su is a utility to run a shell or other command as another user (root by default).

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2
votes
1answer
366 views

su not asking for password

My su does not ask for password. When I run su it simply logs me in to root. I tried su - root then it asks for password. Now, because of this kdesu runs applications with root rights without ...
0
votes
2answers
655 views

Error when running X11 application as root

I get this wierd error when I run applications as root. **(gedit:630): WARNING **: could not open X display No protocol specified Unable to init server (gedit:630): Gtk-WARNING **: Cannot open ...
1
vote
2answers
149 views

Problem executing command as differetn user with sudo -u

I have the following problem When I'm trying to execute ls as user abc with the following command I get an error: xyz@host:~/temp$ sudo -u abc ls [sudo] password for xyz: Sorry, user xyz is not ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Making su ask for password multiple times

Is there some way to make su ask for the password again in case of a wrong password (just as sudo does)? Initially I thought of this: while ! su -c foo; do read -n 1 -p "Retry(y/n)?" ch if [[ ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How do I switch user without any references to the old one?

A while back, when playing with unprivileged LXC, I discovered that the command to create a container failed if I used su to switch to the user, but it worked if I used ssh user@localhost to login. ...
2
votes
3answers
188 views

Can sudo replace su?

There is much duplication of functionality on Linux-based systems, for example these do the same thing: sudo --login --user <user> sudo su - <user> The sudo-only approach looks more ...
0
votes
1answer
264 views

How do you keep the password hidden when invoked during the su command?

This is the first time it has happened to me where I am using the su command and it actually displays the password on the terminal and doesn't stay hidden. Here is my code snippet: sshpass -p ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Switch users with sudo or su in a shell script

I inherited this. Long story short I have an XML file that is calling a shell to run some commands. Everything I have tried has failed at the second su in the script. Here are some of the failure ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

How to create an executable bash script for these commands?

I wish to create an executable bash script that will run the following commands as root, that is, using sudo su iptables-save | awk '/^[*]/ { print $1 } /^:[A-Z]+ [^-]/ { print ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Wrong Permission to /etc folder [duplicate]

I have given the wrong permission to the /etc folder chmod -R 777 /etc When I want to login as root it gives me an error and the following output. How can I correct the permissions? ...
1
vote
3answers
622 views

How to return from root log-in to my user log-in?

I'm using SuSE Linux Enterprise and I know that there is a command su root for changing to root log-in. But what about the other way around? If I prefer to return to my user account, how to do it? ...
1
vote
1answer
289 views

su to another user using ssh keys?

Assuming that user_A and user_B set up and exchange public ssh keys with each other, is it possible for user_A to su into user_B on the same machine?
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Help Parsing `su` Command … What Does the Hyphen Do? [duplicate]

In the command su - username, what is the function of the hyphen? It seems to work all the same without the hyphen.
2
votes
1answer
673 views

root login silently fails

After some months of not touching it I wanted to login to one of our virtual servers to update OpenSSL, because of the heartbleed thing. The server is running Debian 7, sudo is not installed. I ...
3
votes
2answers
824 views

Passing arguments to su-provided shell

man su says: You can use the -- argument to separate su options from the arguments supplied to the shell. man bash says: -- A -- signals the end of options and disables further option ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

How do I emulate su's behavior with sudo?

I'm trying to make sudo ask for target password, except when run by root. Here's what I do: Defaults:!root targetpw This way it asks for my password, and if I make it like this: Defaults:yuri ...
8
votes
2answers
326 views

How do I elevate privileges in the middle of pipeline?

My guess was as follows: echo "Generating some text" | su - -c cat >/output/file But su says: su: must be run from a terminal What would you do?
1
vote
2answers
132 views

How to log out of su and another user

So when I am logged in as a standard user in an ssh session and then su to root, how can I log out of both accounts with a single command? Rather than: root@host:/exit user@host:/exit something ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Impossible to execute a command by using su for another (system) user

I've created my user like this: sudo adduser --disabled-password --system --home /var/lib/deluge --gecos "Deluge server" --group deluge The content of /etc/passwd: deluge:x:110:114:Deluge ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Changing the PATH variable for a process running as a user on Linux

I have a server application which I start using an init.d script and run as a user: su $USER -c "${PLAY} start ${APPLICATION_PATH} --%prod-test >/dev/null" The application needs ffmpeg, which is ...
0
votes
3answers
587 views

Can sudo to user but 'run command as' is denied?

I was wondering how to run a command as another user from a script without password. sudo -l return: (root) NOPASSWD: /bin/su - someuser There is no problem to sudo as someuser. Command sudo su - ...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

I Can't login as root with su command, but I can with SSH

How is it possible that I cannot log in as root by su root or su (I get incorrect password error), but I can log in by ssh root@localhost or ssh root@my_local_IP with the same password? I'm using ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

super user group or user?

I am using the following command in Oracle Exadata: sudo su - odiadmin As sudo prompts for my own password, I am wondering if I upgrade myself to super user or do I switch to superuser ...
3
votes
4answers
11k views

How to login as root from Bash and do stuff

This is my simple bash: cat test.sh #!/bin/bash echo "hello" su - root -c /path/to/script.sh <<EOF password EOF whoami echo "good bye" But I get this error: ...
3
votes
2answers
12k views

Cannot connect to X server :0.0 as superuser

When I am online, I get following error and the tool does not start: [root@dhcppc9 lin64]# ./ise No protocol specified _pn: cannot connect to X server :0.0 But everything is OK when I am not a ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Why would we su without -? [duplicate]

When we do su John I switch as user John. When we do su - John I switch as user John having user John's environment. As far as I can see the first option is useless. What is the use of switching to ...
12
votes
2answers
15k views

“su” with error “X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication.”

