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2
votes
2answers
23 views

Recovering mismatched sectors in a RAID array

I recently got an automated email saying "WARNING: mismatch_cnt is not 0 on /dev/md3". I'm running a software RAID5 array using mdadm on CentOS 6.6 When Googling the message I found this:- The ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Create a Software RAID 1 on a Linux server (openSUSE server)

I have a server with openSUSE 13.1 on a single HDD (500 GB WD). The server has information on it and its working properly. Can i create a software RAID1 inserting a second 500 GB WD HDD? How can this ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Raid 5 not starting

I had a raid 5 with 3 disks in my old computer, but the motherboard died. I put all the disks in a New computer, but the raid doesn't want the start anymore. When booting the pc, i can see all ...
1
vote
3answers
35 views

Software RAID10 setup writes small files extremely slowly, is this normal?

I have a software RAID-10 setup on Linux 3.16.6-203.fc20.x86_64, with 1.2 metadata and the default chunk size (512K): $ cat /proc/mdstat md0 : active raid10 sdc1[4] sdb1[0] sdd1[2] sde1[3] ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Missing mdadm raid5 array reassembles as raid0 after powerout

I had RAID5 array of three disks with no spares. There was a power out, and on reboot, the array failed to come back up. In fact, it the /dev/md127 device disappeared entirely, and was replaced by an ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

A SparesMissing event had been detected on md device /dev/md0

I'm getting the following mail every day on a server: This is an automatically generated mail message from mdadm running on <host> A SparesMissing event had been detected on md device ...
0
votes
3answers
156 views

How to combine multiple HDDs into one big HDD in Linux?

I'm very new to Linux, being mainly a Windows 7 user, so I may not understand Linux-specific commands without explanation. I've decided to build a NAS running some form of Linux (probably FreeBSD or ...
3
votes
1answer
507 views

How to install Debian Jessie properly onto multiple devices with BTRFS in mode RAID 1?

As a short introduction I'm going to tell you, what kind of setup I have and what I want to achieve. After that I try to explain my problem. Since this is my first question on U&L I have to ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Moving software RAID 1 to Linux

I'm using a RAID 1 (mirrored pair) configuration in my Media Center/ NAS system. Currently it's running Windows 8 (yeah, big mistake I know) and I'm regretting it (did it for the games, not worth it). ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

chroot into system

Update : Following the advies of slm, I could destroy the RST raid 0 and create a new raid0 using mdadm using the webpage he gave me. I could start the installation but at the step where grub is ...
3
votes
0answers
612 views

RAIDing with LVM vs MDRAID - pros and cons?

In his answer to the question "mixed raid types", HBruijn suggests using LVM to implement RAID vs the more standard MDRAID. After a little investigation, it seems LVM also supports RAID ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Recovering a (not yet created) RAID5 with URE (Unrecoverable read errors)

I wan't to create a RAID5 array at home, the OS is Linux (Kernel 3.15.7) and the array will be created with mdadm. I wan't to create the array with eigth or ten 1TB discs. Let's assume a single drive ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Is it reliable to assemble md from two machines at the same time

Say we have the same disks accessible from two machines. I want to do assembling md from two machines. Is it possible/reliable ? The disks are connected through SAS. All I need to have is reliable ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Moved Raid from NAS box to PC running Ubuntu hdparm shows drives frozen

So I had a RAID5 setup in a Partriot S4 Javelin (a NAS box). I'm now migrating it to a proper server running Ubuntu 14.04. NOTE: There are 4 drives. All the drives show up in Ubuntu. Two show ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

MD soft-raid to replace fake raid: How to get rid of old metadata?

I had a system running with fake RAID (Intel controller, imsm), which had some problems. Now I'm switching to the regular MD soft-RAID - I created a RAID 1 on /dev/sda1 and /dev/sdb1. Seems to work ...
1
vote
0answers
400 views

Help with lost software RAID5 on CentOS 6.5

I've been searching for hours and giving up / too scared to delete all my data. I have a file server running CentOS 6.5 which has 4 WD RED 2TB drives (all > 1 year old) in software raid 5 with mdadm, ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

mixed raid types

I am about to reinitialise my (SW) raid array. Previously the array was raid5 with 4 disks. I've removed one disk in order to install a new additional (larger) drive. What I'd ideally like to do is ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How to get details of RAID devices both soft and hard?

