systemd is an alternative approach to SystemV init daemon for Linux. It is intended to provide a better framework for expressing services' dependencies, allow more work to be done in parallel at system startup, and to reduce shell overhead.

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disable init.d script in systemd

I changed the init system from sysvinit to systemd on a raspbian installation. The install boots fine, but now starts lightdm on boot. I don't want it to do that. I noticed lightdm.service is started ...
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How to write a systemd .service file running systemd-tmpfiles

I need to run systemd-tmpfiles --create during the boot process with a systemd distro. So I need to create a systemd .service file doing this job. In this question you can read all the details about ...
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Arch does not mount btrfs array on boot

As data partition I have a multi-disk btrfs filesystem. My root disk is ext4 Fstab: UUID=290624c6-6b95-41fd-94a1-923ebca64b83 / ext4 rw,relatime,data=ordered 0 1 /dev/sdc /...
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How to replace sysvinit with systemd in a Debian based distribution?

I've been using systemd for a while in my Debian installation, just that to make it possible I had to add a boot parameter to the /etc/default/grub file to make it work, which is added to Ubuntu boot ...
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How to avoid /usr/bin/env being marked in systemd logs as the executable

I've created a systemd service to run a tomcat application based on the information found in this article. The short version of the article recommends avoiding the shell script wrappers, and executing ...
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Systemd user unit that depends on system unit (sleep.target)

I was reading doc and it is still unclear for me, whether the following is possible to accomplish: service defined in ~/.config/systemd/user/task.service that depends on system sleep.target (~/....
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systemd: permission issue with mkdir & ExecStartPre

I've got a problem with this (shortened) systemd service file: [Unit] Description=control FOO daemon After=syslog.target network.target [Service] Type=forking User=FOOd Group=FOO ExecStartPre=/bin/...
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systemd timer every 15 minutes

I'm trying to make a systemd timer that runs every 15 minutes. Right now I have: timer-fifteen.timer: [Unit] Description=15min timer [Timer] OnBootSec=0min OnCalendar=*:*:0,15,30,45 Unit=timer-...
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Fedora 16 strange /tmp permissions: mysqld will not start

I installed mysql on a brand-new Fedora 16 server and it would not start. This is the line from the log file (^G and all): ^G/usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibNPyIlu' (Errcode: ...
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Setting console font in vconsole.conf does not work (systemd)

I am trying to set a different default console font for my new Arch Linux installation (using systemd). I set up my vconsole.conf in /etc as so: KEYMAP=us FONT=Lat2-Terminus16 I rebooted and saw ...
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Why is my Systemd unit loaded, but inactive (dead)?

I'm trying to set up Graphite on my server. I can start the Carbon Cache daemon no problem with sudo /opt/graphite/bin/carbon-cache.py start, but I'm struggling to run it as a Systemd unit. Here's ...
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How to create user cgroups with systemd

I use unprivileged lxc containers in Arch Linux. Here are the basic system infos: [chb@conventiont ~]$ uname -a Linux conventiont 3.17.4-Chb #1 SMP PREEMPT Fri Nov 28 12:39:54 UTC 2014 x86_64 GNU/...
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How to automatically force fsck disks after crash in `systemd`?

Sorry for bad english. How to set systemd for automatically force fsck disks after crash (hard poweroff)? When I used sysvinit (in Arch Linux) as /sbin/init I used the hack: in the rc.local I create ...
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How can I set power button (on computer case) to power off system with `systemd`?

How can I set the power button (on my computer case, not keyboard) to power off the system with systemd (without acpid)?
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finding systemd unit 'owning' a running daemon process

To debug a JACK/Pulseaudio issue, I want to understand when and why the pulseaudio daemon is started by systemd (on Fedora). Using $ ps -o'pid,ppid,args' `pgrep pulse` is see that the pulseaudio ...
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How to get access to the root journal for systemd?

