Swap space is an area of the hard disk that serves as an overflow when the computer memory is full. The memory used by inactive applications is partially written out to disk to make room for other applications and for the disk cache for active files.

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full disk encryption (including swap, possibly plausible deniability as well)

I'm looking for a method to encrypt my laptop including the swap partition. I also read trough older similar questions but mostly the answer included just a what not much of a how. (Currently I'm ...
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1answer
56 views

Can I mark _current_ memory contents as non swappable?

Background: in my linux (ubuntu) workstation, I want to run some experiments that allocate more memory than the physical RAM while I do other 'normal' stuff in the GUI. Problem: I have plenty of ...
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1answer
790 views

Swap appears to not be in use

(I am currently using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, GNOME environment) tl;dr How can I force more memory swapping (swappiness already at 100)? I have recently been experiencing a lot of system freezes/crashes. ...
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specific swap partitions for multiple debian instances in a single computer

I'm trying to setup a computer with three debian instances (wheezy, jessie and sid), I've created / and swap partitions for each debian instance, during the installation I did specify which swap ...
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1answer
2k views

Which processes swaps memory

I can see swap's total, used, free etc. sizes from top command. But I can't figure out which process uses swap, is it possible to find out swap memory by process? I'm running CentOS 6.3.
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1answer
126 views

Page cache elimination in Linux kernel

Optimizing the page cache space for less memory utilization in some system where systems don't have swap space and external flash drive or hard disk. Is there any possibility that if we can remove or ...
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1answer
32 views

Old Xen Installation Unable to be Formatted

I recently tried to format a disk that had an old Ubuntu 14.04 partition and a Xen Swap Disk partition. I am currently running the Ubuntu Live CD and trying to access my partitions on the drive for ...
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1answer
342 views

Process Being Killed due to low swap

I'm running a python (2.7) script on mac osx yosemite. The script is fairly computationally intensive, certainly bumping up against my machine's RAM limitations. The computer crashes and restarts ...
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1answer
126 views

Copy of full swap file is empty

I use a swap file (/mnt/swap). The swap works right. I need to get an access to the data stored in. When it's full of data in some part (which I can see typing "free" in terminal), I copy the file to ...
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1answer
40 views

How to deal with high number of page faults?

I've got ~200000 page faults per second and I think it's a huge number and it affects the overall system performance. I'm using MBP with 16G of RAM. How to deal with such number of page faults (...
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1answer
42 views

Can swap get corrupted?

We keep having swap problems when moving a lot of files or deleting them. The latest message is "out of swap space" We rebooted. However, "out of swap space" now occurs during boot. Freenas just ...
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1answer
176 views

How to calculate Swap warning/critical dynamically through script?

I have used SAR in my below script and is trying to run on individual servers for my nagios monitoring. Can someone please suggest how i can get the swap warning and swap critical values in my check ...
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1answer
83 views

Is there a way to prevent SWAP from collecting cached data?

Here is the following info: Do I need more swap? No, disk caching only borrows the ram that applications don't currently want. It will not use swap. If applications want more memory, they ...
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111 views

Could the Kernel stack of a process be empty, when a process is swapped out to a disk?

I am just curious to know whether the Kernel stack could be empty when a process is swapped out to a disk or not?
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1answer
663 views

slow Matlab on Ubuntu LTS and ZERO Swap

I was using Matlab2012 under Win7 and my algorithm was consuming a huge amount of memory though it was fast (80 seconds for one iteration). Now I am using Matlab2013 under Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and though ...
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0answers
42 views

Why does /proc/*/status not account for all swap used on a system?

I have a system that has been swapping recently and am unable to account for all swap that is shown as in use by tools like free or top. Specifically, I can account for 19GB of 28GB swap used (...
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77 views

FreeBSD shared swap partition with Linux

What must I do, to run these commands before Arch Linux calls swapon -a? mkswap /dev/sdaX swapon /dev/sdaX Just in case it matters, /dev/sdaX was created in FreeBSD 10.1 environment, as soon as ...
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Entire Harddrive to linux swap

I have an old hard drive that is less than 50Gb and a computer that only has about 4Gb of ram (and ~250Gb main HDD). I was thinking about using the second drive as an entire drive linux-swap partition....
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0answers
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Can't delete a swap partition, says that it's mounted while swapon says it's not?

I have a swap partition mounted on /dev/sda6 Linux Mint 17.2/Windows 10 dual boot. Am using HP 2000 notebook PC with 4GB RAM. When I installed Linux Mint I created a swap partition which as it happens ...
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40 views

Which parts of Memory can Swap Support

For this question, "swap" does not include RAM and only refers to the configured space on the disk. According to, http://www.ualberta.ca/CNS/RESEARCH/LinuxClusters/mem.html, a program's memory usage ...
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443 views

zram swap instability

I use Mint 13 Maya with mainline kernel 3.6.3 for Ubuntu Quantal on my Asus P53E Notebook. I use zram swap that comes with the package zram-config. I've noticed that using it the system to hangs at ...
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224 views

Swap on video ram in a VM

I have a very small VM running in a cloud with only 512 MB ram. I read, it is possible to use the video card as swap as descriped here: Graphics cards contain a lot of very fast RAM, typically ...
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0answers
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Why total swaps and page faults/reclaims is empty in ps?

I'm running the following command: sudo ps -axo nswap,majflt,minflt,command | sort -nr | head which suppose to print total swaps in/out, total page faults and reclaims. But for given >400 ...
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Installing RHEL to multiple-boot with Windows and two other Linux distributions

Alright, so I made an earlier attempt to install RHEL 7.2 with automatic partitioning, and it turned into a mess since I have 3 other operating systems installed (windows + 2 Debian based Linux ...
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40 views

Unable to activate new encrypted swap partition

First off, I did not reboot and would not like to, it's a server. It is running Debian Jessie 8.4 with kernel 3.16.0-4-amd64. I followed these steps: apt-get install cryptsetup -> no problem ...
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how does systemd activate encrypted swap file on alternate partition?

