A special type of file that references a file or directory.

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0
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0answers
4 views

read only simlink or something similar

I created myself a NAT for home use (Ubuntu+Samba+Greyhole+Apache+MySQL+other web server related stuff). 90% of files i store there are pictures that i really dont wanna loose (that's why Greyhole). ...
6
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2answers
8k views

How do you make samba follow symlink outside the shared path

This is Ubuntu server 10.04 64 and samba 3.4.7. I have a shared directory /home/mit/share and another one /home/temp that I link into the shared one: ln -s /home/temp /home/mit/share/temp But on ...
62
votes
5answers
16k views

Why hard links not allowed to directories in UNIX/Linux

I read in text books that UNIX/Linux doesn't allows hard links to directories but soft links do. Is it because, when we have cycles and if we create hardlinks, and after some time we delete the ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Finding duplicate files and replace them with symlinks

I'm trying to find a way to check inside a given directory for duplicate files (even with different names) and replace them with symlinks pointing to the first occurrence. I've tried with fdupes but ...
9
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1answer
3k views

How can I access a directory outside a chroot from within it?

I have a user which is chrooted to her home directory, but I want her to also be able to manage files within /var/www. As such, I did the following: root@server:/home/username# ln -s /var/www www ...
7
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1answer
347 views

Is there a way to make perl -i not clobber symlinks?

A friend of mine points out that if you do: perl -pi.bak -e 's/foo/bar/' somefile when "somefile" is actually a symlink, perl does just what the docs say it will do: It does this by renaming ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Symbolic Link with Existing Directory

If I already has a directory (A) with existing contents and another directory (B), how do I symbolic link such that the two directory's content merge. eg. A -> folderA1/ ...
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6answers
1k views

Portable way to get script's absolute path?

What is a portable way for a (zsh) script to determine its absolute path? On Linux I use something like mypath=$(readlink -f $0) ...but this is not portable. (E.g., readlink on darwin does not ...
1
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1answer
33 views

get rsync to dereference symlinked dirs presented on cmdline like find -H

I'd love rsync to copy symlinks to dirs specified on the cmdline as dirs but leave all symlinks in the copied tree as is - like find -H, but the only way is a nasty hack of rsync -aR --rsync-path='cd ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to replace a symbolic link with a copy of a file it links to?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to replace it with a copy of the file it links to?
1
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1answer
39 views

Why ln -s creates relative broken links? [duplicate]

I have an issue with ln -s on Ubuntu 14.04, while using it in the following scenario: $ cd ~/programming/tmux/ $ ln -s tmux ~/bin/tmux $ ls -l ~/bin/tmux lrwxrwxrwx 1 USER USER 4 sie 31 11:02 ...
38
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5answers
1k views

Is there a downside to deleting all of the broken symbolic links in a system?

I was running a script that iterated over all the files on my Linux system and created some metadata about them, and it threw an error when it hit a broken symbolic link. I am newish to *nix, but I ...
5
votes
3answers
276 views

cd to directory of a symbolically linked file

Before I write a script, anyone know an easy way to do the following: $ pwd /foo/bar $ ls -l lrwxr-xr-x 1 username admin 48 Apr 17 2012 foo.sh -> /bar/foo.sh $ cd /bar $ ls foo.sh i.e., in ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Get path of current script when executed through a symlink

I have a utility consisting of a couple directories with some bash scripts and supporting files that will be deployed to several machines possibly in a different directory on each machine. The ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

some shared libs in /usr/local/lib aren't found but they are in /usr/lib

I can successfully run an executable using a symlink'd shared library in /usr/lib like so - sudo ln -s /lib/i386-linux-gnu/libcrypto.so.0.9.8 /usr/lib/libcrypto.so.4 In the interest of making this ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

how to change where a symlink points [duplicate]

Can you tell me what is this in red marker area. ? and if want to change /media/files/tb-prod/files to some other path, then how it will be .. ?
13
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5answers
10k views

Make a symbolic link to a relative pathname

I can do this: $ pwd /home/beau $ ln -s /home/beau/foo/bar.txt /home/beau/bar.txt $ readlink -f bar.txt /home/beau/foo/bar.txt But I'd like to be able to do this: $ pwd /home/beau $ cd foo $ ln -s ...
12
votes
2answers
871 views

What is the difference between 'rm' and 'unlink'?