I want to check if my server has RAID configured both soft and hard. I tried some commands on my server (Suse Enterprise Edition 11): **ms:~ # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : unused devices: ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

How do I know if software raid is running or setup correctly

This is what I pulled: mdadm --monitor --scan -f --pid-file=/var/run/mdadm/mdadm.pid cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md0 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdb1[1] 262080 blocks super 1.0 [2/2] ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Ubuntu raid dirty degraded

I have Linux version 3.5.0-17-generic (buildd@allspice) (gcc version 4.7.2 (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.7.2-2ubuntu1) ) #28-Ubuntu SMP Tue Oct 9 19:31:23 UTC 2012 (per /proc/version). There are two raid arrays ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can't mount RAID after upgrade

I just upgraded my box to 14.04 and on bootup I got a message, that my RAID devices can't be mounted automatically so I chose to skip it and work through it after boot time. Now booted up, A mount -a ...
1
vote
1answer
297 views

mdadm : difference in metadata versions

Can anyone tell me the difference between the different metadata versions for mdadm? When I try the command mdadm --examine /dev/sda1, I can't seem to find "preferred superblocks" on version 1.2. ...
0
votes
2answers
160 views

Two arrays have slightly different array size with same size disks/partitions, why?

I created a software RAID 5 array one year ago using mdadm v3.2.x which shipped from CentOS 6.3, after few months, I moved/assembled the array to/in Fedora 19 (now Fedora 20). It had three 3TB disks ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

How to setup a RAID system using USB sticks as storage media

I want to create an inexpensive self-hosted private git server with redundant storage. To that end I have bought a Raspberry Pi and configured both git and ssh on the Pi. I can access the Pi both from ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Linux software-RAID and bootloader

How is it ensured that Linux software-RAID superblock(for example version 1.2) can be created at 4KiB from the beginning of the drive? According to manual of mdadm it is. I mean isn't there a hazard ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

understanding the “chunk size” in context of RAID

Am I correct that chunk size in context of RAID is essentially the same thing as cluster in file-system context? In other words, chunk size is the smallest unit of data which can be written to a ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

understanding Linux software-RAID superblock

According to mdadm manual, --zero-superblock option will overwrite the superblock with zeros. As I understand, superblock is a 256 byte block on HDD/SSD describing the RAID level used, name of the ...
2
votes
1answer
828 views

Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

mdadm - RAID5 array size vs. actual disk size mismatch

I have 4x 3TB WD RED disks that are in mdadm RAID5, which should total an array size of 9TB usable space, however I only have 6TB. I have confirmed all disks are in the array, the only strange thing ...
5
votes
3answers
523 views

Poor IO due to LUKS/Software RAID/LVM ordering?

I'm trying to determine if I should re-setup my RAID array due to poor IO performance. First off, the system: i7 920 4 4TB WD 5400 Green drives CentOS 6.3 host Secondly, the disk setup: ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Removing failed disk from raid 1

my server (Debian Wheezy) has a failed disk. I have sda and sdb and according to the support of my hoster, sdb needs a replacement. I send them this information with the mdstat: ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Mount an existing RAID 1 Logical Volume after OS upgrade

I just upgraded from Ubuntu 10.04 to Mint 16. The installer did not detect my existing RAID 1 array, and I can't access it anymore. My drives are: SDA - First RAID Disk SDB - Second RAID Disk SDC - ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Best way to create RAID on an existing system drive

I want to add another disk as RAID 1 to test my database performance. I am trying to not re-do the whole system, is it possible? Currently I have a single 1TB HDD with one 100GB system partition (and ...
6
votes
1answer
310 views

md raid1 ext3 and 4k sectors slow with directory operations

I recently moved from a hardware RAID1 enclosure to using two eSATA drives with md. Everything seems to be working fine, except for the fact that directory traversals/listings sometimes crawl (on the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Linux installation in RAID

I am a fairly new systems administrator and I have to configure the RAID on a Linux machine. From my understanding so far, RAID is an array of multiple disks. I have some questions though. Question ...
4
votes
2answers
788 views

How does Linux md-RAID handle disk read errors?

