Questions about shell scripts, executable files that are interpreted by a shell (bash, zsh, etc.).

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mkdir in shell script failing with \r [duplicate]

I have the following basic shell script: #!/bin/bash mkdir /var/lib/mysql/backups/test rm -r /var/lib/mysql/backups/* ROOTDIR="/var/lib/mysql/backups" TODAYDIR=`date +%Y%m%d` mkdir "$ROOTDIR/$...
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2answers
307 views

how to grep the file names based on the date formate

We have hourly and daily files in the same folder: data-2015-06-06-00.tsv data-2015-06-06-01.tsv data-2015-06-06-02.tsv data-2015-06-06-03.tsv data-2015-06-06.tsv data-2015-06-07-03.tsv data-2015-06-...
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3answers
78 views

How to achieve “continuos randomness”?

With RANDOM%xone gets a set of discrete results. How can I achieve following scenario?: Inside a for loop, I'd like to let a bash script execute command A in 33.33% of all loops and else execute ...
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1answer
374 views

Bash if statement not working properly [closed]

I have a bash statement to test a command line argument. If the argument passed to the script is "clean", then the script removes all .o files. Otherwise, it builds a program. However, not matter what ...
2
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4answers
145 views

How to parse table for pattern if pattern includes spaces

A continuation of this question: parse first column of command output, get corresponding second column value Say I have a command that outputs a string formatted as a table, as shown below. What if ...
5
votes
3answers
342 views

Go from a String to an Array of “words” in Bash

I need to go from a string to an array where each entry is each word on that string. For example, starting with: VotePedro="Vote for Pedro" I need the array: Vote For Pedro Which I should then ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

Wait for key in shell script that may get piped to /bin/bash

Consider the following shell script echo foo; read; echo bar Running bash my_script outputs 'foo', waits for the return key and outputs 'bar'. While this works fine running it that way, it doesn't ...
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1answer
109 views

Exiting a script called from another script via SSH

Suppose that bash script X is being called within another bash script Y. If I directly execute script X on a local machine, after X's completion, the program exits to the terminal. However, when I ...
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1answer
143 views

Running a command on different shells

While reading the answers of question Can bash write to its own input stream?, I found the following command runs on zsh but not on bash : print -z echo mnciitbhu 1 . Is -z an extension to the ...
2
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4answers
384 views

How to influence a bash while loop with a timed global variable?

I have a while loop in a bash script which should do something different at the beginning and at every 5 second interval. Any previous loop is allowed to complete. The 5s interval is indicated by the ...
0
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1answer
533 views

parse first column of command output, get corresponding second column value

I am fairly new to BASH scripting for Linux. I am executing a command that outputs a table, as such: firstValue: a secondValue: b.y7 thirdValue: c-x-g 10:42 GMT Say I need the secondValue. I ...
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1answer
278 views

What does colon (':') in bash variable resolution syntax mean? [duplicate]

Could you help me decode this assignment: jvm_xmx=${jvm_xmx:-1024} Can't understand, what it does.
2
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1answer
249 views

Updating environment variable in a shell script

I am trying to update the value of an environment variable in a third party shell script. My OS is Oracle Linux Server release 6.4 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.4 (Santiago). I already ...
1
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2answers
275 views

How can I check how many files have been created in one week?

How can I check how many files have been created in one week? Situation: The system will create four files at every week, if the system is running normally. For example: A_08-07-2015.csv B_08-07-2015....
-1
votes
1answer
331 views

No such file or directory error when attempting to run shell script upon startup of console [closed]

I'm trying to run a shell script upon startup in cygwin. I have added these commands to my .bashrc file: $ echo 'export MAIN="D:/dev/Main" >> .bashrc > echo '.MAIN/Env/tpsScripts/devenv.sh $...
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0answers
30 views

Build Script Help, Not Loading Modules

So I am writing a script to build and install Netcdf, but when I source it, it seems like some of the lines just are not running or are being skipped and I am unsure why. When I run the code line by ...
2
votes
2answers
367 views

