su is a utility to run a shell or other command as another user (root by default).

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2
votes
4answers
4k views

Allow paswordless user to change to another passwordless user

I have two users dev and tomcat neither of them have a password. How can I allow dev 1 do su - tomcat without having him having to enter any credentials? 1 connects with ssh keyfile
26
votes
2answers
13k views

su vs sudo -s vs sudo bash

What is the difference between the following commands: su sudo -s sudo bash I know for su I need to know the root password, and for sudo I have to be in the sudoers file, but once executed what is ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Why does man page completion fail after su?

I have a default Debian 8.1 installation. I do su man apt<TAB> but get nothing. I do see the manual when I write man apt-get in both modes: as user mas and as root. However, tab ...
42
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there ever a good reason to run sudo su?

To launch a root shell on machines where the root account is disabled, you can run one of: sudo -i : run an interactive login shell (reads /root/.bashrc and /root/.profile) sudo -s : run a non-login ...
82
votes
2answers
14k views

Why do we use su - and not just su?

I don't understand why su - is preferred over su to login as root.
16
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between sudo su - and sudo su --

When I am working on our RHEL machines, I use sudo su - to switch to being root. One day, a typo meant I typed sudo su -- instead - it seems to me that everything was the same as with a single hyphen, ...
9
votes
7answers
7k views

How do I suppress dd output?

I have a bash script that creates some file using dd. The problem is dd throws a great amount of output that is going to mess with the output of my script. Searching around I've found a solution: dd ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Possible to pipe command using su via ssh

I'm trying to write a python script to remotely update the login passwords for a set of account I administer - I can already successfully use python to pipe remote commands via the stdin of an ssh ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Set root password AMI linux

I need set a password for root on EC2 AMI linux. I have tried with passwd root but if I enter with ec2-user and run sudo su, I get a root bash without asking for a password.
7
votes
3answers
28k views

su options - running command as another user

I was wondering how to run a command as another user from a script. I have the script's owner set as root. I also have the following command being run within the script to run the command as the ...
17
votes
2answers
21k views

“su” with error “X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication.”

As root, I'm connecting to a remote host to execute a command. Only "standarduser" has the appropriate id-file and correct .ssh/config, so I'm switching the user first: su standarduser -c 'ssh -x ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Disabling su - <user1> alone

In my Team , we have a server which few people know the root password I can see they log into root and then use su - user1 to use from user1 login., I cannot change root password for some reasons , ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

sudo / su to user in a specific group

I am looking to setup a generic user that has the ability to su/sudo to any user in a specific group. Either that or to any user that has a specific naming scheme. Is this possible on linux? I ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

switch to sudo user with AND command doesnt work

I am trying to copy the ssh private key from one user to another user in single shot. sudo su && cp /home/sk/keys/master.pem /home/sg-user/keys/ This command works well, when i run them one ...
2
votes
2answers
477 views

How to source correct startup scripts on interactive, non-login shell

I'm trying to set up a sane/usable environment in a barebones OpenSolaris-derivative (OmniOS, a distribution of Illumos/OpenIndiana). I have all the plumbing code I need in .profile, .inputrc, and ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

su - with -s option and environment - why symbolic link doesn't work? [duplicate]

here's the trick: [root@aaa ~]# su - -s /bin/sh gerrit -c 'env' HOSTNAME=aaa JAVA_HOMEC=/opt/jdk/ SHELL=/bin/sh TERM=xterm-256color HISTSIZE=1000 JRE_HOME=/opt/jdk/jre/ USER=gerrit ...
90
votes
8answers
14k views

Which is the safest way to get root privileges: sudo, su or login?

I would like to have the root account in safety even if my unprivileged user is compromised. On Ubuntu you can only use sudo for "security reasons" by default. However I am not sure it is any safer ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Use sudo as login

I've picked up the habit of using sudo and disallowing root logins. In cases, sudo is integrated with GUI configuration tools that require it. Are there any serious efforts to replace login and ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Bind a directory as me

Analogous for a regular user running a thin FTP server (where others can access the file system with his/her permissions), can a regular user (through fuse maybe) "mount" a directory for others to use ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

How can I run as another user?

This is the bash code that should be runned. So first it substitutes the user to openproject and than runs all the code su openproject -c "bash -l" cd ~/openproject git checkout Gemfile.lock git ...
3
votes
4answers
16k views

How to login as root from Bash and do stuff

This is my simple bash: cat test.sh #!/bin/bash echo "hello" su - root -c /path/to/script.sh <<EOF password EOF whoami echo "good bye" But I get this error: ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

su -c command fails when sending db2 commands

I have a script I've setup to run a number of tasks, one of which is to set up a table in a DB and later remove it (for automated testing). The issue comes that on only a few of the users that I use ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

limits.conf modification doesn't work

On a SLES 9 machine I added the line: vi /etc/security/limits.conf USERNAME hard cpu 70 but when I check it with "ulimit -a": SERVER:~ # su USERNAME USERNAME@SERVER:/root> ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

how to pass environment variable to sudo su

I basically need to do this: DUMMY=dummy sudo su - ec2-user -c 'echo $DUMMY' This doesnt work. How can I pass the env variable $DUMMY to su? -p doesnt work with -l.
1
vote
3answers
95 views

Differences between sudo and su in inheriting environment

Why can the command run by sudo inherit the environment from the parent shell process, while the shell process after sudo su to the root user doesn't? t@ocean:/tmp$ export ME=tim t@ocean:/tmp$ sudo ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Decrypting with GPG after a “su - different user”

I have cron job running a script in the cron of "USER A" that encrypts many files in a loop using the gpg command below: gpg --batch --cipher-algo AES256 --passphrase "PASSWORDISHERE" -c FILENAME ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Pass arguments to a command run by another user

I have a bash script that is supposed to take some arguments and then run in a different user: test.sh #!/bin/bash sudo su user2 <<'EOF' echo $1 EOF However it prints blank: $ ./test.sh ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

When running 'su - username', pam_group doesn't add additional groups from /etc/security/group.conf but sshd login does?

