Installing software on a running system, either as binaries or from source

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60
votes
17answers
6k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?
51
votes
7answers
13k views

What is the Linux equivalent to C:\Program Files?

I understand that in Windows as well as Linux and Unix, a program|application|software can be installed in any directory. Also if packages are installed using the distribution's packaging system, ...
41
votes
4answers
3k views

How do I know where to put things in linux?

Installing something in windows takes a click of a button. But every time I try to install something in linux, which is not found in APT, I get so confused. You download a zipped folder, then what? ...
20
votes
2answers
629 views

Why use install rather cp and mkdir?

I've seen in many places used install -d to create directories and install -c to copy a file. Why not use mkdir and cp? Is there an advantage in using install?
17
votes
4answers
997 views

Why updating a running Linux system is not problematic?

It's years I use Linux systems on a daily basis, and I never had major problems by updating a system when it was running, but I still wonder why this is possibile. Let me make an example. Suppose a ...
14
votes
5answers
7k views

Using different versions of Python

Background: Since I develop python programs that must run on different python versions, I have installed different versions of python on my computer. I am using FC 13 so it came with python 2.6 ...
13
votes
5answers
842 views

How to compile and install programs from source

This is an issue that really limits my enjoyment of Linux. If the application isn't on a repository or if it doesn't have an installer script, then I really struggle where and how to install an ...
12
votes
2answers
41k views

How to find the installation path for a software under linux?

Under linux, I launch a software by typing, e.g., fluidplot. How can I find the installation path for this software?
10
votes
1answer
258 views

How do I apply software patches?

I have an application foobar for which someone has written a patch to add a feature I like. How can I use the patch?
9
votes
4answers
4k views

How to truely install a tar.gz file on Linux - how to manage manually-installed (or standalone) applications?

I see all these links explaining packages and .debs... I know that... and there are many kludges to get tar.gz files working (eg: update-alternatives for Java or manually dropping the file in ...
9
votes
9answers
11k views

Package: git-1.7.6.1-1.el5.rf.i386 (rpmforge) Requires: libcurl.so.3

After I run yum install git it shows the error Error: Package: git-1.7.6.1-1.el5.rf.i386 (rpmforge) Requires: libcurl.so.3 You could try using --skip-broken to work around the problem You ...
9
votes
3answers
10k views

Installing a .deb package in home directory

Is it possible to install a .deb package completely under my home directory at debian?
8
votes
10answers
637 views

Where can I find Software for Unix/Linux that does X?

I'm looking for a program that does X and runs on unix (or at least on my particular unix system). Where can I look? Is there a more efficient way than a generic web search?
8
votes
7answers
29k views

How to install .tar.bz and .tar.bz2 packages?

I would like to know how to install .tar.bz and .tar.bz2 packages on Debian, please give me a complete explanation.
8
votes
3answers
204 views

where to put binaries so they are always in path and can be found easily

I am making quite some binaries, scripts etc that I want to install easily (using my own rpms). Since I want them accessible for everyone, my intuition would be to put them in /usr/bin; no need to ...
8
votes
2answers
13k views

How to install program locally without sudo privileges?

Assume I have ssh access to some Ubuntu server as user and I need some not system tools to be installed for convenience (mc, rtorrent, mcedit). I do not want to bother admins for these small programs. ...
7
votes
4answers
397 views

What installer types should commercial software use to support Linux?

The source code in not open or free, so compilation at installation is not an option. So far I have seen developers that: provide a tar.gz file and it is up to user to uncompress in suitable ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Safely uninstall a package in Gentoo

I wanted to uninstall a specific package in Gentoo and browsed through the emerge man page. I found the --unmerge option: WARNING: This action can remove important packages! Removes all ...
7
votes
3answers
837 views

How to create a list of installed packages for easy/automatic reinstall after disk is formatted

I'll change my system from 32 bits to 64 bits, and will be the same I had before, Debian Squeeze, but I do not want to lose the programs I installed before, because I do not remember the name of them ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
7
votes
1answer
238 views

Are there any CheckInstall side effects or should I use it every time?

I'm using Ubuntu at work and Slackware at home. Today at work I have downloaded some suspicious program from our company repository that was supposed to automate some repetitive tasks. I installed ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Where should a local executable be placed?

I have an executable for the perforce version control client (p4). I can't place it in /opt/local because I don't have root privileges. Is there a standard location where it needs to be placed under ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I install perldoc on Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 10.10 comes with Perl 5.10.1 pre-installed, but strangely enough perldoc isn't part of the package. $ perldoc You need to install the perl-doc package to use this program. How can I make ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Install g++ when having gcc (C only) — RH6

I have a RedHat 6 machine, which came with gcc but without g++. The gcc version is 4.4.4 20100726 (this is what I got from gcc --version). How can I get g++ working? Currently, the shell just returns ...
6
votes
2answers
217 views

Where should I place a downloaded tarball?

I have downloaded the ChromePlus tarball and extracted it to my home directory. The extracted folder contains an executable that I can double-click to launch ChromePlus. So I assume I do not need to ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a Homebrew-equivalent for limited access user accounts in Linux?

I have a few Linux servers that lack necessary sudo or root permissions, and I'm feeling kind of stuck with my options: hand-compile packages to a ~/local/ folder or some equivalent work with ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

Get newest gcc for debian?

