700e2=leftctrl This also works when I try to ...
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167 views

Boot time discrepancy using systemd on Debian 7.4

I recently installed systemd on my Debian 7.4 system. The time from pressing the power button to usable desktop is around 42-44 seconds. The BIOS takes 6-7 seconds to load and transfer control to ...
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linux watchdog and systemd watchdog

I'm in trouble with watchdog :( Is there any way to register application into systemd watchdog at runtime? Does linux watchdog only use for system reset or it can be use for application reset?
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Writing a systemd service to be executed at resume

my Dell laptop is subject to this bug with kernel 3.14. As a workaround I wrote a simple script /usr/bin/brightness-fix: #!/bin/bash echo 0 > /sys/class/backlight/intel_backlight/brightnes ...
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Convenient way to check if system is using systemd or sysvinit in BASH? [duplicate]

I am defining common bash files which I want to use across different distributions. I need a way to check if system is using systemd or sysvinit (/etc/init.d/). I need this so I run appropriate ...
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How can I translate these OpenVPN client configuration instructions to work with Fedora 20?

Here's the link to the full instructions. When I get to step 9, under the heading "9. Setup Client Config Files", it says: Now we will configure the openVPN to work as client. Remember that we ...
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116 views

Suggestions to debug missing kernel messages from systemd journal

I have recently been playing around with a new freescale i.mx6 system. I have installed archlinuxarm on it. Strangely, all kernel messages are missing from the journal. $ sudo journalctl -k -- ...
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96 views

How to determine which init system is used? [duplicate]

Is there a way to determine which init system is being used in Linux? (such as sysvinit, upstart, systemd, etc.) I don't care if it can be programmatically determined, I just want to know how I can ...
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495 views

Enable systemd-baclight@intel_backlight instead of systemd-backlight@acpi_video0

I have 2 files in /sys/class/backlight/ - acpi_video0 and intel_backlight. intel_backlight is the one which controls my screen brightness (echo/cat), however acpi_video0 is the default. By default ...
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686 views

Force fsck check after reboot with single command

I'm looking for systemd's equivalent to the shutdown -F command. I know that I can force fsck by adding fsck.mode=force to kernel options or tweak mount count for disks. I have tried touch /forcefsck ...
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139 views

How do I set the tty that GDM spawns on?

On my computer (under Arch Linux), GDM is spawning on tty1 while I would like it to spawn on tty7. Is there any way to do that?
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What are the systemd command line options “--switched-root” and “--deserialize”?

Doing a ps on my Linux box shows that systemd runs with the command line options --switched-root and --deserialize. Nothing in the man page or /usr/share/doc/systemd mentions them, and Google hasn't ...
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339 views

How to write a systemd script that runs usb_modeswitch and connects to the internet at startup?

I have a cisco AM10 wireless adapter and every boot, I need to run usb_modeswitch -v 1307 -p 1169 -L -I -u -l to get it to function as an adapter. Then I have to run a netcfg profile to connect to ...
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Can't run vlock-cmatrixreloaded with acpid anymore, after switching to systemd

In the old days, I configured acpid to launch vlock-cmatrixreloaded when I press Fn + F2, now it no longer works since systemd handles TTYs, I just got a screen flash when I press those keys. The ...
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107 views

How to make system startup to not wait on particular systemd service start

I have few virtual machines running under libvirt, and they are stared on the host system startup. This is controlled by libvirtd.service systemd configuration. This delays the availability of the ...
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51 views

Forking in a systemd script

I want systemd service to handle forking (my file doesn't handle forking by itself. So I'm relying on systemd for handling that) My .service file: [Unit] Description=swamp services management ...
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73 views

Get a faster response for a ping

I noticed that the answer to my ping is slower in one debian machine that another. For the first one when i ping to 8.8.8.8: 64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_req=1 ttl=47 time=29.6 ms For the second ...
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How do I resume booting process after sulogin procedure

I upgraded Arch Linux today and systemd stopped booting again. So I logged in with sulogin, mounted the drive. How do I resume the booting process? Like in old days, init 3 somethings like that.
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How to delete (not disable/mask) a unit in Systemd?

