A special type of file that references an inexistent or existing file or directory. The contents of a symbolic link consist of an arbitrary string that is the path to the file that the symbolic link points to. When the symlink is encountered during pathname resolution, the string stored by the file ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

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229 views

Absolute link pointers, able to work in another system

I have a folder and within it there are many links. I make those links absolute, so that I can move them about within the folder and they still point to the same data. Relative links would break if I ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Accidental deletion of /lib directory in Fedora 15

I accidentally deleted the /lib directory on my Fedora 15 machine and I'm not sure how to go about fixing this. Any help in figuring out how to restore the directory along with symbolic links would be ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

tar command - skip symlinks

I use the tar command as, tar -cvf protTests.tar protTests/* to tar all files inside the folder, protTests. But this is including the symbolic links inside the folder, which is not a desired one. ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

List direct symbolic links (links that don't point to another symlink)

I need to make a list of all direct symbolic links in a directory, i.e. symbolic links that point to another file which is not a symbolic link. I tried to do it this way: for i in $(ls -1A); do ...
3
votes
6answers
183 views

How to copy a folder structure and make symbolic links to files?

I have a folder SOURCE that contains several sub-level folders, each with its own files.. I want to copy this folder in a new folder COPY where I need to copy the directory structure but keep the ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

automate the process of fixing all broken links

There are lots of broken links in my system. I wrote a script to relink all broken links. But, after the scripts runs, find would again show me that the links still exists. This is my code: find ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

How to avoid sed -i to destroy symlink?

Why does sed -i executed on symlink destroys that link and replaces it with destination file? How to avoid this? eg. $ ls -l pet* -rw-rw-r-- 1 madneon madneon 4 mar 23 16:46 pet lrwxrwxrwx 1 madneon ...
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votes
1answer
52 views

Read target of symlink and increment target by one

I have a folder structure that looks like this /some/folder/1 /some/folder/2 ... and a symlink current that links to one of the folders. Is it possible and when how to read the target of the link, ...
3
votes
2answers
918 views

Make firefox command run downloaded firefox instead of iceweasel

I have downloaded Firefox, but when I run firefox in Alt+F2 (Gnome 3.4.2), Iceweasel runs instead. I used the type command to find the file apparently responsible for this: #!/bin/sh ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

How to create a relative symlink which works across PC

I have the following directory structure to start with ~/a/bin ~/a/src -> /home/user/b/sync/src I created a symlink cd ~/a/src ln -s ../bin bin-xyz now bin-xyz is a broken link, and there is ...
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votes
3answers
191 views

Why can't I edit links and directories directly?

There are programs such as hexedit that allow one to edit each bit of a file, and as I keep hearing that in Unix "everything is a file", I tried to edit some directory, expecting bytes referring to ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Test for link with trailing slash?

I created in /tmp/test/ mkdir somedir ln -s somedir/ somelink I want to loop through only directories: for file in */ ; do if [[ -d "$file" && ! -L "$file" ]]; then echo "$file is a ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

Is there way to replace value of symbolic link? [duplicate]

Is there way to replace value of symbolic link? For example I want to replace symbolic link like this: first -> /home/username/foo/very/long/directories/that/I/do/not/want/to/type/again to ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Symbolic link starting with .#

I have a symlink in one of my directories that has the following name: lrwxrwxrwx 1 XXXX ZZZ 37 Jan 15 18:18 .#perl.org -> XXX@YYY.com.2980:1344441539 I am wondering what this symlink ...
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votes
3answers
479 views

How to diff two folders by inodes

I'm currently using a script to backup files on my computer. In a nutshell, it works like this: rsync --link-dest=$FOLDER/current $SOURCE $DESTINATION However, I think that my script may be ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you increase MAXSYMLINKS

In a python script, I am creating a bunch of symbolic links chained together. example: link1->link2->link3->.......->somefile.txt I was wondering how you can change the max number of symlinks to be ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Create symbolic links with wildcards

I have multiple hard drives with the same directory hierarchy, for example: /media/sda/dir1 /media/sda/dir2 ... /media/sdb/dir1 /media/sdb/dir2 Two hard drives with similar names and similar ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Use symlink to move directory created by .deb package - will anything break?