Assign variable identifier in loop and echo its value

I hope this question is not a duplicate because I've been trying various ways to solve this problem but couldn't find any solution. I have a for loop in which I'd like to store a command output into ...
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3answers
156 views

Using a function defined in a parent script

I wrote the following script in the test.sh: #!/bin/sh compare() { if [ $1 != root ]; then echo "Fail" >> CAT1.txt fi } awk -F: '$4 == 0' /etc/passwd | cut -d: f1 | xargs -n1 -i bash -c '...
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2answers
802 views

Write bash_history to a file with a timestamp

I need help with the script below. The requirement is to capture command line history in a file with specific date and time of commands, when they were executed. The below script captures history ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How to read and do a min/max/avg from a NMEA stream

I have a weather station attached to my device spitting NMEA 0183 on /tty/USB0 I have alreeady sorted out how to parse the data and echo what I want in a script. What I need to do now is write the /...
0
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1answer
715 views

/bin/sh script error “arithmetic expression: expecting primary: ” + “ ”

ERROR: ./client-disconnect.sh: 22: ./client-disconnect.sh: arithmetic expression: expecting primary: " + " I just need to know how to fix it. It's for user accounting with OpenVPN. Script #!/bin/...
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2answers
354 views

Extract numbers from a text file and place them in another file

I have a text file whose contents looks like this: {"result":"true","last":0.02094,"high":0.0213,"low":0.01682,"avg":0.01871,"sell":0.02094,"buy":0.02054,"vol_ltc":5145.8262,"vol_btc":96.29887,"...
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4answers
173 views

optimize command with or and pipe to parse the output of ifconfig

I have this command line, but it's doubling the grep and awk ifconfig eth1 2> /dev/null | grep "inet " | awk '{gsub("addr:","",$2); print $2 }' || ifconfig eth0 2> /dev/null | grep "inet " | ...
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1answer
135 views

How can I use arptables to limit the number of outgoing ARP requests a second?

End goal: Make a script that will limit the number of outgoing ARP requests in a second using arptables. This is to have the ability to not trip the ARP-limiting feature on Cisco devices. I want to ...
1
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1answer
106 views

What's the Fedora equivalent of /var/lib/dpkg/info/[…].prerm?

Example file: /var/lib/dpkg/info/util-linux.prerm What's the Fedora equivalent of this file? (Not limited to util-linux - generic question for any package.) Use case: A prerm script is failing. ...
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1answer
1k views

How to execute R script attaching it to a shell script in Linux?

I am trying to submit a job to be executed on cluster. And this is done by writing an sbatch submission script. The job involves opening R 3.1.3 and running the referenced R script on the server. ...
2
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2answers
274 views

Sort files with a specific extension by modified time and store them into an array

I have found many answers to sort the files of directory and even to save them in an array. Sorting Example ls -t Directory listing in array array=(*) My particular problem needs to sort files ...
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2answers
62 views

Script to compare the “file size” with “last name of file” and if unmatched delete the file

In my environment, we'll be receiving files from clients into our Sftp server. Sftp processes the files, and moves it to another tool, by appending the file size at the end of the file name. For ...
8
votes
1answer
395 views

Are [ “$VAR” = “” ] and [ -z “$VAR” ] always equivalent?

My code looks something like this: VAR="" while [ -z "$VAR" ]; do VAR=$( command | grep "important_string" ) done So I want to poll the output of command, until the important_string appears and ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Explain the shell command: shift $(($optind - 1))

I am not a Linux guy but stuck in some Script which I have to read for my Project. So can anyone can help me what this command is doing? shift $(($optind - 1))
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4answers
374 views

The first Line of Scripting [duplicate]

what does #!/bin/bash at the 1st line mean ? Is it just a comment and ignored by the shell like all other comments in program OR Only this line is interpreted by the interpreter and all the other ...
14
votes
3answers
790 views

Differentiating between running and being sourced in a bash shell script?

