Installing a unix-like operating system

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52
votes
11answers
22k views

Is it good to make a separate partition for /boot?

I've seen some people make a separate partition for /boot. What is the benefit of doing this? What problems might I encounter in the future by doing this? Also, except for /home and /boot, which ...
45
votes
11answers
29k views

How do I find how long ago a Linux system was installed?

How can I find the time since a Linux system was first installed, provided that nobody has tried to hide it?
41
votes
2answers
75k views

CentOS 6 “Default” Installation Options

Can someone tell me the difference between a Desktop Install, a Basic Server install, and a Minimal Install? During installation, it doesn't give a description and I can't find documentation on it ...
20
votes
3answers
3k views

How to automate Linux server configuration?

Is there any way to automate Linux server configuration? I'm working on setting up a couple of new build servers, as well as an FTP server, and would like to automate as much of the process as ...
17
votes
11answers
17k views

Find out if the OS is running in a virtual environment

Is there any way to find out if the OS I'm running (actually installing) is running in a VMWare machine. I need to disable ntp settings if the automated install is done on a virtual machine but keep ...
16
votes
7answers
54k views

CentOS 7 Installation Failed

After hearing the news that CentOS 7 had been published, I decided to install it on my computer. I downloaded the ISO image from the CentOS official website (the one named ...
15
votes
10answers
84k views

How to install CentOS 6 via USB mass storage device?

I want to install CentOS 6.2 on a laptop (Thinkpad R40) which comes without CD/DVD-drive but with USB 2.0 ports. It seems that CentOS does not provide ready-to-use dd-able USB images for ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?

Just curious. The title says it all: Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?
13
votes
8answers
3k views

How can I build a custom distribution for running a simple web browser?

You'll have to forgive me, as I'm relatively new at doing something like this, but I need to do the following and I know that it has and can be done. Basically, a few friends and me are assembling ...
12
votes
1answer
349 views

Partitioning done incorrectly?

Long story short, we had issues installing linux on this system. It magically decided to work, but now I'm unsure about the hard drive partitioning. One hard drive has linux installed on it and the ...
12
votes
2answers
613 views

How do I install syslinux/extlinux to a disk image file without requiring root privileges

I have built a home-grown Linux distribution, and I can make the complete disk image file as a non-root user with one exception -- installing the boot loader. I'm using syslinux (actually extlinux), ...
12
votes
3answers
677 views

First FreeBSD install. Is there anything I should know about differences between Linux and BSD?

I want to install FreeBSD today on a spare HDD I have lying around. I'd like to give it a trial run, learn a few things, and if it suits me I'll replace my current Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS/encoding ...
11
votes
4answers
52k views

How to install Debian from USB? (Using full size image not netinstall)

I learned of a way to install Debian from USB using the netinstall image, which is fine. However it means I have to spend hours and hours downloading packages to do the install. Is there a way I can ...
11
votes
2answers
11k views

How to mount multiple directories on the same partition?

I am installing an SSD and would like to put / on the SSD and /home, /var, and /tmp on the HDD. My current distro is Kubuntu but I would not mind trying another distro if this procedure can be ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

What should I do before dual-booting Windows 7 and Debian on EFI?

I'm about to purchase an Asus motherboard with EFI firmware and wanted to prepare myself for installing Windows and Debian once the hardware arrives. I was hoping that someone who has gone down this ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Find out exact installation time of CentOS

I installed CentOS on my laptop about 8 month ago, and I want to know when exactly I installed it , how can I do that in CentOS 6.4 ?
11
votes
6answers
28k views

Create a Bootable (UEFI GRUB) USB for Ubuntu & Windows 7 Install

I want to create a Bootable EFI USB to install Ubuntu & Windows 7 (maybe with utilities like PartedMagic). I did that using MultiSystem previously. However, I am using GPT and Windows install ...
11
votes
2answers
93k views

How to fix boot into initramfs prompt and “mount: can't read '/etc/fstab': No such file or directory” and “No init found”?

