stdout is the name of the default output file descriptor of a process. Since there is nothing special about `stdout`, you *should not* use this tag. Use [tag:io-redirection] for questions on how to redirect output, use [tag:file-descriptors] for questions on how to manage file descriptors, use ...

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2
votes
4answers
121 views

Can a running script identify the logging context?

Let us say I redirect the STDOUT, STDERR of a program to files. ./script.sh 1> output.log 2> error.log Can the running program find this out i.e. know the paths to these files?
2
votes
2answers
6k views

In bash script, how to capture stdout line by line

In a bash script, I would like to capture the standard output of a long command line by line, so that they can be analysed and reported while initial command is still running. This is the complicated ...
4
votes
4answers
697 views

Reuse last line of output from shell command

I am compiling something and depending on success (last line of output contains "success"= I want to scp the binary to the target. I'd prefer a piped oneliner. Is there a way to do this?
7
votes
2answers
329 views

Kill a process if it goes quiet for a certain amount of time

I have a utility that has a nasty habit of going quiet and staying there, I already know how long into the process it does this so I am using timeout to fight this, but sometimes it does it before ...
7
votes
2answers
477 views

Write lines to a file from less

While in vim I can write a range of lines from the file I'm viewing to another file. For example, :1,10 w outfile.txt will write lines 1 through 10 to outfile.txt. Can I do the same while I'm ...
-4
votes
2answers
107 views

What is the utility of piping to `/dev/null`?

Seeing that /dev/null's utility isn't immediately obvious to me, what is the use of /dev/null piping?
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Can redirecting stdout and stderr to the same file mangle lines?

I've read that when redirecting stdout and stderr to the same file using 2>&1, stdout is usually block buffered while stderr is unbuffered. If a very long line is written to stdout, requiring ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Show a sliding window of output from a program

I want to run a command (rsync -av) and only display 10 lines of output at any time. I have found a similar post, but I don't want to redirect it to a file. I want the output to be displayed ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the relationship between a program's output, standard output, and its file descriptors?

Let's assume that I am running wget which is downloading something. It's printing some text to my terminal and writes the downloaded data into a file. From a terminology point of view, what is the ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

Bash if script is called from terminal echo stdout to terminal, if from cron do not echo output

I would like to have a service watchdog script echo the status to the screen if called like ./watchdog.sh but if it is run by cron, there is no need to echo output. What is the proper method? Where ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How can I get vsftpd version into shell variable?

I want to get vsftpd version into shell variable. I can get it to console with ease: # vsftpd -version vsftpd: version 2.2.2 Also I can get a lot of other info into variable: # i=`bash --version ...
4
votes
4answers
371 views

Any way to cat few lines of man page to show on stdout for reference?

This is a simple question. Trying my best to put it in simple word. Hope you get it without much confusion - I read a man page for some command-switch/option which has a long description. I read it, ...
5
votes
1answer
669 views

`unbuffer` or `stdbuf` for removing stdout buffering?

Is there a difference between unbuffer(1) and stdbuf(1)? From what I gather, unbuffer makes more than the "best effort" of calling the libc function set(X)buf at the beginning, and then letting things ...
3
votes
3answers
155 views

How can a command have more than one output?

In this answer, at the very bottom, Gilles mentions that a command can have more than one output or input. Yes, there's cat foo bar | something, for having both foo and bar as inputs, and there's tee ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

How to use filename arguments or default to stdin, stdout (brief)

I want to handle filenames as arguments in a bash script in a cleaner, more flexible way, taking 0, 1, or 2 arguments for input and output filenames. when args = 0, read from stdin, write to stdout ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Pipe not picking up stdout

I am running a java program from a OS X 10.8 bash terminal, and are trying to rederect the output it is producing. However, when either running this throug a pipe, or rederecting it to a file, the ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

aptitude produces output twice

For quite a while, I get a double output of some messages from aptitude. Here’s an example: > sudo aptitude install mpw Couldn't find package "mpw". However, the following packages contain "mpw" ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Script to quickly test all keyboard keys

I need to check some notebooks for bad keyboard keys, and so I'd like to speed that up as much as possible. I found nothing for this specific task, so my idea is a script that reads the pressed keys ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

bash: /dev/stderr: Permission denied

After upgrading to a new release version, my bash scripts start spitting errors: bash: /dev/stderr: Permission denied in previous versions Bash would internally recognize those file names (which is ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Is it possible to create sticky redirection from stdout/stderr

Consider such code: echo hello >> log.txt echo world >> log.txt I execute command with stdout redirection. Is it possible to create sticky redirection? Something like this: redir ...
4
votes
3answers
242 views

Where does the output from an application started from the window manager go?

If you start an application from a terminal you can see the output to stdout and stderr, but if an application is started from the window manager, where does the output to these files typically go? To ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

routing wget --recursive to stdout (as in -O -) rather than a file

I want to "scan" a website content, recursively, and pipe it to another program. When I run: wget -r -O - $SITE I get WARNING: combining -O with -r or -p will mean that all downloaded content ...
1
vote
2answers
372 views

Getting specific line from terminal output

"Hmm, I need to edit file-i-must-edit-2, but I cannot remember where it is." locate file-i-must-edit /home/user/file-i-must-edit-1 /home/user/file-i-must-edit-2 /home/user/file-i-must-edit-3 ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Tail -f piped through grep not outputing to file, but outputs to console

I'm using the following command tail -f /mydir/myfile | grep "searchterm" >> outfile Without the -f it works fine, but with the -f, which I need, nothing is written to the file. The ...
0
votes
2answers
633 views

Redirecting stdin with stdout to file

So I have a program that takes in user input and outputs text based on the input. EDIT2: I want to create a script that runs a C executable and the script feeds the C program input from a file and ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Output to stdout and at the same time grep into a file

I have a script that outputs text to stdout. I want to see all this output in my terminal, and at the same time I want to filter some lines and save them in a file. Example: $ myscript Line A Line B ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

what is meant by connecting STDOUT and STDIN?

