A special type of file that references an inexistent or existing file or directory. The contents of a symbolic link consist of an arbitrary string that is the path to the file that the symbolic link points to. When the symlink is encountered during pathname resolution, the string stored by the file ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

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1answer
2k views

How can I efficiently dereference all symlinks in `find` *output* filenames?

I need paths to be both fully resolved and relative to a given directory. This must be done efficiently, since the number of paths is often greater than 100,000. Situation: I have directories which ...
4
votes
1answer
315 views

Can I create a symlink that will ignore subdirectories?

I'm trying to get dropbox symlinked to the relevant folders in /home. I'd like to symlink them like this: ~/Dropbox/Pictures --> ~/Pictures ~/Dropbox/Camera Uploads --> ~/Pictures/Camera ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Where is information about hard/soft links stored?

Where does the *nix system store information about number of hard links to a specific inode? I can't find any information about that. Everywhere what a hard link is but rarely a bit more advanced ...
4
votes
2answers
736 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

In Ubuntu, is there a way to virtually merge two folders without unionfs or aufs?

I've got a source control system at work that I can't modify which scatters a bunch of files in unfortunate places. My IDE expects these folders to be in a single unified location. Normally I'd just ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there any way to rsync absolute symlinks alone?

I want to sync a big folder hierarchy between two machines. I want to copy the contents of the symlinks if they are absolute, for eg it points to /some/folder/someFile I want to retain the symlinks if ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why absolute symlink on SAMBA share is followed directly by CIFS mount?

If an SMB share has a symlink with an absolute path /share/latest/dir -> /share/data/201407 then Windows clients can access files by link with no problem. dir \\smbserver\share\latest\dir\ ...
4
votes
3answers
680 views

Force Bash 4 'globstar' option to ignore symlinks

Bash 4 has a fantastic option called 'globstar' that emulates (i.e. was stolen from) zsh's ** syntax for globbing across multiple directories. However, it's somewhat crippled (for my usage, at least) ...
4
votes
1answer
629 views

rsync: how to relocate absolute symlinks?

I've pored over the rsync manpage as well as on several related questions here on serverfault. I've played with -R and -L and -l options, but no luck. Here is the question: when sending a dir from ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Syncing multiple home folders with dropbox and symlinks

To keep multiple computers synced with dropbox I tried the following. Approach A. -Computer 1: Install dropbox, dropbox folder: /Dropbox/ -Computer 1: Create symbolic link in that folder to home ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding duplicate files and replace them with symlinks

I'm trying to find a way to check inside a given directory for duplicate files (even with different names) and replace them with symlinks pointing to the first occurrence. I've tried with fdupes but ...
4
votes
2answers
592 views

Advantage of symlinks over Windows style shortcuts

When I mainly used Windows, to make a shortcut, I could use a regular file detailing where it linked to, with the extension .lnk or .url Now, on Linux, I mainly use symbolic links, which are a ...
4
votes
0answers
368 views

Using symbolic links and git to manage build versions

In general I follow the following workflow when I build any program (e.g. emacs, tmux, etc.) /home/opt/[name of the program]/builds/[version]/ bin lib share For example for a program like tmux I ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Move a file and re-target all of its symlinks [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I “relink” a lot of broken symlinks? Is there any way to move a file to a new location, and then re-target its symlinks to the new location, using a shell script? I'...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

read only symlink or something similar? [duplicate]

I created myself a NAT for home use (Ubuntu+Samba+Greyhole+Apache+MySQL+other web server related stuff). 90% of files I store there are pictures that i really don't wanna loose (that's why Greyhole). ...
3
votes
2answers
16k views

Executable symbolic link results in “command not found”

I created a symbolic link (yesterday) like this: sudo ln -s bin/python /usr/bin/prj-python When I run: prj-python file.py I get: prj-python: command not found When I try creating the link ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Symbolic link creation failing: change ownership issue

