A special type of file that references a file or directory.

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5
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2answers
710 views

Why do hard links seem to take the same space as the originals?

Thanks to some good Q&A around here and this page, I now understand links. I see hard links refer the same inode by a different name, and copies are different "nodes, with different names. Plus ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Change permissions for a symbolic link

I have a symlink with these permissions: lrwxrwxrwx 1 myuser myuser 38 Aug 18 00:36 npm -> ../lib/node_modules/npm/bin/npm-cli.js* The symlink is located in a .tar.gz archive. Now when I ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

$PWD variable equivalent of pwd -P

I want to use the $PWD variable in a script, but I want it to be the hardware path without symlinks. I know about /bin/pwd and pwd -P, but those aren't variables. I know that I can use: setenv MYPWD ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How to increase the link count for a directory, link count went to 0?

I have made myself land in this situation, it is a chrooted workspace on my system where I virtualize the entire file system ( so its not actual /var/log ) Is there a way that I can either delete this ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

FS permission scenario

How can I achieve this files & folders permissions scenario: Consider these folder: Folder A: 640 root apache /var/www/A/ Folder www: 640 root apache /var/www/ and this linux user: id user1: ...
4
votes
2answers
60 views

Is it possible to notify/warn that current path isn't a valid symlink anymore?

Let's say we have ./a and ./b directories. Then we create a symlink using ln -s a x and entering it cd x The pwd would be x Then in another terminal we change the x so that it pointed to b. But the ...
2
votes
3answers
545 views

hardlink/softlink multiple file to one file

I have many files in a folder. I want to concatenate all these files to a single file. For example cat * > final_file; But this will increase disk space and also will consume time. Is there is a way ...
5
votes
3answers
654 views

Getting relative links between two paths

Say I have two paths: <source_path> and <target_path>. I would like my shell (zsh) to automatically find out if there is a way to represent <target_path> from <source_path> as ...
18
votes
1answer
45k views

Create a symbolic link relative to the current directory

I'm trying to create a symbolic link in my home directory that points to a directory on my external HDD. It works fine when I specify it like this: cd ~ ln -s /run/media/name/exhdd/Data/ Data ...
3
votes
3answers
117 views

cp SOMEFILE .. copies to a different directory after cd'ing via a symbolic link

Consider the following setup: ~/Desktop/Public/subdir ~/Desktop/subdir --> ~/Desktop/Public/subdir (symbolic link) Now I do: cd ~/Desktop/subdir Which leads me into the linked directory. If ...
1
vote
1answer
615 views

How does one view what the contents of symbolic link are, instead of the destination? [duplicate]

Is there some way in which I can view/edit what the contents of a symbolic link are? I don't want to view the destination the link points to, but the symbolic link itself. Suppose I have a file, ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

Why does ln -sf silently fail?

ln -sf source_file target_file succeeds even when source_file does not exist. ln -f source_file target_file on the other hand fail, as expected. How can it be tuned to give error on the first case ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Behavior of `du` command with `-L` flag

I've noticed a strange behavior with du command when it's used with -L command line option. I'm using Slackware 14 and Coreutils 8.19. To reproduce the strange behavior, create two folders: mkdir ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

What does `l` mean in an `ls` listing?

When I run ls -adl .* in one of my directories, I get a file that has this listing: lrwxrwxrwx 1 user group 43 Jul 3 16:25 .#filename.py -> person@computer.edu.4018:1372874769 The filename ...
3
votes
0answers
390 views

sshfs breaks symlinks from SFTP server

Does anyone know how to mount a remote SFTP path via SSHFS so that you can work with symlinks? When I do this, all the symlinks I create point to the wrong files (not the ones I linked to.) All the ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

is there some kind of symbolic links that support moving or renaming the target file?

