the startup sequence, from the time the kernel goes live to when all services are up and running

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15
votes
1answer
4k views

What should/shouldn't go in .zshenv, .zshrc, .zlogin, .zprofile, .zlogout?

The title says it all. I'm looking for guidelines on what one should and should not include in the various startup files for zsh. I understand the order of sourcing of these files, and the ...
10
votes
5answers
10k views

Stop program running at startup in Linux

How do I stop a program running at startup in Linux. I want to remove some apps from startup to allow them to be managed by supervisord e.g apache2
8
votes
5answers
2k views

On Linux, is there an rc.local equivalent for shutdown?

I've got a few commands that I run in rc.local so they are run last in the startup sequence. I would like to know if there is a similar facility for undoing the results of those commands at shutdown, ...
8
votes
2answers
13k views

What's the difference between /etc/rc.local and /etc/init.d/rc.local?

I want to add a permanent iptables rule to my new VPS, and after brief google search i was surprised that there are two places this rule can be added, that seems like identical: /etc/rc.local and ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

How can I run a script that starts before my login screen?

I was calibrating my touch screen, and saw that the best tool around was xinput_calibrator. So I used it. It have two options (one of which did not work), so I am here for the second. It says I should ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

How do services in Debian work, and how can I manage them?

In Windows I have the services manager, where I see all system services, that can be started through Windows itself, I set up the user it uses, the rights management is in there, and I can pass ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Add item to inittab on OpenSuse 12.1

I am currently working on a project which needs to be added to inittab so that the program loads during startup. The program that I am trying to start is a c# mono application. I have created a ...
7
votes
3answers
10k views

How to start a script file on boot?

I am running a stupid little minecraft server. I want Lubuntu to execute the following script when the server boots up. NOT on login, and NOT on restart (unless it's starting up of course). The ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

How is /etc/fstab accessed before root is mounted?

I was making some changes to /etc/fstab, when this chicken and egg question occurred to me - if /etc/fstab contains the instructions for mounting the file systems, including the root partition, then ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Boot into a chroot?

I have Linux (Debian Jessie) installed on a hard drive. Drive - sda1, ext4fs, and sda2 - swap I have a /chroot folder. There is installed another system, in /chroot folder. Question: How to tell ...
6
votes
3answers
100 views

What are the minimum root filesystem applications that are required to fully boot linux?

It's a question about user space applications, but hear me out! 3 'applications', so to speak, are required to boot a funcitonal distro of Linux: Bootloader - For embedded typically that's U-Boot, ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

Is there a standard way to have a program start when a user logs in on Linux?

Is there a standard way to make a program start when a user logs in? On Ubuntu, for example, you can place a .desktop file in ~/.config/autostart and the application will launch on startup. Does ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I start Xvfb on startup on Debian?

I’ve got a Debian web server that I’m using for occasional screen-scraping via Selenum and Python. I use Xvfb as a virtual X server for Firefox to run on when being controlled by Selenium. Given that ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why won't my xmodmap command run on startup/login?

I want to run this command every time I log in (or every time I start up, if that doesn't work): xmodmap -e 'keysym Delete = Menu' -e 'keysym Menu = Delete' I've tried many things. I put the command ...
5
votes
2answers
421 views

What happens if I set default system runlevel to 0 or 6?

What I understand from runlevels is that in each level some programs have permission to be executed and some don't. runlevel 3 boots system into CLI and runlevel 5 starts the default GUI. But I don't ...
5
votes
6answers
13k views

Run a sh file on machine boot up

I am quite new to linux and want to know what to be done to launch a .sh file on machine startup basically i have a server machine with linux OS on it and want to run some jboss application when ...
5
votes
4answers
16k views

How to auto-start a service (apache2) with Linux Mint

(Strangley) My installed Apache2 does not start up when logging in to Linux Mint. Running this command gets it going: sudo service apache2 start How should I attempt to start up this service upon ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Run Python script on startup

Running on Ubuntu Karmic. I need to execute the following (updated) script at boot time #!/bin/sh # /etc/init.d/scripts # Description: Starts Python scripts # ————————————————– # ### BEGIN INIT INFO ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Disable atd (and other unnecessary startup processes) in Ubuntu?

I just spun up a new 12.04 server and have been having a bit of trouble getting the atd daemon to stop auto-launching. There's been a bit of changing around on the management of startup processes, ...
5
votes
4answers
272 views

Why do I need initramfs ?

I found that if I choose jffs or sd as file system(and not initramfs),the kernel size is very small (1.4 MB as compared to with initramfs-3.4MB). It shows that initramfs takes concidreably large ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

i3wm : start applications on specific workspaces when i3 starts

How can I start applications on specific workspaces in i3 when it starts? Why is this not working in my config file? : workspace 1; exec firefox; workspace 2; exec chromium; workspace 1
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I make Debian run m python script at startup?

I have this script in my home folder (pi): server.py. How could I make Debian run this script at startup so I dont need to log in and to i manually?
5
votes
1answer
428 views

rc.local with read will not echo key strokes

I'm using CentOS 6.4 and have a small problem with using read in /etc/rc.local file. It will allow keyboard entry but does not echo any of the key strokes during input. This is something that worked ...
5
votes
1answer
537 views

Giving a custom script root permissions

I have a backup drive that is Truecrypt Encrypted. I'd like to automnt this drive so I can automate backups when in the office. I am using Linux Mint 12 x64bit I wrote a script that runs successfully ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

What is causing a pause during the system device probe?

