systemd is an alternative approach to SystemV init daemon for Linux. It is intended to provide a better framework for expressing services' dependencies, allow more work to be done in parallel at system startup, and to reduce shell overhead.

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Using OpenVPN with systemd

Ok, so I've been searching the web for solutions to this problem with no answers seeming to work for me. Hopefully someone can help me. I'm only trying to configure the OpenVPN Client. I'm running ...
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2answers
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Systemd fails to start Nginx on reboot, but it works manually

Here's my situation whenever I reboot: $ systemctl --failed UNIT LOAD ACTIVE SUB DESCRIPTION nginx.service loaded failed failed A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server ...
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1answer
118 views

How to implement policy conform systemd custom actions on Debian?

What do I mean by custom actions? Here are some examples. sudo service apache2 stop-htcacheclean sudo service apache2 graceful-stop sudo service apache2 start-htcacheclean sudo service apparmor ...
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1answer
404 views

Output of a python script running as unit is out of order while shells seems unnafected

How would I get all outputs of systemd managed python2 script instantly into journal, just like it appears in terminal I'm on centos 7, but seems to be same on arch according to systemd manual, ...
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1answer
599 views

Is there any reason to move away from fstab on a systemd system?

I'm on an Arch Linux system, which means systemd. In systemd there are native unit files for mountpoints, with the extension .mount. I've always just used /etc/fstab, which never gave me problems ...
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434 views

How do I connect a 3G dongle using systemd?

At startup, usb-modeswitch automatically switches the dongle to modem mode and the device shows itself as 12d1:1506. After this, a script should run, connecting to the Internet. I am not sure about ...
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1answer
42 views

systemd service can't access user home

I am trying to setup a systemd service on Ubuntu 15.04 (and Debian 8). I have a program /home/testuser/server/prrserver. My systemd service is configured to run prrserver as testuser:testuser. What ...
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2answers
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Can a systemd dependency be applied only to a unit's “ExecStart” action?

I have a scenario where a number of storage volumes are encrypted using keys contained on a removable encrypted USB "keyring" flash drive. I am running Arch Linux and this question is about systemd ...
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With systemd-networkd, perform an action upon network configuration change

I am switching from Debian’s ifupdown to systemd-networkd, and it mostly works fine. One missing bit is that upon every network change, I want to call killall -ARLM tinc, so that my VPN is going up in ...
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1answer
3k views

Why does my systemd unit fail to run on server reboot?

I'm having troubles getting a systemd service unit file to run correctly when the server reboots. This server is a fresh CentOS 7.0.1406 install. I'm trying to set it up with multiple Apache httpd ...
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2answers
237 views

Systemd: locking the console

I have a laptop that runs Debian Jessie with only the Linux console - no X server installed. A recent dist-upgrade replaced sysvinit with systemd. Now I'm trying to get systemd to lock the console ...
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2answers
372 views

How to implement logwatch functionality on top of systemd journal?

Logwatch scans logfiles with regular intervals, collects errors and stuff, then mails it to the admin. This was back in syslog and logfiles days. What's the corresponding solution for systemd's ...
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1answer
245 views

How to troubleshoot systemd's “contradicts existing jobs” error message

Looking through my system logs, I see the following message in /var/log/messages: Sep 2 15:29:15 <myhostname> systemd[1]: Requested transaction contradicts existing jobs: File exists So, my ...
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2answers
686 views

Setting DISPLAY in systemd service file

Im trying to learn systemd services by trying to start xclock as a service, the service file is below [Unit] Description=clock [Service] Environment=DISPLAY=:0 ExecStart=/usr/bin/xclock [Install] ...
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2answers
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How do I configure systemd to activate an encrypted swap file?

