A special type of file that references a file or directory.

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3answers
1k views

$PWD variable equivalent of pwd -P

I want to use the $PWD variable in a script, but I want it to be the hardware path without symlinks. I know about /bin/pwd and pwd -P, but those aren't variables. I know that I can use: setenv MYPWD ...
2
votes
1answer
459 views

Why are there symlinks in /dev? (LVM)

[root@SERVER ~] ls -la /dev/vg/root lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 17 2012-10-28 10:29 /dev/vg/root -> ../mapper/vg-root [root@SERVER ~] QUESTION: Why are there symlinks? Why there couldn't be only 1 ...
2
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1answer
92 views

`ln -s` creates a symlink inside an existing folder instead of failing?

$mkdir lnTest1 lnTest2 $ln -s lnTest1 "lnTest2" There is NO slash at the end of "lnTest2"!! $ls lnT* -Rl |sed "s'$USER''g" lnTest1: total 0 lnTest2: total 0 lrwxrwxrwx 1 7 Jun 22 22:48 lnTest1 ...
2
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2answers
157 views

Symlink all subdirectories in a directory to another directory

I'm trying to symlink every directory in a folder to another folder. For example, in the structure below, I need the subfolders symlinked to folder2. - /home/chris/folder1 -- subfolder1 -- subfolder2 ...
2
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1answer
789 views

If I rm -rf a symlink will the data the link points to get erased, too?

This is the contents of the /home3 directory on my system: ./ backup/ hearsttr@ lost+found/ randomvi@ sexsmovi@ ../ freemark@ investgr@ nudenude@ romanced@ wallpape@ I want to clean ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Create symbolic links with wildcards

I have multiple hard drives with the same directory hierarchy, for example: /media/sda/dir1 /media/sda/dir2 ... /media/sdb/dir1 /media/sdb/dir2 Two hard drives with similar names and similar ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Will symlinks be maintained if the target's path remains the same but everything is transferred to a new disk?

(I think the answer is yes, but I'd like to be certain before I actually do it!) What I'm trying to do: install a new sd card in my "rooted" Android phone that uses A2SD. The fact that it's an ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Why can't list file/directory relative to .. from a symbolic link directory (No such file or directory)?

I have a /usr/tomcat6/logs directory linked to /var/log/tomcat6. When I changed directory to /usr/tomcat6/logs and try to ls files using a relative pathname ../conf/Catalina/localhost, a No such file ...
2
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1answer
40 views

understand the designation of symbolic links

I have a number of files in /etc/rc3.d/ directory which all are symbolic links and point to files in /etc/init.d/ directory using ../init.d/ designation. For example file S18rsyslog in /etc/rc3.d/ ...
2
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2answers
42 views

Fast and slow symlinks

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbolic_link#Storage_of_symbolic_links Early implementations of symbolic links stored the symbolic link information as data in regular files. The file ...
2
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2answers
41 views

How to create file links on a vfat filesystem of a mounted disk under Linux?

I have an external drive containing different pieces of music. The drive is a vfat formatted drive to be able to work with arbitrary devices. On the device I have music stored from different artists ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Why can't I edit links and directories directly?

There are programs such as hexedit that allow one to edit each bit of a file, and as I keep hearing that in Unix "everything is a file", I tried to edit some directory, expecting bytes referring to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Change permissions for a symbolic link

I have a symlink with these permissions: lrwxrwxrwx 1 myuser myuser 38 Aug 18 00:36 npm -> ../lib/node_modules/npm/bin/npm-cli.js* The symlink is located in a .tar.gz archive. Now when I ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Recursive scp without following links or creating a giant tar file?

So I did a recursive scp on my remote fileserver (in another state) and it created an infinite loop of links on my remote web directory... ...
2
votes
2answers
378 views

If symlink on NFS points to local disk, will advantage of local disk be lost?