When I execute journalctl -f -a under Fedora 20 for different users I get different results. For root I get something similar to tail -f /var/log/syslog on older systems. As normal user I get gnome-...
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named does't start when using systemctl

I am having trouble getting named to start using systemd on the Fedora 18 Raspberry Pi spin. It starts, then a few moments later there is a timeout and it fails. If I run the commands in named.service ...
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Systemd and process spawning

Don't normally post here but I am ripping my hair out over this one. I have a Python script that forks when it launches, and is responsible for starting a bunch of other processes. This script used ...
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CentOS 7 boots too fast and network is not ready when executing cron scripts

I have just upgraded from CentOS 6.5 to 7.0 and I am not too happy as the new systemd is probably giving me problems. It seems it is just simply booting too fast, starting up processes asynchronously ...
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trigger udev rules from systemd

I have one of those hdds, that have a very aggressive power management. To prevent load cycles from rising in to critical numbers I wrote an udev rule: SUBSYSTEM=="block", SUBSYSTEMS=="scsi", ATTRS{...
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Trouble with dbus and systemd/user

I have systemd set up so that using systemctl start user@me will start my user services as I expect, but my dbus one just won't go (which I need for PulseAudio). Is there some way I can check dbus or ...
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Why is systemd-coredump storing the dump in memory itself?

I just noticed that most of my memory was hogged by coredump of a few processes that I had killed recently. I had a systemd-coredump process running for each crashed process (usually the processes ...
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How to shutdown with consolekit without sysvinit (but with systemd)

I have systemd (and no sysvinit) installed on a Arch Linux box. However, I cannot shutdown/reboot with consolekit (dbus interface). # systemctl {shutdown,reboot} work just fine, so I guess it's ...
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How to pause (or capture) the messages that fly by at the end of startup sequence?

Towards the end of the "startup sequence"1, I see a longish series of diagnostic messages fly by very quickly, right before I see the login prompt2. AFAICT, most, if not all, of the lines making up ...
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Why are cgroups mapped differently on these two systems by systemd

I have two systems, both running customized variants of OpenSuSE 12.2 (Mantis), both running exactly the same kernel. I get two very different outputs of /proc/self/cgroup or /proc/$$/cgroup on the ...
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Using systemd to execute a script before system shutdown?

I wrote a script that suspends all my VirtualBox machines, and put a line in /etc/rc.local.shutdown, but it doesn't seem to work, su - XX -c /XX When I'm booting the next time, VirtualBox tells me ...
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How do I allow non-root users to control a systemd service with instances?

I need to allow users in the dba group to control the database@ services. The answer to this related question is to just list all systemctl "verbs" that I want to allow in the sudoers file, however, ...
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How to start to use httpd with socket activation (systemd)?

The apache httpd server is seldom needed on one of our small servers, so it would be nice to start it via socket activation by systemd (and later stopped it when no traffic occurred for some time). Is ...
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Why is my Debian jessie always in runlevel 5?

I have configured the lines in /etc/inittab as follows: # The default runlevel. id:2:initdefault: But after logging in the output of runlevel is as follows: N 5 So why am I in runlevel 5 ...
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How to see full log from systemctl status service?

I check service status with systemctl status service-name. By default, I see few rows only, so I add -n50 to see more. Sometimes, I want to see full log, from start. It could have 1000s of rows. Now,...
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How does gnome reboot without root privileges?

I am reading the book Linux kernel development, in chapter 5 "System Call Implementation" page 77 says For example, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) checks whether the caller has the ability to modify ...
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ERROR: Root device mounted successfully, but /sbin/init does not exist

I've installed Linux Mint and Manjaro Linux on my computer. I installed only the Linux mint on the MBR. For Manjaro, I created a /boot/efi partition, but I have not checked to install to MBR. So, I ...
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How can I autologin to desktop with systemd?

How can I configure systemd to automatically log me in to my desktop environment, preferably without using login manager? I'm using Arch.
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How to disable systemd's “Time has been changed” message spam in systemd journal while using sdwdate?