I liked this explanation of hard and soft/symbolic links: http://unix.stackexchange.com/a/22406/42226 Now the reason why I googled about soft and hard links is simply because I was organizing my ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

cannot create symbolic link on CentOS 5.6 - File exists error

I am trying to setup a symbolic link on my CentOS 5.6 machine to point dev_crmpicco/ to ~/vhosts/dev/dev_crmpicco/web/ I am using the following command: [crmpicco@devel dev]$ ln -s ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Using symbolic link on directory with contents

I'm working on a Debian machine with a bunch of different filesystems and I'm trying to manipulate a large amount of data in MySQL. I've run out of room in my home directory, but there's a ton of ...
1
vote
1answer
374 views

Symlink Copy a Directory Non-recursively

So I want to symlink copy all the files and folders in one directory to another directory. When I use cp -s though without the -r option I get a bunch of "omitting directory" warnings, and I don't ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Symbolic link recursion - what makes it “reset”?

I wrote a little bash script to see what happens when I keep following a symbolic link that points to the same directory. I was expecting it to either make a very long working directory, or to crash. ...
5
votes
3answers
330 views

cd to directory of a symbolically linked file

Before I write a script, anyone know an easy way to do the following: $ pwd /foo/bar $ ls -l lrwxr-xr-x 1 username admin 48 Apr 17 2012 foo.sh -> /bar/foo.sh $ cd /bar $ ls foo.sh i.e., in ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

How to prevent find -execdir from following symlinks?

Say I have a symlink: linktob -> b If I run something like find . -type l -execdir chmod 777 {} \;, the chmod command affects the file the symlink is pointing to, i.e. ‘b’. The man page suggests ...
3
votes
1answer
543 views

How can I efficiently dereference all symlinks in `find` *output* filenames?

I need paths to be both fully resolved and relative to a given directory. This must be done efficiently, since the number of paths is often greater than 100,000. Situation: I have directories which ...
4
votes
2answers
286 views

How Do I Block Read Access to a Symbolic Link?

I have this file structure: > APPLICATION 1 >> CONTROLLER (@JuniorProgrammers) >> MODELS (symlink to SHARED/MODELS) >> VIEWS (@Designers) > APPLICATION 2 >> CONTROLLER ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

What does ln stand for?

In Linux you can use the ln command to make links. $ touch foo $ ln -s foo foo_link $ ls -l lrwxrwxrwx 1 cklein cklein 3 May 29 16:11 foo_link -> foo I assume that the 'l' in ln stands ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Canonical paths: why are they needed?

The issue of resolving symlinks (symbolic links) is often addressed on this forum, and on others. Related are the concepts of relative, absolute (or full), and canonical (or resolved) pathnames. Two ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are reboot, shutdown and poweroff symlinks to systemctl?

In Arch Linux, if I do ls -l in /sbin, I can see that reboot, shutdown and poweroff are all symlinks to /usr/bin/systemctl. But issuing reboot, shutdown and systemctl commands obviously does not all ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

Portable way to get script's absolute path?

What is a portable way for a (zsh) script to determine its absolute path? On Linux I use something like mypath=$(readlink -f $0) ...but this is not portable. (E.g., readlink on darwin does not ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Ignore Symlinks when Extracting Tarball

I have a relatively simple question that I cannot seem to find the answer for. I am attempting to extract a tarball (*.tgz, to be exact) and receiving terminal errors on extracted symlinks. ...
0
votes
1answer
417 views

Opera, Firefox has no kiosk option like Chrome gives it openly?

While using Chrome kiosk mode, i have problem with openbox desktop, its not doing correct for some javascript rendering. So i wanted to test opera and firefox but both does not support kiosk at all ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Can I create a symlink that will ignore subdirectories?

I'm trying to get dropbox symlinked to the relevant folders in /home. I'd like to symlink them like this: ~/Dropbox/Pictures --> ~/Pictures ~/Dropbox/Camera Uploads --> ~/Pictures/Camera ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

How do I copy directories and symlink files?

I have got a directory of huge files (total ~ 1TB) and I don't want copy them around. However, I'd like to work around them, so it would be convenient to have them linked in a directory hierarchy I ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Pre-specifying a default GNU Stow target-directory

TLDR: Can I pre-define a stow folder other than /usr/local with GNU Stow? I do not have admin privileges on the machine I use for work, and I was told that I could use GNU Stow to manage my ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

What has happened to the file when I entered “mv file.txt ../”?

