A special type of file that references a file or directory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

3
votes
1answer
383 views

rsync: how to relocate absolute symlinks?

I've pored over the rsync manpage as well as on several related questions here on serverfault. I've played with -R and -L and -l options, but no luck. Here is the question: when sending a dir from ...
3
votes
1answer
498 views

FreeBSD: Remove symlinks in devfs

Background I have been rebuilding a small home NAS. This server represents my first 'real' foray into the world of server administration and it has taught me quite a bit already. Originally, the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Use `ln` to create a missing directory

So I'm writing a small package manager, and a problem I've run into is making the symbolic links to files. It installs the package to /usr/pkg/name-version, and then reads a file to determine what ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

In Ubuntu, is there a way to virtually merge two folders without unionfs or aufs?

I've got a source control system at work that I can't modify which scatters a bunch of files in unfortunate places. My IDE expects these folders to be in a single unified location. Normally I'd just ...
3
votes
1answer
905 views

Is there any way to rsync absolute symlinks alone?

I want to sync a big folder hierarchy between two machines. I want to copy the contents of the symlinks if they are absolute, for eg it points to /some/folder/someFile I want to retain the symlinks if ...
3
votes
3answers
185 views

Creating a local workspace for development/testing

I want to be able to mount, say /home/$USER/workspace to /usr/local/workspace. Right now I'm using the python package pyfilesystem which uses fuse to do that. My problem is, that inside that mount I ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

How is This Symbolic Link Not Being Followed?

I have LibreOffice Writer and OpenOffice Calc installed on my OpenSuSE system. This is arguably not ideal, but before I fully switch to one or the other, I noticed some strange behaviour when calling ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Why do slackware packages recreate symlinks after installation?

Reading through slackware's makepkg script, I saw that rather than putting symlinks directly into the package, it deletes them and generates a script called doinst.sh that recreates them after ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

auditing of symlink/symlinkat syscalls doesn't work here

I'm trying to monitor symlink/symlinkat syscalls of files under a specific directory, so I added two rules: auditctl -a exit,always -F arch=b64 -S symlinkat -F success=1 -F dir=/XX auditctl -a ...
3
votes
0answers
454 views

sshfs breaks symlinks from SFTP server

Does anyone know how to mount a remote SFTP path via SSHFS so that you can work with symlinks? When I do this, all the symlinks I create point to the wrong files (not the ones I linked to.) All the ...
3
votes
0answers
305 views

Using symbolic links and git to manage build versions

In general I follow the following workflow when I build any program (e.g. emacs, tmux, etc.) /home/opt/[name of the program]/builds/[version]/ bin lib share For example for a program like tmux I ...
3
votes
2answers
212 views

ln gives different results when run multiple times

I have this simple script to use with seventh sense (it's a lone wolf gamebook reader/player): #!/bin/bash GAME_PATH=$(dirname "$(readlink -f "$0")") SEVENTH_SENSE_PATH=$(echo ...
2
votes
3answers
200 views

What has happened to the file when I entered “mv file.txt ../”?

I wanted to move 'file.txt' one folder up, but instead of mv file.txt ../file.txt I entered mv file.txt ../. Now the file is gone and I didn't get any error message. So it seems the some action was ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Create an absolute symbolic link to the current directory

I am now under a directory with very long path. For future visiting it quicker, I would like to create a link to it. I tried ln -s . ~/mylink ~/mylink actually links to ~. So can I expand ~ into ...
2
votes
4answers
258 views

Generate multiple symbolic links with maitaining directory structure

I want to generate symbolic links from multiple folders with maintaining the directory structure. I read a few answers and the best thing i can come up with now is: find ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

How to create a shortcut to a folder to Documents

I have a folder in /media/sf_fedora which I want to access from Documents instead of going into /media each time, how can I create a shortcut. The 'Make Link' is grayed out in the Edit menu for some ...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

only show the source file and target linked file using `ls`

I can show the target file that a link points to using ls -l: snowch$ ls -l /usr/local/bin/mvn lrwxr-xr-x 1 snowch admin 29 12 Dec 08:58 /usr/local/bin/mvn -> ../Cellar/maven/3.2.3/bin/mvn Is ...
2
votes
4answers
245 views

