Questions about shell scripts, executable files that are interpreted by a shell (bash, zsh, etc.).

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1
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2answers
288 views

Use of find in unix on strange file/directory names

Im a beginner scripter, writing scripts in tcsh and csh (these are taught in my course). I'm writing a script which uses find for putting path of directories this is the part of the script: set list ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

using sed to replace pattern with hash values

I want to search the file and replace specific pattern with its hash (SHA1) values. For example, let file.txt has the following content: one S56G one two three four five V67X six and I want to ...
4
votes
1answer
343 views

IFS null is not the same as unset IFS?

I read a great question on here called Understanding IFS. I was surprised because the answers and comments quote POSIX which states that IFS= is not the same as unsetting IFS. If you unset IFS, ...
0
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4answers
421 views

A shell script that never dies

I want to write a shell script that never dies i.e, Shell script will repeatedly check whether Database is alive or not for every five seconds. The problem is At times the shell script stops ...
0
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2answers
151 views

Shell script to find what package provides a file on OpenBSD

# for i in `pkg_info -q`; do pkg_info -L "$i" | grep ^/ | sed "s/^/$i/g" | perl -pe 's/\//\t\//'; done | grep tasklist.desktop xfce4-panel-4.10.0p2 ...
2
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3answers
294 views

command not found and syntax error near unexpected token

I have this script to divide a file over a 100000 or even more in 50000 lines. desc() { echo ...
3
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4answers
9k views

How to catch an error in a linux bash script?

I made the following script: # !/bin/bash # OUTPUT-COLORING red='\e[0;31m' green='\e[0;32m' NC='\e[0m' # No Color # FUNCTIONS # directoryExists - Does the directory exist? function directoryExists ...
24
votes
9answers
1k views

for vs find in Bash

When looping through files there are two ways: 1. use a for-loop for f in *; do echo "$f" done 2. use find find * -prune | while read f; do echo "$f" done Assuming these two loops will ...
0
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2answers
365 views

how to run .dump command in linux? [closed]

I want to create dump file of sqlite database from java but I can't run the below command from linux. I got the help of windows and I tried with linux but it appears one terminal nothing more than ...
1
vote
1answer
439 views

How can I script xrandr's scale function to switch to the next or previous resolution in a predefined list?

xrandr has a nifty feature that lets you scale your entire screen so that your virtual resolution is larger or smaller than your actual resolution. I use it on my netbook's 1024x600 resolution screen ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

C shell script : how do I compare two strings?

I'm a C shell user. I've two files. file 1: A B C D E file 2: A C B D E I want to compare only A-A, B-C, C-B, D-D, E-E using a for loop. If the strings match, then print "match". The output ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

How do I hook into Tar with BASH?

Long Story Short I'm working with Tar archives that contain PNG images in base64 encoding. I would like to use BASH (or whatever else works) to hook into the extraction function of Tar to decode PNG ...
1
vote
1answer
605 views

Delete all jpg in a folder that are smaller than specific width/heigth [duplicate]

I have restored with photorec about 7.500 jpg's. I have moved them all in one folder. A big portion of them is thumbnails. But i can't just go on and delete lets say all of them that are smaller than ...
0
votes
2answers
388 views

Making md5sum understand file names with spaces

I need to use md5sum in Python by using pipe to calculate checksum for a bunch of .mp3 files... is there a command which ignore whitespaces in filenames on the command line of md5sum program? For ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

while loop is running only once?

I am trying to make a clip out of video file by playing it only for certain interval. make_mclip.sh #!/bin/bash mediafile=$@ mediafile_fullpath=$PWD/./$mediafile tmpedlfile=$(mktemp) mplayer ...
0
votes
5answers
99 views

How can I modify variables

I have the following variable: col=1,3,4, Is there anyway to select the numbers within the variable: (i.e. 1 3 4 and work with them? Such as choosing the "1", "3", or "4" column from a .txt file? ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Variable Substitution in sed [duplicate]

I have this script and I need to count the lines inside a file, then pass the number of lines counted to a for loop so that I can get the contents of each line and put it in a variable. My question ...
-1
votes
1answer
228 views

Select a range of files from directory structure /year/month/date.db

I have databases stored in the directory structure year/month/date.db an example would be db/2013/10/15.db I need to be able to select a range of these with a script ("dbSelect ...
2
votes
3answers
668 views

How to put fixed-width, vertically-oriented key-value pairs in a CSV file?

I have a text file with the following type of content: OPERATION_CONTEXT VMD1HTE1A71_ns:.oc.GJ_OAD2 alarm_object 1130 On director: VMD1HTE1A71_ns:.temip.VMD1HTE1A71_director AT Fri 18 Oct 2013 ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

What is the difference between ' and "? [duplicate]

I tried to create a text file in a bash script. The echo command spans multiple lines and has some double quotes "". #!/bin/bash echo "blabla bla bla bla "blabla" bla bla " bla bla bla" and so on ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Bash-script. Shift seconds

Maybe somebody can help me. In bash I don't know how to do that. I need to do a bash-script. At stdin I have .srt file of subtitles in this format: num HH:MM:SS,SSS --> HH:MM:SS,SSS text line 1 ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Detect if running in a virtual terminal?

