A script is a sequence of commands or instructions that are executed by an interpreter program rather than compiled into a standalone executable program.

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5
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4answers
17k views

How to capture error message from executed command?

I was tasked to create an automated server hardening script and one thing that they need is a report of all the output of each command executed. I want to store the error message inside a string and ...
2
votes
3answers
474 views

What is the purpose of a start up script? [closed]

So far I know the basic meaning of a script, it is a file containing shell-commands made executable by chmod +x file and able to be run by ./ file. My friend told me, he had to copy so called start ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Service script and shared libraries

I have the following simple script IPN in CentOS 6.5 in /etc/init.d/ #!/bin/sh # chkconfig: 2345 05 06 cd /root/IPNHost . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions start() { echo -n $"Starting..." ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

How can I use a linux shell script to change directories and copy files?

There are several files I need to copy which are stored in different directories. The file names will all have two common fields that are distinctive for a particular date and time. I can usually ...
0
votes
2answers
203 views

Grep matching cell of the csv file and index of that row

I have csv file and I want to see numbers that start with 0.99 and their row's index which is the first cell of that row. This is what I have so far: cat fil.csv | grep '0\\.99'| tee > (cut -d, ...
0
votes
5answers
393 views

How to Read string from file and compare to each line of second file

I'm making the post OS installation script that will include the Hardening section . And in this hardening section it will read the Kernel parameters from file A and compare to file /etc/sysctl.conf ...
2
votes
3answers
290 views

How can I pass on parameters 4..99 to another function

I'm calling a function and I want to pass up to 100 paramters onto another function. I do not want to pass on the first 3 params, I start with param4 being the first param for the other program. I ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How to extract data from the file

How can I extract data from "config.tab" files located in different directory and put it in a single text file. Example: /servers/FRCOLP0056673/config.tab /servers/FRCOLP0056674/config.tab ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the best site or book for practicing shell scripting? [closed]

I have learnt shell scripting basics from internet, bash scripting guide and other resources. But now I want to practice shell scripting, can you please guide me where can I find good problems?
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Shell script to find and count total number of characters in all the files

How can I make a script that finds every file in your home directory that is less than 3 days old and then gets a count of the total number of characters in all of these files?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Changing user to root when connected to a linux server and copying files

My script is coded in a way that doesn't allow you to connect to a server directly by root. This code basically copies files a server to my computer and it works but I don't have access to many files ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

Is it better to use a shebang line to execute a script?

I was looking up shebang and wondering why I would use it. I could execute a bash script using: bash foo.sh or ./foo.sh (with a shebang line in foo.sh) What are the pros and cons of each and ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Run a script on multiple shells?

I have two servers one AIX with default shell ksh, the other RHEL with default shell bash. I have a script that is mounted on both that will run similar commands but for either AIX or Linux. This ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Locate specific file from script

I've written a script file in which, one function searches for another script and if found, executes that script. Script extract #!/bin/bash ... service_status() { local my_script=`which ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

auto installing dropbox daemon(dropboxd) with profile signed in automatically script issue

I am trying to install dropbox automatically in my server auto-install script so when I spawn a new VPS instance I'm able to have dropbox installed and have the credentials already inputed via the ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

script that lists all files in a directory and subdirectories sorted by size, listing only file names not complete paths

I'm looking for a script that lists all files in a directory and subdirectories sorted by size, listing only file names not complete paths. find . -type f -exec ls -lhS {} \+ works but gives the ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

finding and replacing text [duplicate]

Does any one know how to find and replace text in a file. it can be implimented into a bash file. i would like to find the line and the output the text to it the file can only be opened with the root ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Easy command line method to determine specific ARM architecture string?

I'm trying to write a script which will determine actions based on the architecture of the machine. I already use uname -m to gather the architecture line, however I do not know how many ARM ...
28
votes
7answers
11k views

What Unix commands can be used as a semaphore/lock?

I want to run multiple Bash shell scripts in parallel. However, I want to avoid race conditions. What Unix commands are truly atomic that I could use for this purpose, and how can I use them?
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Universal .bashrc alias showing results of sysytemctl start command

This is small .bashrc alias that allows me to see results of starting service alias systemctl start apache='systemctl start apache && echo SUCCESS || echo failure' How can i modify to work ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

Increment Numbers in URL?

I want to create a list of URLs. The URLs have two sets of identical numbers which need to be incremented by 1: http://sample.com/poilus/cwrgshs/192/192.html ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How can I pass a function name to a test runner?

I wanted to write my own test runner: do_test () { function_under_test=$1 expected="$2" function_under_test $3 # <-- Line 32 if [ $result -eq $expected ]; then printf '.' else ...
1
vote
2answers
650 views

Why do I get Illegal number: {1..3}

Why am I getting ./6_sum_square_difference.sh: 11: ./6_sum_square_difference.sh: Illegal number: {1..3} for #!/bin/sh summing () { the_total=0 num_in=$1 for one_num in {1..$num_in} do ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Why does this comparison return not equal?

