systemd is an alternative approach to SystemV init daemon for Linux. It is intended to provide a better framework for expressing services' dependencies, allow more work to be done in parallel at system startup, and to reduce shell overhead.

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With systemd-networkd, perform an action upon network configuration change

I am switching from Debian’s ifupdown to systemd-networkd, and it mostly works fine. One missing bit is that upon every network change, I want to call killall -ARLM tinc, so that my VPN is going up in ...
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572 views

How to implement logwatch functionality on top of systemd journal?

Logwatch scans logfiles with regular intervals, collects errors and stuff, then mails it to the admin. This was back in syslog and logfiles days. What's the corresponding solution for systemd's ...
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Where is my /etc/init.d/skeleton on OpenSuse 12.3?

On a fresh install of OpenSuse 12.3, I want to "daemonize" a program. And, on all examples found on Internet, I see I have to create first a /etc/init.d/myscript based on the /etc/init.d/skeleton... ...
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How can I start Apache on Arch Linux w/systemd using passphrase protected SSL keys?

I'm relatively new to using Arch Linux and think I must be missing the obvious way to do this correctly, but –short of starting the daemon on my own– I can't figure out how to get passphrase protected ...
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69 views

Managing another user's systemd units

Can one user, or maybe root, control another user's user level systemd services? I've tried sudo -u <some user> systemctl --user restart <some service>, but it complains about dbus: ...
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259 views

How do I start service in systemd right after cryptsetup?

I have an ArchLinux installation with systemd. I am trying to run a hook immediately after my encrypted data device is mounted in order to put flashcache on top of it. I have scripts that work, ...
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576 views

Why does bash parameter expansion not work inside systemd service files?

I am trying to use systemd's EnvironmentFile and add an option to the command when it is set in the file. I have the following in the unit file: ExecStart=/usr/bin/bash -c "echo ${PORT:+port is ...
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generic methodology to debug ordering cycles in systemd

I am aware of following thread and supposedly an answer to it. Except an answer is not an answer in generic sense. It tells what the problem was in one particular case, but not in general. My ...
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454 views

When saving INTO OUTFILE from mysql on a systemd based system, the output file is grabbed by systemd — why?

I regularly run simple reports from a mysql (actually, mariaDB) database: MariaDB [acts]> SELECT resolution, title FROM acts ORDER BY resolution INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/acts-titles.txt'; Recently I ...
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488 views

Why is my systemd journal not persistent across reboots?

I'm experiencing a very weird issue with a fresh Fedora 21 image on a Linode instance. I cannot reproduce it outside of Linode. The issue is that my systemd journal is not persistent across reboots. ...
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162 views

Porting old sysvinit habits to systemd

I have a series of script with which I was able to install and configure newly Debian stable systems. To automatically start programs I use /etc/rc.local but for other cases I had to manually change ...
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Does systemd still know about runlevels?

Does systemd still have the concept of runlevels? For example is it pointless to use telinit <number>?
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Why do I have to restart NetworkManager.service all the time?

After switching to systemd, I started to use NetworkManager.service, I got connected to WIFI automatically at boot, but I got the following message when I run nmcli con: ** (process:4433): WARNING ...
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202 views

Where is the `$TERM` environmental variable set in Debian Jessie for console logins?

I have read a lot of articles and SE questions regarding how and where the default $TERM environmental variable gets set. Unfortunately in Debian 8.1 I can't seem to find where the default $TERM ...
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858 views

Can I use a symbolic link as a service of systemd?

For instance, I have a service named mysshd.service under /usr/lib/systemd/system/ directory. Can I create a symbolic link such as: ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysshd.service ...
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1answer
11k views

rsyslog not logging

This is an odd issue. I was testing the chrony/ntp services on a RHEL7 VM and was resetting its time as well as the host's. Once I was satisfied with it I checked /var/log/messages and realized it ...
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How to delete (not disable/mask) a unit in Systemd?