I can't build my apps on gcc since I use various c++0x features. I'm on Debian 6 (Lenny) and after upgrade/updating I have gcc version 4.4.5-8. I'm unsure which version is required but mingw 4.6.2 ...
6
votes
2answers
523 views

How to get files downloaded by yum?

I install a software package on Fedora from the terminal using the command like # yum install live-usb-creator Now at first it downloads some of the packages from online repository and then ...
6
votes
2answers
733 views

Loading 3rd-Party Drivers before Fedora 14 Installation

My server is equipped with a megaraid controller that cannot be identified by most linux installer. I have to load it's driver before installation can proceed. I know how to do it with CentOS that ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Fritz WLAN USB stick - Xlib/Xfree86 dev packages for installing Wine

I have installed Ubuntu 10.4 and want to install the driver for my Fritz WLAN USB stick according to http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/fritz!wlan_usb_stick (German site... sorry). Now I am trying to install ...
6
votes
3answers
339 views

How can I build and install PL/R as a non-privileged user?

There is a postgres instance, and I have the ability to build my own instance. Using these instructions I ran: USE_PGXS=1 make which worked but then USE_PGXS=1 make install did not, with this ...
5
votes
4answers
479 views

Can I have my own version control system?

In the linux/unix machine I am using, I am just a normal user. However, I want a version control system to manage my files to prevent accidental delete/rename/lost/modification. Obviously I don't have ...
5
votes
5answers
311 views

Which is better for installed applications: /usr/bin or user's home directory?

It's not entirely clear to me whether it would be better to install a GUI application in /usr/bin or my home directory. I've read through this article and this one, but it doesn't really talk about ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the prefered way of updating all software in a Fedora installation?

When I install some system, I usually look for a bulk update method, one that will update my recently-installed software. For example, in Debian, that would be changing the sources.list to point to ...
5
votes
6answers
15k views

Where is Netbeans installed on Ubuntu?

I installed Netbeans on my Ubuntu 11.10 machine. I used the combined method, so Netbeans and JDK are installed from a single file. However, now that it's installed I can't figure out how to start ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to install Mono in AIX?

I don't have root access to an AIX 5.2 machine and want to run Mono programs in it.
5
votes
3answers
296 views

Effect of compiling from source on already installed applications

I use Ubuntu 12.04. Say I have installed package x from the repository (with all its dependencies) at version 1.7 but I need some functionality that is only available in version 1.8, so I download the ...
5
votes
1answer
790 views

Where to install applications

I'm a long-time Windows user in the middle of a multi-year personal migration to Linux-based development. On Windows when I installed an application it got put in the Program Files folder and I'd ...
5
votes
2answers
151 views

Emacs on OpenBSD for DEC VAX?

I have managed to install OpenBSD 5.2 on my DEC VaxStation 4000 Model 90 but to my surprise have not found a binary for Emacs (any version) for the VAX architecture. As best as I can tell I do not see ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

How to uninstall applications that were installed using tar command

Can anyone explain me how to uninstall the applications that are installed by extracting using tar command (tar files) . I am really struggling to find an uninstall file . Surprisingly, I dont't find ...
5
votes
2answers
675 views

Can I make pacman aware of packages installed manually?

Due to my setup I cannot make use of pacman to actually install packages, however if I install a package from the Arch repositories manually by downloading and extracting it, eg: wget ...
5
votes
2answers
254 views

Any other distro offer like Ubuntu Software Centre?

I want to know does any other linux disto offer anything close to Ubuntu Software Centre? Some of the features I like about it is A) Sandboxing B) Ability to search any of the libs/apps with ...
5
votes
3answers
649 views

How to keep track of installed software

Every now and then I'm in need of updating a software running on one of our testservers at work (mostly Debian). What really confuses me almost every time is the fact that there is not just one way to ...
5
votes
1answer
545 views

Installing Gentoo packages as an ordinary user (non-root)

Is it possible to install Gentoo packages (ebuild-enabled programs, programs with support for portage) as an ordinary user (non-root) to one's own home directory (--prefix=$HOME or sth. like that)?
5
votes
1answer
439 views

Firefox circular-dependency hell on Linux Mint 13

Having difficulty re-installing Firefox, after an installation to resolve places.sqlite issues. It appears that I'm trapped in circular dependency hell. Need to resolve firefox dependency hell to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I update IcedTea?

I've only been using Linux for about a month. I'm running Mint 13. I'm trying to use www.goproblems.com but it tells me that my IcedTea is out of date. I hoped there was a package but I can't find ...
4
votes
5answers
375 views

How do idiomatic Unix programs detect what prefix they are installed under?

If I install a binary with non-standard prefix, e.g. /opt/bin/foo, which needs some static files from /opt/share/foo, how does it find them? Using back references relative to the executable ...
4
votes
4answers
210 views

How to see the output produced by make install in freebsd

When in freebsd you install any software using cd /usr/ports/mysql56-server make install It produces a lot of output on the screen. How you can read that output latter in a file. I tried cd ...
4
votes
3answers
367 views

What is the equivalent of “ubuntu-desktop” package in Debian?

In Ubuntu, we can upgrade from text-mode installation to GUI desktop environment by installing ubuntu-desktop package. How to do the same with Debian?
4
votes
4answers
207 views

Non-Ebuild Programs on Gentoo

I like the "compile it yourself" philosophy that Gentoo runs on, but how is the support for non-ebuild programs? That might just mean binaries, but also programs in general that were not acquired ...