the startup sequence, from the time the kernel goes live to when all services are up and running

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2
votes
1answer
111 views

Check `fsck` automatically

I need to run fsck so that it automatically fixes problems (i.e., fsck -y). And because I am using "systemd" instead of "init" in the linux system, I cannot modify the /etc/default/rcS. So what ...
5
votes
4answers
296 views

Why do I need initramfs ?

I found that if I choose jffs or sd as file system(and not initramfs),the kernel size is very small (1.4 MB as compared to with initramfs-3.4MB). It shows that initramfs takes concidreably large ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Alsa not detecting USB microphone on system boot

I have a USB microphone that works fine, up until I reboot my system. After that, it doesn't work at all until I unplug it and replug it. Based on my (limited) understanding of the components ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Installing software the first time a system boots after CentOS installation

I have a custom text based CentOS 6.4 installation that installs the OS, then after the first boot I have a custom rc.local file that installs custom applications and prepares the system for our ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Why are there internet utilities in my initial ramdisk?

I have a fairly standard initial ramdisk created using mkinitcpio. I'm on Arch GNU/Linux. A while ago I got dropped to a rescue shell and poked around in the /bin of the ramdisk to see what was ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Run script when window manager loads using root owned 700 autostart file

One of the 3rd party proprietary GUI software I use requires typing login credentials every time I log in to my Cinnamon desktop. It does not support autologin of any kind. Therefore, I decided to ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Errors at startup on my Wheezy system

I noticed that I got some error when my Debian Wheezy was starting today, but then I couldn't find anywhere to look into it in more detail. There was nothing interesting in dmesg or syslog. Where can ...
2
votes
2answers
851 views

RHEL7 text-only installation

I want to install RHEL7 in purely text-only mode. Although I added the inst.text and inst.cmdline kernel option (since I want it to install from kickstart) it still requires more than a console as it ...
1
vote
1answer
635 views

Can Start Service With init.d script, however doing service <SERVICE_NAME> start does not work

I am running CentOS 6 and I am trying to get my Oracle database to run at startup. I have been following these steps: ...
3
votes
6answers
472 views

When does a shell get executed during the linux startup process

I do not understand when does a shell, lets say bash, get executed, which program runs bash initially first.
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to find out in which order /etc/init.d scripts are load on Debian?

I want to run one sysvinit script before another and figured out how to do that. To make sure, this actually happens in the the order I like, I would like to see a list, in which order that happens. ...
1
vote
2answers
755 views

How to change the default TTY after boot?

Normally when system starts you have all output printed on the TTY1, and that's ok, but I start X-server via startx and achieve this by the following lines in the ~/.profile file : if [[ $(tty) = ...
0
votes
3answers
234 views

Why does boot from SD card with my custom kernel result in “VFS: Cannot open root device”?

I'm using an embedded board ARM9 SAM9G25. I want to boot from SD card. When I build a linux kernel with a built-in rootfs (initramfs) then it boots. I want to separate the kernel from rootfs and I ...
1
vote
1answer
518 views

Daemon - how to tell the start daemon to execute this daemon as different username then root?

I have this startup script, when i launch i have the execution done by username: root, instead of username: sun. How can i tell the start_daemon to execute it as username : sun not root? $ ps aux | ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I start Apache on Arch Linux w/systemd using passphrase protected SSL keys?

I'm relatively new to using Arch Linux and think I must be missing the obvious way to do this correctly, but –short of starting the daemon on my own– I can't figure out how to get passphrase protected ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Launch a command at the end of Linux startup

I have a Raspberry without screen/keyboard/mouse that does nothing else than launching a radio stream at startup : mplayer http://95.81.146.2/fip/all/fiphautdebit.mp3 I have put this command at the ...
4
votes
3answers
158 views

Why doesn't rc.local run entirely

Here is my rc.local #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. # ...
0
votes
3answers
158 views

How do we know what applications are installed in Linux?

I'm trying to understand the following in Linux. In windows we have the services that run or "startup". When we install an application it could be installed as a service so that it starts ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How are the services exactly starting in (K)Ubuntu?

I have latest Kubuntu. I have installed mysql. I was looking into the /etc/init. I see the following: In /etc/init/mysql.conf description "MySQL Server" ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

What is the “mintsystem” service setting and when would I want to activate it?

In hunting around my GUI for a place to enable sshd I clicked on "Services" from the Administration section of the Linux Mint (16) menu. It opened a window titled "Service Settings" and inside it I ...
2
votes
3answers
566 views

Running commands on startup on a Red Hat server

I have a Red Hat server instance on AWS that I'm trying to make a nice AMI image of so I can test specific instance machine types with Apache Bench (ab). I'm currently just trying to create the OS ...
0
votes
1answer
878 views

Fedora 20, startup script with network settings work correctly but without real effect

First, I love Fedora 20. :) I'm newcomers from Debian/Ubuntu/Suse, but I real like this clean distro. But I found some problems, and can't move forward with this little things. I have 2 PC in home ...
2
votes
1answer
327 views

Can I force Linux to boot its initializations parallel? [closed]

I was wondering if I could manage to initialize drivers, services etc. (all these jobs what Linux does during startup) in parallel instead of sequentially. I want to aggressively lower the boot time. ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Debian: How to resolve Xserver failure

I keep finding similar posts online but I can't really use the solutions in my case. in my /etc/bash.bashrc file, I have the following code placed at the very bottom: if [ -e /tmp/.X0-lock ]; then ...
2
votes
2answers
269 views

How do I disable the left CTRL on Ubuntu 13.10?