There are 2 cases: the read command times out at kernel level (30 seconds by default), the drive reports its unability to read a given sector before the kernel lose patience (the case I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

mdadm; previously working; after “failure”, cannot join array due to disk size

Abstract I had a functional Raid 5 array, I rebooted the box, and then mdadm couldn't re-assamble one part. Seeing that it was only one part, I thought it would be easy to just re-sync. But that ...
2
votes
1answer
503 views

Kernel failure with software RAID-1 due to single drive read errors

I am running Fedora 19 (kernel 3.11.3-201.fc19.x86_64) with a software RAID-1 (mdadm) setup on two identical Seagate 1GB drives: # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md1 : active raid1 ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Ubuntu Server - OS on single HDD, file server on software RAID 1

I run a Windows Server 2008 machine. It is used as a file server (File Services feature), in addition to local shares I use CrushFTP for SFTP and HTTP access to my files. I would like to convert to ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Monitor disk health using smartd (in smartmontools) on a high availability software RAID 1 server

I have a server with three identical SATA/600 3TB drives: /dev/sda, /dev/sdb, /dev/sdc. The drives are partitioned, using GPT with three partitions each: 1 MB: Reserved partition for boot loader 1 ...
3
votes
1answer
391 views

Can zfs resilvering destroy data with misreported device failures?

I have had a situation where I am moving data into a new zfs raidz pool with four devices, some of them virtual to facilitate the migration. The system completely hung in the middle of a device ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

What does mdadm's “spare” number mean?

I created a mdadm-based RAID 5 from six hard drives using the following command: # mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=5 --raid-devices=5 \ /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 /dev/sde1 /dev/sdf1 \ ...
2
votes
2answers
361 views

Can I create a 2 TB RAID-1 array out of one 2 TB disk and two 1 TB disks while preserving 1 TB of data?

I currently have 1 TB of data on a RAID-1 mdadm array. This array consists of one 1 TB disk and a 1 TB partition on a 2 TB disk. I have now bought a second 1 TB disk, and I would like to use this to ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Reusing older raid discs

I have a software RAID5 array (Linux md) on 4 disks; the OS is OpenSUSE 12.3. Recently I replaced a disc with a larger one (fail disc, remove it, add new disc). The capacity of the array has not yet ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

What are potential consequences of going nuts with sparse file based vdevs for a LVM to ZFS migration?

I've been playing around with ZFS having finally accepted that it's mature enough I shouldn't get burned. Now to migrate the home NAS box which is currently an LVM JBOD set up that's quite full, but ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

erased md0, md1 and can't recreate them

I previously had a working RAID 1 array. I think as a result of running grub-install /dev/sdb and grub-install /dev/sdc I somehow wiped my computer of md0 and md1. I need to set them up again. When ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

Raid5 Device Has Less Space Than Expected

I have 3 3TB drives, and have raid5ed them together. I would expect to get a resulting device around 6TB. The command I used: mdadm --create md0 --level=5 --raid-devices=3 /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1 ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

What changed between kernels 3.7 and 3.9 that affects LVM/RAID root file systems?

I'm trying to fix a (very messy) system that the user hosed by running a kernel upgrade from 3.7.10 to 3.9.6. the root file system is on an LVM volume on top of a software RAID array. The boot manager ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

No /etc/mdadm.conf in centos 6

I have installed centos 6 and setup a new RAID array with two disks. every thing is ok and I have partitioned the array but I don't see any /etc/mdadm.conf or /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf files. I have ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How to safely replace a not-yet-failed disk in a Linux RAID5 array?

I have a software RAID5 array (Linux md) on 4 disks. I would like to replace one of the disks with a new one, without putting the array in a degraded state, and if possible, online. How would that ...