I am working on a development network that uses NFS so that home directories etc can be accessed from any machine. However, NFS is occasionally flaky, causing slowdown/freezing of the machines. I am ...
2
votes
1answer
791 views

Extended attribute on symbolic link

I'm trying to set some extended attributes on a symbolic link on Fedora 15. According to setfattr's usage, there is an option -h for such purpose: setfattr 2.4.44 -- set extended attributes Usage: ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I see what symlinks exist for a given directory?

I want to do some housekeeping in a directory, and I want to see if a given directory has any symlinks pointing to it. I can easily enough see what directory a symlink points to, but now I want to see ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Why store program code in /var/cache?

I have inherited a Java / Tomcat stack, running on Ubuntu. It has crashed and I am trying to restart it. The program code seems to be using a config file which I have found on the file system. The ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Soft Link Detection

In my own LFS-based OS, I had created many softlinks. Soft-link can be deleted without harming the target. But is there any way that If I remove the a file or directory then, I will be notified ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Hot to make diff check a symlink link itself?

In Linux one can use the command diff to check for differences of files. I use it to check for differences across two modules, both copied to /tmp. However, both modules have symlinks, which might ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Canonical paths: why are they needed?

The issue of resolving symlinks (symbolic links) is often addressed on this forum, and on others. Related are the concepts of relative, absolute (or full), and canonical (or resolved) pathnames. Two ...
2
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1answer
487 views

Fix symbolic links after version change

Say I have a symbolic link to a file, which has its version in its name. (The file is actually a jar file) Now say, that the version changes, i.e the old file I linked to is deleted and a new one is ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Creating symbolic links to applications in Mac OS X

I installed Aquamacs in a fresh OS X desktop, and wanted to be able to call the program from the commandline. Calling the file inside the app seems to work just fine: Amoss-iMac:bin amosjyng$ ...
2
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2answers
713 views

How do I dereference links when extracting from a tar file?

If I have a tar file, bob.tar, which contains real_file and link_to_real_file, in which the latter is a symlink, is there a way to extract the contents of bob.tar so that link_to_real_file will not be ...
2
votes
1answer
946 views

How synchronize two disks (or folders) using symbolic (or hard) links (like rsync)?

I'm searching a tool or a shell script or another program to synchronize two or more folders or disks. But it differs of rsync tool, because, I don't want to duplicate the missing file, but do a ...
2
votes
4answers
38 views

Creating symbolic links

When creating a softlink how do add the path, I did the following: ln -s file1.txt /home/user9000/Desktop/SymbolicLink.txt When I see the softlink on the desktop it marks that the doc doesn't ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Capture symbolic link into Unix/Linux variables

Say I have a folder with a series of symbolic links: ussdv103:en195d; default$ pwd /oradba/app/oracle/admin/database1 ussdv103:en195d; default$ ls -ltr exp -> ...
2
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1answer
286 views

How to Create Symlink Dynamically for Dynamically Created File in a Folder

I create a file based on time or something like that for stylesheet. It is fingerprinting filename to avoiding cached version on web browser. Example file name: style_1374065326.css. I want to create ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

Using symbolic link on directory with contents

I'm working on a Debian machine with a bunch of different filesystems and I'm trying to manipulate a large amount of data in MySQL. I've run out of room in my home directory, but there's a ton of ...
2
votes
1answer
821 views

Exclude symbolic links to other filesystems with find -mount

I am working on a script that, among other things, extracts a list of all items in a directory (files and subdirs) for archival but it needs to skip remote symlinks (i.e. on other file systems). The ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Directory sync across SSHFS involving symlinks

I have 2 Ubuntu Linux boxes with similar directory structures, LX02 and LX04. When I ssh from a terminal on LX02 to LX04 and go to my main scripting directory, /root/sbin, I see a different set of ...
2
votes
2answers
723 views

Bash prompt when my home directory is a symbolic link

I symlinked my /host/Users/Kevin folder to /home/Kevin. I also edit the /etc/passwd file to /home/Kevin. I logged out and logged back in, however when I open up a terminal it's a bash prompt like so: ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Wikilink to a symbolic link in ikiwiki

I am running an ikiwiki for my personal use on my laptop via apache2 (os: ubuntu 10.04). If I want to make a link to a local pdf-file I put the file into my scrdir and use the usual wikilink syntax. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to remove the directory a symbolic link links to plus the symbolic link?