How do I disable the left CTRL on Ubuntu 13.10? Actually I can do it already. All I need to run is xmodmap -e "keycode 37 = " The problem I have is this only works if I run it from the terminal ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Gnome 3: open and resize application at startup

I need to open a couple of terminal windows and watch the output of a couple of programs. Currently I open them in ~/.profile, then once in Gnome I click them to bring them to the front, then resize ...
0
votes
0answers
544 views

How to back up and restore(linux mint) all softwares and files from C drive when windows 7 boots but stops at black screen

I have Windows7(32 bit) and Linux mint 16(64 bit) dual boot computer. Windows 7 boots but stops at the black screen. But I can boot normally from mint and can access windows7 files through mint . Now ...
3
votes
1answer
748 views

Error about agpgart during startup on Fedora 20?

I have started to notice a strange error quickly flash across my screen every time I boot my laptop running Fedora 20. I'm not sure what it means or how it may be affecting my system, but I figured ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Linux - How to open a console and display command results on startup?

I have a Linux server with a screen always displaying the end of a very usefull file. How could I automatically enter a shell and display the end of this file when the server starts? I'd like to do ...
7
votes
1answer
274 views

How is /etc/fstab accessed before root is mounted?

I was making some changes to /etc/fstab, when this chicken and egg question occurred to me - if /etc/fstab contains the instructions for mounting the file systems, including the root partition, then ...
1
vote
3answers
242 views

Detect process if not found then run it

I am running several process at startup using "crontab -e" @reboot tranmission-daemon && python defualt.py && python MonitorService.py But for some reason, those service can ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

How do services in Debian work, and how can I manage them?

In Windows I have the services manager, where I see all system services, that can be started through Windows itself, I set up the user it uses, the rights management is in there, and I can pass ...
-1
votes
1answer
500 views

Run a php file as service?

I created a .sh file and it is email.sh In this email.sh file I have these lines #!/bin/sh php /home/username/public_html/Worker.php Now, I want to make that email.sh as a startup service in the ...
5
votes
1answer
469 views

rc.local with read will not echo key strokes

I'm using CentOS 6.4 and have a small problem with using read in /etc/rc.local file. It will allow keyboard entry but does not echo any of the key strokes during input. This is something that worked ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How do I prevent Xorg from loading one-time?

My current Xorg configuration is freezing the machine (and text based terminals don't seem to work). Is there a way (e.g. holding down a hot-key) I can prevent the loading of X at boot time? I cannot ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

How do I load modules at startup in a certain order?

I have a group of modules that I need to be loaded at startup. I've followed the documentation for loading a module however I need load these modules in a certain order. I've tried creating a bash ...
1
vote
0answers
189 views

CentOS VPS not starting after installing zPanel

I've had some trouble earlier installing zPanel, but then I was told that I've been using the wrong package, I was supposed to use the 32-bit version, but kept trying with 64-bit. After figuring that, ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

service to start on boot doesn't work with update-rc.d comand

I have installed redis server on my ubuntu based server, so I can start/stop/restart redis server, the redis_server.sh is already in the /etc/init.d. Now I want to make redis start on boot, I ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Upstart: launching something only once

Fact: If you use start on <event> for a job, your job might be run every time <event> occurs. The upstart cookbook mentions two methods to run a job only once. The first is logical to me, ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the difference between 'No' and 'Continue' on interactive startup?

I have a problem that Centos is hanging on a custom process at startup. I tried running interactive startup to sidestep it and allow the machine to boot up. I selected no for the process but it is ...
2
votes
4answers
80 views

Is it possible to trace Linux source from initial bootup to desktop-GUI userland code?

I am wondering if, since Linux is 100% open-source, it is possible to follow line-by-line instructions of Linux to observe how the OS works entirely, so that one may get a better knowledge of how OSes ...
0
votes
1answer
969 views

Why FreeRADIUS service won't work on Centos ?

I have installed FreeRADIUS server on centos via yum successfully, but I couldn't start radiusd service. when I run as root user and exec the following radiusd -X an error is occurred. [root@IgorAAA ...
0
votes
1answer
701 views

mounting by default at startup with /etc/fstab doesn't work

I'm trying since a few hours to mount a partition (md0) automatically with the server start. The Content of my /etc/fstab: # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

How to speed up or get rid boot with network manager on systemd?

Network manager is the one thing that holds my system boot time from becaming really barelly existing. I'm connecting to wi-fi. My boot chain indicates what's wrong with network manager: ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Find out if system startup was initiated by rtc alarm

How can I know if a system startup was initiated by an rtc alarm event in linux? I am writing some scripts that handle sleeping/shutdown of my htpc. I want the machine to sleep after recording has ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Can't reliably create a directory on startup after ec2 instance mounts its ephemeral drives

This particular instance type mounts two ephemeral drives, in /dev/ and /mnt/. I have to create working directories for one of my services in these paths at startup or the services won't launch. ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Why env variable are not visible while starting a service

I am wondering why during service start up environment variables are not visible. To be more precise: I created service startup scrip according to LSB spec which starts some java process. For this ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Periodically sync local folders using rsync (no symlinks!)

I am using Dropbox to have an online backup of some data. However I want to encrypt my data before uploading it to Dropbox. Therefore I have created a TrueCrypt container and I am using rsync to ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

i3wm : start applications on specific workspaces when i3 starts

How can I start applications on specific workspaces in i3 when it starts? Why is this not working in my config file? : workspace 1; exec firefox; workspace 2; exec chromium; workspace 1
4
votes
1answer
520 views

Mac OS X Darwin: how to reset admin password?

Today I bought an ibook G4 from a garage sale. The people who sold it to me didn't know the password for the 2 accounts on it. Apparently it was the guys late father's laptop. Any suggestions on how ...