The shell is unix's command-line interface. You can type commands in a shell interactively, or write scripts to automate tasks. Use this tag for questions applying to /bin/sh and most compatible shells (ash, bash, ksh, zsh, …).

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7
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132 views

Why does OS X `install` errors on redirected input when the same version of `install` on linux works fine?

I would like to use install command in order to create a new executable file with pre-populated content (e.g. with single pwd command in it). So I've extended this example which creates a new empty ...
7
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0answers
120 views

How to make the zsh “correct” functionality, remember my spell-correction decisions

I have enabled correction (I wouldn't call it autocorrection specifically because of this issue) in zsh by enabling setopt correct in my .zshrc. Now, when I type dtae in a terminal, I get: dtae ...
4
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0answers
61 views

Exploit in bash script parameter possible?

I want to pass an e-mail address from a web form to a bash script. I'm using the following regex: /[a-zA-Z0-9._%+-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,4}/ Is this sufficient? Or could one embed an exploit?...
4
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0answers
100 views

bash process substitution with temporary file

Some programs needs their files to be seekable, for example objdump does. $ objdump -D -b binary -m i8086 <(echo 0xea 0x5b 0xe0 0x00 0xf0|xxd -r -p) objdump: Warning: '/proc/self/fd/11' is not an ...
4
votes
0answers
235 views

List all btrfs filesystems and subvolumes in shell

Is there a convenient way to get information on all btrfs filesystems subvolumes without resorting to C, i.e. in POSIX shell ? /sys/fs/btrfs contains info only on filesystems, nothing on subvolumes, ...
4
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0answers
215 views

What default shell to use for an SSH user limited to a single command

When limiting a user to a single command via ssh, what default shell should be used for the user? This is a follow up to how can shellshock be exploited over SSH? I have a machine that is running an ...
3
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68 views

wait bash-builtin burns a CPU at 100 percent

Occurs at least on GNU bash version 4.3.42 x86_64 && GNU bash version 4.3.11 x86_64 I use sleep & wait $! instead of a simple sleep for getting an interruptible sleep by a signal (as ...
3
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0answers
80 views

Unable to type apostrophe in the terminal

I'm unable to type the character ' in urxvt. Nothing happens if I press the button to type it. If I copy something to the clipboard that contains ', and paste it with shift+insert, the text is ...
3
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0answers
72 views

Shell Arithmetic Expansion with Quotes

In Bash and Dash, using quotes in an Arithmetic Expansion is illegal: $ bash -c 'x=123;echo $(("$x"))' bash: "123": syntax error: operand expected (error token is ""123"") $ dash -c 'x=123;echo $(("$...
3
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67 views

cursor and combining diacritics in shell

I frequently deal with combining diacritics, especially the combining acute accent (U0301, or \xcc\x81). I have a keyboard set up to insert this character, and that works fine in the shell. $ echo а́ ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Umask value isn't reflected after making changes

I changed umask from 002 to 007 in /etc/bashrc and in /etc/profile. After logging as a normal user I run umask, and it displays 0027. It should display 0007, but it doesn't. What should I do? if [ $...
2
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0answers
47 views

Network traffic monitor “nettop” morphing away from expected results

On Mac, I open a new shell and enter nettop. For a split second I see chrome (as I expected) and some other things going on (had to record screen to catch them); then I'm only shown data on ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Prevent scp and less commands reading interactive tcsh script

I'm using tsch through PuTTY, and let's start by this: please don't try to convince me to migrate to another shell...:) It's being a long time that commands like scp and less didn't work well for me. ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

How to parse /proc/cmdline before asking tty login with systemd

First, I'm trying to parse /proc/cmdline with this script: #!/bin/bash for i in $(cat /proc/cmdline) do export $i done I tried to make a systemd service [Unit] Description=Parse cmdline [...
2
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0answers
277 views

Where EOF character is processed when it sent over telnet connection

Lets suppose I am connecting to telnet server, where bash is running. I am executing comand "cat > /tmp/qqq"; typing some contents of a file and finally sending 0x0a 0x04 which meant EOF. The ...
2
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0answers
137 views

Higher-level wrapper for entr or inotifywait

I'm looking for a way to rerun a specific command as soon as any of the files in a subdirectory (perhaps minus selected excludes) changes. Use case I'm working on a project that is self-contained in ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

A way to distinguish between interleaved output from two background processes

If I have two backgrounded processes that produce input to STDOUT or STDERR (e.g., two installation scripts), is there an easy way to make these two output streams distinguishable? I guess I can pipe ...
2
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0answers
133 views

“Restart” a process in the same terminal?

