sudo - Execute a command with superuser privileges.

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3
votes
2answers
516 views

How do you automatically elevate an automatic task to root privileges or is there an alternative approach?

I'm trying to write, in essence, an automatic deployment script for use by our development team and I know I can set up SSH to use keys so that I can automatically authenticate via key instead of ...
5
votes
3answers
293 views

Are sudo and gksudo safe?

I noticed after running a sudo command in terminal or running a administrative application that uses gksudo, it won't ask again for the password for a time (something like 5 minutes). Now let's ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How to change shells via script?

I have to repeat following operation a lot of times, hence I want to automate it. sudo su tcsh cd $workDir Here $workDir is set in ~/.tcshrc. I tried writing two shells scripts. Script1 is temp.sh ...
2
votes
2answers
433 views

Finding root password

I installed a Ubuntu and it only has a user. I can login to the system without login. It doesn't ask me for un/pwd. but when I am in, and I want to run some commands as root (sudo), it ask for ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

log into ec2 using SSH but sudo prompts for password

Have an EC2 instance. Connect via ssh. Can navigate through directories. When I try to use a sudo command, I am prompted for a password. ubuntu@ec2-ip-address:/etc$ sudo su root [sudo] ...
8
votes
2answers
23k views

How do I find out if I am sudoer?

How does Linux system behave when I am not sudoer? Here is what happens if I try to use sudo: server:/tmp>$ sudo cal [sudo] password for user: Sorry, try again. Is it possible that I just don't ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Only one file name allowed error

Sometimes I forget to do sudo vim and open files to which I don't have write permission. I saw this post and it was really helpful. When I did :w !sudo tee % it asked me for a password and then the ...
2
votes
2answers
424 views

Why sudo timestamp is not updated when NOPASSWD is set?

I've set up sudo not to prompt for password by editing the sudoers file: myuser ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL And it works fine, running sudo with no password prompting. But when entering sudo -v I ...
3
votes
3answers
856 views

How can I use `sudo` with a command, but still “be myself”?

My SysAdmin is requiring me to use sudo to run a certain script. This script (depending on which subcommand you pass in as an argument) connects to another machine using ssh keys, but this is ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

X11: Client not authorized when calling with sudo [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I launch a graphical program on another user's desktop as root? I'm trying to do the equivalent of: $ sudo -u myuser DISPLAY=:1 xterm However, it give me the ...
4
votes
1answer
10k views

Tracking what commands were executed after sudo to another user

I have provided sudo to ten users to become another user like nsup. I want to track which user executes which command after they become nsup. If there is a way to store the log files in a common file ...
11
votes
1answer
14k views

Why does cron silently fail to run sudo stuff in my script?

I have a script run from a non-privileged users' crontab that invokes some commands using sudo. Except it doesn't. The script runs fine but the sudo'ed commands silently fail. The script runs ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Emptying a directory owned by another user weekly

I have a temp directory set up where users can place whatever files they need to send to other users via HTTP. The owner of this directory is an SFTP user, and cannot run cron jobs. I have one shell ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

How universal is sudo?

I was writing some instructions on how to install something (TeX-related - if you don't ask, I won't ruin your day by supplying more details) and used sudo to install system-wide. Someone commented ...
2
votes
0answers
755 views

Sudo yum permission denied Fedora 17

On Fedora 13, in /etc/sudoers I used to have a line: Cmnd_Alias SOFTWARE=/usr/bin/yum and then for a user that would have the privilege of installing his/her own RPM packages, an entry like: ...
4
votes
2answers
815 views

Running programs as root with my own password in Scientific Linux/Red Hat/Fedora/CentOS

In Debian-derived Linux distros, if you are not root but are authorized in /etc/sudoers, GNOME will ask you for your own password to allow privileged operations. However, Scientific Linux asks you ...
1
vote
3answers
734 views

How do I execute a newly installed application with Sudo?