Sometimes I make a new unit in mistake, and then I have to go to /etc/systemd to look for the unit and delete all of its associated files/scripts/links/etc. Is there a better way? Like a single ...
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Can't start mysql service

Trying to start my mysql service. /etc/init.d/mysql start returns: Job failed. See system logs and 'systemctl status' for details. Further: systemctl status mysql.service returns: ...
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63 views

Change network values from sysctl.conf

Can I change the value of those parameters (spoofprotect, syncookies, dynaddr_hack, notimestamps, nobroadcasticmpecho, ip_forward) from sysctl.conf file in systemd?
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Target filesystem doesn't have requested /lib/systemd/systemd

I have been using systemd for about a month without any problems on my Debian Jessie. I installed it according to the Debian wiki. But all of a sudden today I got this error:     ...
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Why can my gentoo systemd installation only execute files as root?

If I try to login as any other user, via su it says 'permission denied'. If I use su -l it says 'canot cd to /home/<user>'. Logging in via the tty just kicks anyone without a message out except ...
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OpenSuse 12.3 keeps renaming network interfaces?

After installing OpenSuse 12.3 (x64) on a server box with a single (onboard) NIC (assigned to eth0), all works fine so far (static IP, static route, no "Network Manager" - just the good old way). ...
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vncserver refuses to start

I have a Fedora 15 server that has been running just fine for months until I suffered a power outage. After the recovery, all services came back up just fine except vncserver. When I try to start the ...
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Can't access GPIOs when switching to systemd, but why?

I'm using this ARM AT91 Sam9x5ek Embedded Device, with my Linux Images made by a Buildroot. Usually my init-system is Busybox, now I changed it to systemd. Since then I can't access the GPIO anymore, ...
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Issue with network interfaces in Fedora 20

I am using Fedora 20 with NetworkManager disabled and the network service enabled. I am creating virbr0 with eth0 binded to it and using dhcp. I have disabled current network interface naming ...
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Modifying networking and daemons using systemd

I'm trying to follow this guide however, it appears rc.conf is discontinued and systemd has taken over. How can I modify the networking and daemons shown in step one using systemd? Any help is ...
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70 views

Systemd: Timeout a service

Is there a way to have systemd stop a service after it has been running for X amount of seconds? I looked at just wrapping ExecStart with timeout, however I believe it might not work if my service is ...
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45 views

Why is there no graphical.target listed by “systemctl list-units --type=target”?

According to Fedora documentation, graphical.target is the default. And, # systemctl list-units --type=target will list all available targets. However, the command above outputs as follows without ...
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50 views

Changing systemd dependencies during boot

I am looking for a way to instruct systemd to recalculate service dependencies while the system is booting. Specifically, I need one service to be able to enable another service, and have the second ...
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231 views

Unit couchdb.service failed to load: No such file or directory

I have couchdb on Sabayon running # couchdb -version getopt: invalid option -- 'v' Try `couchdb -h' for more information. kernel-poll not supported; "K" parameter ignored Apache CouchDB 1.5.0 ...
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498 views

Debian and Systemd: breaking ordering cycle error

I'm a new embedded developer I'm trying to make systemd 37 work with freescale vybrid board (A5 and M4) running on linux-3.0 After boot with some breaking ordering cycle error, I check with ps ...
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death_handler: Fatal signal 15 received

I have problem with my Linux when I try to shut it down. init 0 I get the following error: death_handler: Fatal signal 15 received setsockopt recvref[30]: Protocol not available The sytem will ...
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Bash script to identify which init system the system currently using [duplicate]

I have to create a script that will mount my /usr folder as aufs. I compressed it using squashfs. I've managed to install a working systemd init in ubuntu which I am currently using. Because the ...
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512 views

Systemd fails to start Nginx on reboot, but it works manually

Here's my situation whenever I reboot: $ systemctl --failed UNIT LOAD ACTIVE SUB DESCRIPTION nginx.service loaded failed failed A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server ...
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2k views

Gentoo and Systemd: Can openrc be uninstalled without breaking other packages?

I switched my Gentoo system from openrc to systemd, and everything seems to run fine as long as both are installed. Nevertheless, after emerge --depclean, which removes openrc, the gentoolkit program ...