A signal is a message which can be sent to a running process. Signals can be initiated by programs, users, or administrators.

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stderr over ssh -t

This sends output to STDERR, but does not propagate Ctrl+C (i.e. Ctrl+C will kill ssh but not the remote sleep): $ ssh localhost 'sleep 100;echo foo ">&2"' This propagates Ctrl+C (i.e. ...
5
votes
2answers
58 views

What are pending signals?

When looking at the limits of a running process, I see Max pending signals 15725 What is this? How can I determine a sensible value for a busy service? Generally, I can't seem to find a ...
2
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0answers
47 views

How to keep my C program from terminating when CTRL-C is pressed? [migrated]

AFAIK this has something to do with "catch the SIGINT" but I'm looking for more details. Like many others I learn C by writing my own CLI that can start other program located by the environment ...
6
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1answer
34 views

What happens to requests to a service that is stopped with SIGSTOP

If you run SIGSTOP against a web server, does the kernel just tell the network stack to block/sleep all connections to that socket until it is continued? It seems that the server timeout values don't ...
14
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3answers
11k views

Default exit code when process is terminated?

When a process is killed with a handle-able signal like SIGINT or SIGTERM but it does not handle the signal, what will be the exit code of the process? What about for unhandle-able signals like ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Why does my application die without nohup?

I have a simple system (running on Debian) that works by invoking a script from /etc/init.d/rc.local At the bottom of rc.local I call myScript.sh who sets up some things, and then starts a binary ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Get ssh to forward signals

I want to be able to send signals (SIGINT is the most important) through ssh. This command: ssh server "sleep 1000;echo f" > foo will start sleep on server and after 1000 seconds it will put ...
1
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0answers
97 views

SIGINFO on GNU Linux (Arch Linux) missing

I am developing an application and I would like it to print some runtime stats to the console on demand. kill and signals came to my mind immediately. Reading through Unix signals on Wiki, SIGINFO ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Forward SIGTERM to child in Bash

I have a Bash script, which looks similar to this: #!/bin/bash echo "Doing some initial work...."; /bin/start/main/server --nodaemon Now if the bash shell running the script receives a SIGTERM ...
4
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2answers
114 views

Safely exiting while loops in bash

Say I have a bash script that does: while : do foo done I would like to be able to run this script from the console and be able to exit it at an arbitrary time as long as it happens in between ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

How to make a process wait in the background and be able to be killed by signal other than KILL

I want a script run in the background, take some actions for every hour. It should also quit if receiving a signal. And at last, it should perform some clean-up actions before quitting. Based on the ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

when does the system send a SIGTERM to a process?

My server program received a SIGTERM and stopped (with exit code 0). I am surprised by this, as I am pretty sure that there was plenty of memory for it. Under what conditions does linux (busybox) send ...
2
votes
5answers
83 views

How to create a script that can't be easily exited

How would I create a script that does not respond to Ctrl-C? This should also prevent any processes launched by the script from being killed (I'm trying to keep apt-get upgrade from being killed). (I ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Ctrl+C process termination without Terminal killing

I started using Sublime Text 3 to compile my FreeFem scripts (interpretator PDEs package solver) under Ubuntu 14.04. To invoke the interpretator I customized the build system as follows "shell_cmd": ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Process descendants

I'm trying to build a process container. The container will trigger other programs. For example - a bash script that launches running background tasks with '&' usage. The important feature I'm ...
4
votes
3answers
263 views

Control which process gets cancelled by Ctrl+C

I have a live CD that boots into Linux and runs a small Bash script. The script searches for and runs a second program (which is usually a compiled C++ binary). You're supposed to be able to abort ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

HURD: Why is remote process not killed?

On most UNIX systems this will not leave a process running: ssh example.net sleep 1000 <<CTRL-C>> I have tested this behaviour on aix centos debian dragonfly freebsd hpux irix mandriva ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What's the easiest way to detect what signals are being sent to a process?

I'm trying to debug an issue with my shell (specifically, fish) sending signals to my background processes. I'd like to be able to recognize what signals a process is receiving. Ideally, I'd like ...
8
votes
2answers
287 views

Why does bash ignore SIGTERM?

Sometimes when I want to logout quickly I do kill -15 -1. I've noticed that bash is ignoring SIGTERM. I wonder what's the rationale for such bash behavior? It's not very UNIX'y to ignore SIGTERM ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

On Ctrl+C, kill the current command but continue executing the script

I have a bash script, wherein I execute a line, sleep for sometime and then tail -f my log file to verify a certain pattern is seen, I press ctrl +c to get out of tail -f and then move to the next ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Parent restarted by child doesn't respond to CTRL-C

I wrote a program. It starts a process (call it A) that spawns a child process (call it D) that shutdowns and restarts A. Problem is, now I can't kill A nicely from the terminal (ie. CTRL-C isn't ...
3
votes
2answers
197 views

Is there any way to determine the signal that was caught from inside a bash trap function?

I have a bash script, in which I have specified via trap that a function will be called for any (catchable) signal. typeset -i sig=1 while (( sig < 65 )); do trap myfunc $sig let sig=sig+1 ...
6
votes
3answers
452 views

Can signal be ignored (lost)?

I have an application which is communicating with workers via signals (particullary SIGUSR1/SIGUSR2/SIGSTOP). Can I trust that whatever happens every signal will be delivered and processed by ...
38
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I check what signals a process is listening to?

