stdin is the name of the default input file descriptor of a process. Since there is really nothing special about `stdin`, you *should not* use this tag. Use [tag:io-redirection] for questions on how to redirect input, use [tag:file-descriptors] for questions on how to manage file descriptors, use ...

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6
votes
3answers
260 views

Are unix[-like] programs capable of determing where their output is going? [duplicate]

Up until recently I was under the impression that Unix-y programs were unaware of where their output went, be it to standard out, redirected to a file, or into a pipe. However, an unrelated U&L ...
6
votes
2answers
75 views

Notification Listener Behaving Strangely when Backgrounded

I've been struggling to get my IRC-Bouncer/Notification Script working. This is meant to be a script which will automatically login to a remote machine, attach to a screen session (or start one if ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Interactively remove files in loop with standard input redirection

I need to interactively (i.e. rm -i) remove files stored in variable $to_remove (one path per line). Unfortunately my code doesn't work because standard input is already used by redirection ...
33
votes
8answers
7k views

How to do nothing forever in an elegant way?

I have a program which produces useful information on stdout but also reads from stdin. I want to redirect its standard output to a file without providing anything on standard input. So far, so good: ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

nohup: ignoring input and redirecting stderr to stdout

I am starting my application in the background using nohup as mentioned below - root@phx5qa01c:/bezook# nohup java -jar ./exhibitor-1.5.1/lib/exhibitor-1.5.1-jar-with-dependencies.jar -c file ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

uniq and bash for loop not writing to stdout before stdin closing (for one-line website visitor notification system)

I'm trying to trigger a beep on the PC speaker for every unique visitor of a website. After some brainstorming, it seemed to be possible with one line: for e in `ssh me@mymachine "tail -n 1 -f ...
6
votes
3answers
75 views

Peek at the contents of stdin

I'm trying to debug a Linux application that can receive commands via stdin, and it would be really useful to be able to see everything that gets written to stdin. My first approach was to execute ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

Wait for key in shell script that may get piped to /bin/bash

Consider the following shell script echo foo; read; echo bar Running bash my_script outputs 'foo', waits for the return key and outputs 'bar'. While this works fine running it that way, it doesn't ...
1
vote
3answers
70 views

How to write a script that can take input from stdout

I want to be able to write a script that can take stdout as an argument, if anything is piped into it (ultimately, I would like it to be polymorphic) - The trouble is, I have searched and searched ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

How do I filter stdout of a program through grep while still controlling the program?

I'm trying to filter the output of the mpv media player, removing a particular line, but when I do so I am unable to control mpv with the keyboard. Here is the command: mpv FILE | grep -v 'Error ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

How to “less” a file named “-”?

I accidentally created a file with the name - (eg, seq 10 > -). Then I tried to use less to view it, but it just hangs. I understand that this is happening because less - expects input from stdin, ...
3
votes
4answers
139 views

Provide strings stored in a file as a list of arguments to a command?

I install a list of URLs in a text file named myurls: http://www.examples.com/1 http://www.examples.com/2 http://www.examples.com/3 How shall I pass these URLs to wkhtmltopdf as inputs? The direct ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

TTY control characters sent to stdin of sh doesn't work

I tried to develop a remote app that launches sh and resends an incoming data there, and found that some special sequences don't work. So, for testing purposes, I launched on my desktop sh, then ...
4
votes
4answers
450 views

How can I get the size of stdin?

I'm about to compress a large directory and I want to know how large, exactly, the resulting file will be. I've tried using du: $ tar -cv dir | du -h - du: cannot access '-': No such file or ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

Terminal does not accept pasted or typed lines of more than 1024 characters [duplicate]

When I enter text on stdin in an OS X Terminal, a single line is limited to 1024 characters. For example, cat > /dev/null beeps after I type (or paste) a line longer than this, and refuses to ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

How to pass password to mysql command line

I have MySQL password saved on a file foo.php, for example P455w0rd, when I try to use it: $ cat foo.php | grep '$dbpwd=' | cut -d '"' -f 2 | mysql -U root -p mydb -h friendserver Enter password: ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do some commands not read from their standard input?

I wonder what when we should use pipeline and when we shouldn't. Say for instance, to kill certain process which handling pdf files, the following will not work by using pipeline: ps aux | grep pdf ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Remove data from the STDIN stream buffer of another TTY session

I encountered a problem the other day while running multiple tty sessions in separate terminal windows. I was running a expensive disk access command and was waiting for it to return. Meanwhile I was ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

OpenVPN via systemd fails with stdin error

OpenVPN starts and runs just fine when I invoke it directly from the command line, but when I try to start it as a process via systemd, it throws a failure error that I can't find a solution to. ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

Does those two constructions do the same thing: proces <input.txt vs cat input.txt | process in Linux

Does those two constructions do the same thing: proces <input.txt vs cat input.txt | process in Linux?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Create a virtual file that is actually a command

Is there any way to create a virtual file, such that reading from the file actually reads from the stdout of a command; writing to the file is acually writing to the stdin of a command? So far I have ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Bourne shell: ignoring certain kinds of stdin

I have a program that is currently working, but I need to modify it to ignore some stdin that is not fitting for its correct function. Right now, to run the program: printf "1\n3\n5\n" | sh prog The ...
5
votes
3answers
246 views

Echoing stdin when running an ed(1) script

Given the following ed script, $ cat helloworld a hello world . ,n ,s,o,O,g ,n Q I would like to obtain somehow the interactive output $ ed a hello world . ,n 1 hello 2 world ,s,o,O,g ,n 1 ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

stdin read notification

I want to detect when/if an application issues read(stdin, ...). Is it possible to use unbuffered I/O so that I could wait on write in external process? The problem: Some commands require user input ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

run a remote process via autossh in background

In Ubuntu I'm trying to run the geany editor on my local X display via the command: autossh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=false -XCg me@otherDYNDNShost geany & Trouble is, after the first ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Question about interactive detection in bash