I have just installed an application on my Amazon EC2 instance called sshpass. I am having trouble getting it to work properly ( although, it works correctly on a non AWS instance ). I've read in ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Root permission - username ALL=(ALL) ALL does not work

I'm a beginner. I'm trying to give my user root permissions, so I edited the sudoers file like this: black ALL=(ALL) ALL "black" is my username. But I still don't have root permissions, and ...
3
votes
3answers
466 views

Prevent users from killing processes that they own

I have started some processes (window based) from user's .bashrc file. I want to prevent users from killing those processes. Is there a way to transfer the process to superuser so that a normal user ...
4
votes
2answers
16k views

Execute shell script from php, as root user?

Need to execute the following line from PHP: $res = shell_exec('sudo sh /home/nicklas/cronjobs/make_account.sh username password'); The problem is nothing happens on execution. If i try to ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Automate login with sudo and su

I know the security risks, but I am performing this experiment/exercise on an old, seldom used *nix machine I have laying around the house. So doing this exercise will not bring any security risk to ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

how to access homedir by root user

I want to access root user's home directory /root/. However following commands dont lead me to the root directory. sudo -s cd ~ It leads to the home dir of regular user. How to access /root ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Allow paswordless user to change to another passwordless user

I have two users dev and tomcat neither of them have a password. How can I allow dev 1 do su - tomcat without having him having to enter any credentials? 1 connects with ssh keyfile
4
votes
2answers
981 views

Why is `sudo pkill -HUP -f “nginx: master process”` returning code 129 and no output

I'm trying to trigger a reload of the Nginx master process by using pkill and sudo. The server reloads fine, but I was just curious if anyone knows why the command sudo pkill -HUP -f "nginx: master ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Keep kerberos ticket across sudo invocation

On a regular linux machine, when I use sudo -s as a normal user, I become root but HOME still points to ~user, so every admin has his own environment etc. (this is without env_reset or always_set_home ...
7
votes
4answers
17k views

How to restrict to run commands in specific directory through SUDOERS?

I can configure sudo (via the sudoers file) to allow a user to run the chown and chmod commands on any file or directory in the system. However, I only want to grant a user permission to run these ...
0
votes
4answers
152 views

Trying to setup sudo user

I'm trying to setup sudo with no password but still I get prompted for password. I'm using Ubuntu, here is the relevant line from the sudoers configuration file : gandalf ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to solve sudo: unable to execute /bin/ls: Argument list too long

When I run this command from php sudo -u db2inst1 ls -t /var/lib/edumate/bdrs/*/*/daily/*NODE* | sort -r I receive sudo: unable to execute /bin/ls: Argument list too long ls lists all daily backup ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

Allowing a user to use sudo without a password

On a sandbox VM environment, I have a setup of Ubuntu Linux which is firewalled and cannot be accessed from outside the local system. Therefore, on that VM, I'd like to give the administrative user ...
4
votes
1answer
811 views

How to run this in sudo?

I have this line that I execute from php sudo -u db2inst1 -s -- "/opt/ibm/db2/current/bin/db2 connect to PLC; /opt/ibm/db2/current/bin/db2 \"update EDU.contact set MOBILE_PHONE = '123'\"" it works ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

SFTP and sudo using Windows client?

I want to download files from a linux system using a windows client. While there are many SFTP clients I am having the problem, that I need to access files where I need to be root. On the linux system ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

SSH + Sudo + Expect in Bash script: Run command with sudo in remote machine

I am trying to automate the deploy of some .deb packages with an script. I want to execute sudo dpkg -i $myDeb.deb in a list of remote machines I can access with ssh. I've tried to automate the ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

Kubuntu - GUI context menu sudo/root

A couple of years ago I found something in a package manager that added a context menu item that allowed me to open files and save them normally without being harassed about file permissions. Can ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Stay at same working directory when changing to sudo

When working on the command line, I often change to sudo using sudo -i. However, my working directory changes automatically to /root. I never want to go there; I want to stay where I was! How can I ...
1
vote
1answer
467 views