How can I verify whether a running process will catch a signal, or ignore it, or block it? Ideally I'd like to see a list of signals, or at least not have to actually send the signal to check.
0
votes
1answer
63 views

timeout pipeline

I want to execute these two timeout command on the same command but with a different time and instructions. So timeout --signal=SIGINT 5s command timeout --signal=SIGKILL 10s command How to append ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Understanding a signal script

I have the following trap script but the idea about it, is little vague to me. #!/bin/bash for i in {1..64}; do trap "echo 'signal[$$] Caught signal SIG$(kill -l "$i")($i)'" "$i"; done; read -s ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Why cannot we kill a zombie? [duplicate]

I am editing this question since it was marked duplicate as another question about how to kill a zombie process. I am not looking for an answer to how to kill a zombie process. I do not have zombies ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How to propagate TSTP while running a program as a different user

I'm running a terminal application via "su" in this fashion: su -c "/path/to/app --args" username This is done from a root context, and 'username' is a less privileged user in the system. The ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

fork() and how signals are delivered to processes

I program that I wrote in C fork()'s off a child process. Neither process will terminate. If I launch the program from the command line and press control-c which process(es) will receive the interrupt ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

kill parent and child because endless loop

I have a process run by cron every hour. Such process calls another one (not sourced), ie: ./childProc.sh (Not sure if this detail is important) Because of an endless loop in child process (which ...
0
votes
3answers
69 views

Idiomatic way to kill -9 only if “graceful” way doesn't work?

Is there a common way or existing utility to do the following? kill a process Give it a few seconds to shut down gracefully kill -9 it if it hasn't stopped
2
votes
2answers
123 views

gracefully terminating processes with killall <processname>

I am using several instances (profiles) of Icedove (Thunderbird) and when I need to close all of them, I use: killall icedove According to man killall, if no signal name is specified, SIGTERM is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Trying to see default handlers for various signals

I understand that there is a default signal handler, that is a function for each signal , such as SIGKILL etc. In which file it is written? I tried looking at signal.h, but could not find it there. ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to suspend a process for a certain period of time?

I have several running processes which is started by a shell, but I don't want them to run during 08:00am - 20:00pm for each day because they are really bandwidth-consuming, so , I have to suspend ...
15
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6answers
32k views

How to stop the loop bash script in terminal?

For example, #!/bin/bash while : do sl done How to terminate this bash script?
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Give group the right to send kill signals

I have a process that a user1 runs. And I need to grant all the group members the right to send some kill signal to it. So far, I always get this output: myProcess(13919): Operation not permitted ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Sigstop when trying to run script?

I am trying to list out all commands by users, unfortunately I hit a weird sigstop that I am not sure how to diagnose? #!/bin/ksh echo '[' for USER in `cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd |sed '/^#/ d'`; do ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

SIGTERM not working occasionally

We use the regular /etc/init.d/jboss stop to stop the jboss on our machines. But at times, it does not stop the process and we get what is pasted below. When this happens we kill the process with a ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Inheriting Bash signal traps

I'm struggling to find clear, unambiguous information about how the trap command works. In particular, is the effect of trap local to the script where it appears? I had always assumed this to be the ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What is signal 0 in a trap command?

I'm following this guide on how to set up passwordless SSH authentication with ssh-agent. To start up ssh-agent the author recommends the following code in .bash_profile: SSHAGENT=/usr/bin/ssh-agent ...
13
votes
5answers
4k views

How to make `xargs` ignore child's exit and keep processing further

I sometimes run long xargs jobs overnight and it is really annoying to discover in the morning that xargs died somewhere in the middle, for example because of a segmentation fault in one single ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

On shutdown, do un-mounting drives happen before shutdown signal handling?

So based on my understanding of the Unix/Linux shutdown process (which is highly limited I admit), I think at some point these steps happen: 1. mounted drives get unmounted 2. a termination signal ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Change to rc.local causing hang on tty1

I added a script execution command to my rc.local but forgot to run it in a separate tty. The script has an infinite loop and has hung my tty1. Ctrl-C does not do anything and I don't have another ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Ctrl-C with two simultaneous commands in bash

I want to run two commands simultaneously in bash on a Linux machine. Therefore in my ./execute.sh bash script I put: command 1 & command 2 echo "done" However when I want to stop the bash ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Why is SIGINT not propagated to childs process when sent to it's parent process?

Given a shell process (e.g. sh) and it's child process (e.g. cat), how to simulate the behavior of CTRL+C using the shell's process ID? This is what I've tried: Running sh and then cat: ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Why different behaviour of trapping EXIT vs INT

Running bash 4.3 on Kubuntu Trusty 64 bit. Please see the following two files: trapping-int.sh #! /bin/bash trap "echo Exiting" INT cat </dev/urandom >/dev/null echo Hello trapping-exit.sh ...
1
vote
1answer
639 views

Start a background process from a script and manage it when the script ends

I'd like to run and configure a process similarly to a daemon from a script. My shell is zsh emulated under Cygwin and the daemon is SFK, a basic FTP server. For what matters here, the script ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the meaning of every column when executing psig command?

I try to use psig command to track signal dispositions of a process on Solaris: bash-3.2# psig 3109 3109: bash HUP caught termsig_sighandler 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the command pkill -USR1 -n -x dd mean exactly?

I am using dd to do a network transfer of a disk image to an sd card on my BeagleBone. Using pkill -USR1 -n -x dd in an ssh connection to this BeagleBone gives me a status update of the transfer ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Kill a whole process tree regardless different GIDs

I am having issues with process control using the signals available to the process abstraction. In the example below you can see there is a perl script which is the parent of the whole tree with a ...