I am facing some issue with creating soft links. Following is the original file. $ ls -l /etc/init.d/jboss -rwxr-xr-x 1 askar admin 4972 Mar 11 2014 /etc/init.d/jboss Link creation is failing with ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

How to create a shortcut to a folder to Documents

I have a folder in /media/sf_fedora which I want to access from Documents instead of going into /media each time, how can I create a shortcut. The 'Make Link' is grayed out in the Edit menu for some ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Creating symbolic link recursively

I essentially want to run this command... ln -s /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/hooks/ /var/opt/gitlab/git-data/repositories/web/*/hooks This would create a symbolic link in all folders ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

/etc files on a different partition

My setup requires that some of my /etc files reside on a separate partition. For this purpose I've created a softlink: ls -li /etc/group 956 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 21 May 7 15:48 /etc/group -> /...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why ln -s creates relative broken links? [duplicate]

I have an issue with ln -s on Ubuntu 14.04, while using it in the following scenario: $ cd ~/programming/tmux/ $ ln -s tmux ~/bin/tmux $ ls -l ~/bin/tmux lrwxrwxrwx 1 USER USER 4 sie 31 11:02 /home/...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

find does not work on symlinked path?

If I run this command find $HOME/MySymlinkedPath -name "run*.sh" nothing happens, and gives no error ('MySymlinkedPath' is a symlinked path to another hard drive other then my $HOME one). These also ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

modify date of symlink on bindfs

I have the feeling that I cannot modify the date of symlinks on bindfs. See the following transcript of what I tried. On EXT4: nailor@needle:~$ mkdir /tmp/ex nailor@needle:~$ cd /tmp/ex nailor@...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is bash giving me (apparently) conflicting information about a file?

Background I am working on a RHEL 5 cluster. I want my Fortran program to read the file /home/bob/inputs/input_1 I asked Bob to give me permission to read all contents of inputs: [bob@server]$ ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Keep tracking of symbolic links?

I use symbolic links quite often, but after moving the original file, I lose track of the symbolic link. I also use symbolic links for keeping track of some files in the same directory, but again, I ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Is there a way to condense ../.. parts of a path out programatically?

Say for example I have these types of paths to files in a script: /path/to/some/file/../../file1.txt Is there a command I can call such as readlink that will convert this path to its actual ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Symbolic Link local .jpg file to .jpg file on the internet

Is there any way to have a symbolic link that links a local .jpg file to a .jpg file on the internet in a l/unix environment?
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Use a symbolic link to redirect?

Is it possible to set up a symbolic link such that cd called on the link redirects to the linked path? Kind of like this: $ ln /A/B /B/C $ cd /A/B $ pwd /B/C $
3
votes
1answer
46 views

How is a symlink represented in a file system vs a hard link?

I want to make sure my understanding of this is correct: Making a Hard link is created another dentry that points to the same inode Making a symlink is creating a completely new file object/inode ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

cp command which partially resolves symlinks

Is there an easy way to copy a directory recursively where symlinks to external files/directories are resolved (target file is copied), but internal symlinks (pointing to files inside the copied tree) ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

How to avoid sed -i to destroy symlink?

Why does sed -i executed on symlink destroys that link and replaces it with destination file? How to avoid this? eg. $ ls -l pet* -rw-rw-r-- 1 madneon madneon 4 mar 23 16:46 pet lrwxrwxrwx 1 madneon ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Why SOFT LINK can't point, But HARD LINK can point to the INODE of a deleted Original File?

