Swap space is an area of the hard disk that serves as an overflow when the computer memory is full. The memory used by inactive applications is partially written out to disk to make room for other applications and for the disk cache for active files.

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free / top difference. Does free show virtual memory?

free -m shows me the following in my system: total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 3954 3842 111 0 248 2585 -/+ ...
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Swap Utilization Increase with Oracle Coherence

We are using Oracle Coherence on linux servers. However, we noticed that because of Coherence processes running, often our swap utilization % increases too much, sometimes becoming more than 98%, even ...
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Old Xen Installation Unable to be Formatted

I recently tried to format a disk that had an old Ubuntu 14.04 partition and a Xen Swap Disk partition. I am currently running the Ubuntu Live CD and trying to access my partitions on the drive for ...
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FreeBSD shared swap partition with linux

What to do, to run this commands before Archlinux calls swapon -a ? mkswap /dev/sdaX swapon /dev/sdaX Just in case, /dev/sdaX was created in FreeBSD 10.1 enviroment, as soon as FreeBSD doesn't ...
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What is kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly from /proc/vmstat

What does this parameter mean? # cat /proc/vmstat | grep low kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly 2
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Which parts of Memory can Swap Support

For this question, "swap" does not include RAM and only refers to the configured space on the disk. According to, http://www.ualberta.ca/CNS/RESEARCH/LinuxClusters/mem.html, a program's memory usage ...
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Swap output in last x minutes

Is there any command or script to give o/p as " swap used in last 10 minutes is x" ? I wished to use that out put for my nagios monitoring.. please advice..
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Ubuntu 14.04 using 100% swap space, with more than 40GB free memory, why?

I'm a bit at a loss trying to figure out why this would be the case. Can anyone provide some helpful ideas on troubleshooting this? $ free -m total used free shared ...
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Out of Memory with unused memory and swap

I have a strange error on my Raspberry Pi2. System is archlinuxarm. Short after boot (about 30 secs), the system states that it is out of memory, resulting in closing many applications, most time ...
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Java process gets killed frequently by OOM - Killer on upgraded hardware

I am running solr on an Ubuntu server along with 4 other java processes. Current index size is 30 GB. My solr process gets killed frequently in few hours. It clearly mentions that its an OOM killer. I ...
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unlimited tmpfs

How to have the advantages of tmpfs and not be limited to its small size? I'm thinking of a shell script that runs as a daemon, monitors RAM and adds more swap files in specified folder, when memory ...
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full disk encryption (including swap, possibly plausible deniability as well)

I'm looking for a method to encrypt my laptop including the swap partition. I also read trough older similar questions but mostly the answer included just a what not much of a how. (Currently I'm ...
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Swap appears to not be in use

(I am currently using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, GNOME environment) tl;dr How can I force more memory swapping (swappiness already at 100)? I have recently been experiencing a lot of system freezes/crashes. ...
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Xeon Phi swap from host's tmpfs

I want to use swap on Xeon Phi (mic0) using RAM from the host On the host: # free -m total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 129022 60312 ...
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Increasing swap space without reinstallation

I'm running Fedora 20, and I forgot to change my swap size allocation during installation. I have 16G of RAM, so I'd like to allocate 32G of swap space. The install created a swap for me, of only ...
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How to ask for a password to mount crypted swap at boot time on Linux Mint 16 with initramfs-tools? [duplicate]

I use encrypted home folders on my notebook, which prevents use of hibernation on standard setup, because - and for a good reason - besides encrypting the home folder with ecryptfs, it reformats the ...
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113 views

Copy of full swap file is empty

I use a swap file (/mnt/swap). The swap works right. I need to get an access to the data stored in. When it's full of data in some part (which I can see typing "free" in terminal), I copy the file to ...
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swap partition and its laws

I remember for choice of swap partition, we should use (swap > 2xRAM) at least.Of course it deprecated , because max of computer's ram is very high. kernel support it. My question: i remember each ...
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How much swap space should I use? [closed]

What rules should I follow to determine how much swap space my linux-based computer should have today?
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LinuxMint, unable to set swap partitions to equal priority

I only recently realised that you can specify multiple swap partition, spreading them across drives. Well that's great for me as my desktop system often uses swap space and I have three different ...
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Delete a swap partition without user interaction

I have a VM with a swap partition on /dev/sda5. The problem is fdisk is interactive so I cannot use it to delete a partition without user interaction. How do I delete the partition in my ...
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201 views

Arch installation and swap partition

to install Arch on a PC I have to make partition of the HDD boot swap / The swap is used by virtual memory, right? What's up if I make a too small or a too big swap partition? Could I have as ...
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How to create Swap from already created mount points

I have prepared a CentOS 6.5 with all mount points at formatting time, including swap. Now, when I am trying to run command swapon, it shows 0 0 0. And when I am trying to create it again using ...
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Linux Swap Space

I have got 32GB memory. SSD and NonSSD drives. I installed linux to NonSSD drive but i prefer SSD for /var directory and i didn't create swap space because there is high memory. I know physical ...
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Will SSD swap improve performance?

