SSL (the predecessor of TLS) is a cryptographic protocol designed to provide communications security over a computer network. It is the S in HTTPS, IMAPS, SMTPS, etc.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

42
votes
7answers
53k views

How to disable SSLv3 in Apache?

Everybody seems to be talking about the POODLE vulnerability today. And everybody recommends disabling SSLv3 in Apache using the following configuration directive: SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 ...
16
votes
2answers
34k views

apache2 Invalid command 'SSLEngine'

When I restart httpd, I get the following error. What am I missing? [root@localhost ~]# service httpd restart Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: ...
10
votes
2answers
23k views

Adding a self-signed certificate to the “trusted list”

I've generated a self-signed certificate for my build server and I'd like to globally trust the certificate on my machine, as I created the key myself and I'm sick of seeing warnings. I'm on Ubuntu ...
8
votes
2answers
25k views

How can I verify SSL certificates on the command line?

I'm trying to validate/verify that the rsa key, ca-bundle, and certificate stored here are ok. They are not being served by a webserver. How can I verify them?
8
votes
2answers
11k views

adding SSL certificate for Github only (not all certificates from ca-certificates package)

I get the following error when accessing Github over HTTPS: error: server certificate verification failed. CAfile: /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt CRLfile: none This is because I don't have any ...
7
votes
3answers
12k views

Trust a self signed PEM certificate

I have set up a proxy server with SSL using a PEM certificate. Now, there is a couple of machines of mine that I would like to trust this certificate automatically (without the web browser ...
7
votes
1answer
16k views

make fatal error: openssl/sha.h: No such file or directory

I'm trying to compile a program that, according to the documentation, requires the "OpenSSL library". I have OpenSSL installed, and it's still giving me the error openssl/sha.h: No such file or ...
7
votes
5answers
15k views

invalid SSL_version specified at /usr/share/perl5/IO/Socket/SSL.pm line 332

Since I upgraded my PC from (k)ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 I receive this error message when trying to send an email using sendemail. Installing an older version of IO::Socket::SSL is not an option. I ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

mutt SMTP TLS error sending mail

When I try to send a mail, I get the following error: gnutls_handshake: An unexpected TLS packet was received. This is my .muttrc (myname, myaddress and mymail are placeholders): # Automatically ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I extract all subjects of a cacertfile with the openssl command line?

Is there an openssl command to extract all certifacte subjects of a cacertfile (a file containing several certificates like /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt)? I tried openssl x509 -in ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I disable SSLv3 in an OpenSSH SSH server to avoid POODLE?

In wake of the newly-discovered POODLE vulnerability, I'd like to disable SSLv3 on all of my SSH servers. How do I achieve this with OpenSSH?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to get server's ssl certificate in a human readable form?

For example, I want to find out when the certificate for encrypted.google.com expires (i.e. Not After date), and what other domains may use it for authentication (Subject Alternative Names).
5
votes
1answer
370 views

vim.googlecode.com SSL certificate change

I am building vim from source and keep having to update the SSL hostfingerprints of my ~/.hgrc file. It's getting a little silly and large – see below. The pattern is the same: run update, ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I use implicit FTP over TLS

using any FTP client (I'm on Ubuntu 12.04 and tried using lftp), I want to be able to make an implicit TLS connection on a FTP server, but I can't quite manage to successfully connect(All I get is : ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

How to find more details on Invalid Certificates

Setup I am following this blog post to set up ASP.net MVC5 on Linux. When I get to the part that adds the Microsoft certificates, I am warned that they are invalid. For example, this command: ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I start Apache on Arch Linux w/systemd using passphrase protected SSL keys?

I'm relatively new to using Arch Linux and think I must be missing the obvious way to do this correctly, but –short of starting the daemon on my own– I can't figure out how to get passphrase protected ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

TLS over unix pipe

Can I use TLS/SSL over Unix pipe with Unix command line? I want the equivalent of $ mkfifo /tmp/spipe $ echo a|openssl s_server -acceptFifo /tmp/spipe & [1] 25563 $ openssl s_client ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

specify certificate of CA in Dovecot

In Postfix, I have specified my private key, my certificate, and the certificate of my CA smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/cacert.pem smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/ssl/server.key smtpd_tls_cert_file = ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

`openssl`: Subject Alternative Name

I wrote this bit of code to get the Common Name of the subject field in the SSL certificate for a given domain: $ echo -e "GET / HTTP/1.1\nEOT" | openssl s_client -connect google.com:443 2>&1 ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

Disable SSLv3 In cURL?

I'm having a problem connecting to a website that is hosted with CloudFlare using cURL. When I try to connect to the website with HTTPS (using curl -v https://www.xxxxxx.com), it says: * About to ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How to make ldapsearch working on SLES over tls using certificate?

We need to connect our php script to LDAP over tls using a certificate. LDAP connection works nicely without tls. More details here ...
3
votes
3answers
288 views

True HTTPS? How?

/Using Google Chrome/ if i visit: https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/File:Nokota_Horses_cropped.jpg then the: ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to record an interactice socat TCP/TLS session?

Socat is great for interactively testing line based human readable protocols like HTTP or IMAP. For example: $ socat -d -d READLINE,history=$HOME/s.hist openssl:host:port,crnl,cafile=some.ca For ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Can ssl folder be removed without causing conflict

In /etc/httpd the ssl folder, if that is removed does that mean any site on the server if directed to https:// will not throw warning? I got a certificate a while back but soon realized if not a paid ...
3
votes
4answers
654 views

How to examine POST request over HTTPS?