Assuming you know the target is a symbolic link and not a file, is there any difference between using rm and unlink to remove the link?
1
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2answers
32 views

why are there links to links in system directories?

For example, the executable emacs: lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 23 Jun 9 2012 /usr/bin/emacs -> /etc/alternatives/emacs llrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 18 Jun 9 2012 /etc/alternatives/emacs -> ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

Hot to make diff check a symlink link itself?

In Linux one can use the command diff to check for differences of files. I use it to check for differences across two modules, both copied to /tmp. However, both modules have symlinks, which might ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Sublime command line open it twice

I just created a symbolic link to sublime: $ sudo ln -s /opt/SublimeText2/sublime_text /usr/bin/subl The problem is that it opens the last project and the open I want: $ subl my-project or $ ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Read target of symlink and increment target by one

I have a folder structure that looks like this /some/folder/1 /some/folder/2 ... and a symlink current that links to one of the folders. Is it possible and when how to read the target of the link, ...
4
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2answers
49 views

Find all symlinks to a directory and change target to another directory

I have a bunch of symlinks in /home to files and sub-directories in /foo. I want to target the new directory, /bar. My approach was to look at all invalid symlinks and verify that they were pointing ...
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0answers
43 views

What are some ways to update symlinks when the dir they point to are changed?

When the dir pointed by a symlink changes its name or ancestral dir(s), the symlink will not work. This happens often. Is there some more or less automatic way to make a symlink keep track of that? I ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Avoid infinite loops in file operations

In many programs, such as in this example filezilla, when I go to use certain directories they get stuck in an infinite loop. So I might be uploading a folder to an FTP server, but this folder links ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Create symbolic links with wildcards

I have multiple hard drives with the same directory hierarchy, for example: /media/sda/dir1 /media/sda/dir2 ... /media/sdb/dir1 /media/sdb/dir2 Two hard drives with similar names and similar ...
8
votes
2answers
237 views

Java location from /usr/bin/java

I'm trying to find my java location within my Linux system and got this [980@b449 ~]$ which java /usr/bin/java [980@b449 ~]$ readlink -f $(which java) ...
2
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3answers
47 views

Creating symbolic links

When creating a softlink how do add the path, I did the following: ln -s file1.txt /home/user9000/Desktop/SymbolicLink.txt When I see the softlink on the desktop it marks that the doc doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Point folder on main HDD to newly mounted 2nd HDD

What is the best way to point a folder in one of my websites directory to a folder in a second HDD I just had installed? I see things about fstab and symlink but am lost at what is the best way to do ...
6
votes
2answers
372 views

Why wouldn't a symlink to a symlink work?

I've run into a weird issue when installing SWI-Prolog using homebrew on my OSX 10.9 box. I'm trying to debug it to figure out whose bug it is (SWI-Prolog's, homebrew's, or OSX's), so I can report it ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Why do slackware packages recreate symlinks after installation?

Reading through slackware's makepkg script, I saw that rather than putting symlinks directly into the package, it deletes them and generates a script called doinst.sh that recreates them after ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Providing ftp access (of selected files) to users from a hashed repository of unique files

We have a portal where each user has an account and a file repository that goes with it. Whenever any user uploads a file using a form, the php app hashes the file contents first and checks to see if ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Create an absolute symbolic link to the current directory

I am now under a directory with very long path. For future visiting it quicker, I would like to create a link to it. I tried ln -s . ~/mylink ~/mylink actually links to ~. So can I expand ~ into ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Symbolic linking to ~/ instead of ~/[path/file]

