A signal is a message which can be sent to a running process. Signals can be initiated by programs, users, or administrators.

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Timing out in a shell script

I have a shell script that's reading from standard input. In rare circumstances, there will be no one ready to provide input, and the script must time out. In case of timeout, the script must execute ...
34
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2answers
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How can I check what signals a process is listening to?

How can I verify whether a running process will catch a signal, or ignore it, or block it? Ideally I'd like to see a list of signals, or at least not have to actually send the signal to check.
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2answers
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How can I kill a <defunct> process whose parent is init?

Transmission is intermittently hanging on my NAS. If I send SIGTERM, it doesn't disappear from the process list and a <defunct> label appears next to it. If I send a SIGKILL, it still doesn't ...
7
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2answers
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What causes various signals to be sent?

I sometimes get a little confused by all of the signals that an application can receive. As I understand it, an application has a default handler for each of these signals, but it can provide its own ...
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votes
4answers
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Ctrl+C does not work in gnome-terminal

On my Linux host, Ctrl+C does not seem to work and I do not know how to proceed to make it work. I am using Ubuntu 10.04 with bash 4.1.5(1), and working in Gnome-terminal. When I pressed Ctrl+C while ...
4
votes
2answers
960 views

Process descendants

I'm trying to build a process container. The container will trigger other programs. For example - a bash script that launches running background tasks with '&' usage. The important feature I'm ...
10
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1answer
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How to suspend and resume processes like bash does

this question is a follow-up to: How to suspend and resume processes I have started firefox from a bash session in gnome-terminal. The process tree looks like this: $ ps -e -o pid,ppid,cmd -H 1828 ...
21
votes
2answers
571 views

When you try to terminate a process for good, which option for “kill” should you use?

I am getting a lot of mixed messages from people, and was wondering if it there really is not much of a difference in what you use. kill 'x' killall 'x' kill -9 'x' These are some options I've been ...
7
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1answer
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confirmed exit using trap

I am trying to trap the Ctrl+C signal asking a confirmation from the user. The trapping part works fine. But once the signal gets trapped, it does not return to the normal execution. Instead, it quits ...
10
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5answers
15k views

How to stop the loop bash script in terminal?

For example, #!/bin/bash while : do sl done How to terminate this bash script?
8
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6answers
6k views

Terminating an infinite loop

I have a command that I want to have run again automatically each time it terminates, so I ran something like this: while [ 1 ]; do COMMAND; done; but if I can't stop the loop with Ctrl-c as that ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

How to soft kill gui applications via terminal?

Is there a way to close a GUI application in friendly "please quit yourself now" way, without graphical access to the applications window? For example, if Gnome/X display crashes to black, I'd like ...
1
vote
2answers
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how to trap a suspend a resume from a bash script

I have a bash script (on osx) running continuously, it currently traps and handles a terminate like so trap onshutdown TERM how can I make trap also handle suspend/resume like trap onsuspend ? ...
3
votes
1answer
888 views

Issue with WINCH signal - what am I overlooking?

I am having an issue with the WINCH signal in the following code which is from a tutorial located at developerWorks®: #!/bin/bash trap 'get_window_size' WINCH # trap when a user ...