1
vote
2answers
34 views

How to log out of su and another user

So when I am logged in as a standard user in an ssh session and then su to root, how can I log out of both accounts with a single command? Rather than: root@host:/exit user@host:/exit something ...
8
votes
2answers
496 views

I Can't login as root with su command, but I can with SSH

How is it possible that I cannot log in as root by su root or su (I get incorrect password error), but I can log in by ssh root@localhost or ssh root@my_local_IP with the same password? I'm using ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

Is there a way to switch to “su -” after switching users through “su”?

Maybe the title wasn't worded quite clear. But basically what I want to be able to do is to switch to having used "su -" instead of the traditional hyphenless "su" after already using "su" to switch ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Change user and load entire environment in shell script

I'm having some trouble with an upstart script of ours that changes user and starts up a few ruby daemon processes. In the past i would simply bash -c "do the business" -l someuser making sure to use ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

On OS X, how do I log in interactively as root starting from my normal user account?

I have been doing this for a while: sudo su - but it uses 'sh' rather than 'bash', which is what I'd like to do. Which command will log me in as root and get me a bash shell even if that's not the ...
4
votes
1answer
435 views

Why do I need to use newgrp or su (or logout and login again) to have new group memberships applied?

What is it that makes new group membership require a new login (or new login shell as started by su or newgrp) to be visible? Just running another bash (or whatever other shell) instance with --login ...
80
votes
7answers
10k views

Which is the safest way to get root privileges: sudo, su or login?

I would like to have the root account in safety even if my unprivileged user is compromised. On Ubuntu you can only use sudo for "security reasons" by default. However I am not sure it is any safer ...
3
votes
2answers
898 views

`$XAUTHORITY` appears from 'nowhere' on su+tmux

When I switched from su+bash to su+tmux+zsh I noticed that I get $XAUTHORITY variable defined as /root/.xauthXXXXXX where XXXXXX are 6 random alphanumeric characters. With previous configuration X ...