Content related to computer security., i.e. content about policies, mechanisms, etc. needed make sure data is not leaked or corrupted and services available in all circumstances.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

10
votes
5answers
673 views

How to Determine the IP Address of who logged into Root?

There are several people with root access to a particular VM I am in charge of. I would like to find out which IP address was used to log into root.
0
votes
1answer
74 views

What to make of system scans reported by psad

My system logs show that psad detects scans like this every minute. psad: scan detected: 192.168.1.10 -> 192.168.1.1 udp: [53] udp pkts: 2 DL: 2 If the first address is mine, and the second ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

psad: do not block access to HTTP

I want to block intruders via psad, but HTTP and HTTPS should not be blocked. For example, if someone is scanning my dedicated server via nmap, psad should block him for 2 hours, but he should still ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How to use partial IP address in /etc/sysconfig/iptables for the “-s” flag?

in this example it is a full ip ip is: 1.1.1.1 -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -s 1.1.1.1 -j ACCEPT but suppose i want to allow any ip that simply starts with: 1.1. ...
1
vote
1answer
745 views

SSL handshake failure with Shibboleth

I am using Shibboleth for single user authentication and it needs a ssl configuration which facilitates the user authentication process. Before it was working fine but now I am facing a SSL handshake ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

downloading debian securely

I have a couple of questions on getting a genuine, unmolested version of Debian. MITM attacks are very real and many parties would love to hand you their own, backdoored version of software. I know ...
21
votes
4answers
909 views

Is there any way attacker could use mkdir to compromise a system?

I'm setting up a restricted user account for user ricardo, a troublesome user on my system. I want to grant him the right to make directories using sudo, which he sometimes needs to do. I'm ...
6
votes
2answers
179 views

Is there any issue to put / as a home directory of root user from security point of view?

Is there any issue to put / as a home directory of root user from security point of view instead of /root
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Debian system with encrypted data that can be decrypted only from a remote server

This question is about the design of a service I want to setup. Description My purpose is to provide a client box which connects to a server and provides some features. The client box is a small ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Secure the content of a hard disk

I have to prepare a computer to give away, and I do not know who is going to use it. The computer has Debian installed, and the HDD is entirely encrypted. All users have their storage on the server. I ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

pam.d password hardening: nullok

In most all pam.d documentation or linux distributions that I saw, the recommend "secure" configuration for password is the following: password required pam_unix.so sha512 shadow nullok ...
15
votes
7answers
12k views

How do I recursively shred an entire directory tree?

I have a directory tree that I would like to shred with the Linux 'shred' utility. Unfortunately, shred has no -R option for recursive shredding. How can I shred an entire directory tree ...
-2
votes
0answers
15 views

use mod_security to disable apache module directive

In this U&L Q&A titled: Change Apache httpd "Server:" HTTP header, it was mentioned that using mod_security could be used to disable the serversignature directive in the ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Game server hosting and security

I'm working on a small controlpanel for a hobby project of mine, which is supposed to set up game servers. But I have some concerns regarding security that I would like some input on. My first idea ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Helo command rejected: need fully-qualified hostname Error

My mail server is in some blacklist cause of spams. I reconfugured postfix. Aften then My customers get this error they can't send emails. 404 4.5.2 <PLLAMNAZIFE>: Helo command rejected: need ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

Is there any DLP solution for linux?

I'm looking for a DLP (Data Leak Prevention) solution for linux environments. I know OpenDLP, but it's only a way to Prevent Clear-text file, and source codes from malicious access. There are lots of ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

How would you assign read-only permissions to run ls -l /proc/{pid}/fd for processes you don't own

How would you assign read-only permissions to run ls -l /proc/{PID}/fd for PIDs (processes) you running as another user. Ideally, you wouldn't be able to do anything else and you would not have ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Does SELinux provide enough extra security to be worth the hassle of learning/setting it up?

I recently installed Fedora 14 on my home pc and have been working on setting up different server related features such as apache, mysql, ftp, vpn, ssh, etc. I ran extremely quickly in to a barrier ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Automatic security updates on Debian squeeze server

For a production Debian squeeze server, what are the best practices or recommendations for handling security updates? I have seen various articles on cron-apt, apticron, unattended-updates, apt cron ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Have I been hacked?

I run a dedicated server, where I noticed a high CPU usage recently, and checked the processes. It appears someone (mick account) was mining on my server. How is this possible? The process is below. I ...
1
vote
3answers
265 views

Moving /var, /home to separate partition

I am attempting to move some folders (such as /var and /home) to a separate partition after reading this guide: 3.2.1 Choose an intelligent partition scheme I was able to move one folder ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

Send only one warning when the private key is not available

For added security, I would like to require a private key to use sudo on my Ubuntu Server box. I've added private key authentication for sudo as described at ...
4
votes
3answers
54 views

How to securely delete a directory without leaving a trace?

I already know that using shred will overwrite my files in such a way that leaves them unrecoverable. However shred can't be used to hide directories. Error Message: failed to open for writing: ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

How can I ssh to a remote server with an automated password and no key?

I have a remote server. I planned to use public keys to connect over ssh without typing the password but the remote system rejects public key authentication. So what is the best way to do it? What ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Pin Lock Screen

Is there a way to replace password lock screen in Linux (Mint Debian Edition) with a pin lock screen? Like the one found in Windows 8 for example. It's annoying/inconvenient to have to input 16 ...
1
vote
1answer
652 views

Any better alternative to chroot on an OpenVZ VPS?