I have a question about interactive detection in bash. The following script prints if it is called in interactive mode or not. $ cat int.sh #!/bin/bash if [ -t 0 ]; then echo "interactive" ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Construct a command by putting a string into a tty

I managed to do this echo -n "command" > /dev/tty1 The letters appear, and the cursor moves, but they are "ghosts" - if you hit enter, nothing happens (they are not in stdin). Edit: In the ...
37
votes
5answers
14k views

Can I pipe stdout on one server to stdin on another server?

stdout on one CentOS server needs to be piped to stdin on another CentOS server. Is this possible? Update ScottPack, MikeyB and jofel all have valid answers. I awarded the answer to Scott because, ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Using find and aspell together

I'm trying to spell check all the *.md files in my current directory but the following command fails: >> find . -maxdepth 1 -name "*.md" | xargs -I {} aspell check {} xargs: aspell: exited with ...
5
votes
3answers
465 views

Piping commands, modify stdin write to stdout

echo Hello World | nano - | less I want to modify Hello -> Goodbye while in the the text editor. It does not have to be with nano. I am stuck with nano reading stdin but requiring me to write to a ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it safe to type another command into STDIN while the previous command is writing to STDOUT?

Perhaps this has been answered previously, I would welcome a link to another answer... If I execute a shell command (in a bash shell) like the following: make Then while the output from make is ...
1
vote
2answers
168 views

Stdin Input Behavior Between “cat” and “less”

When I issue cat, the terminal hangs waiting for stdin input. However, when less is issued, I get Missing filename ("less --help" for help). It is known that both less and cat accepts stdin input. ...
0
votes
1answer
522 views

Command that prints file contents given filename on stdin

I have a command that produces some output part of which is actually a file name containing the full output data. I want to extract the file name (which I trivially do with cut) and then pass it to ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Run vsim from dmenu — it only works when directly invoked in the terminal

Works: vsim, sh -c vsim Doesn't work: echo "vsim" | sh, echo "vsim" | xargs -I {} sh -c "{}" I want to run ModelSim (vsim) with dmenu, which is triggered using xbindkeys. Details vsim is a ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Redirect stdin and stdout to ports

I'd like to take a program P that reads from stdin & writes to stdout, but connect it to nc or whatever such that it reads from a certain port and outputs to another port. # The reading is easy, ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Can pocketsphinx_continuous read from stdin?

There is one parameter -adcdev "Name of audio device to use for input.", but it doesn't say if this can be stdin. Can pocketsphinx_continuous read from stdin?
1
vote
2answers
551 views

cat STDIN won't work twice in script

I have a script that outputs various information and the text fields of an html form (method POST). When I attempt to cat <&0, it displays properly. However a few lines down, I try to cat ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Text replace literally *all* instances of a string through stdin, stdout

Linux, or specifically Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Server if necessary (and CENTOS 6.5/7 minimal would be nice). If I enter "FOO" at the command line, (regardless of whether as a word or as a substring), I'd ...
0
votes
6answers
137 views

What are some practical uses of STDIN redirection? [closed]

I am having a very difficult time trying to think of a single practical use for STDIN redirection. cat < /etc/passwd is an example of STDIN redirection, but it is silly in the same way as a useless ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

What is happening while executing this command cd / | vi?

When I execute the command cd / | vi, it goes to the vi editor. When I type any command it does not display the command but it gets executed and the command that is executed is not shown in the ...
9
votes
2answers
449 views

Bash: process substitution and stdin

The following line is obvious: echo "bla" | foo | bar But does the ones below do the same? echo "bla" | bar <(foo) echo "bla" | bar < <(foo) Which of the foo and bar read "bla" from ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to get mplayer to play from stdin?

Why doesn't this work? cat /dev/video1 | mplayer - If I could get that to work, then I could play & record video at the same time using 'tee' to feed mplayer and mencoder. I want to play live ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Is bluetooth keyboard associated with `stdin`?

I know that keyboard is standard input and is referred by the stdin file. I sometimes use a Bluetooth(BT) keyboard when working on my laptop. Both keyboards, my laptop keyboard as well as the BT ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

How does `stdin` of linux work?

I know that stdin refers to standard input in linux, usually the keyboard. It can also be referred by file descriptor 0. So, which file descriptor does the (standard input) mouse refer to? Or is it a ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Does cat never read from terminal?

Chapter 43. Redirecting Input and Output of Unix Power Tools, Third Edition has to say this about cat command: Standard input (stdin) normally comes from your keyboard. Many programs ignore ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Decoding “prog > file 2>&1”

I am having some difficulty understanding the construct prog > file 2>&1. I have read that it means "Send stdout and stderr to file". But my question is how? I understand that prog > ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Bash script and stdin

I am having a C program which requires to read from stdin. This is one of the requirements, and it cannot change. I have written a simple bash script that creates all the directories I want, handles ...
9
votes
2answers
308 views

How a piped shell programs balance their output/input rates? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Bash while loop and reading from pipe I come from web programming background, and find myself interested in one peculiarity of using a local shell. I understand that ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Identify python script is waiting for a manual input

I'm writing a shell script which executes a Python script. The Python script halts for a manual enter to be provided. However, I don't wan't to have to press enter each time to the script. Instead, I ...
4
votes
2answers
819 views

using _< instead of < for stdin using bash

What is the difference between using _< and < for stdin when using process substitution. This is done using bash. Example: read bytes _< <(du -bcm random_iso.iso | tail -1); echo ...