Either what I'm asking here is extremely unorthodox/unconventional/risky, or my Google-fu skills just aren't up to snuff... In a bash shell script, is there any easy of way of telling if it is ...
1
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1answer
336 views

Pick columns from a variable length csv file

I have two CSV files, which share a column that is unique to each row in each file, like an ID. The files don't have a header. The file_2 has variable length columns e.g. 1,2,3 4,5,6,7,8 I joined ...
1
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1answer
91 views

validate the sequence number in the trailer of a file

We have a file that arrives daily and has a sequence number in the trailer like 9999 TR SAP _AP Distribution 0000000000000001 where 0000000000000001 is the sequence number and the file that ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Display a line in a text file if variable matches a part in the line?

I'm making a stock checker. I have a file with all of the NYSE exchanges and their descriptions. The descriptions start on the first tab enter of the file. The file formatting looks like this: A ...
1
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2answers
902 views

Find last line of a file for matching string?

I want a loop that runs infinitely over a file but always checks the last line to see if it contains the matching string if it does then echo that line and keep the loop running. What I have right now ...
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1answer
242 views

Starting Debian mono application (that has a GUI) AFTER boot is done [duplicate]

I've been trying to figure out how to start an application after Debian (Wheezy) is done booting up and on an LXDE desktop session. It is a mono C# application. The script I have is simply mono /home/...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Difference of using () and $() to execute a series of commands

I am currently trying to make a script that creates bytes that will be piped as input to netcat. Here is the idea of the script: (perl -e "print \"$BYTES\x00\"; cat file; perl -e "print \"More ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Want to use find with rsync in script

I'm trying to make a script that will run in cron, that will search a path for specific file name. In the path there might be more folders with that same file name. If found and they are newer than 2 ...
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votes
2answers
286 views

How to make a password box in linux? [closed]

I have a script but can't find mistake: #!/bin/bash data=$(tempfile 2>/dev/null) trap "rm -f $data" 0 1 2 5 15 dialog --title "Password" \ --clear \ --passwordbox "Enter your password" 10 30 2&...
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2answers
39 views

How do I generate diffs for a series of files?

I have a series of a few thousand files, all with filenames in order, so let's say file1.x, file2.x, file3.x, etc. All these files are in the same directory. I know how to generate a diff from file1....
1
vote
4answers
186 views

Killing the previous instances of a script before running the same Unix script

I want to kill the background process belonging to a shell script that I am going to run again. That means before executing the shell script I want to delete the background process running for the ...
3
votes
3answers
554 views

How to kill this process in bash

I am trying to interface my homemade Raspberry Pi-powered arcade machine with a coin acceptor, and for that I: use a shell script (named gameplay) which starts the game emulator (MAME) when a coin ...
1
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2answers
263 views

bash command/script to reset default route

I manage several OpenWrt (embedded linux) routers for which I've written bash scripts to run an Openconnect VPN client. The client uses "vpnc-script" to set up routing, which replaces the initial DHCP-...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Stable timing for shell scripts?

The run times of scripts vary quite much. I would like to find similar time -function as Matlab's timeit, described here. For instance, I am evaluating these commands here about counting quickly ...
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1answer
77 views

Conditional file and directory installation in Debian Packages

Is it possible to create a binary Debian package with conditional files and directories installation (e.g. installation of an init script in /etc/init.d/ after being confirmed by user)?
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1answer
22 views

How to make sure the same string doesn't appear next to itself in an array?

I'm making a Rubik's Cube scramble generator, and the turns can't be side by side or else it's useless. I'm trying to stop it from doing the following: Displaying the same string twice, i.e R2 R2 ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

To count number of matches in a mega string quickly

I have big text-data without spaces and without other rows in one line. In reality, the streams are 0.2 Gb/s, similar situation here, but in this task, counting occurrences which is more challenging ...
1
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0answers
44 views

This code isn't working. (Trying to declare array values in a for loop and do math functions on them)

I was again bored and looked up a list of programs to make in bash, and I'm trying to make a CC (credit card) validator. I had to split the characters into an array to do the validation, and I think I ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

Script started as `source` or `executable`?

Can we determine inside the very script whether it started as source (.) or executable (shebang or something alike)?