Installing software on a running system, either as binaries or from source. This is usually done using your system's package manager.

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88
votes
17answers
15k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?
60
votes
7answers
25k views

What is the Linux equivalent to C:\Program Files?

I understand that in Windows as well as Linux and Unix, a program|application|software can be installed in any directory. Also if packages are installed using the distribution's packaging system, ...
53
votes
4answers
4k views

How do I know where to put things in linux?

Installing something in windows takes a click of a button. But every time I try to install something in linux, which is not found in APT, I get so confused. You download a zipped folder, then what? ...
49
votes
4answers
111k views

Install from a deb file, by dpkg -i or by apt?

I have a deb package for installation. Shall I install by dpkg -i my.deb, or by apt? Will both handle the software dependency problem well? If by apt, how can I install from the deb by apt?
28
votes
10answers
3k views

Why are programs not distributed in compiled format?

But they give instructions like cd downloaded_program ./configure make install This creates the ELF that is needed, and probably some .so files. Why not put those inside a zip file for download, ...
28
votes
2answers
2k views

Why use install rather cp and mkdir?

I've seen in many places used install -d to create directories and install -c to copy a file. Why not use mkdir and cp? Is there an advantage in using install?
26
votes
5answers
2k views

Keeping track of programs

When I install a simple program it often uses make && make install and doesn't often even have an uninstall target. If I wish to upgrade a program, is it standard protocol to assume it just ...
26
votes
3answers
47k views

How to install program locally without sudo privileges?

Assume I have ssh access to some Ubuntu server as user and I need some not system tools to be installed for convenience (mc, rtorrent, mcedit). I do not want to bother admins for these small programs. ...
26
votes
2answers
117k views

How to find the installation path for a software under linux?

Under linux, I launch a software by typing, e.g., fluidplot. How can I find the installation path for this software?
23
votes
5answers
6k views

What is the difference between building from source and using an install package?

I was wondering: when installing something, there's an easy way of double clicking an install executable file, and on the other hand, there is a way of building it from source. The latter one, ...
21
votes
3answers
19k views

How do I install htop inside mac os x

How do I install htop for Mac OS X? (The easiest and laziest path)
21
votes
4answers
2k views

Why updating a running Linux system is not problematic?

It's years I use Linux systems on a daily basis, and I never had major problems by updating a system when it was running, but I still wonder why this is possibile. Let me make an example. Suppose a ...
19
votes
5answers
16k views

Using different versions of Python

Background: Since I develop python programs that must run on different python versions, I have installed different versions of python on my computer. I am using FC 13 so it came with python 2.6 ...
19
votes
2answers
8k views

Where should a local executable be placed?

I have an executable for the perforce version control client (p4). I can't place it in /opt/local because I don't have root privileges. Is there a standard location where it needs to be placed under ...
19
votes
5answers
2k views

How to compile and install programs from source

This is an issue that really limits my enjoyment of Linux. If the application isn't on a repository or if it doesn't have an installer script, then I really struggle where and how to install an ...
15
votes
3answers
24k views

Installing a .deb package in home directory

Is it possible to install a .deb package completely under my home directory at debian?
14
votes
5answers
38k views

Unable to Pull EPEL repository Metadata

Installing Nginx on Scientific Linux according this documentation fails: [vagrant@localhost ~]$ sudo su -c 'rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epe l/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm' ...
13
votes
5answers
73k views

How to install tarball packages on a Debian based distribution?

I would like to know how to install .tar.bz and .tar.bz2 packages on Debian, please give me a complete explanation.
13
votes
3answers
626 views

How is install different from cp?

How is install different from a simple copy, cp or dd? I just compiled a little utility and want to add it to /usr/sbin so it becomes available via my PATH variable. Why use one vs the other?
12
votes
4answers
11k views

Safely uninstall a package in Gentoo

I wanted to uninstall a specific package in Gentoo and browsed through the emerge man page. I found the --unmerge option: WARNING: This action can remove important packages! Removes all ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

Install R in my own directory

How can I install a new version of R in my own directory, e.g., /local/data/project/behi.
12
votes
4answers
11k views

Should I put application into /usr/local or /usr/local/share?

What are the "standards" -- should I put application (not just binary, but entire distribution) to /usr/local or /usr/local/share. For example scala or weka -- it contains examples, binaries, ...
11
votes
6answers
31k views

Where is Netbeans installed on Ubuntu?

I installed Netbeans on my Ubuntu 11.10 machine. I used the combined method, so Netbeans and JDK are installed from a single file. However, now that it's installed I can't figure out how to start ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Installing from source. How to resolve dependencies without destroying the package manager

I don't consider myself a total noob, but compiling and installing software is a pain and problem I cannot overcome. I just want to run down through my understanding of this process with someone more ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Too much installing and uninstalling? [closed]

Is this a problem on Linux like it is one Windows? Installing and uninstalling things that end up leaving behind little bits and pieces that accumulate and have a negative effect? If so, what can I ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

nvm command not available in bash script

I am trying to build a script in in which nvm and eventually node will get installed. I have installed nvm with cURL. I see the modifications in the .profile or .bashrc file (both work) and when ...
10
votes
1answer
417 views

How do I apply software patches?