My previous question produced the commands to add an encrypted swap file: # One-time setup: fallocate -l 4G /root/swapfile.crypt chmod 600 /root/swapfile.crypt # On every boot: loop=$(losetup -f) ...
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1answer
312 views

Run backup on HD plugged with systemd

When I plug a HD via USB, it should a) mount it b) run my backup script. What I currently have is backintime.service [Unit] Description="Runs backintime to backup." [Service] User=user ...
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1answer
816 views

dropboxd hangs at `Connecting…` when started trough systemd on boot

I've got a systemd service file dropbox.service set up as follows: [Unit] Description=dropbox After=local-fs.target network.target [Service] User=romeovs ExecStart=/usr/bin/dropboxd [Install] ...
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Restarting systemd service on dependency failure

What's the right approach to handle restarting a service in case one of its dependencies fails on startup (but succeeds after retry). Here's a contrived example to make the problem clearer. ...
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Debian systemd network-online.target not working?

So, I'm trying to make systemd service on Debian Jessie. I need it to start after network-online.target is reached. The problem is network-online.target fires in the same time as network.target and ...
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47 views

Make systemd reload only single openvpn process and not the whole group

I'm running several openvpn instances on my server with debian stable; as well some clients as a server instance. Right now, when one of these instances fails, systemd seems to kill and restart the ...
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1answer
20 views

How to distinguish if a systemd unit is run by apt-get or during boot?

Can one somehow distinguish if, a) the daemon was started during boot or, b) (re)started by an apt-get install or upgrade? Can this be distinguished from within the daemon itself? The use case is ...
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1answer
339 views

How do I allow non-root users to control a systemd service with instances?

I need to allow users in the dba group to control the database@ services. The answer to this related question is to just list all systemctl "verbs" that I want to allow in the sudoers file, however, ...
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Run systemd service after automount but after it's accessed

Is it possible to run a systemd service that prepares an automounted file system for use? This service would need to run after the filesystem is mounted, but before whatever triggered the automount ...
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What is the difference between “systemctl restart” and “systemctl start”?

I have two services A and B where B is dependent on A which means in the A's service unit i have After and Requires set to B After=B.service Requires=B.service Now when i stop the service B the ...
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550 views

Inherit environment variables in systemd Docker container

I have a Docker container running systemd. I want to pass environment variables to applications under it. When I start systemd from within Docker (/sbin/init as command line), Docker exposes ...
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1answer
145 views

Is there a way to make sure only one systemd@.service instance is running resp. gets started

I would like to use one .service file for starting a service from varying directories but it would be nice if there was a way to automatically stop any running instance with a different instance name ...
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Enable systemd-baclight@intel_backlight instead of systemd-backlight@acpi_video0

I have 2 files in /sys/class/backlight/ - acpi_video0 and intel_backlight. intel_backlight is the one which controls my screen brightness (echo/cat), however acpi_video0 is the default. By default ...
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1answer
922 views

How to force systemd enter in emergency mode?

I'm using Opensuse 12.3. systemd-195-13.45.1.x86_64 After few problems when I added a disc at btrfs mount I'm trying put my system in emergency mode (which I consider all services will be stopped and ...
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701 views

Plymouth splash not working and causing VT problems

Since I tried installing Plymouth (boot splash), I'm facing two problems : It's not working My Virtual Terminals (tt1 - 6) aren't working anymore Here what I did : Added plymouth hook (after ...
3
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1answer
328 views

How to speed up or get rid boot with network manager on systemd?

Network manager is the one thing that holds my system boot time from becaming really barelly existing. I'm connecting to wi-fi. My boot chain indicates what's wrong with network manager: ...
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No Login on created on tty2 to 6

On my Debian Linux no Login is possible on terminals 2 to 6. Login on 1 works fine, xorg-session with XDM and awesome wm works, too. The Error Message shown on these 5 screens is: ...
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how to stop Clementine playback on suspend using systemd

As the title says, I'm trying to stop Clementine playback using DBus before entering suspend mode. Here is my service file right now: [Unit] Description=Stop Clementine playback before suspend ...
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1answer
434 views

How to create rootfs for user mode Linux on Fedora 18?