Creating symbolic link recursively

I essentially want to run this command... ln -s /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/hooks/ /var/opt/gitlab/git-data/repositories/web/*/hooks This would create a symbolic link in all folders ...
2
votes
3answers
636 views

hardlink/softlink multiple file to one file

I have many files in a folder. I want to concatenate all these files to a single file. For example cat * > final_file; But this will increase disk space and also will consume time. Is there is a way ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Sublime command line open it twice

I just created a symbolic link to sublime: $ sudo ln -s /opt/SublimeText2/sublime_text /usr/bin/subl The problem is that it opens the last project and the open I want: $ subl my-project or $ ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How universal is the -L (dereference symlink) switch of the 'ls' command?

I have some software that, among other things, needs to: Assess a file's rwxrwxrwx permissions; Work under every possible flavor of Unix and Linux you can find in the wild. Currently, it does that ...
2
votes
4answers
8k views

How do I tell if a folder is actually a symlink and how do I fix it if it's broken?

How do I tell if I have a symlink, a shortcut of some sort, or a folder in Linux? Please see following screenshot. As you can see, the ls command lists objects where some are colored in dark blue ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Symlink with @ symbol?

I found that there is a symlink generated by ruby which has a @ sign at the path: default -> /Users/MyUserName/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.0.0-p247@gemset The folder ...
2
votes
1answer
397 views

Why does ln -sf silently fail?

ln -sf source_file target_file succeeds even when source_file does not exist. ln -f source_file target_file on the other hand fail, as expected. How can it be tuned to give error on the first case ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

What does `l` mean in an `ls` listing?

When I run ls -adl .* in one of my directories, I get a file that has this listing: lrwxrwxrwx 1 user group 43 Jul 3 16:25 .#filename.py -> person@computer.edu.4018:1372874769 The filename ...
2
votes
2answers
388 views

Create a new link to access all files and folders

I get stuck to create a shell script for a new link something like that link linkPathName orginalPathName I want to create a link between a new link and original path; however, both can access ...
2
votes
2answers
769 views

Symlinks and EncFS

I am trying to secure my Dropbox account by using EncFS. My strategy is as follows: I store all my files in a folder called ~/Public/. The encrypted counterpart of ~/Public/ is ~/Private/. Use ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

$PWD variable equivalent of pwd -P

I want to use the $PWD variable in a script, but I want it to be the hardware path without symlinks. I know about /bin/pwd and pwd -P, but those aren't variables. I know that I can use: setenv MYPWD ...
2
votes
1answer
591 views

Why are there symlinks in /dev? (LVM)

[root@SERVER ~] ls -la /dev/vg/root lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 17 2012-10-28 10:29 /dev/vg/root -> ../mapper/vg-root [root@SERVER ~] QUESTION: Why are there symlinks? Why there couldn't be only 1 ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Why SOFT LINK can't point, But HARD LINK can point to the INODE of a deleted Original File?

1st I created both hardlink (HLINK) and softlink (SLINK) to a single file (A.DAT). As I know, SLINK has its own inode, and this inode will point to the inode of A.DAT. But HLINK does not have its own ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

ls doesn't give me the same as cd + ls to the same folder

$> ls ../../../../.. Doesn't give me the same result as $> cd ../../../../.. $> ls Why? Something with links? What's going on? [ johanrj@jamin ] ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Folder alias / Symbolic link to return to back folder

I need to create a folder "2015" which re-routes to ./ but I don't know what the command is. Not sure if the term is called in this case an alias (or symbolic link). So I need to make the same ...
2
votes
1answer
557 views

`ln -s` creates a symlink inside an existing folder instead of failing?