Say a is a symbolic link to b. I am looking for a simple command to remove both a and b at once that does not require me to know about b.
2
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0answers
285 views

sshfs breaks symlinks from SFTP server

Does anyone know how to mount a remote SFTP path via SSHFS so that you can work with symlinks? When I do this, all the symlinks I create point to the wrong files (not the ones I linked to.) All the ...
2
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0answers
330 views

Multiple Linux or Unix Distributions, Same Home Partition or Data?

To avoid conflicts I have always installed multiple Linux and Unix distributions each with it's own home partion or directory, and in the era of 3TB hard drives this is often very practical; I also do ...
2
votes
1answer
662 views

Can't delete symbolic links, permission denied

I try to delete all symbolic links pointing to Python3.2 with sudo ls -l . | grep '../Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.2' | awk '{print $9}' | xargs rm This just gives rm: 2to3: ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Hard links vs. Soft links: When would you want to use one over the other? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between symbolic and hard links? Today, my teacher talked about the differences between 'hard links' and 'soft links', but she never really ...
1
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4answers
103 views

Symlink everywhere

Is there any way for me to symlink a particular file so that it appears in every directory on the system? So if I symlink /tmp/scratch No matter where I am I can type vi scratch?
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2answers
6k views

Executable symbolic link results in “command not found”

I created a symbolic link (yesterday) like this: sudo ln -s bin/python /usr/bin/prj-python When I run: prj-python file.py I get: prj-python: command not found When I try creating the link ...
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2answers
2k views

How to create a shortcut to a folder to Documents

I have a folder in /media/sf_fedora which I want to access from Documents instead of going into /media each time, how can I create a shortcut. The 'Make Link' is grayed out in the Edit menu for some ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Get path of current script when executed through a symlink

I have a utility consisting of a couple directories with some bash scripts and supporting files that will be deployed to several machines possibly in a different directory on each machine. The ...
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vote
3answers
110 views

Seemingly Inconsistent Behavior for “ln” & “ln -s”

As we all know, the ln command creates a link, with the default being a hard link and the -s option creating a symlink. The general syntax is ln [-s] OLD NEW, where OLD is the file you are linking to ...
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2answers
931 views

Keep tracking of symbolic links?

I use symbolic links quite often, but after moving the original file, I lose track of the symbolic link. I also use symbolic links for keeping track of some files in the same directory, but again, I ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

find does not work on symlinked path?

If I run this command find $HOME/MySymlinkedPath -name "run*.sh" nothing happens, and gives no error ('MySymlinkedPath' is a symlinked path to another hard drive other then my $HOME one). These also ...
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vote
2answers
900 views

Using a symlink for a mountpoint

Is it possible to set a symlink on a mountpoint? I have a mountpoint /vz. When I'm ln -s /var/lib/vz /vz the result is, that I have a directory vz in my mountpoint /vz, thus I have /vz/vz. Is there ...
1
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2answers
57 views

Symlink from one workstation to another without mount

I am trying to create a symlink of a file on one linux workstation to another linux workstation, without having to 'mount' any network shares. Here's what I am trying to do, but can't get it to work. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

“ls -lH” not following the link but “ls -lH linktofile” following it

In a directory there is a link to some other file in some other directory. If I give ls -lHh command with no arguments, ls does not resolves the symbolic link but if I give ls -lHh * or ls ...
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2answers
65 views

Capturing the name of the file pointed by a symbolic link in a variable

Say I have a symbolic link: /path/to/foo->/path/to/some_file.txt Say I have a shell variable x=/path/to/foo, how can I get some_file.txt in a shell variable y?
1
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1answer
171 views

Does symlinking from Drive A to Drive B affect I/O on Drive A?

I was wondering if IO through a symbolic link affects IO on the host drive even if it points to a seperate drive? My setup is, /dev/sdb2 1.8T 443G 1.3T 26% /home1 /dev/sda3 1.8T 1.7T ...