I put "restart" in quotes because the following question on SO illustrates what I'm trying to do: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27957091/restarting-a-process-in-the-same-linux-terminal I'm ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

How to get the mplayer's single-line playing progress info?

mplayer shows and refreshes a single-line playing progress when playing a media file. A sample result is: A: 17.2 (17.2) of 213.0 (03:33.0) 0.5% And I'm trying to grep this playing progress and ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Is there a difference between double quoting a variable or a whole line in echo

When you type, for example, echo Variable "$var" is not initialised. and echo "Variable $var is not initialised." the front end result is the exact same (as far as I know, at least). But I was ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Read output in `screen` from outside

Suppose I opened up a screen to run some program that outouts some result. Once the program finishes, is there a way to get the result in the screen from outside. For example: I opened up a screen ...
2
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0answers
154 views

How can you get the current terminal line (the one that is still editable by the user)?

I need a way to use the current line which the users typed into as variable for a shell function. my current code, which can be called by ctrl+r zle -N search bindkey "^R" search search () { read ...
2
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0answers
694 views

How to pass multiple commands via pssh and multiple xterms

I'm attempting to open multiple xterms and run a command as an SAP user via sudo using pssh. So far, I'm able to run PSSH to a file of servers with no check for keys, open every xterm in the servers ...
2
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0answers
607 views

How does SELinux / SEAndroid prevent or allow pseudo terminal allocation?

I'm trying to resolve an SSH connection issue on an Android phone running SELinux in "Enforcing" mode. The problem is that any SSH connection that tries to allocate a pseudo-terminal (/dev/pts etc) is ...
2
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0answers
548 views

gnome-terminal cmd leaving processes open after closing parent window

The following simple command should demonstrate my issue: gnome-terminal --tab -t "Tab 1" -e "/bin/bash" --tab -t "Tab 2" -e "/bin/bash" This should open a new window with two tabs and an active ...
2
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0answers
163 views

zsh: Echoing every statement?

I have an odd problem with zsh when I switch between shells in a particular way: Option 1 (works well): I start a zsh shell. I switch to tcsh with /bin/tcsh, and I switch back to zsh with /bin/zsh ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Make zkbd ignore $DISPLAY

Is it possible to make zkbd ignore $DISPLAY variable? I have set up when I log in to different X sessions and it is annoying if suddenly I need to reenter/copy configuration (and I have no idea why $...
2
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0answers
630 views

What happens when you background a function which calls another function?

Question says it all on the tin. Can someone explain to me what goes on here ? I'm trying to find out how to background a process in a script that calls another function and reliably terminate it when ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Wacom Linux xsetwacom Attach Shell Script to Buttons

Using Inutos Pro with Manjaro. Would like to attach a shell/bash script to one of eight buttons. Script would be something along the lines of 'dolphin Documents'. Can xsetwacom do this?
1
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23 views

find-like tool to search (recursively) in MailDir folders by size, sender, recipient, attachment name regex, etc

I am not looking for a tool like locate, that works by creating an index in the MailDir, or generating other runtime files there; I am searching for real-time, direct search on live MailDirs. The ...
1
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0answers
18 views

cvs auto setenv and login without typing password again

Hi I'm trying to logon to cvs automatically every time I start the machine. This works well but I have to manually type cvs login in the shell: setenv CVSROOT :pserver:$USER@vlsj-cccc:/vols/cvsroot ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Is it possible to convert audio to midi with the shell?

Some might say this doesn't work, but it does, this website does what I want. Can you do this with any common tool like ffmpeg? Or maybe there is a python script somewhere? I couldn't find anything on ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Passing external parameter to .exe on Windows using winexe from Linux

I am trying to execute a .exe on Windows from Linux using winexe. This exe requires an external parameter (string) to be fed alongwith. With the following command I have succeeded in initialising the ....
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0answers
41 views

Add bash to base Linux Kernel?