Due to combined use of Debian jessie, that uses systemd by default, and sdwdate (that uses Slow Clock Adjuster ( gh )), my system clock is frequently changed. As a result journalctl -f gets endlessly ...
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Migrate socat init script to systemd

I use socat with following init script on debian 7.2 with sysVinit. It works perfectly: #!/bin/bash DESC=socat DAEMON=/usr/bin/socat LIB=/usr/lib/socat SOCAT_ARGS="-d -d -lf /var/log/socat.log" [ ! -...
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systemd - Timer units that mimic anacron behaviour

I need to write a timer unit for a machine which is turned of frequently (e.g. classical desktop setup). This timer unit needs to be activated regularly but not very often (e.g. weekly, monthly). I ...
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1answer
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User systemd PulseAudio service

Not much else to this question: I would like to know what I need to create a PulseAudio systemd service to be run with systemd --user. I've tried a few different things, including various user ...
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`systemd` messages after starting login

After boot-up process systemd starts agetty, but after 1--2 seconds additional messages are appeared: How to avoid this? I use Arch Linux, systemd 194. $ grep '^[^#]' /etc/systemd/system/getty....
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Writing a systemd unit file with a environment-set executable path

I am writing a systemd unit file for a Java application and I'd like to control the version of Java used to start it up. My (simplified) service file is [Service] Type=simple EnvironmentFile=%h/...
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Real chroot on a systemd machine

I'm trying to get used to systemd, because it seems to be the way that Debian is going. I want to run Xorg in a chroot on hardware, rather than using networking (which seems to be the canonical way ...
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Debugging lock-up - systemd loses my logs

Ever since I have "upgraded" to systemd on Arch Linux, I keep losing logs when an unexpected lockup happens. I hit the same log-losing issue one month ago and just hit the issue again. There are also ...
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Why to add parentheses into a process name?

On my machine (Debian testing), when I do ps aux | grep pam I obtain orto 609 0.0 0.0 58532 2148 ? S 08:06 0:00 (sd-pam) orto 5533 0.0 0.0 12724 1948 pts/1 S+...
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Managing another user's systemd units

Can one user, or maybe root, control another user's user level systemd services? I've tried sudo -u <some user> systemctl --user restart <some service>, but it complains about dbus: ...
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Is there a way to speed up boot time by loading things into RAM immediately?

I'm looking to lower my boot time by whatever means possible. I have about 8GB of RAM in my laptop, and if there's any way I could leverage that into faster boot time, that'd be awesome. Is there a ...
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How do I disable udevd in systemd?

I'm trying to boot a Fedora Rawhide LXC container from a Fedora 16 host, and it's not working - systemd just keeps dropping into emergency mode. Because udevd doesn't work in LXC containers, I thought ...
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Log files for kernel panic on Arch Linux

I have recently updated my Arch Linux machine. Since then, I have been getting kernel panics here and there. (the screen freezes and the status lights on my keyboard are blinking) It seems to happen ...
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How do I get systemd to start my ZFS mount script before doing anything else?

Right now I'm using zfsonlinux on Fedora 19, and it works excellently. Mounting works at bootup as planned using the initscript (included with zfs) that systemd calls, but there's a pretty significant ...
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Why does bash parameter expansion not work inside systemd service files?

I am trying to use systemd's EnvironmentFile and add an option to the command when it is set in the file. I have the following in the unit file: ExecStart=/usr/bin/bash -c "echo ${PORT:+port is $PORT}...
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Arch Linux run script a minute after boot

I have set up a bridge between eth0 and wlan0 with netctl. It works fine if I tell it to configure eth0 and wlan0 at startup and then for me to manually start the bridge after it boots. If I tell the ...
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if I upgrade from Debian Wheezy (7.x) to Jessie (8.x), will systemd run by default?

I am wary of systemd for various reasons which are irrelevant to this question. Now, I'm about to upgrade my Debian Wheezy to Debian Jessie. Will systemd be used by default after an apt-get dist-...