SSH (Secure SHell) is a protocol for running commands on a remote computer.

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Keeping a process running after putty or terminal has been closed [duplicate]

I'm running a node.js server off of a raspbian (Debian) machine, and I'd like to start and stop the server remotely. This for me means using putty to access the shell, except when I close out of the ...
17
votes
3answers
14k views

Encrypting file only with SSH -priv-key?

Suppose I want to encrypt a file so that only I can read it, by knowing my SSH private key password. I am sharing a repo where I want to encrypt or obfuscate sensitive information. By that, I mean ...
17
votes
5answers
11k views

Does a `scp` transfer close when I close the shell?

I have scp transfer (from one remote server to another), that is quite big. So maybe I want close the computer from which I executed this command, will this end the transfer? I have ssh access to ...
17
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2answers
5k views

How to terminate remotely called “tail -f” when connection is closed?

I just noticed that if I execute ssh user@remote_host tail -f /some/file , then tail -f /some/file keeps running on the remote_host even if ssh connection is closed! So, after several connects and ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Transfer a file over a unstable SSH connection

I'm trying to upload some big files (around 10GB) with a slow upload speed (200kb/s) on a often disconnected SSH connection (due to poor network conditions). I'm trying to use scp, but if there is a ...
17
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2answers
3k views

Can I unfreeze bash or vim when SSH session freezes from timeout? [duplicate]

When my SSH session times out, the whole terminal freezes. Is there any way to break out of that connection? CTRL+C doesn't cut it.
17
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2answers
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Use ssh with a specific network interface

I'm using openconnect to connect to vpn. After entering my credentials, I get this: POST https://domain.name/... Got CONNECT response: HTTP/1.1 200 OK CSTP connected. DPD 30, Keepalive 30 Connected ...
17
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7answers
14k views

Copy input to clipboard over SSH?

Here's my usage case: I'm often connected to other computers over SSH for work and I often need to copy and paste documents/text from the server to locally running editors for writing examples and ...
17
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1answer
8k views

How can I configure a reverse SSH connection to the connecting computer?

I'm going to be deploying a number of machines in the near future which will be behind routers. It won't be feasible to set up dynamic DNS on each router and port forwarding, so is there a way I can ...
17
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5answers
5k views

Get ssh to forward signals

I want to be able to send signals (SIGINT is the most important) through ssh. This command: ssh server "sleep 1000;echo f" > foo will start sleep on server and after 1000 seconds it will put ...
16
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6answers
3k views

Is it possible to use Unix commands to `cp` a file in my subdirectory into a remote computer via SSH?

I have a series of software files downloaded into my subdirectory "~/Downloads" on my personal computer. I am also using bash to connect remotely to a computer using ssh. Is it possible to transfer ...
16
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4answers
31k views

How do you copy the public key to a ssh-server?

Here is what I have tried, and I got an error: $ cat /home/tim/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh tim@just.some.other.server 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys' Password: cat: >>: No such file or directory ...
16
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10answers
59k views

Automatically run commands over SSH on many servers

There is a list of IP addresses in a .txt file, ex.: 1.1.1.1 2.2.2.2 3.3.3.3 Behind every IP address there is a server, and on every server there is an sshd running on port 22. Not every server is ...
16
votes
8answers
17k views

How to rsync over ssh when directory names have spaces

I am new to Linux and am trying to rsync from one server to another. The servers have the same directory structure but I am having trouble getting the remotes server to properly recognize the path ...
16
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3answers
1k views

Why change default ssh port?

I've noticed lot of admins change default ssh port. Is there any rational reason to do so?
16
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3answers
10k views

How to SSH into a specific directory?

I frequently login to a server, then cd into a specific directory. Is it possible to simplify these two commands into one? ssh bob@foo cd /home/guest I'd like to avoid changing anything on 'foo' ...
16
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5answers
24k views

Automated ssh-keygen without passphrase, how?