We have a proprietary SBC (Single Board Computer) type of platform that is a large sized scale Raspberry Pi essentially. It is ARM based and uses Linux Kernel v3.# as its base. This isn't an Ubuntu ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Copy file into all subdirectories that contains a file with certain name

I am trying to copy a features[30,55].R script from my desktop into all the subdirectories that contain a file whose name is DONE. I tried the following command: find . -name "DONE" -exec sh 'cp /...
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0answers
63 views

Some commands are no longer responding?

I have a Debian based distribution & lately a problem has been encountered when trying to execute the gcc or man command's (And probably other commands I haven't found yet). When I type them in ...
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0answers
45 views

ssh -f, running remote startkde, does not exit. Why?

I hope that someone already knows the answer to this, because I fear that trying to unravel the startkde shell script, and the subtleties of ssh -f is going to be ugly. I am opening a remote desktop ...
1
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0answers
203 views

How to redirect linux command outputs to specific row and column in csv?

I'm working on Unix Build post documentation process, I have a CSV file to be filled in and uploaded for every new build, to ensure the servers are build as per the original request. The CSV file ...
1
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0answers
52 views

How to switch to another screen to run git commands while resolving conflicts (blocking command)?

Often times, I work out of a single shell when I run git commands. For example, I will start a merge: $ git merge origin/master If during this merge there are conflicts, git will "block" the shell ...
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0answers
129 views

File exists but errors with “mv: cannot stat: No such file or directory”

For some reason my script cannot copy or move files that exist. It comes up with the errors below. Can someone tell me why? cp: cannot stat '/mnt/sd/bbu/install/scratch/bin/.': No such file or ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Schedule (Cron) executing tasks based on bash scripts using CronniX

I'm still quite new you Mac and OS X but do have some background about other UNIX based systems, so please excuse for any misunderstandings. My goal is to implement a function that executes certain ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Start a subshell then run commands

Say I have a script that is always run from an interactive shell. I would like this script to launch an interactive subshell that is a replica of the parent (i.e., all environment variables, etc. ...
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0answers
31 views

'Chain' shells' profile and runcom files?

While setting zsh up, I found a post stating that to keep a .zshrc as clean and backwards compatible as possible, one can 'chain' the shells' configuration files. If I recall, it consists more or less ...
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0answers
69 views

Removing duplicates in a large text list

I've searched around the internet and stackexchange for this. Even though there are lots of similar topics, I haven't found a solution yet. So, I have a quite large list (approx. 20GB), which ...
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0answers
243 views

unix chroot jail shell (with or without sudo?)

at the moment I am creating a chroot jail. Therefore I read some articles and everything seems to be clear, exept for one thing: the chroot jail shell In one source they created the following setup ...
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39 views

shell script to join 2 files on basis of 2 columns and if a match found then write some fields

abc.csv TBL_NAME,SANDBOX_NAME,SCRIPT_NAME ccti_prod_attdnl_ext,abs_ext,101_ext_table.m_diag.pset ccti_prod_attdnl_ext,abs_ids,101_ext_table.m_diag.pset xyz.csv PID,SANDBOX_NAME,...
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0answers
34 views

“render” textfile with carriage returns (^M) and save output to file

I have a Python CLI program that runs for a long time and has a sort of progressbar, which basically prints some text in the loop without "\n" at the end, at the next iteration it prints "\r" to erase ...
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0answers
97 views

Check whether a process is running in privileged mode

I want to check if a specific process is running in privileged mode. If a process is running is privileged mode, necessarily the user running it is going to be root? I've noticed that when I use sudo,...
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0answers
30 views

External monitor script has become unreliable

I have been using the following udev rule and bash script to automatically configure my external monitor for some time now, however recently the script has become unreliable, usually doing the ...
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11 views

Global [multiple sessions] directory stack

For the current zsh session I use dirs -v command to print the directory stack. I'd like to have an analogous tool that shows me the directory stack of all sessions, also the closed ones. Or if not a ...