I am wondering if i have only 4GB ram and somehow(virtualbox,browser) isn't enough and i cannot proceed to upgrade(due to ultrabook and soldered memory) will swap held in SSD help the overall ...
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Swap not mounting

I have just installed SolydX (Debian based) onto a laptop with the following specs: -Toshiba Tecra A4 -800MHz Centrino CPU -nVidia 6600 GPU -512MB RAM After installing Conky to monitor my system, I ...
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Create swap partition after install

I already have parititon contain data under lvm enviroment with centos 5.8 output of fdisk -l root@server [~]# fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, ...
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What does m represents in VIRT column using TOP command

When we run top command it shows all the processes information. But under VIRT column there is m written against some values what does that m represents, is it MB . If yes then why it is only showing ...
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Why and how is swap improving performance, and can I disable it? [closed]

I have a laptop with 8GB of RAM running 4.0.4-2-ARCH. Recently, I installed Android Studio, and bam, my normally pristine system was suddenly stuttering and all out freezing (more than once). Before ...
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What is the difference between MAC OS X “Virtual Memory” and Linux/Unix Swap? [duplicate]

I would like to understand the difference of MAC OS X "Virtual Memory" and Linux/Unix Swap. I ask this because I observed that MAC OS X "Virtual Memory" seems to work way more efficient (in desktop ...
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308 views

Opening files of size larger than RAM, no swap used.

I found myself asking this question while doing small experiments and reading upon how memory is managed in Linux. I have a 64-bit Centos 6.5 machine with 512M RAM and 1G SWAP. I created a 1GB file ...
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Extending swap on Centos

I recently created a swap file on my centos 6 based VPS using this guide. Now I wanted to extend this swap and I was reading through this guide. However, I think I've created a swap file than a ...
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Sanity check/cleanup for swap — essentially mkfs.swap

Occasionally I'll have a system crash or be forced to do a cold reboot. Upon rebooting I will get a kernel crash. Get out a rescue disk, rebuild swap, then everything boots fine. The thing is that I ...
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swappiness and RAM usage

Been going through this topic - http://askubuntu.com/questions/157793/why-is-swap-being-used-even-though-i-have-plenty-of-free-ram. Turned down swappiness to 10 and then to 0 but my installation is ...
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How to migrate files on Linux from HDD to SSD on a VDS

I upgraded my Dedicated Server and I was having problems finding my SSD. I found out how to MOUNT my SSD. I now have my 100 GB HDD and now 20 GB HDD. [root@server /]# mount /dev/xvdb1 /ssd ...
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Swap space not used

I recently installed Debian 6.0.6. Here are the machine's states: CPU - AMD XP 3000+ RAM - 1 Gig HDD - IDE 80 Gig I primarily use this machine for developing toy personal projects. When I run ...
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Zram does not start at start-up

I am using pinguyos 11.10. Pinguyos is a variant of Ubuntu 11.10. I have installed zram like this: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:shnatsel/zram sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install zramswap-enabler ...
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How to extend swap space [closed]

I want to extend my swap space by 20 gb Current output of swapon -s: Filename Type Size Used Priority /swapfile file ...
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How to calculate Swap warning/critical dynamically through script?

I have used SAR in my below script and is trying to run on individual servers for my nagios monitoring. Can someone please suggest how i can get the swap warning and swap critical values in my check ...
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Process Being Killed due to low swap

I'm running a python (2.7) script on mac osx yosemite. The script is fairly computationally intensive, certainly bumping up against my machine's RAM limitations. The computer crashes and restarts ...
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Installing Mint 17.1 with swap on different drive?

Installing Mint 17.1 Cinnamon, I used the "something else" mode to set the partitions for root and home. But, it only showed sda and I could not find any way to select a different disk! I installed ...
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ZFS swap vdev space accounting

I am on an OpenSolaris system with ZFS on it. I am trying to determine the exact space usage and/or reserved space for the swap vdev. root@storage:~# zfs list NAME USED AVAIL ...
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Detect whether a swap partition is in use by a hibernated system

Is there a way to detect whether a swap partition contains the memory of a hibernated system? More specifically: suppose I have a Linux installation and that I hibernate it. This means that all the ...
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Is there anything in RHEL 6.5 that would affect I/O speed for something <24K vs >24K?

Generally, transactions for my app of setting and getting data internally are measured in a couple of millis. However, over 24K in size, that time can jump to just over 100 millis. Is there anything ...
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Is there a way to prevent SWAP from collecting cached data?

Here is the following info: Do I need more swap? No, disk caching only borrows the ram that applications don't currently want. It will not use swap. If applications want more memory, they ...
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How to recover from a boot hang after deleting old swap?

I did a fresh installation of Fedora 20 in the free space of my hard drive after failing to upgrade from the older version. Everything seems to be working fine until I deleted the partition containing ...
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1answer
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HDD indicator blinks when I run out of memory, but I have no swap configured [duplicate]

I'm running Arch Linux, with 8 GB memory and no swap defined. Sometimes it ran out of memory, then my system get a little bit stuck, and I can see the HDD indicator blinking. Then I restart X, which ...
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Is swapping the cause of high IO on my box?

I'm running a LAMP stack on an Amazon EC2 micro instance with 616 MB of memory. This seems sufficient to be able to run a few small websites with Apache, MySQL and PHP. I have one Wordpress site ...
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How to get data shown out of workspace or directly from application?

Because of some reason I had to use another web browser than my main which I use daily and I chose a small browser which I installed long time ago. This brower is called Dooble, version 0.07 ...
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Could the Kernel stack of a process be empty, when a process is swapped out to a disk?

I am just curious to know whether the Kernel stack could be empty when a process is swapped out to a disk or not?