I moved all of my dot files out of ~/ in to ~/data/dotfiles I then did ln -s ~/data/dotfiles/[filename] ~/ My intention was ln -s ~/data/dotfiles/[filename] ~/[filename] This included my .vimrc , ...
2
votes
4answers
69 views

Generate multiple symbolic links with maitaining directory structure

I want to generate symbolic links from multiple folders with maintaining the directory structure. I read a few answers and the best thing i can come up with now is: find ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

understand the designation of symbolic links

I have a number of files in /etc/rc3.d/ directory which all are symbolic links and point to files in /etc/init.d/ directory using ../init.d/ designation. For example file S18rsyslog in /etc/rc3.d/ ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Fast and slow symlinks

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbolic_link#Storage_of_symbolic_links Early implementations of symbolic links stored the symbolic link information as data in regular files. The file ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Why absolute symlink on SAMBA share is followed directly by CIFS mount?

If an SMB share has a symlink with an absolute path /share/latest/dir -> /share/data/201407 then Windows clients can access files by link with no problem. dir \\smbserver\share\latest\dir\ ...
8
votes
3answers
231 views

Going into a directory linked by a link

When I cd a link, my current path is prefixed with the link's path, rather than the path of the directory the link links to. E.g. ~/dirlinks/maths$ ls -l logic lrwxrwxrwx 1 tim tim 71 Jul 27 10:24 ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

“Links” to dirs that have features of both hard and soft links?

It is not allowed to create a hard link for a dir. But the soft like will not work, if I later change the name of the dir. How would you solve the dilemma? Are there applications which can ...
10
votes
2answers
335 views

Strange difference between pwd and /bin/pwd

I added a symlink to the current directory with ln -s . aa. If I execute cd aa, and after that I executed pwd, the response is /home/sim/aa. But if I execute /bin/pwd it prints /home/sim (the current ...
13
votes
1answer
17k views

Create a symbolic link relative to the current directory

I'm trying to create a symbolic link in my home directory that points to a directory on my external HDD. It works fine when I specify it like this: cd ~ ln -s /run/media/name/exhdd/Data/ Data ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Symlink from one workstation to another without mount

I am trying to create a symlink of a file on one linux workstation to another linux workstation, without having to 'mount' any network shares. Here's what I am trying to do, but can't get it to work. ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Convert linux symlink to osx symlink

I have transferred a folder from a linux machine to a macbook pro with osx 10.9, now I am having trouble with the symlinks in this folder (lots of them). In linux if I do vi link2file.txt, it has the ...
3
votes
6answers
173 views

ls content of a directory ignoring symlinks

I have a directory in which I would like to list all the content (files and sub directories) without showing the symbolic links. I am using GNU utilities on Linux. The ls version is 8.13. Example: ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Symbolic link permission changes [duplicate]

I would like to change the symbolic permission[lrwxrwxrwx] to 755. I've used the command to try and change the permissions and it's not working. $ chmod -R 755 symbolic link folder
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Change permissions for a symbolic link

I have a symlink with these permissions: lrwxrwxrwx 1 myuser myuser 38 Aug 18 00:36 npm -> ../lib/node_modules/npm/bin/npm-cli.js* The symlink is located in a .tar.gz archive. Now when I ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

g++: error: /usr/lib/libGL.so: No such file or directory after uninstalling AMD drivers

This is a question asked several times all over the internet. Duplicates: http://askubuntu.com/questions/395544/g-error-or-nosuch-file-or-directory ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Filetype and dereference when listing directory with LS command

I'm trying to combine arguments to the ls command to list a directory content. What I'm basically trying to achieve is listing the directory dereferencing all links, but showing explicitly that the ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Make firefox command run downloaded firefox instead of iceweasel

I have downloaded Firefox, but when I run firefox in Alt+F2 (Gnome 3.4.2), Iceweasel runs instead. I used the type command to find the file apparently responsible for this: #!/bin/sh ...