Sometimes I make a new unit in mistake, and then I have to go to /etc/systemd to look for the unit and delete all of its associated files/scripts/links/etc. Is there a better way? Like a single ...
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Setting DISPLAY in systemd service file

Im trying to learn systemd services by trying to start xclock as a service, the service file is below [Unit] Description=clock [Service] Environment=DISPLAY=:0 ExecStart=/usr/bin/xclock [Install] ...
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systemd service that needs .ssh/id_dsa password

I have a systemctl service that starts a process smd-loop in a screen session. This process requires acces to remote SSH sources (for syncing purposes) and thus needs to be able to access my id_dsa ...
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113 views

what tools to investigate failure to suspend on laptop lid close?

My laptop sometimes suspends when the lid is closed, and sometimes doesn't. Here's some output from journalctl, which shows the suspend triggering maybe one in five or six times -- Logs begin at Sat ...
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Writing a systemd unit file with a environment-set executable path

I am writing a systemd unit file for a Java application and I'd like to control the version of Java used to start it up. My (simplified) service file is [Service] Type=simple ...
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service command does not work in centos 7

I used to use service command for restarting, reloading, and checking status of service on centos 6.5 like below: $ sudo service nginx restart OK $ sudo service nginx status ...
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476 views

Wildcard automounts with systemd

I’m running jessie/sid with systemd 208 and try to convert the following wildcard autofs configuration to either an /etc/fstab or .mount/.automount definition. $ cat /etc/auto.master /home/* ...
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211 views

How can I stop an amok running process from logging to systemd?

There's a process on my system called demond which logs around 100 entries to the systemd journal every 15 seconds: Okt 11 04:58:42 scarecrow demond[1692]: [P:1692 T:108160832] src/discovery.c : 158 ...
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How do you disable a service in systemd?

I know what the command is sytemctl disable NAME but I have a question about the NAME parameter. For example the bluetooth service[1] on Fedora 21. For the NAME parameter should you put bluetooth or ...
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Can a systemd dependency be applied only to a unit's “ExecStart” action?

I have a scenario where a number of storage volumes are encrypted using keys contained on a removable encrypted USB "keyring" flash drive. I am running Arch Linux and this question is about systemd ...
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2k views

How to add a dependency to a systemd.mount that is activated by /bin/mount?

I want systemd on mount /mnt/test to automatically call a program (in real life cryptsetup to unlock the underlying device, for testing here echo) before the file system is mounted and after it is ...
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command not running in cron (systemctl suspend)

I have this cronjob set : * * * * * /usr/bin/systemctl suspend And it is not working. But I can run it in a shell and it works. I don't understand what could be not working. EDIT Redirecting error ...
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1answer
668 views

MySQL server-id not being set with Fedora 16

I am setting up a mysql slave on a Fedora 16 system, and the server_id is not being set properly. My /etc/my.cnf is: [mysqld] server-id=16 datadir=/var/lib/mysql socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock ...
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300 views

how to start a systemd service before networking starts?

I'm trying to set up a new service (under Debian Jessie) that needs to set up some mounts where the network configuration is stored and thus this service must complete before networking.service ...
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288 views

Creating a systemd script for Sybase ASE

I've been trying to set up our Sybase installation to run under systemd. The basic commands are covered here but when we control it manually we start it with the following command (startserver exits ...
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640 views

How to permanently disable root-password prompt for recovery mode, RHEL7

Note: I asked a similar quesiton concerning version 6 of these bundles here. Note that 7 uses systemd and may have a different implementation In the rare cases that a RHEL or CentOS 7 system is ...
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How do I configure systemd to activate an encrypted swap file?