Are there any better alternative to chroot environment? I'm thinking about running nginx on a jailed environment. BTW, I'm on OpenVZ VPS, so modifying the Kernel is a no-no. (I think that prevents ...
1
vote
1answer
376 views

Make bluetooth device invisible / disable incoming pairing

I am using the bluez package for my bluetooth usb dongle on ubuntu server. I want to be able to initiate bluetooth connection from the dongle to a device, however a device itself shall not be able to ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

How to set up a global interval between SSH log in attempts?

I would like to make it impossible to make more than a single remote log-in attempt in a number of seconds regardless the client IP address (except some trusted white-listed addresses perhaps). So ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

A window asking me to enter my ssh passphrase is popping up randomly. Why?

I'm on Ubuntu 14.04. For a few weeks now a small window keeps popping up randomly, grabbing my keyboard and asking me to enter the passphrase for my ssh key. The Window's title says "OpenSSH", and it ...
18
votes
4answers
17k views

What is the point of sshd “UseDNS” option?

I know what it does, but i don't know why. What attack(s) does it prevent ? Is it relevant for all kind of authentication methods ? (hostbased, password, publickey, keyboard-interactive ...)
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Random named file in home directory, possibly hacked?

I am running Fedora 20, and today I found a file that looks highly suspicious in my home directory. The name of the file appears to be a base64 encoded string, but doesn't decode to anything ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Possible corrupt passwd file

I did a recovery of the server and reset the root password to a new one because for some reason, the original was not being recognised. It still is refusing to accept the password in ssh for root. ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Faillog - unsuccessful login count in Motd

I wish to include a count of failed login attempts whenever a user logs in. I've created: /usr/local/bin/dynmotd which contains #!/bin/bash FAILLOG=`faillog -u` echo -e " $FAILLOG " and ...
8
votes
1answer
173 views

What makes systemd-nspawn still “unsuitable for secure container setups”?

This is stated in the man page for systemd-nspawn Note that even though these security precautions are taken systemd-nspawn is not suitable for secure container setups. Many of the security ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Create ssh root password

For some reason, after a plesk update, I can no longer login to ssh as root using my old password. I have tried to create a user with: /bin/bash & /bin/bash (chrooted) in plesk Which lets me ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Cannot connect to ssh server

I am having trouble connecting to my ssh server. It responds with a lengthy error message about no network etc. but it is the last message that concerns me: Sometimes, such troubles can be caused ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Reject ssh connections made from proxies

I was seeing this question which was concerned with blocking access to the users who do not belong to a particular region. I am sure that blocking is possible but I see there is a workaround to this. ...
2
votes
1answer
526 views

How can I use Skype with lxc?

Under Scientific-linux? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LXC I just want to separate Skype, because I don't trust it. We are using it only to call/chat with people, no file transfers!
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Ubuntu Firewall Configuration Just for Browsing and E-Mailing [duplicate]

Is it possible to configure UFW just for browsing using firefox, e-mailing using thunderbird and updating the system? How should I proceed? I would like to use the UFW directly without any GUI.
0
votes
1answer
250 views

Is setting CentOS user home-dir as NGINX server block root secure for vsftpd?

This is what I did: CentOS 6.2 server installed nginx installed vsftpd in vsftpd.conf I set chroot_local_user=YES created a new user "bleh" created directory /home/bleh/public_html/ in virtual.conf ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Is it OK to copy /etc/sysconfig/iptables to another machine?

This is my original server with very loose security given that it does not block all ports via iptables. /etc/sysconfig/iptables contents: # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.7 on Mon Jun 16 ...
75
votes
3answers
17k views

How do I recover from the Heartbleed bug in OpenSSL?

CVE-2014-0160 a.k.a. Heartbleed is a vulnerability in OpenSSL. It looks scary. How do I determine whether I am affected? If I'm affected, what do I need to do? Apparently upgrading isn't enough.
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How can I tell why I have permissions to read a file? [closed]

Here's what I just noticed on my CentOS SSH account: stat output $ stat /dev/kvm File: `/dev/kvm' Size: 0 Blocks: 0 IO Block: 4096 character special file Device: ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Running unsigned javaws code

For a KVM remote console I need to be able to run a jnlp file. When I run it I get: net.sourceforge.jnlp.LaunchException: Fatal: Initialization Error: Could not initialize application. at ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

setup sudoers to mount network shares and loop devices and misc

I would like to setup sudoers to grant users to mount all kind of network shares and loop devices to their home directory. Here is a try that I found and changed a bit on one old post in ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

How to implement logwatch functionality on top of systemd journal?

Logwatch scans logfiles with regular intervals, collects errors and stuff, then mails it to the admin. This was back in syslog and logfiles days. What's the corresponding solution for systemd's ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I track who SSH'es into my linux machine?

I'm running Ubuntu 10.04. Is there a way I can get a daily report of who has logged onto the box, what time, and even - this may be asking too much - a report of the commands they used? This is a ...
3
votes
3answers
60 views

Monitor all login attempts

Few weeks ago I thought it would be a good idea to write a script to send me an email whenever some user logs in into my server. So I came with a perfectly working script notifyLogin.sh, then I ...
5
votes
2answers
754 views

Setting ulimit correctly for PHP on Linux

I have /etc/security/limits.conf set to the following: nobody soft nofile 409600 nobody hard nofile 1024000 phpuser soft nofile 409600 phpuser hard nofile 1024000 httpd soft nofile 409600 httpd hard ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Shell Script - how to scp into remote server and download files and protect password

I have a remote server that I need to download Apache logs from. I can manually scp into the server and get the files, but I'd like to put this in crontab. The only way to automate it is to include ...