I have 2 partitions: / and /data. My swap file is encrypted at /data/swap. So /etc/crypttab looks like: root_crypt UUID=6666 none luks swap /data/swap /dev/urandom swap And /etc/fstab looks like (...
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33 views

Real-time monitoring of changes in swap use (per process)

I'm looking for a way to observe which processes in my system are consuming an increasing amount of swap over time. The following function generates a list of swap user per process : sbp(){ grep ...
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0answers
137 views

Creating a sparse (automatically expanding and contracting) swap file with hole-punching support

I have this crazy idea, and want to know the pitfalls of such an approach (or whether it can even work with no deadlocks.. etc). The goal is to create an automatically expanding and contracting ...
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0answers
41 views

Restoring in-memory/swapped page state on resume from hibernation

I'm a big fan of Linux's hibernation support, which works extremely well on all the (admittedly slightly older) hardware I've tried it on. I highly prefer it to full shutdown and power up. There's ...
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0answers
97 views

What is kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly from /proc/vmstat

What does this parameter mean? # cat /proc/vmstat | grep low kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly 2
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0answers
272 views

Ubuntu 14.04 using 100% swap space, with more than 40GB free memory, why?

I'm a bit at a loss trying to figure out why this would be the case. Can anyone provide some helpful ideas on troubleshooting this? $ free -m total used free shared ...
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0answers
150 views

Out of Memory with unused memory and swap

I have a strange error on my Raspberry Pi2. System is archlinuxarm. Short after boot (about 30 secs), the system states that it is out of memory, resulting in closing many applications, most time ...
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392 views

Java process gets killed frequently by OOM - Killer on upgraded hardware

I am running solr on an Ubuntu server along with 4 other java processes. Current index size is 30 GB. My solr process gets killed frequently in few hours. It clearly mentions that its an OOM killer. I ...
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unlimited tmpfs

How to have the advantages of tmpfs and not be limited to its small size? I'm thinking of a shell script that runs as a daemon, monitors RAM and adds more swap files in specified folder, when memory ...
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0answers
198 views

Xeon Phi swap from host's tmpfs

I want to use swap on Xeon Phi (mic0) using RAM from the host On the host: # free -m total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 129022 60312 ...
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0answers
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Linux Mint 18 - Computer fully powering off when told to hibernate

I am having trouble getting my computer to hibernate. When I tell the computer to hibernate, it just powers off completely after a few seconds. When I power it back on it starts up from the beginning, ...
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0answers
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Lubuntu - Cannot poweroff laptop when using swap

I'm using Lubuntu 16.04 on my Notebook HP Pavilion g6-2305sl, and I'm having some troubles apparently (I'm not really sure) connected to swap usage. I boot up with the command line login shell and ...
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0answers
10 views

Android, microSD and SWAP

I have an Android 4.4.4 device (which I can easily root) with a 32 GiB microSD card, which is secured well and will not be disconnected during normal work. Is there a way I could use that card or more ...
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0answers
33 views

How do I setup an encrypted swap partition in Kali?

I am attempting to setup an encrypted swap partition on my Kali system, post-install. This system is also able to dual-boot into a windows 7 system that was encrypted with veracrypt. I have been ...
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swap goes the second drive, how can I return it to normal from command line?

The following is my plan for partition of CentOS 6.7. I have two disks with A for system and files, B totally for backup. But, after installation, I log in using ssh root. Here is what I see: (...
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When hibernating : “PM: Swap header not found”

I've already seen Debian hibernate problem PM: Swap header not found, but the difference is that it's not a file swap but actually a swap partition. I'm on Ubuntu 15.10. My swap partition: $ ...
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0answers
131 views

Change percentage of time swap space is used

A question was proposed to me in an interesting format. I was asked "How would I set swap space to be used 50% of the time?" I know how to set the swapiness value in a range from 0-100 in /etc/sysctl....
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0answers
59 views

Detect whether a swap partition is in use by a hibernated system

Is there a way to detect whether a swap partition contains the memory of a hibernated system? More specifically: suppose I have a Linux installation and that I hibernate it. This means that all the ...
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0answers
54 views

Is there anything in RHEL 6.5 that would affect I/O speed for something <24K vs >24K?

Generally, transactions for my app of setting and getting data internally are measured in a couple of millis. However, over 24K in size, that time can jump to just over 100 millis. Is there anything ...
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0answers
309 views

Is swapping the cause of high IO on my box?

I'm running a LAMP stack on an Amazon EC2 micro instance with 616 MB of memory. This seems sufficient to be able to run a few small websites with Apache, MySQL and PHP. I have one Wordpress site ...
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0answers
561 views

swap space allocation vs swaptotal

I created a Red Hat 9 virtual machine on VMware Workstion 9 by allocated the physical memory of 256MB. See pic. When installing Linux, I created the swap partition with a size of 256MB. See ...
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422 views

43 seconds to mount swap on /dev/mapper/cryptswap1

My Linux Mint takes longer than I would expect it to boot. Checking dmesg I see the following consecutive entries: [ 8.335668] Adding 9767484k swap on /dev/mapper/cryptswap1. Priority:-1 ...
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How to Do Error-trapping and Swapoff if Error/Warning?

Pseudocode where incomplete pseudo try-catch after cas' comment #!/usr/bin/env bash # http://askubuntu.com/q/799834/25388 # Use: `sh myScript`; sudo does not work with Matlab. #set -e # no ...