I would like to make an automated script that calls ssh-keygen and creates some pub/private keypairs that I will use later on. In principle everything works fine with.... ssh-keygen -b 2048 -t rsa -f ...
16
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7answers
45k views

How to download a file through an SSH server?

I have a server in USA (Linux box B), and my home PC (Linux box A), and I need download a file from website C, The issue is, it is very slow to download a file direct from A, so I need download the ...
16
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3answers
18k views

Permanent background ssh connection to create reverse tunnel: what is correct way?

Related question: initiate ssh connection from server to client Answer from there helped me a lot, this command does what I need: ssh -R 2225:localhost:22 loginOfServerWithPublicIP@publicIP So I ...
16
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3answers
10k views

Get ssh server key fingerprint

Is there a way to programmatically obtain a SSH server key fingerprint without authenticating to it? I'm trying ssh -v user@host false 2>&1 | grep "Server host key", but this hangs waiting for ...
16
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2answers
17k views

Unable to use -o allow_other with sshfs (option enabled in fuse.conf)

I have the following on my /etc/fuse.conf file: # Set the maximum number of FUSE mounts allowed to non-root users. # The default is 1000. ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Will my MySQL query continue to run even if my ssh connection drops?

I've connected to a server over SSH and logged in to mysql, and asked it to run a query (the results of which are dumped into a CSV) that could take well over an hour. Although I have instructed my ...
15
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2answers
3k views

Accidently created a file called -X, how can I delete it? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I delete a file whose name begins with “-” (hyphen a.k.a. dash or minus)? Like an idiot, I ran this command: tar -cf -X awstats-icon icon ...
15
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8answers
9k views

How do I copy all files and directories except certain ones over ssh?

Using the Linux command line, I use the scp command to copy up all the files and folders from a certain directory. However, I don't like to consume wasted bandwidth for copying up things I rarely ...
15
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5answers
37k views

How to delete a file on remote machine via SSH by using a Shell Script?

I am writing a Shell Script where I have to delete a file on a remote machine via a Shell Script. Flow manually: ssh username@domain.com .. then at domain: cd ./some/where rm some_file.war How ...
15
votes
1answer
15k views

Convert OpenSSH private key into SSH2 private key

Is there a way to convert existing pair of OpenSSH keys to the SSH2 (ssh.com format) pair of keys? UPD: since there are some answers about ssh-keygen suddenly appeared, I'll explain where I came ...
15
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2answers
7k views

Limits of SSH multiplexing

I have the following entry in my .ssh/config file Host AAA User BBB HostName CCC ControlMaster auto ControlPath ~/.ssh/%r@%h:%p The above allows me to multiplex multiple ssh ...
15
votes
1answer
8k views

SSH causes while loop to stop

I have finally managed to boil down a problem I have been struggling with for a few weeks. I use SSH with "authorized keys" to run commands remotely. All is fine except when I do it in a while loop. ...
15
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5answers
3k views

How to copy a file that is still being written over ssh?

Here is the situation: I am uploading a large file from client A to a server using sftp. I also need to download this file from the server to client B over ssh. What I would like to do is start ...
15
votes
4answers
11k views

How can I solve this ssh-agent problem?

I'm using Linux Mint, and have not been able to get gnome-keyring to unlock automatically at login, it seems. A symptom of my problem is as follows: $ ssh-add Identity added: /home/me/.ssh/id_rsa ...
14
votes
3answers
31k views

Which users are allowed to log in via SSH by default?

When I set up my Debian 6, I was wondering, which users apart from root whose password I know can log into my system via SSH? When I install Apache 2 a user called www-data gets created. Does this ...
14
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3answers
2k views

How to tell if SSH'd into machine? [duplicate]

Is it possible to tell if a terminal is SSH'd into a machine ? some kind of command to do this for me and execute something if I am SSHd?
14
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4answers
7k views

How do I generate SSHFP records?