I wanted to move 'file.txt' one folder up, but instead of mv file.txt ../file.txt I entered mv file.txt ../. Now the file is gone and I didn't get any error message. So it seems the some action was ...
0
votes
0answers
608 views

make: i686-linux-gcc: Command not found

I am using Ubuntu-11.10 amd64 and trying to cross-compile a linux-2.6.38.8 kernel for a 32-bit target.I tried make CROSS_COMPILE=i686-linux- ARCH=i386 But I got error make: i686-linux-gcc: ...
0
votes
1answer
896 views

Using grep with symbolic link

I don't know how to ask this, but let me explain. I have a text file (named bla) in my ~/user/Dropbox folder. I would like to grep on it from any folder in terminal. For example, I'd like just type ...
3
votes
0answers
297 views

Using symbolic links and git to manage build versions

In general I follow the following workflow when I build any program (e.g. emacs, tmux, etc.) /home/opt/[name of the program]/builds/[version]/ bin lib share For example for a program like tmux I ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

Remove soft link but not the target

I have a directory that contains a link to another directory that I just created. I would like to remove the link but preserve the directory my link was pointing to. How do I do this? > mkdir rgac ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

Creating a local workspace for development/testing

I want to be able to mount, say /home/$USER/workspace to /usr/local/workspace. Right now I'm using the python package pyfilesystem which uses fuse to do that. My problem is, that inside that mount I ...
2
votes
0answers
373 views

Multiple Linux or Unix Distributions, Same Home Partition or Data?

To avoid conflicts I have always installed multiple Linux and Unix distributions each with it's own home partion or directory, and in the era of 3TB hard drives this is often very practical; I also do ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Create symbolic links to files using wildcards

I want to create symlinks to multiple files: ln -s dev-*.php 's/dev-(.*\.php)/$1/' Results hoped for: site.php links to dev-site.php file.php links to dev-file.php What's the most ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Changing the timestamp of a symlink

I know how to change the timestamp of a regular file: touch -t 201301291810 myfile.txt I was not able to do the same with a symlink. Is it possible? Distro: RHEL 5.8
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Exclude symbolic links to other filesystems with find -mount

I am working on a script that, among other things, extracts a list of all items in a directory (files and subdirs) for archival but it needs to skip remote symlinks (i.e. on other file systems). The ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Resolving symbolic links (pwd)

Say I do the following: cd /some/path ln -s /target/path symbolic_name If then do: cd /some/path cd symbolic_name pwd I get: /some/path/symblic_name and not: /target/path Is there a way to ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Does Windows recognize Linux's symbolic links?

I was just wondering how a Windows system handles symbolic links. My best guess is that it will not recognize them, but I'm not entirely sure. Also, what do Macs do when confronted by one?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

If I rm -rf a symlink will the data the link points to get erased, too?

This is the contents of the /home3 directory on my system: ./ backup/ hearsttr@ lost+found/ randomvi@ sexsmovi@ ../ freemark@ investgr@ nudenude@ romanced@ wallpape@ I want to clean ...
3
votes
1answer
357 views

rsync: how to relocate absolute symlinks?

I've pored over the rsync manpage as well as on several related questions here on serverfault. I've played with -R and -L and -l options, but no luck. Here is the question: when sending a dir from ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How could I make multiple symbolic links for multiple directories, conveniently

lrwxrwxrwx 1 deploy users 20 1월 23 18:15 v122 -> /home/files/video122 lrwxrwxrwx 1 deploy users 20 1월 23 18:15 v123 -> /home/files/video123 lrwxrwxrwx 1 deploy users 20 1월 23 ...
1
vote
1answer
894 views

How to copy symbolic links while preserving the validity of the link?

Say under directory /usr/local/boost_1_52_0/stage/lib, I have a symbolic link: libboost_timer.so, which points to the regular file libboost_timer.so.1.52.0 in the same directory. How can I cp the ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Symbolic link starting with .#

I have a symlink in one of my directories that has the following name: lrwxrwxrwx 1 XXXX ZZZ 37 Jan 15 18:18 .#perl.org -> XXX@YYY.com.2980:1344441539 I am wondering what this symlink ...