I want to create a rootfs to be used with an UML kernel and be able to use the internet. I was using febootstrap with packages: bash, coreutils, net-tools, iputils. After using ...
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Restricting D-Bus access to the logged-in user via ConsoleKit or systemd

I need to restrict the client of a D-Bus service to only the user logged into the system locally, via ConsoleKit or systemd. How must I configure or write the D-Bus service to do so?
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1answer
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Allow any user in the fuse group to unmount

I'm currently trying to write a couple of systemd/udev configuration files that will allow me to automount/unmount MTP Android devices on my Arch Linux laptop. It took me some time, but so far it ...
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3answers
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How to mount aufs file system on boot in archlinux?

I want to use aufs to combine a few disks.I am able to mount the aufs file system using the mount command from the command line. However, when trying to mount the same through an fstab entry, it ...
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2answers
850 views

Differences between inactive vs disabled and active vs enabled services

I am confused by the concept of enabled or active and disabled or inactive. Can you explain it?
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1answer
2k views

systemd timer every 15 minutes

I'm trying to make a systemd timer that runs every 15 minutes. Right now I have: [Unit] Description=15min timer [Timer] OnBootSec=0min OnCalendar=*:*:0,15,30,45 Unit=timer-fifteen.target ...
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2answers
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No more coredumps after migrating to systemd [duplicate]

Generating coredumps used to work fine, but after switching over to systemd, I only see the message Aborted (core dumped) but no core file is generated. Has it something to do with systemd? ...
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2answers
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How do you set ReadOnlyDirectories with systemd-run?

I'm trying to prevent Juniper Network Connect (a vpn client) from modifying /etc/resovl.conf, which I hoped to do with systemd-run. I tried: systemd-run --property=ReadOnlyDirectories=/etc ./ncsvc -h ...
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1answer
194 views

Preserve environment variables using systemd?

Do systemd unit files support preserving existing environment variables? (Something similar to sudo -E?) Not referring to Environment= or EnvironmentFile= here. It would be be useful if systemd ...
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2answers
939 views

What is systemd's target, service and socket?

I know that all of them are unit files, but I can't understand the special meaning of them. I think that targets are similar to daemons and sockets are the same as socket (IP + port) but also with ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I disable the X-server on Fedora 17?

I want to use a Fedora 17 "Beefy Miracle" system as a network-shared desktop for cooperative work. For this I'm using TigerVNC which brings its own X-Server and starts a completely separate desktop ...
2
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1answer
254 views

Stable server distribution without systemd (for OpenVZ)?

I don't want this to become a "my distribution is better" flamewar so please read the whole question and only answer if you know a distribution that fulfils all requirements. The situation is the ...
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1answer
284 views

How to enable systemd's service without waiting?

I'm trying to make fastest boot possible and did run systemd-analyze critical-chain: graphical.target @5.800s └─multi-user.target @5.800s └─NetworkManager.service @4.201s +1.598s └─basic.target ...
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Does systemd still know about runlevels?

Does systemd still have the concept of runlevels? For example is it pointless to use telinit <number>?
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What's the best way to have uwsgi create a '/run/uwsgi' folder on reboot?

I have set up a Django project to run with uwsgi and nginx and it's all running as expected, except that when I reboot uwsgi will not launch correctly until the /run/ folder is recreated on the fs. ...
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2answers
65 views

Run top instead of getty

Here's a simple question. I'm not sure the answer is very simple, but anyway. By default, systemd auto-launches getty on each VT except VT7. What I would like is for systemd to launch top on VT6 ...
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3answers
66 views

Only allow process to run between hours x and y

I use a mobile data connection service. I only have unrestricted bandwidth between 9am and 4pm. I wonder how I can "silence" applications such as the Dropbox applet outside that schedule. I thought ...
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1answer
137 views

Executing chdir before starting systemd service

Question: Can I kick off a process with systemd and assign that process a working directory of my choosing? I have a service that I want to start with systemd. When that service is being started, I ...