My previous question produced the commands to add an encrypted swap file: # One-time setup: fallocate -l 4G /root/swapfile.crypt chmod 600 /root/swapfile.crypt # On every boot: loop=$(losetup -f) ...
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journalctl process eating up memory

I have a process run by root journalctl -b --system showing up on htop that is eating a ton of CPU. I understand journalctl is for querying the journal, so is it safe to kill the job without impact on ...
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91 views

System does not poweroff - how to diagnose

After upgrading to debian jessie my dated desktop system no longer powers off reliably (/sbin/poweroff - via systemctl on tty1). Instead, it shuts down, pauses and reboots and only powers off if I ...
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Inherit environment variables in systemd Docker container

I have a Docker container running systemd. I want to pass environment variables to applications under it. When I start systemd from within Docker (/sbin/init as command line), Docker exposes ...
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1answer
418 views

Execute code on shutdown on Fedora 19

I need to catch any OS shut down and execute some actions before letting the OS be shutted down. I'm using Fedora 19 and C++. I'm able to catch a shutdown signal given by the console with the ...
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launch x11vnc on bootup

I am using archlinux version 3.10.27-1-ARCH on my remote PC and I would like it to launch x11vnc server on successful bootup. Though i can start the x11vnc server manually, I am having trouble ...
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1answer
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How can I start a systemd service only after mysql has started?

I am working on a project which is a mono EmailServer. I have tried adding a service to the systemd so that it starts up automatically during boot but I am having a problem. I have created the ...
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1answer
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systemd timer every 15 minutes

I'm trying to make a systemd timer that runs every 15 minutes. Right now I have: timer-fifteen.timer: [Unit] Description=15min timer [Timer] OnBootSec=0min OnCalendar=*:*:0,15,30,45 ...
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Arch Linux run script a minute after boot

I have set up a bridge between eth0 and wlan0 with netctl. It works fine if I tell it to configure eth0 and wlan0 at startup and then for me to manually start the bridge after it boots. If I tell the ...
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What's the best way to have uwsgi create a '/run/uwsgi' folder on reboot?

I have set up a Django project to run with uwsgi and nginx and it's all running as expected, except that when I reboot uwsgi will not launch correctly until the /run/ folder is recreated on the fs. ...
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148 views

How do you set ReadOnlyDirectories with systemd-run?

I'm trying to prevent Juniper Network Connect (a vpn client) from modifying /etc/resovl.conf, which I hoped to do with systemd-run. I tried: systemd-run --property=ReadOnlyDirectories=/etc ./ncsvc -h ...
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1answer
1k views

Stable server distribution without systemd (for OpenVZ)?

I don't want this to become a "my distribution is better" flamewar so please read the whole question and only answer if you know a distribution that fulfils all requirements. The situation is the ...
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Writing own daemon. systemd error: Failed to read PID from file: Invalid argument

I'm trying to write own daemon a la very simple MPD (it's operating systems laboratory work). I made it work: it starts like a daemon (output of ps): 1 14877 14877 14877 ? -1 Ss 0 ...
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Log every command typed in any shell: output (from logger function to syslog-ng/journald) contains duplicate entries for commands?

I installed syslog-ng to use on my desktop (Gentoo 64bit, upgraded to systemd i.e. was OpenRC before, with Openbox and Slim only) with my normal user to log all commands I type in the shell (bash ...
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1answer
958 views

How to disable systemd's “Time has been changed” message spam in /var/log/syslog on Debian jessie?

Due to combined use of Debian jessie, that uses systemd by default, and sdwdate (that uses Slow Clock Adjuster ( gh )), my system clock is frequently changed. As a result /var/log/syslog gets ...
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250 views

Can systemd do some setup before forking as a user?

Having written several small daemons or web applications for my personal use, I like to manage them using systemd (I am using Arch Linux, if that matters). So I write service files like the one below: ...
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How to split FHS read-only and read/write directories across two disks with Linux/systemd, without partitioning the raed/write disk?

My objective is to have the physical storage for the Linux FHS read/write directories (/home, /srv, /tmp, /var) on a separate (logical or physical) disk from the potentially read-only rest of the root ...
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104 views

How to stop all units belonging to the same target?

I'm wondering how to stop all units that are grouped together by the same target. My setup is as follows. I have several unit config files that read: [Unit] ... [Service] ... [Install] ...