A special type of file that references a file or directory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

4
votes
4answers
604 views

find all symbolic links in a directory tree pointing outside that tree

I frequently move directory trees to other locations or copy their tarballs to other machines, and I would like to have a method to check whether any symlinks in a directory tree A point to locations ...
4
votes
2answers
559 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
10
votes
3answers
10k views

Are there any drawbacks from using mount --bind as a substitute for symbolic links?

Symlinks have limitations in how functions like ls, mv, and cp can operate on them because unlike shell initiated commands like cd, these functions do not have information about how the user accessed ...
5
votes
1answer
471 views

Symbolic links with ls, mv: forcing the functions to utilize “logical” addresses (remembering the original path)

It seems that for many basic functions operating on symbolic links, the physical path is used by default. However, cd works fine. When moving into a symbolic link, cd remembers where I came from so it ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

How do I tell if a folder is actually a symlink and how do I fix it if it's broken?

How do I tell if I have a symlink, a shortcut of some sort, or a folder in Linux? Please see following screenshot. As you can see, the ls command lists objects where some are colored in dark blue ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Quicker Way to Reference a Directory?

This one is probably easy for all of you, but I have never had to deal with such a nested local set of directories. If I have a path like: /mnt/media2/Archived\ Files/_Transfer/ is there a way to ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

Create a new link to access all files and folders

I get stuck to create a shell script for a new link something like that link linkPathName orginalPathName I want to create a link between a new link and original path; however, both can access ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Using a symlink for a mountpoint

Is it possible to set a symlink on a mountpoint? I have a mountpoint /vz. When I'm ln -s /var/lib/vz /vz the result is, that I have a directory vz in my mountpoint /vz, thus I have /vz/vz. Is there ...
-1
votes
3answers
6k views

How to create command shortcut to .sh file?

I want to type firefox in terminal and run Mozilla browser. So I try to create sym-link: ln -s /opt/firefox firefox but after typing firefox in terminal I get an error: bash: firefox: command ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Find only destination of symlink

For use in a shell-script, I'm looking for a commandline-way to get the destination of a symbolic link. The closest I've come so far is stat -N src, which outputs src -> dst. Of course I could ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Create symbolic links with wildcards

I have multiple hard drives with the same directory hierarchy, for example: /media/sda/dir1 /media/sda/dir2 ... /media/sdb/dir1 /media/sdb/dir2 Two hard drives with similar names and similar ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

open a file using CDPATH and symlink

To quickly move around, I added a path to CDPATH that contains symlinks to different locations. I did this by adding the following line to .bashrc: export CDPATH=~/symlinks When working with ...
3
votes
1answer
462 views

FreeBSD: Remove symlinks in devfs

Background I have been rebuilding a small home NAS. This server represents my first 'real' foray into the world of server administration and it has taught me quite a bit already. Originally, the ...
4
votes
0answers
404 views

No access to symlink folder on NTFS partition

I am using an NTFS parition for storing data I like to access both from Ubuntu and Windows 7. On my Ubuntu HOME partition, I like to link the folder Assets in order to access it from an application ...
7
votes
2answers
406 views

Git do not overwrite symlinked directory on branch checkout

How can I make directory read-only with git? The situation is - in project, I have a symlink to shared framework. I don't want it to be overwritten/changed in any way (not even mtime or atime). How ...
3
votes
3answers
203 views

Absolute link pointers, able to work in another system

I have a folder and within it there are many links. I make those links absolute, so that I can move them about within the folder and they still point to the same data. Relative links would break if I ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

No permission on external drive [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: can't change file permission On my hard drive everything is fine, but when I go onto my external drive I can't chmod. I get no error message but the changing simply ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Use `ln` to create a missing directory

So I'm writing a small package manager, and a problem I've run into is making the symbolic links to files. It installs the package to /usr/pkg/name-version, and then reads a file to determine what ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

In Ubuntu, is there a way to virtually merge two folders without unionfs or aufs?

I've got a source control system at work that I can't modify which scatters a bunch of files in unfortunate places. My IDE expects these folders to be in a single unified location. Normally I'd just ...
0
votes
4answers
479 views

Create shortcut for PHP

I have XAMPP installed and my PHP is: /opt/lampp/bin/php-5.3.8 Every time I need to execute a PHP file I need to do this: /opt/lampp/bin/php-5.3.8 testando.php Is there another way to execute it ...
1
vote
1answer
627 views

Creating a proFTPd user

I'm setting up a proFTPd server so I can upload files to my webserver, but I've never tried this before. I've installed proftpd, added a user with a home folder: /home/FTP-shared and added /bin/false ...
1
vote
1answer
497 views

How does apache determine what directory to show from public_html?

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and have configured apache to serve from ~/public_html. I am trying to serve some directory contents over http on LAN. When I did the following: ln -s ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Can non-canonicalized forms of filesystem paths be significant? (eg. “foo//bar”, “foo/./bar”, and “foo/../bar”)

I have a script for building a particular flavor of GCC cross-compiler. Throughout the script there are many paths that are not in canonical form, such as duplicate path separators (/xxx/foo//bar/yyy) ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I remove all symbolic links with a special target?

With the command: ls -la * I can list all my symbolic links. How can I remove all symbolic links which are linked to a special folder? For example: In my directory usr/local/bin I have the ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What causes ln: //: Is a directory?

