su is a utility to run a shell or other command as another user (root by default).

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2
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0answers
387 views

Decrypting with GPG after a “su - different user”

I have cron job running a script in the cron of "USER A" that encrypts many files in a loop using the gpg command below: gpg --batch --cipher-algo AES256 --passphrase "PASSWORDISHERE" -c FILENAME "...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Pass arguments to a command run by another user

I have a bash script that is supposed to take some arguments and then run in a different user: test.sh #!/bin/bash sudo su user2 <<'EOF' echo $1 EOF However it prints blank: $ ./test.sh ...
7
votes
1answer
776 views

When running 'su - username', pam_group doesn't add additional groups from /etc/security/group.conf but sshd login does?

I am having trouble determining why su doesn't behave as the PAM configuration would imply. In short, using su to become another user should load secondary groups according to PAM configuration, but ...
0
votes
2answers
501 views

executing command as su

I am executing this command as su. I have made the connection with SSH (using sshNet), and then when I try to set the command su -, I get no response. I have the password and the command I would like ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Running some parts of a script as an unprivileged user with shell environment

I am creating an instance configuration script that sets up a machine. I am running the script via sudo i.e. sudo run.sh. Most of the steps require root access but some of the script's steps do no ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Sudo Su automated login

I want to automate the login process with sudo su. I have seen lot of questions on these, but none of them are working for me. Automate login with sudo and su Here's my what I tried so far echo "...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why root does not source .bash_profile?

Everytime I try to login as root using su (not su -), it doesn't source .bash_profile in user1's home directory. Basically my /var/root directory doesn't have .bash_profile, so I put a copy of ....
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Script to su -c into a screen is not working as intended

I'm working on a script that will allow me to load up a screen from a user via sudo and su -c. However, when I use it, it will just show the shell of the user: sudo su -c "script /dev/null; screen -r ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Can't switch to a specific system account with su

I can't switch to user jenkins on an OpenVZ container. There is still a jenkins process running, which was started by this user. I tried # su jenkins; it does not switch to the jenkins user. There is ...
0
votes
2answers
282 views

Why doesn't `sudo su -l -c “java”` work even though `sudo su -l -c “echo $PATH”` displays the location of the java binary? [duplicate]

I have a server with Java binaries from a tarball on a custom location, and the following in /etc/bash.bashrc: export JAVA_HOME=/path/to/java/home export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH When I run sudo ...
3
votes
3answers
452 views

SUID accidently removed from /bin/su file

It is a production server - CENTOS 6.1 Some user having root access in the past had logged on to the server and removed the SUID bit from the /bin/su file and then exited root. Now we are not able to ...
1
vote
2answers
439 views

Any special permission ssh remote command working on fifo file(aka named pipe)?

I need to redirect some strings to a fifo file with ssh remote command, but always got permission denied, the command I executed is: ssh rundeck@nagios1 sudo su - root -c 'printf "...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Maintaining the Current Style of the Command Prompt After Using 'su?'

When I use the su command in OS X's Terminal — say, to quickly switch to an administrator account to mount a drive using diskutil — the style of the command prompt changes. ...
0
votes
2answers
373 views

provide password for script begin called inside another script [duplicate]

I have written a shell script which in turn calls another script, but the second one prompts for password. I want to supply the password and pass the prompt without user begin notified. Here is my ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

su or sudo keeping/removing certain environment variables

I would like to be able to log in as another user and keep most, but not all of my environment. Specifically, I would like to set $HOME to the correct value for the new user, but keep probably ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

How to switch user with pre-configured credentials in SSH Terminal after logging in as standard user

I was wondering how to execute a command file where: After logging in as a standard user, I want to switch user to "username" with password being "password", I can successfully execute the command.txt ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

shell scripting and running after switching to other user

I have the following commands that I want to have them all in one shell file: su – s3 lizinfo.sh –b when the first linex executes, it prompts and the command prompt become like as below: -bash-3....
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Ubuntu CentOS RHEL cross bash script su support

I know that title was a little ambiguous. Allow me to explain our issue. We designed an installer script on Ubuntu since Debian based systems are our primary core, however, some of our cloud based ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there a way to see which user is logged into the system and has switched with “su”?

There are many person that may have access to the system and use a common user with more grants. How can I see which user is running a command? is there a way to use "ps" for that?
49
votes
7answers
41k views

What is the need for `fakeroot` command in linux

Why do we need fakeroot command at all? Can't we simply use the sudo or su commands? The man page says: fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation ...
-1
votes
2answers
735 views

Is it possible to write a script that run su or sudo command without typing password? [duplicate]

Is it possible to write a script that run su or sudo command without typing password?. I googled and its said that su doesn't read password from buffer. So is there any solution?
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Bash script class path issue with java

Content of /opt/scripts/jvm/jvm.script.sh #!/bin/bash JAVA_HOME='/java' PATH="$PATH:/$JAVA_HOME/bin" java -cp ./classes:./lib com.mystuff.bar.foo.myclass & Content of /etc/init.d/init.script.sh ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How to propagate TSTP while running a program as a different user

I'm running a terminal application via "su" in this fashion: su -c "/path/to/app --args" username This is done from a root context, and 'username' is a less privileged user in the system. The ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a graphical sudo (kdesudo, gksudo, su-to-root, …) tool that works passwordless?