1st I created both hardlink (HLINK) and softlink (SLINK) to a single file (A.DAT). As I know, SLINK has its own inode, and this inode will point to the inode of A.DAT. But HLINK does not have its own ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Symlink aliasing files in subdirectories without changing current directory

It seems like it should be simple to symlink one file to a new file in a subdirectory.... ....without moving subdirectories. But something about the syntax is perplexing and counter to what I would ...
3
votes
3answers
167 views

cp SOMEFILE .. copies to a different directory after cd'ing via a symbolic link

Consider the following setup: ~/Desktop/Public/subdir ~/Desktop/subdir --> ~/Desktop/Public/subdir (symbolic link) Now I do: cd ~/Desktop/subdir Which leads me into the linked directory. If ...
3
votes
1answer
802 views

Symlink Copy a Directory Non-recursively

So I want to symlink copy all the files and folders in one directory to another directory. When I use cp -s though without the -r option I get a bunch of "omitting directory" warnings, and I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Pre-specifying a default GNU Stow target-directory

TLDR: Can I pre-define a stow folder other than /usr/local with GNU Stow? I do not have admin privileges on the machine I use for work, and I was told that I could use GNU Stow to manage my ...
3
votes
2answers
908 views

Can I make a symlink point to different locations on different machines?

Before you say "no", a workaround would also be fine. Here is the situation: I have two machines local and compile, both including the same ~ over nfs from a third machine files. I would like to have ...
3
votes
2answers
316 views

open a file using CDPATH and symlink

To quickly move around, I added a path to CDPATH that contains symlinks to different locations. I did this by adding the following line to .bashrc: export CDPATH=~/symlinks When working with ...
3
votes
3answers
235 views

Absolute link pointers, able to work in another system

I have a folder and within it there are many links. I make those links absolute, so that I can move them about within the folder and they still point to the same data. Relative links would break if I ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Accidental deletion of /lib directory in Fedora 15

I accidentally deleted the /lib directory on my Fedora 15 machine and I'm not sure how to go about fixing this. Any help in figuring out how to restore the directory along with symbolic links would be ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Removing file and its sym links

If I create a file and symlink to it e.g touch "example" ln -s "example" "link_example" and use rm example the symlink is still there. How can I delete file and all symlinks that points to that ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

How to split FHS read-only and read/write directories across two disks with Linux/systemd, without partitioning the raed/write disk?

My objective is to have the physical storage for the Linux FHS read/write directories (/home, /srv, /tmp, /var) on a separate (logical or physical) disk from the potentially read-only rest of the root ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

tar command - skip symlinks

I use the tar command as, tar -cvf protTests.tar protTests/* to tar all files inside the folder, protTests. But this is including the symbolic links inside the folder, which is not a desired one. ...
3
votes
2answers
707 views

How do you add a bash script to your PATH variable using symlinks?

I run a gaming server called PocketMine. So basically I have a folder in my home directory that has a bash script to run the server: ~/PocketMine/start.sh Everytime I want to run the server I either ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

List direct symbolic links (links that don't point to another symlink)

I need to make a list of all direct symbolic links in a directory, i.e. symbolic links that point to another file which is not a symbolic link. I tried to do it this way: for i in $(ls -1A); do ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

automate the process of fixing all broken links

There are lots of broken links in my system. I wrote a script to relink all broken links. But, after the scripts runs, find would again show me that the links still exists. This is my code: find /...
3
votes
3answers
998 views

list all symbolic links to valid directories only with find

I can use find /search/location -type l to list all symbolic links inside /search/location. How do I limit the output of find to symbolic links that refer to a valid directory, and exclude both, ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

Why do I get 'error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.6 cannot open shared object file' even after I run ldconfig?

The symlink libssl.so.6 shows up in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu, and I ran ldconfig but I still get this error: error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Read target of symlink and increment target by one

I have a folder structure that looks like this /some/folder/1 /some/folder/2 ... and a symlink current that links to one of the folders. Is it possible and when how to read the target of the link, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Make firefox command run downloaded firefox instead of iceweasel

I have downloaded Firefox, but when I run firefox in Alt+F2 (Gnome 3.4.2), Iceweasel runs instead. I used the type command to find the file apparently responsible for this: #!/bin/sh FIREFOX="$(...