Can't seem to get this to evaluate to true is_equal () { in="$1" if [[ "$in" == "385" ]]; then return 0 else return 1 fi } a= is_equal 385 if [[ "$a" ]]; then echo "equal" else ...
-1
votes
1answer
176 views

Check exist file on another pc

Yesterday I had ask how to use my tftp protocol in my bash script: Debian - Using TFTP in a bash script And now I have a problem with my tftp protocol. The file who was taken depend of my Hostname. ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Debian - Using TFTP in a bash script

I'm actually using RPiTC (Raspberry Pi Thin Client). I had create a script to see if my Hostname has the same name than a file. And now I want to say "If my Hostname don't have the same name than my ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Multiply a column using awk

How do I multiply a column by an integer (say 3) and replace the older value by new one, using awk? Input: Data 9390.900391 10573.089844 80.000000 200.000000 2.700000 Data ...
-2
votes
2answers
76 views

How to use shift to shift $@ one over

I am running a shells script with 3 arguments. I am getting the word count of each one. But I want to skip over the very first argument, maybe by using shift or something else. Most of the examples ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Compare two Arrays in KSH and output the difference

I am not extremely familiar with KSH (Actually just started using it) and I am having problems with trying to create a script that will essentially compare two arrays that have been stored and then ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to make $@ start one iteration ahead

I'm running a bash script and am reading file contents of each one, but I want to skip the first one. I know of the "shift" command, but I'm having trouble getting it to go one over. I currently have ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

How to access the contents of a file that is used as an argument when running a bash script?

I am running a bash script with its parameters/arguments as files. From inside the script, how do I get the contents of those files? I run the script with this command line: sh script_name ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Automatically find position, from what last command started in tmux

It is common practice in tmux to start some command, then switch to copy mode, scroll to the position, where is this command started and look over the command output. It is difficult to find the ...
-4
votes
1answer
456 views

Merge two csvfiles by column header

I have two csv files: success.csv "ID","Legacy ID","Field1", "Field2" 1,1111,google,news 2,2222,yahoo,news error.csv "Legacy ID","Field1","Field2","Message" 3333,aol,news,"Failed to upload ...
1
vote
1answer
346 views

Using cURL, How can I fetch a numerical string which contains commas and spaces and convert such to a NON COMAFIED string [duplicate]

Example: Google's Outstanding Shares are 670,000,000 and this value is collected in a txt file from Yahoo Finance API using the below script. The issue is; that numbers WITH commas or spaces are ...
-2
votes
2answers
167 views

extracting only the domainname, port number of first path

str1="https://111.111.111.111:2222/cpsess8993738132/scripts4/listaccts/" str2="https://111.111.111.111:2222/cpsess8993738132/" ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Running a program (command) on terminal after login screen in Ubuntu 14.04

NOTE :- This is not a duplicate question. I have searched about 100 times on this site and several others including Ubuntuforums,askubuntu and stackoverflow. I couldn't get my work done. OBJECTIVE :- ...
15
votes
4answers
38k views

printing colored text using echo

I know that for printing a colored text using echo, for example red color, the code is: echo -e "\e[1;31m This is red text \e[0m" and I know that in this example, 31 is code of red color and the ...
9
votes
2answers
496 views

When is it important to write portable scripts?

Most code I write is in PHP. I have recently started learning shell scripting. Most of the resources and tutorials that I've come across are specific to Bash. Some warn about bashisms and some don't. ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

I'd like my script to interpret links when processing files

> ls -l aliasedname lrwxr-xr-x 1 anon3202 users 19 Dec 25 05:24 aliasedname -> www/realfilename I'd like for my script to return details about ~/www/realfilename when it's fed information ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Help with Script to Process txt file to CSV

I am trying/attempting to write a script to turn this: Mikrotik01#show unique routing entry | 192.168.255.232 | inc ID Thu June 10 15:21:32.808 CST Unique Entry: 192.168.255.21 Unique Entry: ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

unable to read the output to run the next command [closed]

When this script is executed I get the PID. Now I want to read the output "PID" and run the next command in this way: ps -ef | grep -i PID ps -ef | grep -i PID while read -r -u10 server port ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

“Restart” a process in the same terminal?

I put "restart" in quotes because the following question on SO illustrates what I'm trying to do: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27957091/restarting-a-process-in-the-same-linux-terminal I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

remove a portion of a line contained within two different types of separator / delimiters [duplicate]

Most of the commandline tools I'm looking at have the ability to pick a field delimiter. However, I'd like to pick one delimiter to start, and a different one to end the segment of text I'd like to ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

How do I schedule a cron task to run

I'm looking to crontab a script every hour starting Friday at 5pm... ending Monday at 5am. This script checks if it's completed this week and if it's currently running. If no/no, start task. Off the ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

remove lines from an output file from diff

I have a script that uses diff -c then puts the output on a text file. What I want is to remove the line that does not have the "!" and display the lines with the exclamation mark. Is this possible? ...
-2
votes
2answers
73 views

Script which takes details from file & runs command

It would be helpful to understand how can I connect the second column in the script. currently using the below for loop for i in cat server do echo ===$i==== ssh -q $i 'netstat -tulpun ...
3
votes
4answers
428 views

Fastest way to read last line within pattern of multiple files with the same extension

I have in a directory /home/files/ some files that all have the same extension .txt. For example 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt 4.txt 5.txt test.txt These files are all the same in data format but the data are ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

I'm copying if-then statements, with slight variations… and I shouldn't have to

I know there's a better way to do this, I'm just not looking in the correct place to figure it out. I have a number of these type of statements (say 1-100, or a list of different filenames). ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Change a value in a config file, or add the setting if it doesn't exist?

When modifying config files from the command line, I often want to find the setting in the config file and modify that line if that setting exists. If that setting doesn't exist, I want to add it to ...
-3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to show the percentage progress of script execution in Unix?

Suppose you run some script such as a perl or tcl. For example, $ ./script.sh; ./script.pl; source script.tcl. It takes some time to get executed and return to prompt. How to display the percentage ...