I need to setup SSHFP records in the DNS for my host. I have done some searching but I haven't found any good example. What are SSHFP records? What does SSHFP records look like? How do I create ...
14
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5answers
36k views

Disable user shell for security reasons

We have several user accounts that we create for automated tasks that require fine-grained permissions, such as file transfer across systems, monitoring, etc. How do we lock down these user accounts ...
14
votes
4answers
11k views

Autocomplete server names for SSH and SCP

I have a few servers configured in ~/.ssh/config, such as alpha and beta. How might I configure Bash such that the commands ssh al<tab> and scp file.tgz al<tab> autocomplete the names of ...
14
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2answers
11k views

Starting firefox on a remote host (over ssh) opens a new window locally: what is happening?

I have never noticed this behaviour before, and am a little confused as to what is happening. I have a local copy of firefox running, then ssh (ssh -X <url>) into a remote server and start a ...
14
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3answers
41k views

How to pull a file from a server using scp?

I am on machine A and want to pull a file from machine B. A$ scp <myuserid>@hostB:<path of file in B> . it says that: scp: <path of file in B>: No such file or directory But on ...
14
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4answers
2k views

How to retrieve IP addresses of possible ssh attackers?

I've just cat /var/log/auth.log log and see, that there are many | grep "Failed password for" records. However, there are two possible record types - for valid / invalid user. It complicates my ...
14
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3answers
15k views

Differences between VNC and ssh -X

Why would you use VNC (or for that matter NX) instead of just using ssh -X (-Y). I read that VNC uses less bandwidth, but is there any other differences/advantages with respective tool?
13
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8answers
2k views

How can we limit the impact of ssh probes?

My webserver is constantly attacked by various IP addresses. They try five passwords and then change the IP address. I have done various lockdowns like using ssh-keys and not permitting passwords, ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

scp between two servers not in the same network

There are two server that I can access with 2 different VPN connections. I have managed to have both VPN working on the same time on my machine (a bit of routing rules). I want to do a scp ...
13
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4answers
1k views

What is SSH - the protocol and what is ssh - the utility?

What is SSH - the protocol? What is ssh - the unix utility and how does it work? How is SSH protocol related to SFTP? What is sshd? Does the command su use ssh or sshd?
13
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3answers
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Shell Script for logging into a ssh server

I tried writing a shell script which can do automatic login into a ssh server using password which is mentioned in the script. I have written the following code: set timeout 30 /usr/bin/ssh -p 8484 ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

what's the purpose of ssh-agent?

I've read the official definition: ssh-agent is a program to hold private keys used for public key authentication (RSA, DSA, ECDSA). The idea is that ssh-agent is started in the beginning of an ...
13
votes
2answers
28k views

How to ssh to a server using another server? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ssh via multiple hosts For connecting to server B I have to first ssh to server A. What's the command line to access server B?
13
votes
5answers
47k views

How to make putty to not break my session after some time?

Each time putty is breaking session after some time if I am doing nothing. There is no any time parameter on putty so how can I stay my putty ssh session always Alive ?
13
votes
3answers
19k views

SCP from one server to another without password prompt

What is the best way of doing SCP from one box to the other without prompting for password? There are two servers: Server A (10.152.2.10): /home/oracle/export/files.txt Server B (10.152.2.11): ...
13
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3answers
23k views

ssh remote server on some port other than 22 without password

I am usually connecting to the remote server with ssh user@server.com -p 11000 and then giving the password each time for user. How should I avoid entering the password each time I connect ...
13
votes
6answers
17k views

ssh returns message “X11 forwarding request failed on channel 1”

When I ssh into a remote server that's not running any type of X11 desktop environment I get the following message. $ ssh user@server X11 forwarding request failed $ ssh user@server ls X11 ...
13
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3answers
11k views

Answer yes in a bash script

I'm trying to do a git clone trough a bash script, but the first time that I run the script and the server is not known yet the script fails. I have something like this: yes | git clone ...