I am running FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE. During the boot device probe there is a two-times 30 second pause. The output relevant to this is # dmesg ... (aprobe0:ata0:0:1:0): ATAPI_IDENTIFY. ACB: a1 00 00 ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Make daemon start up with Linux

I'm writing a simple daemon application using C/C++ and I want it to start when Linux starts up. I am a beginner on Linux systems. I have tried to modify /etc/init.d/skeleton to add a script into ...
4
votes
5answers
284 views

How to disable graphical shell?

I have a Linux system (Ubuntu) running in a VM, but now I want to disable the graphical shell. Where in the startup process are the graphical components launched? Is it some run-level dependent ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to start VNC server on start-up in Ubuntu 10.04

I've been struggling with this long enough to ask yet another startup script question. I've got a startup script that is relatively simple, ie: ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: startVNC # ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

rc.local - not all commands are executed

I have following lines in my rc.local #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Having a bash script run at startup and display the results when I log in

I am running Ubuntu 11.04 and I want to be able to run a command like top so when I login it is running in a window. I been trying many things for a while now and can't seem to get it to work I ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

Are certain parts of startup scripts necessary or just good practice?

I'm currently exploring creating a startup script in the form of a system process located in the /etc/init.d/ on my Fedora 14 Linux installation. It sounds like the following two lines are bare ...
4
votes
2answers
510 views

List of script( location)s that get run automatically, and when?

Does anybody know (of a resource listing) what scripts are run automatically, and when, from the moment I startup the computer until it's shutdown again. I know several places where I can add scripts ...
4
votes
3answers
146 views

Why doesn't rc.local run entirely

Here is my rc.local #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. # ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I configure which ethernet connections are active on boot?

I have an unmanaged dedicated server that I administer, running CentOS. Recently when I reboot the server, I am unable to use SSH. Both times this has happened the server host has determined the issue ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

Trigger an init script when a specific device is up and a kernel module has been loaded

On my ubuntu 12.04 servers, I need to write an init.d script that waits until the infiniband interface (device: mlx4_0, interface: ib0) is completely up, and until the knem kernel module is loaded. ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to find out in which order /etc/init.d scripts are load on Debian?

I want to run one sysvinit script before another and figured out how to do that. To make sure, this actually happens in the the order I like, I would like to see a list, in which order that happens. ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Run script on start up after everything else

OK, so there's a service (nagios) running on a Debian box that runs just fine, except for one very specific issue that only occurs after the box has been re-started. The issue is easily fixed by ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Installing software the first time a system boots after CentOS installation

I have a custom text based CentOS 6.4 installation that installs the OS, then after the first boot I have a custom rc.local file that installs custom applications and prepares the system for our ...
4
votes
1answer
497 views

Mac OS X Darwin: how to reset admin password?

Today I bought an ibook G4 from a garage sale. The people who sold it to me didn't know the password for the 2 accounts on it. Apparently it was the guys late father's laptop. Any suggestions on how ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Send an email right before the password prompt of ecryptfs during bootup

I'm setting up a home server which has full disk encryption enabled. In order to recover from a power failure the machine automatically reboots. I'm also able to unlock the disk remotely using ssh ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I start Apache on Arch Linux w/systemd using passphrase protected SSL keys?

I'm relatively new to using Arch Linux and think I must be missing the obvious way to do this correctly, but –short of starting the daemon on my own– I can't figure out how to get passphrase protected ...
4
votes
1answer
857 views

Fixing a broken X initialization

Here are the symptoms: On reboot of my Fedora 14 system, I get to the Fedora loading screen progress bar. The system seems to progress normally, then the nvidia logo flashes, a wait cursor shows, ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

Kernel can't find /dev/sda file during boot

I configured a gentoo kernel (kernel-2.6.36-gentoo-r5), but when I boot it can't mount /dev/sda1: ALERT! /dev/sda1 does not exist . Dropping to a shell . I use the shell to go to the /dev ...
3
votes
6answers
408 views

When does a shell get executed during the linux startup process

I do not understand when does a shell, lets say bash, get executed, which program runs bash initially first.
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Disabling X server on Fedora 17

How can I prevent the X server from starting up on Fedora 17? In older versions the user should edit /etc/inittab but in this version (I didn't check this on previous versions) Fedora uses some other ...
3
votes
4answers
111 views

Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Resetting password in Linux Mint when disk is encrypted

I have a system (VM, actually) with Linux Mint 15 on it. The disk is encrypted, but I remember that password -- just not the password for my account. I've tried changing the command in GRUB from ro ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Problem at boot-time: “Loading user-defined modules [FAIL]”

After I updated my Kernel to version 3.0, i always get this line when my Arch-Linux system is booting up: Loading User-specified Modules [BUSY] [FAIL] I have no idea what could cause this to ...
3
votes
1answer
265 views

How do I start a virtual machine in background upon OSX system start?

I have a virtualbox machine on a OSX 10.9.2 host. I do not want to open VirtualBox everytime and start the machine there. Also, I do not need the the screen output as I will just ssh from OSX terminal ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Errors at startup on my Wheezy system

I noticed that I got some error when my Debian Wheezy was starting today, but then I couldn't find anywhere to look into it in more detail. There was nothing interesting in dmesg or syslog. Where can ...