Apparently gksudo is not obeying /etc/sudoers, neither does kdesu. Therefore asking the other way around... Is there any su-to-root, gksudo, kdesudo, etc. alike tool, that supports starting gui ...
1
vote
1answer
9k views

Switch users with sudo or su in a shell script

I inherited this. Long story short I have an XML file that is calling a shell to run some commands. Everything I have tried has failed at the second su in the script. Here are some of the failure ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

/etc/sudoers file help in giving access to all command in UNIX

/etc/sudoers file help in giving access to all command in UNIX. I read it has rules specified like #root ALL=(ALL|ALL):ALL that specifies root accesses. My question is when we execute a command ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

Ubuntu runuser command?

I am creating a bash script that requires to run commands as a specific user. As a result I am using the command: runuser I have tested this script and it works perfectly in Ubuntu Server 14.10. ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Problem with either su username -c “./script.sh” and sudo -u username bash -c “./script.sh” and Java classpath

I am seeing some strange behavior that has led me to wonder how the environment differs when running either of these 2 commands, versus using su username and then running the commands as the user one ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Accidentally deleted /bin/su

I was working in /bin on my Ubuntu system and ended up deleting su via a typing error while trying to do other editing. So now I have no way of swapping back and forth between users and root. I have ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

su cannot execute bin/bash/****

I installed Kali Linux on a VM machine and I cannot change my user to root from the terminal using su. The command sudo works fine but when I try to su, it says "cannot execute bin/bash/****(my user ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Permissions depending on how you login: ssh/su/sudo

As user I have access to a remote linux machine where I can: sudo su - other_user Among other things, this allows me to add my own public key to authorized_keys for other_user, which effectively ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

su - -c 'll' other_user results in error, how can I run this other user's alias?

In current bash session, I just want to change to another user for some bash command. The command is aliased to some script defined in another user's .bashrc or .profile. Am I able to make it ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Some commands does not work in su envirorment

I have logged in to CentOS 5 machine with normal user and then I used su command to login as root user. Now commands like ifconfig, useradd, userdel are not working on machine and it gives command not ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What mechanism prevents any user from accessing any other user's files via root?

On a multi-user system, what protects against any user accessing any other users files via root? As context, the question is based on my understanding as follows: There are two commands related to ...
3
votes
3answers
106 views

Understanding a couple of points regarding root privileges

I just wanted to confirm my understanding of a couple of things related to root privileges. Is it correct that: The user name "administrator" is not a reserved name with implied privileges, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
823 views

Is it possible to set the users .gitconfig (for git config --global) dynamically?

I have the problem, that we login to the systems as our own users johndoe and then have to do a sudo su - root to be able to do administrative tasks. We have the system config files in a git ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

how to write a script that will run commands after su, without using -c

I'm trying to automate a standard activity on a system I do not have root access on. The administrator of the systems have given me authority to run sudo su - 'user' command, and only that command. ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Why can't I login in as the ftp user?

After installing vsftpd I have the user ftp on my system. I assigned a password to this account. However, I still cannot login as the ftp user (on the command line, without any ftp-protocol involved). ...
1
vote
1answer
936 views

Permission denied when trying to run script as other user

I'm trying to run a script as another user that starts a piece of software (Etherpad), which is run like so (from root): su -c "/var/www/etherpad-lite/bin/run.sh" -s /bin/bash etherpad but I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Getting the process-id out of command launched with “su -c”

I am running a java program inside a shell and writing the process-id to a text file. So when I do this: nohup java app.Main > /dev/null 2>&1 & echo $! > /var/run/app.pid It works. ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

Why is the 'sudo' password different than the 'su root' password

On my personal machine, I often type sudo in front of certain commands in order to accomplish administrative tasks. I had hoped to avoid doing this throughout the day, by typing su root and providing ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What does su - `whoami` command do?

I am running a script in my project and I see this command su - `whoami` I am having a few basic questions: What does this command do ? What is the significance of `` quotes outside the whoami ...
2
votes
4answers
28k views

Is there a difference between sudo su - root and sudo -u root -H /bin/bash?

Like title says, is there a difference between these two commands : sudo su - root sudo -u root -H /bin/bash I'm using GNU/Linux, if that makes a difference.
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Difference between sudo -s and sudo su -

It might be a duplicate and I'm pretty sure I already show an answer to that somewhere, but I wondered what are the difference in term of right and variable and other stuff between sudo -s and sudo su ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

What do I need in my script to be able to change ownership of a directory structure that belongs to root to the current user running the bash script?

My bash script has the following section: su root -c chown -R smithb:other /export/home/smithb/workspace/rootownsit/ exit The directory rootownsit and its two sub directories were created and is ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Use non-root user configuration for root account

When I work with the terminal and use su or sudo to execute a command with the root user's permissions, is it possible to apply the configuration of my "non-root user" (from which I am invoking su or ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Switching users without the - symbol

I had to switch to a different user earlier for something that I was working on. I have originally done: su support While I was successfully able to switch to support, I found I was unable to make ...
22
votes
3answers
18k views

.bash_profile not sourced when running su

I have a user, say user1, which has modifications to its .bash_profile, one of them changing the PATH, e.g.: export PATH=/some/place:$PATH. This change works fine if I log on as user1 or do a su - ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Does root not require a password to log in as a user?

Does root not require a password to log in as a user even though a password has been set for that user? When I am logged in as "root", su user logs me in as "user". There is no prompt for a password. ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Running GUI application as another (non-root) user

Let's say I have 2 user accounts user1 and user2. When I login as user1, and then switch to user2 using su, I can execute command-line programs, but GUI programs fail. Example: user1@laptop:~$ su - ...