su is a utility to run a shell or other command as another user (root by default).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
2answers
164 views

Is there a graphical sudo (kdesudo, gksudo, su-to-root, …) tool that works passwordless?

Apparently gksudo is not obeying /etc/sudoers, neither does kdesu. Therefore asking the other way around... Is there any su-to-root, gksudo, kdesudo, etc. alike tool, that supports starting gui ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

limits.conf modification doesn't work

On a SLES 9 machine I added the line: vi /etc/security/limits.conf USERNAME hard cpu 70 but when I check it with "ulimit -a": SERVER:~ # su USERNAME USERNAME@SERVER:/root> ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

How to run the script that requires root acccess as a regular user without adding that user to sudoers?

I have an account with root privileges and need to run the install script for a specific user. I don't want/can't analyse the script upfront to figure out the list of all other packages it is going to ...
12
votes
2answers
12k views

I Can't login as root with su command, but I can with SSH

How is it possible that I cannot log in as root by su root or su (I get incorrect password error), but I can log in by ssh root@localhost or ssh root@my_local_IP with the same password? I'm using ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Switch users with sudo or su in a shell script

I inherited this. Long story short I have an XML file that is calling a shell to run some commands. Everything I have tried has failed at the second su in the script. Here are some of the failure ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

/etc/sudoers file help in giving access to all command in UNIX

/etc/sudoers file help in giving access to all command in UNIX. I read it has rules specified like #root ALL=(ALL|ALL):ALL that specifies root accesses. My question is when we execute a command ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Unable to su into an account: could not open session

in my Linux machine - red-hat I successfully to login to different users as the following su - userC [machine@Linux ~]$ pwd [machine@Linux ~]$ /Users/userC but only in one user I get the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How to propagate TSTP while running a program as a different user

I'm running a terminal application via "su" in this fashion: su -c "/path/to/app --args" username This is done from a root context, and 'username' is a less privileged user in the system. The ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Ubuntu runuser command?

I am creating a bash script that requires to run commands as a specific user. As a result I am using the command: runuser I have tested this script and it works perfectly in Ubuntu Server 14.10. ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Problem with either su username -c “./script.sh” and sudo -u username bash -c “./script.sh” and Java classpath

I am seeing some strange behavior that has led me to wonder how the environment differs when running either of these 2 commands, versus using su username and then running the commands as the user one ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Accidentally deleted /bin/su

I was working in /bin on my Ubuntu system and ended up deleting su via a typing error while trying to do other editing. So now I have no way of swapping back and forth between users and root. I have ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Fedora: How can I add myself back to sudoers file?

I've accidentally removed myself from sudoers file by doing usermod -G user group without -a, and now I am not in the sudoers group. I've tried doing su - and entering root's password but it says su: ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

su cannot execute bin/bash/****

I installed Kali Linux on a VM machine and I cannot change my user to root from the terminal using su. The command sudo works fine but when I try to su, it says "cannot execute bin/bash/****(my user ...
5
votes
2answers
55 views

Permissions depending on how you login: ssh/su/sudo

As user I have access to a remote linux machine where I can: sudo su - other_user Among other things, this allows me to add my own public key to authorized_keys for other_user, which effectively ...
2
votes
1answer
941 views

How can I run as another user?

This is the bash code that should be runned. So first it substitutes the user to openproject and than runs all the code su openproject -c "bash -l" cd ~/openproject git checkout Gemfile.lock git ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

su - -c 'll' other_user results in error, how can I run this other user's alias?

In current bash session, I just want to change to another user for some bash command. The command is aliased to some script defined in another user's .bashrc or .profile. Am I able to make it ...
2
votes
4answers
7k views

How to login as root from Bash and do stuff

This is my simple bash: cat test.sh #!/bin/bash echo "hello" su - root -c /path/to/script.sh <<EOF password EOF whoami echo "good bye" But I get this error: ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Some commands does not work in su envirorment

I have logged in to CentOS 5 machine with normal user and then I used su command to login as root user. Now commands like ifconfig, useradd, userdel are not working on machine and it gives command not ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

“su” with error “X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication.”

As root, I'm connecting to a remote host to execute a command. Only "standarduser" has the appropriate id-file and correct .ssh/config, so I'm switching the user first: su standarduser -c 'ssh -x ...
2
votes
2answers
410 views

Unable to pass the password to su in a script

I am writing a build script. This script has to copy a file in the end. This file will be placed in another users home directory and it is also necessary that the file belongs to this second user. My ...
2
votes
3answers
646 views

What mechanism prevents any user from accessing any other user's files via root?

On a multi-user system, what protects against any user accessing any other users files via root? As context, the question is based on my understanding as follows: There are two commands related to ...
3
votes
3answers
53 views

Understanding a couple of points regarding root privileges

I just wanted to confirm my understanding of a couple of things related to root privileges. Is it correct that: The user name "administrator" is not a reserved name with implied privileges, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Is it possible to set the users .gitconfig (for git config --global) dynamically?

I have the problem, that we login to the systems as our own users johndoe and then have to do a sudo su - root to be able to do administrative tasks. We have the system config files in a git ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

How can I sudo su and change directory just after?

I would like to create an alias that does something like this: alias userYYY='sudo su userYYY; cd /a/path/that/only/userYYY/has/access' So then from my command line, I am logged in with a sudoer ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Pass arguments to a command run by another user

I have a bash script that is supposed to take some arguments and then run in a different user: test.sh #!/bin/bash sudo su user2 <<'EOF' echo $1 EOF However it prints blank: $ ./test.sh ...
7
votes
5answers
5k views

How do I suppress dd output?