Sometimes it seems useful to shift package's directories around between tmpfs / flash memory or ssd / hard disk. To manage flash lifetime, disk spin-up, or just free space. If you replace a ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Script to replace all symbolic links to a target to point to another target (in the same directory)

Given the following contrived example: $ mkdir -p a/b && touch a/b/original-target && touch a/b/new-target $ mkdir -p c1/c2 && cd c1/c2 && ln -s ...
3
votes
2answers
803 views

How to create file links on a vfat filesystem of a mounted disk under Linux?

I have an external drive containing different pieces of music. The drive is a vfat formatted drive to be able to work with arbitrary devices. On the device I have music stored from different artists ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Where are information stored information about hard/soft links

Where does the *nix system store information about number of hard links to a specific inode? I can't find any information about that. Everywhere what a hard link is but rarely a bit more advanced ...
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votes
1answer
1k views

How can I efficiently dereference all symlinks in `find` *output* filenames?

I need paths to be both fully resolved and relative to a given directory. This must be done efficiently, since the number of paths is often greater than 100,000. Situation: I have directories which ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Extended attribute on symbolic link

I'm trying to set some extended attributes on a symbolic link on Fedora 15. According to setfattr's usage, there is an option -h for such purpose: setfattr 2.4.44 -- set extended attributes Usage: ...
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votes
2answers
3k views

How do I see what symlinks exist for a given directory?

I want to do some housekeeping in a directory, and I want to see if a given directory has any symlinks pointing to it. I can easily enough see what directory a symlink points to, but now I want to see ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Does the Linux loader (ld.so) follow symlinks?

I have stumbled upon a problem by trying to move the ld.so.cache file to another location. I have tried to create a symlink for it in its previous location -- /etc/ -- but it seems that the loader ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Gzip large amount of symlinked files

I have a folder containing a large amount of symlinked files. These files are each on the order of 10-11GB (fastq files to be specific). They come from a variety of source folders, but I made sure ...
3
votes
1answer
674 views

Creating/Removing a symbolic link when a USB device connects/disconnects

I'm working with an Arduino board and Matlab under Linux. Matlab, unfortunately, doesn't recognize the Arduino board when is connected unless I create a symbolic link to the Arduino board in /dev by: ...
3
votes
1answer
478 views

rsync: how to relocate absolute symlinks?

I've pored over the rsync manpage as well as on several related questions here on serverfault. I've played with -R and -L and -l options, but no luck. Here is the question: when sending a dir from ...
3
votes
1answer
559 views

FreeBSD: Remove symlinks in devfs

Background I have been rebuilding a small home NAS. This server represents my first 'real' foray into the world of server administration and it has taught me quite a bit already. Originally, the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

In Ubuntu, is there a way to virtually merge two folders without unionfs or aufs?

I've got a source control system at work that I can't modify which scatters a bunch of files in unfortunate places. My IDE expects these folders to be in a single unified location. Normally I'd just ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Bash prompt when my home directory is a symbolic link

I symlinked my /host/Users/Kevin folder to /home/Kevin. I also edit the /etc/passwd file to /home/Kevin. I logged out and logged back in, however when I open up a terminal it's a bash prompt like so: ...
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votes
2answers
651 views

Finding duplicate files and replace them with symlinks

I'm trying to find a way to check inside a given directory for duplicate files (even with different names) and replace them with symlinks pointing to the first occurrence. I've tried with fdupes but ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Using symbolic link on directory with contents

I'm working on a Debian machine with a bunch of different filesystems and I'm trying to manipulate a large amount of data in MySQL. I've run out of room in my home directory, but there's a ton of ...
3
votes
3answers
226 views

Creating a local workspace for development/testing

I want to be able to mount, say /home/$USER/workspace to /usr/local/workspace. Right now I'm using the python package pyfilesystem which uses fuse to do that. My problem is, that inside that mount I ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

How is This Symbolic Link Not Being Followed?