When linking a directory to root, I get this error: $ ln -s ~/inbox/ / $ ln: //: Is a directory Bash autocompletes the directory path by adding a /. I've tried escaping without success. $ ln -s ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is chmod behavior wrong for symlinks?

Recently we had a problem on a Red Hat Linux box with many users: the /usr/bin/sudo binary has lost its sticky bit. Work was blocked until root user fix it (we need sudo for deploying and testing). ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

How to get a list all the “aliases” of a file (including of type directory) efficiently?

How can one get the list of all the aliases of a file (including of type directory) efficiently, given that a file: may have multiple hard links, multipe soft links, multi-level soft links may be ...
2
votes
2answers
817 views

Bash prompt when my home directory is a symbolic link

I symlinked my /host/Users/Kevin folder to /home/Kevin. I also edit the /etc/passwd file to /home/Kevin. I logged out and logged back in, however when I open up a terminal it's a bash prompt like so: ...
2
votes
2answers
699 views

Symlinks and EncFS

I am trying to secure my Dropbox account by using EncFS. My strategy is as follows: I store all my files in a folder called ~/Public/. The encrypted counterpart of ~/Public/ is ~/Private/. Use ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

symbolic link to a directory and relative path

I've created symlink with absolute path to the directory (Blink) and have for example following tree: $ ls -l /tmp/A total 0 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 Apr 3 12:27 Blink -> /tmp/B -rw-r--r-- 1 root ...
4
votes
3answers
769 views

Linux find and remove all symlinks relating to a directory

So, I have a bit of a situation where I created many symlinks in an attempt to get them to work, trying all sorts of combinations .. now I have this error: ls: cannot access /etc/sv/me: Too many ...
5
votes
1answer
303 views

How to replace a symbolic link with an equivalent hard link?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to turn it into a hard link to the same file?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to replace a symbolic link with a copy of a file it links to?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to replace it with a copy of the file it links to?
1
vote
1answer
740 views

How to link a folder to create a shortcut

I have this folder: /var/www/vhosts/foo that I need to access often. If I do (I'm root): ln -s /var/www/vhosts/foo/ cd foo pwd tells me /root/foo What can I do to really go into the folder ...
60
votes
6answers
19k views

How can I find broken symlinks

Is there a way to find all symbolic links that don't point anywere? find ./ -type l will give me all symbolic links, but makes no distinction between links that go somewhere and links that don't. ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to make a symbolic link to /usr/bin/vim but with start-up parameters?

After I make&make install vim from source, I found many symbolic links of vim in /usr/local/bin, such as evim, rvim, view... The vim(1) man page said that "rvim" is equivalent to "vim -Z" and so ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Why change the owner of a symbolic link in linux?

In linux it's possible to change the owner or the group owner of a symbolic link (symlink). I was wondering why someone would want to do that, since permissions of a symlink are not used when ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

How to create backup from symbolic links?

I have a directory with symbolic links to other directories. I want to archive the symbolic links, not as links but as archives containing the files of directories they refer to, using tar command. ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

find usage with -L

I have link -> file I do find -L . -name 'link' And get ./link Why is that? man find says: -L : Follow symbolic links. When find examines or prints information about files, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Trailing slashes on symbolic links to directories

I'm trying to emulate the process of path resolution (see man page path_resolution) in unix-like systems. My OS is Linux with GNU coreutils 8.7. In order to clarify the meaning of extra trailing '/' ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Is a symbolic/soft link similar to a shortcut/alias on a desktop?

It sounds to me like the basic idea of soft/symbolic links compared to shortcuts (on a PC) or aliases (on a Mac) are the same thing. Am I way off? Are they similar?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Creating symbolic links to applications in Mac OS X

I installed Aquamacs in a fresh OS X desktop, and wanted to be able to call the program from the commandline. Calling the file inside the app seems to work just fine: Amoss-iMac:bin amosjyng$ ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

How to make a variable symlink ? (or something similar)

How can I make a variable symlink that would point to a different location according to the current user? Is it possible? Should I use something else instead? A mount point? How? Here is the problem ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Will symlinks be maintained if the target's path remains the same but everything is transferred to a new disk?

(I think the answer is yes, but I'd like to be certain before I actually do it!) What I'm trying to do: install a new sd card in my "rooted" Android phone that uses A2SD. The fact that it's an ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How does linux work with symbolic links?

I mean what's going on when some process wants to read a symlink? What's going on when something changes a symlink during a read or even write process? For example: I have 2 huge, similar 100G files ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

Purpose of hard link and soft link [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between symbolic and hard links? I've read quite a few articles regarding hard links and soft links, but I still dont understand the purpose of ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Accidental deletion of /lib directory in Fedora 15

I accidentally deleted the /lib directory on my Fedora 15 machine and I'm not sure how to go about fixing this. Any help in figuring out how to restore the directory along with symbolic links would be ...
2
votes
3answers
908 views

How universal is the -L (dereference symlink) switch of the 'ls' command?

I have some software that, among other things, needs to: Assess a file's rwxrwxrwx permissions; Work under every possible flavor of Unix and Linux you can find in the wild. Currently, it does that ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

Converting relative path to absolute path

Is there a *nix command to get absolute(and canonicalized) path from relative path(with current path) or symbolic link?
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Wikilink to a symbolic link in ikiwiki

I am running an ikiwiki for my personal use on my laptop via apache2 (os: ubuntu 10.04). If I want to make a link to a local pdf-file I put the file into my scrdir and use the usual wikilink syntax. ...