I have an application foobar for which someone has written a patch to add a feature I like. How can I use the patch?
9
votes
4answers
603 views

How to install executables

I sometimes run into software that is not offered in .deb or .rpm but only as an executable. For example Visual Studio Code, WebStorm or Kerbal Space Programm. For this question, I will take Visual ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are there many accounts? I'm the only user

I am running an Ubuntu 12.04 desktop system. So far I have only installed some programs (I have sudo rights). When I check the list of users on the system, I see a long list, like more than 20 ...
9
votes
4answers
10k views

How to truely install a tar.gz file on Linux - how to manage manually-installed (or standalone) applications?

I see all these links explaining packages and .debs... I know that... and there are many kludges to get tar.gz files working (eg: update-alternatives for Java or manually dropping the file in ...
9
votes
9answers
15k views

Package: git-1.7.6.1-1.el5.rf.i386 (rpmforge) Requires: libcurl.so.3

After I run yum install git it shows the error Error: Package: git-1.7.6.1-1.el5.rf.i386 (rpmforge) Requires: libcurl.so.3 You could try using --skip-broken to work around the problem You ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

How can I install perldoc on Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 10.10 comes with Perl 5.10.1 pre-installed, but strangely enough perldoc isn't part of the package. $ perldoc You need to install the perl-doc package to use this program. How can I make ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Why do some packages use 'make install' while other use 'sudo make install'

I recently installed LAME encoder on my server to convert wav to mp3 and that worked with './configure, make, make install; I then tried to install OGG encoder and that requires './configure, make, ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make apt-get accept new config files in an unattended install of debian from Repo

I am writing a script for a unattended install of a package that is in our repo, it is a software package with one of Debian's marked config files. Is there any option that I can pass to ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

Local installation of .rpms using YUM

I'm asking this question cautiously because I don't want to get this wrong. I have a program_name.rpm file saved locally on my server (CentOS 6.5). I have installed it previously just by navigating ...
8
votes
10answers
686 views

Where can I find Software for Unix/Linux that does X?

I'm looking for a program that does X and runs on unix (or at least on my particular unix system). Where can I look? Is there a more efficient way than a generic web search?
8
votes
4answers
9k views

What is the prefered way of updating all software in a Fedora installation?

When I install some system, I usually look for a bulk update method, one that will update my recently-installed software. For example, in Debian, that would be changing the sources.list to point to ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to create a list of installed packages for easy/automatic reinstall after disk is formatted

I'll change my system from 32 bits to 64 bits, and will be the same I had before, Debian Squeeze, but I do not want to lose the programs I installed before, because I do not remember the name of them ...
8
votes
1answer
8k views

Install g++ when having gcc (C only) — RH6

I have a RHEL 6 machine, which came with gcc but without g++. The gcc version is 4.4.4 20100726 (this is what I got from gcc --version). How can I get g++ working? Currently, the shell just returns ...
8
votes
3answers
643 views

where to put binaries so they are always in path and can be found easily

I am making quite some binaries, scripts etc that I want to install easily (using my own rpms). Since I want them accessible for everyone, my intuition would be to put them in /usr/bin; no need to ...
8
votes
4answers
15k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How to keep track of installed software

Every now and then I'm in need of updating a software running on one of our testservers at work (mostly Debian). What really confuses me almost every time is the fact that there is not just one way to ...
8
votes
5answers
18k views

Into which directory should I install programs in Linux?

I want to install a program in Linux and run it as a daemon. (Team Speak 3 in this case, but the question is general in nature). There is no package provided, only tarred binaries. Where in directory ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to install exactly the same packages on another computer in openSUSE?

Another computer can be as well virtual machine. I cannot make disk clone because of hardware differences and settings. I have computer A, installed and running, I also have computer B. I will ...
8
votes
1answer
370 views

Are there any CheckInstall side effects or should I use it every time?

I'm using Ubuntu at work and Slackware at home. Today at work I have downloaded some suspicious program from our company repository that was supposed to automate some repetitive tasks. I installed ...
8
votes
2answers
444 views

Why is this Python package trying to use a non-existent gcc?

I'm trying to install PyCrypto for Python 3 on Solaris. Whether I do it via "python3 setup.py install" or "pip3 install pycrypto", I run into the same problem: a call is made to a gcc which does not ...
7
votes
4answers
478 views

What installer types should commercial software use to support Linux?

The source code in not open or free, so compilation at installation is not an option. So far I have seen developers that: provide a tar.gz file and it is up to user to uncompress in suitable ...
7
votes
3answers
22k views

Install RPM file on Arch Linux?

I want to install sqldeveloper from Oracle on Arch Linux. The only Linux download option is RPM. I am not interested in using arch repositories to install sqldeveloper. I can only use what the vendor ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Where to install applications

I'm a long-time Windows user in the middle of a multi-year personal migration to Linux-based development. On Windows when I installed an application it got put in the Program Files folder and I'd ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I maintain a separate (newer) glibc / gcc / … stack as non-root on Linux

Our computation cluster runs a very old version of CentOS, with an old Kernel (2.6.18) and, of course, old libs and binaries. Because updating the whole thing requires a lot of work on all the nodes, ...