I have LibreOffice Writer and OpenOffice Calc installed on my OpenSuSE system. This is arguably not ideal, but before I fully switch to one or the other, I noticed some strange behaviour when calling ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Why do slackware packages recreate symlinks after installation?

Reading through slackware's makepkg script, I saw that rather than putting symlinks directly into the package, it deletes them and generates a script called doinst.sh that recreates them after ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

auditing of symlink/symlinkat syscalls doesn't work here

I'm trying to monitor symlink/symlinkat syscalls of files under a specific directory, so I added two rules: auditctl -a exit,always -F arch=b64 -S symlinkat -F success=1 -F dir=/XX auditctl -a ...
3
votes
0answers
597 views

sshfs breaks symlinks from SFTP server

Does anyone know how to mount a remote SFTP path via SSHFS so that you can work with symlinks? When I do this, all the symlinks I create point to the wrong files (not the ones I linked to.) All the ...
3
votes
0answers
342 views

Using symbolic links and git to manage build versions

In general I follow the following workflow when I build any program (e.g. emacs, tmux, etc.) /home/opt/[name of the program]/builds/[version]/ bin lib share For example for a program like tmux I ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

ln gives different results when run multiple times

I have this simple script to use with seventh sense (it's a lone wolf gamebook reader/player): #!/bin/bash GAME_PATH=$(dirname "$(readlink -f "$0")") SEVENTH_SENSE_PATH=$(echo ...
2
votes
3answers
219 views

What has happened to the file when I entered “mv file.txt ../”?

I wanted to move 'file.txt' one folder up, but instead of mv file.txt ../file.txt I entered mv file.txt ../. Now the file is gone and I didn't get any error message. So it seems the some action was ...
2
votes
4answers
550 views

Generate multiple symbolic links with maitaining directory structure

I want to generate symbolic links from multiple folders with maintaining the directory structure. I read a few answers and the best thing i can come up with now is: find ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

How to create a shortcut to a folder to Documents

I have a folder in /media/sf_fedora which I want to access from Documents instead of going into /media each time, how can I create a shortcut. The 'Make Link' is grayed out in the Edit menu for some ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Sublime command line open it twice

I just created a symbolic link to sublime: $ sudo ln -s /opt/SublimeText2/sublime_text /usr/bin/subl The problem is that it opens the last project and the open I want: $ subl my-project or $ ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Creating symbolic link recursively

I essentially want to run this command... ln -s /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/hooks/ /var/opt/gitlab/git-data/repositories/web/*/hooks This would create a symbolic link in all folders ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

hardlink/softlink multiple file to one file

I have many files in a folder. I want to concatenate all these files to a single file. For example cat * > final_file; But this will increase disk space and also will consume time. Is there is a way ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How universal is the -L (dereference symlink) switch of the 'ls' command?

I have some software that, among other things, needs to: Assess a file's rwxrwxrwx permissions; Work under every possible flavor of Unix and Linux you can find in the wild. Currently, it does that ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Folder alias / Symbolic link to return to back folder

I need to create a folder "2015" which re-routes to ./ but I don't know what the command is. Not sure if the term is called in this case an alias (or symbolic link). So I need to make the same ...
2
votes
1answer
537 views

Why ln -s creates relative broken links? [duplicate]

I have an issue with ln -s on Ubuntu 14.04, while using it in the following scenario: $ cd ~/programming/tmux/ $ ln -s tmux ~/bin/tmux $ ls -l ~/bin/tmux lrwxrwxrwx 1 USER USER 4 sie 31 11:02 ...
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votes
2answers
2k views

ln -s with a path relative to pwd

I'm trying to create a bunch of symbolic links, but I can't figure out why this is working ln -s /Users/niels/something/foo ~/bin/foo_link while this cd /Users/niels/something ln -s foo ...