As root, I'm connecting to a remote host to execute a command. Only "standarduser" has the appropriate id-file and correct .ssh/config, so I'm switching the user first: su standarduser -c 'ssh -x ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is the 'sudo' password different than the 'su root' password

On my personal machine, I often type sudo in front of certain commands in order to accomplish administrative tasks. I had hoped to avoid doing this throughout the day, by typing su root and providing ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Why can't I su when if I am in the wheel group in OpenBSD?

Using a OpenBSD 5.4 (GENERIC) #37: Tue Jul 30 15:24:05 MDT 2013 I created a new user named "bela" and added it to the wheel group: # adduser Use option ``-silent'' if you don't want to see all ...
1
vote
2answers
472 views

Script to su -c into a screen is not working as intended

I'm working on a script that will allow me to load up a screen from a user via sudo and su -c. However, when I use it, it will just show the shell of the user: sudo su -c "script /dev/null; screen -r ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Running GUI application as another (non-root) user

Let's say I have 2 user accounts user1 and user2. When I login as user1, and then switch to user2 using su, I can execute command-line programs, but GUI programs fail. Example: user1@laptop:~$ su - ...
1
vote
0answers
840 views

Automate `pbrun su` via plink

I am trying to automate an sFTP process for our project. When I login with PuTTY and manually type the command pbrun su - user1, root access is given to user1 and I am able to do the sFTP process. I ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Is there any point in using `sudo` when you are the sole user of your machine?

I'd like to know if there is any reason why I should use sudo instead of su, taking into account that I am the owner and sole user of my machine (and hence have root access whenever I want). Also, in ...
0
votes
1answer
489 views

How to get pid of su --session-command file thats ran on there [closed]

This line ran in a script su --session-command="$javaCommandLine & >>$serviceLogFile 2>&1 & echo \$! >$pidFile" $serviceUser || return 1 pid="$(<$pidFile)" echo $pid The ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Command : must be run from a terminal

I have a shared hosting account, I logged using ssh. when I type for example su I had this output : su: must be run from a terminal Is this error relative to the fact that I don't have sufficient ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

su - user doesn't work for users without a password

I've created a user on CentOS with useradd -M username. Now, I want to become that user just like su - username. It asks me for a password for that user but I didn't set a password for that user. As ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Difference between sudo -i and sudo su [duplicate]

I was wondering what the difference is between sudo -i and sudo su?
1
vote
0answers
73 views

can't access account with empty password

I used the passwd command to remove the password for my account. Now, when I try to use su to log in to my account, it won't let me enter an empty password. So now, I can't access my account. Any ...
4
votes
2answers
334 views

How do I execute a command on login for a system user with no home folder and no personal .bashrc file?

I set these users' home folders through the /etc/passwd file, but when they log in I would like them to activate a python virtualenv. If they had a personal .bashrc file, I'd just include the activate ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

How can i run a part of a script as a different user?

#!/bin/ksh (some code) Log=~/my.log chown USER1 filename su - USER1 -c " date | tee -a ${Log} 2>&1; cd /blah/blah if [ SOMECONDITION ] then sh ./somescript.ksh > logfile fi exit" | tee -a ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

How to gain root privileges for specific user if we have root password? [closed]

Can someone suggest how can I change process privileges in Linux to root ? Assume, I have a normal process running under some user-consider me. Now my script should create some users using 'useradd' ...
1
vote
2answers
302 views

Can't run su after changing permissions to su file

I am running Linux Slackware 14.0. I wanted to allow to do su only to the members of wheel group, so I modified the permissions of /bin/su and /usr/bin/sudo files to this: bash-4.2# ls -la /bin/su ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

How to allow to run su instantly after I added the user to the appropriate group

I have the su executable with the following permissions: bash-4.2# ls -la /bin/su -rws--s--- 1 root wheel 59930 Sep 14 2012 ./su When I am logged in as a user, not in the wheel group and try to ...
0
votes
3answers
849 views

Create a file as a different user and group

I have a bash script with downloads some files, and then needs to set the owner to apache, and the group to a particular user group (that apache is not a member of). Is there a way to create those ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

how to ssh -Y and then su - <another user> and still forward X applications to your local machine

it is easy enough to 'fetch' (ie draw locally) a remotely running linux application: If I ssh -Y to the remote machine and run an application, that application will surely enough pop up in my local ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How does this su -c “…” command seem to pass two commands instead of one?

I am trying to understand the script below and I am confused about the su line. I understand the postgres command line arguments. when I do man su the manual says -c, --command=COMMAND ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

I want to create a script so that I don't have to type su and password every time [closed]

I want to create a script so that I don't have to type su and the password for logging into root every time.
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Why can't we execute a list of commands as different user without sudo?

This question has been asked in a different way in other forums. But there has not been a decent explanation why you can't do the below in bash. #!/bin/bash command1 SWITCH_USER_TO rag command2 ...
1
vote
3answers
111 views

Is there any way to disable shutdowning remote machine?

I sometimes mistakenly shutdown the remote machine by using sudo init 0, so I wrote something like in one of my rc files: alias sudo='sudo ' if [ $SSH_CLIENT ]; then alias init 'echo Never use init ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Confused on user and su in linux

How could I run a script as a specific user (non-root)? As this? sudo su - john /usr/share/script.pl for user john?