I am having trouble determining why su doesn't behave as the PAM configuration would imply. In short, using su to become another user should load secondary groups according to PAM configuration, but ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

executing command as su

I am executing this command as su. I have made the connection with SSH (using sshNet), and then when I try to set the command su -, I get no response. I have the password and the command I would like ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Running some parts of a script as an unprivileged user with shell environment

I am creating an instance configuration script that sets up a machine. I am running the script via sudo i.e. sudo run.sh. Most of the steps require root access but some of the script's steps do no ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Sudo Su automated login

I want to automate the login process with sudo su. I have seen lot of questions on these, but none of them are working for me. Automate login with sudo and su Here's my what I tried so far echo ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Unable to su into an account: could not open session

in my Linux machine - red-hat I successfully to login to different users as the following su - userC [machine@Linux ~]$ pwd [machine@Linux ~]$ /Users/userC but only in one user I get the ...
2
votes
3answers
362 views

Why root does not source .bash_profile?

Everytime I try to login as root using su (not su -), it doesn't source .bash_profile in user1's home directory. Basically my /var/root directory doesn't have .bash_profile, so I put a copy of ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Run script on non-full bash-login invoked as “sh”

Good day I'm currently trying to modify my terminal to have the prompt displayed in a different colour than the whole rest of the shell, and I would like to make it white for normal users and red for ...
1
vote
2answers
614 views

Script to su -c into a screen is not working as intended

I'm working on a script that will allow me to load up a screen from a user via sudo and su -c. However, when I use it, it will just show the shell of the user: sudo su -c "script /dev/null; screen -r ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Can't switch to a specific system account with su

I can't switch to user jenkins on an OpenVZ container. There is still a jenkins process running, which was started by this user. I tried # su jenkins; it does not switch to the jenkins user. There is ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Why doesn't `sudo su -l -c “java”` work even though `sudo su -l -c “echo $PATH”` displays the location of the java binary? [duplicate]

I have a server with Java binaries from a tarball on a custom location, and the following in /etc/bash.bashrc: export JAVA_HOME=/path/to/java/home export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH When I run sudo ...
3
votes
3answers
163 views

SUID accidently removed from /bin/su file

It is a production server - CENTOS 6.1 Some user having root access in the past had logged on to the server and removed the SUID bit from the /bin/su file and then exited root. Now we are not able to ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Any special permission ssh remote command working on fifo file(aka named pipe)?

I need to redirect some strings to a fifo file with ssh remote command, but always got permission denied, the command I executed is: ssh rundeck@nagios1 sudo su - root -c 'printf ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Maintaining the Current Style of the Command Prompt After Using 'su?'

When I use the su command in OS X's Terminal — say, to quickly switch to an administrator account to mount a drive using diskutil — the style of the command prompt changes. ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

provide password for script begin called inside another script [duplicate]

I have written a shell script which in turn calls another script, but the second one prompts for password. I want to supply the password and pass the prompt without user begin notified. Here is my ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

su or sudo keeping/removing certain environment variables

I would like to be able to log in as another user and keep most, but not all of my environment. Specifically, I would like to set $HOME to the correct value for the new user, but keep probably ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

How to switch user with pre-configured credentials in SSH Terminal after logging in as standard user

I was wondering how to execute a command file where: After logging in as a standard user, I want to switch user to "username" with password being "password", I can successfully execute the command.txt ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

shell scripting and running after switching to other user

I have the following commands that I want to have them all in one shell file: su – s3 lizinfo.sh –b when the first linex executes, it prompts and the command prompt become like as below: ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Ubuntu CentOS RHEL cross bash script su support

I know that title was a little ambiguous. Allow me to explain our issue. We designed an installer script on Ubuntu since Debian based systems are our primary core, however, some of our cloud based ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there a way to see which user is logged into the system and has switched with “su”?

There are many person that may have access to the system and use a common user with more grants. How can I see which user is running a command? is there a way to use "ps" for that?
36
votes
7answers
26k views

What is the need for `fakeroot` command in linux

Why do we need fakeroot command at all? Can't we simply use the sudo or su commands? The man page says: fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation ...
-1
votes
2answers
233 views

Is it possible to write a script that run su or sudo command without typing password? [duplicate]

Is it possible to write a script that run su or sudo command without typing password?. I googled and its said that su doesn't read password from buffer. So is there any solution?
0
votes
1answer
630 views

Bash script class path issue with java

Content of /opt/scripts/jvm/jvm.script.sh #!/bin/bash JAVA_HOME='/java' PATH="$PATH:/$JAVA_HOME/bin" java -cp ./classes:./lib com.mystuff.bar.foo.myclass & Content of /etc/init.d/init.script.sh ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to propagate TSTP while running a program as a different user

I'm running a terminal application via "su" in this fashion: su -c "/path/to/app --args" username This is done from a root context, and 'username' is a less privileged user in the system. The ...