Installing a new system using a GPT partitioned disk dedicated to a single partition, ext4 formatted, extlinux (version 4.05) as bootloader, Ubuntu Core version 13.10 amd64 as rootfs, and Ubuntu ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

31 Debian CDs — Why? and which do I need for a vanilla desktop install?

I've been using Linux (Ubuntu) for a couple of months now, and I want to try Debian to see how different it is. Well, I've already found a couple of differences.. The first one that Debian-Live ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Find filesystem of an unmounted partition from a script

I'm writing a custom automated install using AIF (Arch Installation Framework), and I need to find the filesystem on a partition given a partition. So far I have this: grok_partitions () { local ...
10
votes
1answer
7k views

Creating a bootable Linux installation USB without unetbootin

I want to install Scientific Linux from USB. I don't know why unetbootin doesn't work but I am not curious to find out: after all, I transferred to Linux from Windows to see and learn the underlying ...
10
votes
5answers
371 views

Will I have to wipe my disk if I install linux?

It might be dumb question, but I want to experience Linux standalone and want to replace my windows 7 with it. My question is: Will I have to wipe my whole data If I install Linux on my notebook ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

Migrating from Ubuntu to Debian

I'm a long term Ubuntu user who is considering migrating from Ubuntu to Debian (mainly because of Unity and the fact that my school has a Debian mirror). I haven't installed Debian on a system before. ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

archlinux aif command not found

I`m pretty much a newbie to linux and a complete newbie to archlinux. I started Archlinux after grub and I see a [root@archiso ˜]# command bash. The installation guide tells me to either type ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Move a linux instalation using btrfs on the default subvolume (subvolid=0) to another subvolume

When doing a installation to a root btrfs filesystem, many linux distributions install to the default subvolume. If left unmodified, this layout will force any snapshots or subvolumes to be created ...
9
votes
1answer
269 views

How to manually install linux on a USB?

I have been using unetbootin to create bootable Linux USBs. I want to do this manually using command line. What is the procedure that unetbootin uses to prepare a bootable USB? How would you go ...
9
votes
2answers
859 views

Install new kernel in PowerPC debian

I compiled a new kernel image on x86 using cross compiler with these commands (source): $ cp arch/powerpc/configs/pmac32_defconfig .config $ make ARCH=powerpc menuconfig $ make ARCH=powerpc ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

what does “Read Swap Header failed: Success” mean?

I'm trying to install Arch Linux (from the 2014-04-01 snapshot). I've made a swap file and tried to swapon it, but I got an error(?) message I don't understand. I've executed fallocate -l 512M ...
8
votes
3answers
14k views

How to create a bootable Linux installation USB from an ISO in OS X?

I downloaded the ISO for Debian's net installation to a computer running OS X. I want to put the data from the ISO onto a USB, so that I can install Debian on another laptop (not an Apple laptop). ...
8
votes
2answers
25k views

Installing Debian without GUI for a web server

I'm unfamiliar with Debian (obviously), so I downloaded the live ISO thinking it might help me out. From the live GUI, I doubled click on the install icon on the desktop and proceeded - it gave me a ...
8
votes
4answers
448 views

What are your best practices and future plans for deploying unixoid desktops?

I have been setting up Linux desktops for a non-profit radio observatory. For me, this was the first time I had to think about "deploying" several identical machines, centralizing login, home ...
8
votes
1answer
805 views

Grubby fatal error in Linux kernel installation

I have compiled Linux kernel 2.6.24.6 from source (without problem) and tried to install it. Specifically, after unpacking the Linux source code, I did make && make modules to compile. ...
7
votes
6answers
32k views

Oh no! Something went wrong! While starting the system after installing Kali Linux

I am trying to install a virtual machine running Kali (Formerly backtrack) 1.0.7 In 64 bit. My host machine is a 64 bit MacBook pro running 10.7.5. I am using Oracle VirtualBox version 4.3.12. The ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Swap partition in LVM?

I was wondering if putting the swap partition into a logical volume group has any drawbacks (e.g. performance), or would it be "just the same" as having it as a separate primary/logical partition? I ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What should I be aware of when installing Linux on a Mac?