Is there a shorter way to change username, home directory and move files at the same time

I wanted to use and have tried sudo usermod durrantm_test -mdl durrantm_test2 but I get Usage: usermod [options] LOGIN ... However sudo usermod durrantm_test -l durrantm_test2 -md ...
6
votes
2answers
13k views

executing if-statement from command prompt

In bash I can do the following: if [ -f /tmp/test.txt ]; then echo "true"; fi However, if I add sudo in front, it doesn't work anymore: sudo if [ -f /tmp/test.txt ]; then echo "true"; fi -bash: ...
0
votes
0answers
649 views

Segmentation fault while doing `sudo su -`

I am getting a segmentation fault error while doing sudo su - or sudo su - username in Linux Server (RHEL 4.7). Can any one help me resolve this issue? Linux server (RHEL 4.7) is a LDAP client.
5
votes
4answers
8k views

Allow non-admin users to install packages via apt or rpm?

Is it possible to allow non-root users to install packages system-wide using apt or rpm? The place where I work currently has an out of date setup on the linux boxes, and admins are sick of having to ...
11
votes
4answers
8k views

sudo cannot open /etc/sudoers

sudo does not work. I have installed Arch Linux onto a USB key formatted with BTRFS. The output of sudo is: $ sudo sudo: unable to stat /etc/sudoers: Permission denied sudo: no valid sudoers sources ...
20
votes
3answers
998 views

Where can I find documentation about the “sudo !!” command

I just learned that Linux has a sudo !! command which literally applies sudo to the last entered command. I had never heard about it. Is that a common control? Where can I find documentation about ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Is chmod behavior wrong for symlinks?

Recently we had a problem on a Red Hat Linux box with many users: the /usr/bin/sudo binary has lost its sticky bit. Work was blocked until root user fix it (we need sudo for deploying and testing). ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

I accidentally deleted the sudoers file on Mac OS X; is there any way to recover it?

I accidentalley deleted the sudoers file on Mac OS X; is there any way to recover it? And once you've recovered it, how do you set it to mode 0440? I presume not but I am desperate to get it back!
10
votes
5answers
19k views

Can a linux user change their password without knowing the current password?

I'm setting up a few ubuntu boxes, and using opscode's chef as a configuration tool. It would be fairly easy to install public keys for each user on each of these servers, and disable password ...
1
vote
0answers
805 views

Gnome update-notifier doesn't show updates when user not in sudo group (Debian Squeeze)

Gnome desktop notifications of new updates is not working on my system. I noticed that the notifications stopped working when I removed my desktop user from the sudo group (I prefer to have a separate ...
19
votes
2answers
5k views

How does sudo remember you already entered root's password?

When using sudo on Linux, it asks for root password, but only the first time you run it. If you run another sudo command, it remember you already entered the password previously and doesn't ask for ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

exclude commands from user's sudo permissions

Consider the following line in a /etc/sudoers file: username ALL=(ALL) ALL, !/usr/bin/passwd as far as I know, this allows user username to use sudo, unless he not uses /usr/bin/passwd. But ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How to configure sudoers to allow running sudo command under other group and user name?

How to configure sudoers to prevent having the Sorry, user ****** is not allowed to execute error message. Background For the purpose of testing how a python script under a less privileged user and ...
26
votes
2answers
13k views

su vs sudo -s vs sudo bash

What is the difference between the following commands: su sudo -s sudo bash I know for su I need to know the root password, and for sudo I have to be in the sudoers file, but once executed what is ...
4
votes
0answers
489 views

How to enable `sudo` with custom functions?

Recently I learned you can enable sudo for custom aliases as follows: alias sudo='sudo ' # note: the space is required! The reason this works is the following: If the last character of the ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

permission reporting on sudoers

I'm looking for a good, consistent and easy way to do a report of sudoers permissions for every user and group on the system. For users, I want the report to include permissions granted via group ...