$mkdir lnTest1 lnTest2 $ln -s lnTest1 "lnTest2" There is NO slash at the end of "lnTest2"!! $ls lnT* -Rl |sed "s'$USER''g" lnTest1: total 0 lnTest2: total 0 lrwxrwxrwx 1 7 Jun 22 22:48 lnTest1 ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Pre-specifying a default GNU Stow target-directory

TLDR: Can I pre-define a stow folder other than /usr/local with GNU Stow? I do not have admin privileges on the machine I use for work, and I was told that I could use GNU Stow to manage my ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

If I rm -rf a symlink will the data the link points to get erased, too?

This is the contents of the /home3 directory on my system: ./ backup/ hearsttr@ lost+found/ randomvi@ sexsmovi@ ../ freemark@ investgr@ nudenude@ romanced@ wallpape@ I want to clean ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Will symlinks be maintained if the target's path remains the same but everything is transferred to a new disk?

(I think the answer is yes, but I'd like to be certain before I actually do it!) What I'm trying to do: install a new sd card in my "rooted" Android phone that uses A2SD. The fact that it's an ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't list file/directory relative to .. from a symbolic link directory (No such file or directory)?

I have a /usr/tomcat6/logs directory linked to /var/log/tomcat6. When I changed directory to /usr/tomcat6/logs and try to ls files using a relative pathname ../conf/Catalina/localhost, a No such file ...
2
votes
3answers
38 views

How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file?

Given the ll command outputs as follows #> ll lrwxrwxrwx ... How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file from "lrwxrwxrwx"?
2
votes
1answer
56 views

When is a symlink treated as the thing it links to, and as a symlink?

When is a symlink treated as the thing it links to, and as a symlink? A symlink can links to a file of different types. For example, let mylk be a symlink which links to a dir. The following two ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

understand the designation of symbolic links

I have a number of files in /etc/rc3.d/ directory which all are symbolic links and point to files in /etc/init.d/ directory using ../init.d/ designation. For example file S18rsyslog in /etc/rc3.d/ ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Fast and slow symlinks

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbolic_link#Storage_of_symbolic_links Early implementations of symbolic links stored the symbolic link information as data in regular files. The file ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Why can't I edit links and directories directly?

There are programs such as hexedit that allow one to edit each bit of a file, and as I keep hearing that in Unix "everything is a file", I tried to edit some directory, expecting bytes referring to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Ignore Symlinks when Extracting Tarball

I have a relatively simple question that I cannot seem to find the answer for. I am attempting to extract a tarball (*.tgz, to be exact) and receiving terminal errors on extracted symlinks. ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Recursive scp without following links or creating a giant tar file?

So I did a recursive scp on my remote fileserver (in another state) and it created an infinite loop of links on my remote web directory... ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Create a link but don't change the canonical path

In each users' directory there exists a symbolic link to /var/www/website/public_html/. However, whenever a user cds into the link, he sees the path as /home/username/public_html/. Is there any way to ...
2
votes
2answers
444 views

If symlink on NFS points to local disk, will advantage of local disk be lost?

I am working on a development network that uses NFS so that home directories etc can be accessed from any machine. However, NFS is occasionally flaky, causing slowdown/freezing of the machines. I am ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Why do I get 'error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.6 cannot open shared object file' even after I run ldconfig?

The symlink libssl.so.6 shows up in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu, and I ran ldconfig but I still get this error: error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Soft Link created for new software installation

When we install a new software, after extraction the below steps are performed generally: move the files to /opt/folder create the symlink sudo ln -s /opt/folder/application_folder_name ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

Creating symbolic links

When creating a softlink how do add the path, I did the following: ln -s file1.txt /home/user9000/Desktop/SymbolicLink.txt When I see the softlink on the desktop it marks that the doc doesn't ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Why store program code in /var/cache?

I have inherited a Java / Tomcat stack, running on Ubuntu. It has crashed and I am trying to restart it. The program code seems to be using a config file which I have found on the file system. The ...