I have a Macbook Pro and I am loving it, though I still miss my Linux box, there are many things I need which are not completely compatible with Mac OS X. I heard many stories about installing Linux ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the CentOS installation work from the inside?

I am trying to understand the content of a Linux distribution's ISO image file and how the installation process take place. Here I am specifically talking about CentOS 6.4 in its minimal version. So ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Which Fedora CPU architecture should I choose? i386 or i686?

I have an old Thinkpad X32 which has an Intel(R) Pentium(R) M processor 1.80GHz based on the result of cat /proc/cpuinfo and I was wondering which is better to use on it, the i386 or the i686 version ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

Problem Installing UBUNTU 14.04 (AND Mint 16, which is based on UBUNTU 13.10) as dual boot on RAID 0 with Windows 8.1

Ok, I know that there is Dual-Boot Ubuntu 14.04 and Windows 7 on FakeRAID Installation error - question marks "????..." and that that post has some answers for me, but I don't know if it ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Booting from install disk, no USB keyboard

I'm trying to install Arch Linux on a new system with a Gigabyte GA-Z87N-WIFI board. Although I can use the USB keyboard (and mouse) in the BIOS, the keyboard doesn't seem to work at all once I boot ...
6
votes
1answer
9k views

`Error: no such device…` after installing Arch Linux

I've seen many threads about this error but I couldn't find a solution. I've installed Arch Linux alongside Windows 8. (Dual Boot). I followed this video exactly but am getting the error below at ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

How to have triple boot Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon/Ubuntu 14.04/Windows 8?

I have installed Ubuntu 14.04 and Windows 8 as a dual boot system, now I want to install Linux Mint 17 and have a triple boot system. How can I have Mint 17 in my triple booting? How can I ...
6
votes
2answers
18k views

Arch Linux GRUB install: “EFI variables are not supported on this system”

I am attempting to install Arch linux to a new (and very crappy) HP Pavillion 15 Notebook. This is a UEFI-based machine. After several swings at it, I have managed to get pretty far. Legacy mode is ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Installing FreeBSD from USB-Stick boots but later can't find the USB-Stick

When trying to install FreeBSD 8.2 from USB memory stick the kernel boots from the USB-Stick and the installer menus work and let me partition and everything. However when it comes to actually ...
6
votes
2answers
19k views

Unable to launch Fedora 18 LiveCD using USB device

I just bought a new motherboard which has BIOS and UEFI. I have a previously working LiveCD installed on my usb, created with LiveUSB Creator. I tried using it to boot but got stuck at the grub ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to choose LUKS encryption when installing RHEL 6?

With the default RHEL 6 installer, how can I choose the LUKS encryption? Afaik if I prepare the disk like cryptsetup luksFormat -c cast5-cbc-plain -s 128 /dev/$DEVICE could be the "fastest" ...
6
votes
5answers
14k views

How to build a live Debian CD/USB in Windows, bootable in EFI mode?

I tried to install the latest stable Debian release (Debian 7.0 "Wheezy") using the Debian Multi-arch netinstall (AMD64) "debian-7.0.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso" on my laptop. My laptop has a SecureCore ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Noninteractive script running over ssh is interrupted as apt-get finishes

When I run the following non interactive script on Ubuntu Server 13.04 it's interrupted when lxc-docker package finishes installation. Script : ssh -o StrictHostKeychecking=no -t -t -i $CERT ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

/sbin/init does not exist - Bailing out, you are on your own. Good luck

I'm trying to install arch linux. When I boot up, it gives me the message found below. ERROR: Root device mounted successfully, but /sbin/init does not exist. Bailing out, you are on your own now. ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to safely replace one Linux distribution with another one via SSH?

I'm intending to replace a NAS's Custom Linux with Arch Linux (details at the bottom), of course wishing to preserve all user data and (due to the SSH-only headless access) attempting to be fool-proof ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

How do I boot from ISO file stored on hard disk?

I know that I can create/burn bootable CD/DVD or live USB and can boot/install from it. But suppose I am currently running GNU/Linux and I've ISO file of another GNU/Linux that I want to install on my ...