I'm trying to automate access to a website via scraping, and I'm trying to determine what parameters are being sent to the server in a POST request. I've currently got Wireshark open, but is there a ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Need explanations about SSL issue and installation process

I am trying to install SSL on my server. First of all I wanted to purchase a certificate. They asked me to generate a CSR file. I created it and it resulted with two files: my.website.key ...
3
votes
2answers
871 views

WeeChat decryption fails while reading from data socket

I'm using WeeChat for quite a while on different machines now. All instances are using the same settings over and over again. When I connect, everything is fine, like this output from WeeChat, just ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Does fetchmail support SSL or TLS when using SMTP to forward email?

I am trying to forward emails that are fetched with fetchmail to another SMTP host, which enforces STARTTLS. I could not find a way to enable TLS in fetchmail. Is this possible at all? If so, how?
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Add a single key to to CA certificates from an automated script

I'm doing some automation for a local machine in Vagrant using Puppet. I need to add a CA certificate to the trusted list in Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 LTS. I simply add the file to the right place: file ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I permanently remove a web browser's SSL warning for HTTPS sites that fail to identify themselves correctly?

I'm using Firefox and Google Chrome under Ubuntu 10.04, and get these warnings: I want to add the site's certificate to "somewhere", so that the browser doesn't show SSL cert errors when visiting ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD 10 root certificate store

Is on a default FreeBSD 10 no root certificate store? When I install one by hand it is in /usr/local/share/certs/ca-root-nss.crt, which I symlink to /etc/ssl/cert.pem and thats the main places I ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

cURL/wget - SSLv3, TLS handshake, CERT hangs

I have problems connecting to https sites using cURL or wget. When I download from a https curl seems to be stuck while doing the TLS handshake, CERT. The problem is independent of the site (I noticed ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Apache disable SSLv2 SSLv3

I know that there are some Questions around here that comes along with this Topic. But I really don't know what I can do anymore. So here's the point: I am using Apache 2.2.22 on OpenSuse 12.3. The ...
3
votes
2answers
719 views

How to globally configure secure clients using OpenSSL on Oracle Linux 5/RHEL 5?

My workplace recently patched one of our servers to address the POODLE vulnerability. Since then older Oracle Linux 5 clients (based on RHEL 5) can no longer securely connect to the server with any ...
3
votes
1answer
581 views

Proper way to handle FTP over SSL with restrictive firewall rules?

Without SSL, FTP works fine over a stateful Firewall, like netfilter (iptables) + the nf_conntrack_ftp kernel module like this: # modprobe nf_conntrack_ftp # iptables -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to make local system CA certificates known to Firefox?

Recently, the CAcert root certificates have been removed from Debian (more precisely, from the ca-certificates package). Since I want to keep them, I backed up the directory ...
3
votes
1answer
809 views

squid - ssl bump

I have squid configured to bump SSL connections; however, when I configure my browser to use squid as a proxy, it doesn't actually do any SSL bumping. When I check the certificate, I can see it is ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

How do I install a system-wide SSL certificate on openSUSE?

I have a PEM certificate that I just downloaded from a webserver. I want to install it system-wide so I can curl the server without it complaining about a missing certificate. I tried putting the ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Chrome does not open Https websites [closed]

I am a corporate user with proxy server. I am working on the Fedora 20 OS and installed Chrome browser. I set proxy settings under Settings -> Network -> Change Proxy settings -> Network Proxy. ...
3
votes
1answer
852 views

Linux equivalent of “Trusted Root Certification Authorities” on Windows?

Where I live we have a corporate firewall which is configured to need a certificate installed on the computers in the house for it to be able to scan for vulnerabilities in secure connections. Without ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

How to generate a CSR for attaching SSL certificate to the site? [duplicate]

How can I generate a CSR for attaching SSL certificate to the site? In various articles about installing SSL certificates are described different ways of generating private key and CSR. That's like ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

Creating a signed subordinate CA for client certificates

I have a root self-signed CA which I've created for myself. With this CA (we'll call it country), I've created a server certificate and key for my webserver, nginx. I now would like to create a ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Generate Private Key for Existing SSL Certificate

I have been provided with a Comodo SSL certificate to deploy with Apache/ModSSL on Ubuntu 14.04. All I got was an email with links like this. I was not provided with a private key. It appears the ...
2
votes
1answer
12k views

Apache - Generate private key from an existing .crt file

I have some apache instances running smoothly with a home-made generated certificate. Now I have to use a provided certificate, but what I had sent is only a .crt file. In tried to copy it into the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Apache boot without asking for passwd

So I'm maintaining a server which has a verified SSL certificate setup, however there is a password on the private key and so whenever apache is reboot, we get a message asking for the password. This ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to display server's TLS certicicate details in terminal?

Having TLS certificate in local file, I can display its details using syntax like: openssl x509 -text -noout -in cert_filename Is there any way to display remote SMTP/POP3/HTTP server's TLS ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Generate a certificate signing request for an SSL server

I'm running CentOS 6.2 LAMP and I've just purchased an SSL certificate via Namecheap that I'm trying to install on my server. This is the certificate I purchased. How do I complete this process ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

generating CSR correctly

When generating a CRS for private purposes (non-comercial) which of the fields are mandatory? Country Name (2 letter code) [US]: US State or Province Name (full name) []: Texas Locality Name ...
2
votes
1answer
401 views

CURL won't connect to self

I'm having a weird issue where CURL cannot connect to its own server. For example if I'm on server example.com wget https://example.com/ <--- WORKS FIND curl https://example.com gets error: 35 ...
2
votes
2answers
854 views

What should I do about Python 2.7.9 not looking for SSL certificates in the right place on FreeBSD?

I have a FreeBSD 10.0 system, and a couple of days ago, I upgraded my python27 port from Python 2.7.8 to Python 2.7.9, which enabled SSL verification by default. Unsurprisingly, it broke my existing ...