I have a bash script that creates some file using dd. The problem is dd throws a great amount of output that is going to mess with the output of my script. Searching around I've found a solution: dd ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

how to write a script that will run commands after su, without using -c

I'm trying to automate a standard activity on a system I do not have root access on. The administrator of the systems have given me authority to run sudo su - 'user' command, and only that command. ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Why can't I login in as the ftp user?

After installing vsftpd I have the user ftp on my system. I assigned a password to this account. However, I still cannot login as the ftp user (on the command line, without any ftp-protocol involved). ...
28
votes
6answers
18k views

What is the need for `fakeroot` command in linux

Why do we need fakeroot command at all? Can't we simply use the sudo or su commands? The man page says: fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Permission denied when trying to run script as other user

I'm trying to run a script as another user that starts a piece of software (Etherpad), which is run like so (from root): su -c "/var/www/etherpad-lite/bin/run.sh" -s /bin/bash etherpad but I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Getting the process-id out of command launched with “su -c”

I am running a java program inside a shell and writing the process-id to a text file. So when I do this: nohup java app.Main > /dev/null 2>&1 & echo $! > /var/run/app.pid It works. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is the 'sudo' password different than the 'su root' password

On my personal machine, I often type sudo in front of certain commands in order to accomplish administrative tasks. I had hoped to avoid doing this throughout the day, by typing su root and providing ...
5
votes
1answer
674 views

What does su - `whoami` command do?

I am running a script in my project and I see this command su - `whoami` I am having a few basic questions: What does this command do ? What is the significance of `` quotes outside the whoami ...
0
votes
4answers
10k views

Is there a difference between sudo su - root and sudo -u root -H /bin/bash?

Like title says, is there a difference between these two commands : sudo su - root sudo -u root -H /bin/bash I'm using GNU/Linux, if that makes a difference.
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Difference between sudo -s and sudo su -

It might be a duplicate and I'm pretty sure I already show an answer to that somewhere, but I wondered what are the difference in term of right and variable and other stuff between sudo -s and sudo su ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What do I need in my script to be able to change ownership of a directory structure that belongs to root to the current user running the bash script?

My bash script has the following section: su root -c chown -R smithb:other /export/home/smithb/workspace/rootownsit/ exit The directory rootownsit and its two sub directories were created and is ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

Use non-root user configuration for root account

When I work with the terminal and use su or sudo to execute a command with the root user's permissions, is it possible to apply the configuration of my "non-root user" (from which I am invoking su or ...
3
votes
2answers
618 views

Sudo Su automated login

I want to automate the login process with sudo su. I have seen lot of questions on these, but none of them are working for me. Automate login with sudo and su Here's my what I tried so far echo ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Switching users without the - symbol

I had to switch to a different user earlier for something that I was working on. I have originally done: su support While I was successfully able to switch to support, I found I was unable to make ...
10
votes
3answers
7k views

.bash_profile not sourced when running su

I have a user, say user1, which has modifications to its .bash_profile, one of them changing the PATH, e.g.: export PATH=/some/place:$PATH. This change works fine if I log on as user1 or do a su - ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Does root not require a password to log in as a user?

Does root not require a password to log in as a user even though a password has been set for that user? When I am logged in as "root", su user logs me in as "user". There is no prompt for a password. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Running GUI application as another (non-root) user

Let's say I have 2 user accounts user1 and user2. When I login as user1, and then switch to user2 using su, I can execute command-line programs, but GUI programs fail. Example: user1@laptop:~$ su - ...
0
votes
2answers
207 views

Error when running X11 application as root

I get this wierd error when I run applications as root. **(gedit:630): WARNING **: could not open X display No protocol specified Unable to init server (gedit:630): Gtk-WARNING **: Cannot open ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

su not asking for password

My su does not ask for password. When I run su it simply logs me in to root. I tried su - root then it asks for password. Now, because of this kdesu runs applications with root rights without ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Problem executing command as differetn user with sudo -u

I have the following problem When I'm trying to execute ls as user abc with the following command I get an error: xyz@host:~/temp$ sudo -u abc ls [sudo] password for xyz: Sorry, user xyz is not ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Making su ask for password multiple times

Is there some way to make su ask for the password again in case of a wrong password (just as sudo does)? Initially I thought of this: while ! su -c foo; do read -n 1 -p "Retry(y/n)?" ch if [[ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How do I switch user without any references to the old one?

A while back, when playing with unprivileged LXC, I discovered that the command to create a container failed if I used su to switch to the user, but it worked if I used ssh user@localhost to login. ...
3
votes
1answer
497 views

Why can I only use apt-get when I use “su”?

Not sure what info you need here, if any. Just let me know. I have a proxy that bypasses the corporate net set in my profile file for both su and normal user. When I do a sudo or regular apt-get ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Command : must be run from a terminal

I have a shared hosting account, I logged using ssh. when I type for example su I had this output : su: must be run from a terminal Is this error relative to the fact that I don't have sufficient ...
2
votes
3answers
167 views

Can sudo replace su?

There is much duplication of functionality on Linux-based systems, for example these do the same thing: sudo --login --user <user> sudo su - <user> The sudo-only approach looks more ...