I'd like to autologin to tty1 on login and then use vlock to lock it. How can I detect from Bash if the current terminal is a console virtual terminal (e.g. tty1), so that I can put the vlock line ...
2
votes
2answers
439 views

mv complains about standard input in a pipeline that filters file name with grep

I'm trying to move several .avi files that have spaces in from a CD to my home folder. I've already know how to get rid of the spaces: find /media/mathscd/ | grep -L -r "*.avi" | for file in *; do ...
3
votes
3answers
664 views

copying specific files in directory

I am trying to copy some of the files in a directory. The directory contains following files my current directory is ~/certificate/ drwxrwxr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4096 Oct 16 11:58 apache -rw-rw-r-- ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

returncode of command in a pipline [duplicate]

The following script runs on Solaris using /bin/ksh and on Linux using /bin/sh cmd | tee -a cmd.log | tail exit $? The output of cmd is saved in a file cmd.log and the last lines are displayed on ...
1
vote
1answer
329 views

Binary search for a failing line

git has bisect run to figure out which revision an error was introduced. I have a big file (100GB) and at least one of the lines is bad, but the program I have to check it with will not tell me which ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

How can i get five seconds of data appended to the end of file?

suppose if a shell script appends a data to a file.txt like 1........... 2........... 3............. 4............. 5.............. Now i want another script that could check the fresh data ...
11
votes
5answers
35k views

Delete First line of a file

How can I delete the first line of a file and keep the changes? I tried this but it erases the whole content of the file. $sed 1d file.txt > file.txt
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Shell Script Size 57M

I have recently Downloaded yEd Graph Editor Installer shell script, which size is 57M When inspect that script head script root@home-pc:/usr/local/src# head yEd-3.11.1_32-bit_setup.sh #!/bin/sh ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Awk not rendering any result

My goal is to get the file created in the current month in a directory. It seems that the command is correct but not rendering any result: Date=`date '+%b'` echo $Date Oct ls -l | awk -v d="$Date" ...
2
votes
2answers
574 views

setting variables inside subshell when using <<

I am using the following method in order to pass commands into a subshell that is started by "newgrp". #!/bin/csh echo "Before newgrp" /usr/bin/newgrp users <<EONG echo "hello from within ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

What is the meaning of $* in a shell script? [duplicate]

In a shell script file i saw "$*", what does it mean and when we have to use it?
2
votes
2answers
609 views

Script to delete text files

I was trying to make a script that searches for all ASCII text files in the directory that you point out and after that writes the path of every file to a text file. After that it's supposed to show ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Align text to center with padding on both sides

Is there an easy way to align text to the center with padding on both sides, with the column width being the longest line from the input? For example, this: aaa bbbb c ddddd ee will turn into this ...
3
votes
5answers
553 views

Delete all files in directories except those whose path are listed in a file

Given the following files: data/A/a.txt data/B/b.pdf ... date/P/whatever.log ... data/Z/z.jpg I would like to delete all files in the data/A/, data/B/, ..., data/Z/ directories except those files ...
1
vote
4answers
375 views

Reusing a variable

I was breaking my head for a day still not successful. I have this script: #!/bin/ksh fname=$1 for batchname in $(grep -i "Processing batch" $fname | cut -d "'" -f2) do Batch_state=`grep -c -i ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Printing fields using awk

< pool.sam awk ' /./ {printf $1} {printf $7+1,"\t"} {printf $3,"\t"} { if($2 !=16) {print "\t", "+";} else {print "\t","-";} {printf $4,"\t" ,length($10)+$4, "\t", "1"} }' I am ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

Eval command in unix [closed]

Can someone convert this code? I got this from the web. I am new on this and don't know how eval works. Originally, there is a parameter from a command that is either a plus (+) sign or a minus (-) ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

Running commands after event based outputs

there are commands like iwevent or tcpdump -n src host x.x.x.x that send to the stdout some lines when something happens. Is there any form of running some command inmmediatly after a ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Intercepting packets with bash

I'm wondering if it's possible to detect a packet that comes from certain IP and port(suppose IP 1.1.1.1 and port 80) and has some specific information on it (suppose "<h1>Web ...
4
votes
3answers
159 views

What is this complex line of code doing?

I am trying to understand this line from a shell script. I know that $(..) means run the .. and insert its output where you find $() in a statement. But what is going on between those parenthesis? ...
3
votes
2answers
423 views

What is the meaning of if [ -n “$(which voltdb 2> /dev/null)” ];?

I have very basic linux skills and now am trying to parse some shell scripts. I see this line in one of the scripts: if [ -n "$(which voltdb 2> /dev/null)" ]; I know that /dev/null is the bit ...
2
votes
1answer
336 views

Merging folders with practically the same name but different casing

When digging around in the advanced settings in Dropbox I lost a folder. I only discovered this about a month later. I managed to get this folder back from Dropbox however the file structure of the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

using find in Bash Script and checking if file is present

var= "$(find . -name 'gen*.bt2')" if [ "$var" == "" ] then echo bad else echo great fi I get errors ./script.sh: line 4: ./gen.4.bt2 ./gen.rev.1.bt2 ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Any better method than this for sorting files by their creation date?

I needed to display a list of directories sorted by their creation date and I came up with this code snippet that I thought was kind of clever. Is there a more obvious way to do this that I'm missing? ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Run level script - Help

I want the following command to be ran, as soon as system boots. glances -s -P redhat & How to achieve that? I tried writing a run level script which didn't work as expected.
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Script to login to ssh twice

I need to login through ssh twice with a script and can't get it to work. This is what I have in my script file: #!/usr/bin/expect set login "user" set addr "address1" set addr2 "address2" set pw ...
4
votes
2answers
560 views

How do I run a script when I switch between keyboard layouts

I use more than one keyboard layout, and I would like to find a way to run a script when I switch between them. Is this possible? So far, I can assign a shortcut for a script like this: #!/bin/bash ...
1
vote
3answers
282 views

splitting the string in bash script

I am new to bash script. I am taking some input from user and checking details about that. Example: $HOME/Documents/test/one.txt I take the above string as an input and want to retrieve one.txt, I ...
12
votes
0answers
356 views

Should I use $* or $@? [duplicate]

Which one of $* or $@ is better to use (in array syntax,command line parameters, etc.) to avoid any bugs/problems in code? Or it does not make any difference?