This is a newbie question. I'm reading a book, it says: Every process has at least three communication channels available to it: “standard input” (STDIN), “standard output” (STDOUT), and ...
8
votes
1answer
393 views

Output of command not in stderr nor stdout

I've stumbled on this issue, so I'm wondering how is this possible? Standard run of command: # zabbix_sender -c zabbix_agentd.conf -k mmysql.QCInserts -o 14 info from server: "Processed 0 Failed 1 ...
3
votes
2answers
574 views

Read data from a pipe for a certain amount of time (in seconds)

Is there an easy way to create a pipe that only lasts for a given amount of wall time? I want to be able to take a "snapshot" of what's being written STDOUT for a period of time (rather than bytes or ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

redirecting std output and std error

I have been trying to figure out the relationship between file descriptors. One thing I don't understand is, how is: ls -l /bin/usr > ls-output.txt 2>&1 different from: ls -l /bin/usr ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

Turning standard output hyphen into a single command

I am working with scripts that output xml and I am using xmllint to format the output. Xmllint requires a source argument, so I use the hyphen to pipe standard output to it: $> script.php ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

IO and other shell commands when a program is not started by a terminal

I have several launchers on my desktop for various programs, and there is a "run in a terminal" setting for those launchers. When I check that setting, the program runs from a terminal, and logs its ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

GNU screen: print a detached session to stdout

I just want to have a quick overview of my detached GNU screen sessions. Is it possible to dump the current content to stdout ? Something like screen --print SESSION_NAME > file.txt
1
vote
2answers
439 views

stdout , stderr and logging using the script command

I have remove.sh which contains: rm -v test.tmp And I have install.sh which contains: script remove.log -c './remove.sh' What can I do so that whether or not test.tmp exists, I don't see any rm ...
4
votes
1answer
729 views

Ksh loses data after piping 16K bytes

I recently found that ksh may lose some data after printing more than 16K bytes to the stdout if it is blocked for a couple of seconds. This test.sh script prints out 257*64 (16448) bytes: ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

grep how to suppress display of non-matched file?

I am trying to find files containing a specific word using grep. There are many files in the directory (> 500) Command I run $ grep 'delete' * Output validate_data_stage1:0 validate_data_stage2:0 ...
0
votes
2answers
386 views

sudo: script launched from another script won't redirect standard output

I'm using AIX 5.3 with sudo 1.6.9p23. Sudoers file grants user fcomartin permission to run any command as user oas: fcomarti ALL=(oas) ALL User oas has a bash script called menu, which launches ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

How to redirect error to a file?

I have this simple script which redirects the output and append it to a file. filename="/home/ronnie/tmp/hello" date=$(date) echo "$date" >> $filename Now, lets suppose I change date=$(date) ...
1
vote
2answers
788 views

Redirecting tr stdout to a file [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I make iconv replace the input file with the converted output? Can I read and write to the same file in Linux without overwriting it? $ cat test.txt This is a ...
3
votes
1answer
445 views

limit stdout to terminal output speed [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I limit the output speed of stdout? What's the easiest way to limit the speed at which stdout is output in a terminal, so that, for instance, tail -f outputs ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I make python programs behave like proper unix tools?

I have a few Python scripts laying around, and I'm working on rewriting them. I have the same problem with all of them. It's not obvious to me how to write the programs so that they behave like ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Merge two command results to one line when redirecting stdout

In a cron script I want to log CPU temperatures in the format [datetime] temp using date and acpi -t. How can I redirect (>>) these two commands to a single line in the log file?
13
votes
2answers
794 views

Redirect stderr from an already running script

I've been running a script for several days now. I redirected stdout to $HOME/mylog, but didn't redirect stderr since I thought there would be nothing on it. Suddenly thousands of lines started coming ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Append output to a file and redirect stderr to null

How can I append the result of a command to a file and redirect stderr to null?
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Discard stdout of a command for t seconds

I am working on some batch scripts involving the following: Run some non-terminating sub-processes (asynchronously) Wait for t seconds Perform other task X for some time Terminate subprocesses ...
5
votes
2answers
728 views

Wrapping a shell script with tee

There is a bash script which prints some logs and allows some arguments. The script prints the logs to STDOUT. Let's say the script's name is AAA.sh I'd also like to make the script to print the logs ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does `cat`ing a file into itself erase it? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: IO redirection and the head command I just wanted to remove all but the first line of a file. I did this: head -1 foo.txt ... and verified that I saw only the first ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Supress startup messages on stdout?

I'm using tcsh, and have to source a group .cshrc file. This file echoes some messages, which is fine for normal shells, but causes problems with programs like scp and rsync. I can see the solution ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Execute command in remote active terminal

Suppose you have a terminal emulator (T1) open with a PID of 6350. From another terminal, type this command (C1): echo "ls\n" > /proc/6350/fd/0 This writes ls and the new line in T1 but does ...
9
votes
3answers
641 views

Is there a way to execute a native binary from a pipe?

echo 'main(){}' | gcc -xc - -o /dev/stdout | ??? Is there a way to run the output binary on a unix-like system? EDIT: I needed it to run the output of g++ in a sandboxed environment where I can't ...