A script is a sequence of commands or instructions that are executed by an interpreter program rather than compiled into a standalone executable program.

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111 views

What is the language that appears on the first line of a script? [duplicate]

Bash scripts start with the following line #!/bin/bash # Rest of script below ... In bash the # character is the start of a comment, but #!/bin/bash is definitely not a comment, therefore it isn't ...
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1answer
357 views

Why does a working standalone nested function/script not work inside a larger script? [duplicate]

The following (nested) function/s function hpf_matrix { # Positional Parameters Matrix_Dimension="${1}" Center_Cell_Value="${2}" # Define the cell value(s) function hpf_cell_value { ...
2
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2answers
757 views

How do I trigger a script when a folder is updated in Solaris 5.10?

We are trying to write a script to move away files as soon as they drop in a folder. One way of achieving this is running rsync in a script on cron scheduler. The problem with this approach is the ...
6
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4answers
162 views

Clean way to temporarily replace a config file?

I use a drawing program called Inkscape, which has both a GUI and a command line interface. When used on the command line, it has a large number of options that can only be controlled through a ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to start VNC server on start-up in Ubuntu 10.04

I've been struggling with this long enough to ask yet another startup script question. I've got a startup script that is relatively simple, ie: ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: startVNC # ...
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2answers
58 views

copy a section of data from stdin [closed]

I am running a script that takes its input from stdin. This input can end up being very large so I want to extract the part I'm interested in to a temp file. The first line contains "[cics]" and I ...
3
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1answer
207 views

Script to find the default Desktop Environment?

Assume a Linux Desktop Environment system is installed. When powered on and credentials entered, whatever Desktop Environment is started i would consider the default Desktop Environment. The user may ...
2
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1answer
279 views

shell script to append ID for newusers command

I am in the process of creating 60 users locally in a linux machine. I wanted to do it automatically and so I found I can use the newusers command to add the users in batch. I have the users and ...
1
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2answers
712 views

Need to copy files to existing directory and remove files already there with the same name but different extension

EDIT: Total rewrite of question for clarity. I have a directory tree (new) with a bunch of files of with an extension of .new. I have an identical tree (old) where many of the files have names ...
1
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2answers
1k views

How can I queue processes?

I have a surveillance camera and a program records videos when motion is detected. Basically, this program saves the video in a very heavy format. My solution was to call a script that converts the ...
3
votes
2answers
47 views

Overriding amended time stamps

I need to make it so the files in current directory get amended with a timestamp. It works fine for the first time, but once I run it again it adds another timestamp to the file. I need a way to ...
2
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2answers
6k views

integer expression expected bash

Trying to loop a phrase inputted by the user a set amount of times that is also inputted by the user. Keep on getting the error integer expression expected, and I can't figure out how to fix it. ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Grep expression with special file names

I have to go through some regular files in directories and find those files, that have their own name in its content. In the following piece of script is a cycle in which I am going through paths ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Extract single file from tar to other folder

I've searched for multiple forums for this questions and have seen different answers but so far, nothing have worked yet even from the ones I've seen here. I want to extract a single file from a tar ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

tar and if-statement

I have a script that check if a file exist inside a tar file but something's wrong because it always go to the else part of the script. I am pretty sure that it shouldn't be that way. The date is in ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

A triangle of forward differences in gawk

I need a gawk script (not a one-liner, I need a function). Given a row of integers i.e. 0 2 4 1 9 5 1 1 the function should generate successive forward absolute differences, so: 0 2 4 1 9 5 1 1 2 ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Variable Substitution in sed [duplicate]

I have this script and I need to count the lines inside a file, then pass the number of lines counted to a for loop so that I can get the contents of each line and put it in a variable. My question ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Advice for managing SSH keys

What is the best practice you have found for managing lots of SSH keypairs? I use SSH to connect to several systems, both at home and at work. I currently have a fairly small, manageable collection ...
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2answers
1k views

Get exit code of command executed by the linux script command

Note this is run on a debian linux environment I have the following sample script called HelloWorld.sh #!/bin/bash echo "Hello World" exit 1 I then run the following command script -c ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Notifying program that X session is shutting down

Ok. I understand X session is a bit vague here so let me clarify what I mean by the phrase. I mean the situation where a person has been presented with a display manger screen ( eg xdm, kdm, gdm, mdm, ...
2
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3answers
701 views

dynamic display of a running process?

I am writing a script and acording to that when i run it certain info will be displayed on the output screen. for example say the constant data displayed is: my name is mukesh. i am 27 years old ...
2
votes
3answers
251 views

Concatenate files in multiple matching subdirectories

I need to concatenate files based upon the name of the subdirectory they are in. The subdirectories sometimes have duplicates and sometimes don't. The file structure looks like this: RootDir 633 ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Running commands after event based outputs

there are commands like iwevent or tcpdump -n src host x.x.x.x that send to the stdout some lines when something happens. Is there any form of running some command inmmediatly after a ...
1
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1answer
409 views

Checking mail and running a script without downloading

I'm writing a script to run certain processing activities (mainly moving some data files to another machine where they can backed up), but I only know when to trigger the copy when a mail is delivered ...
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2answers
95 views

Run level script - Help

I want the following command to be ran, as soon as system boots. glances -s -P redhat & How to achieve that? I tried writing a run level script which didn't work as expected.
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1answer
990 views

Script ends abruptly with a Terminated message

This is my bash script. All it does is to check whether a service has started and whether some processes are running as expected. It ends abruptly with a Terminated message. I tried debugging it ...
5
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1answer
105 views

How can I get information about my virtual desktops via the command line?

I'm curious how I can get information such as the dimensions of my desktop, which desktop is currently active, and what labels (if any) are set for my desktop enviornment (DE).
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2answers
86 views

Make a new sniffer [closed]

How can use the Linux-kernel to supervise what is going on, about the new connections, new ports, connected hosts? Like I will do a new sniffer. Which files should I monitor to know what is going ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How to set firefox homepage from terminal?

I am trying to configure firefox from a script. I have already hit a wall establishing the deafault homepage. Found some old info what does not work anymore: echo ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Iterate over the output of a command in bash without a subshell

I want to loop over the output of a command without creating a sub-shell or using a temporary file. The initial version of of my script looked like this, but this doesn't work since it creates a ...
11
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2answers
9k views

Regular expression in bash script

This is my first time bash scripting so I'm probably making an easy mistake. Basically, I'm trying to write a script that gets the groups of a user, and if they are in a certain group, it will log ...
2
votes
2answers
430 views

Optimized way to list and delete files

I need to list and delete .php, .xml files. For this I am using find command. To list : find . -type f -name \*.php -print0 To delete : find . -type f -name \*.php -print0 | xargs -0 rm -r As I run ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How does this find command using “find … -exec sh -c '…' sh {} +” work?

@StephaneChazelas posted the following solution to this Q&A: Having some trouble using “find -exec {} +”. $ find . -iname "*.extension" -exec sh -c ' exec <command> "$@" <additional ...
2
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2answers
282 views

Sanitize Apache access log files?

We have this code in a shell script that pipes output for Apache to log. declare -a values=( $taintRequestVals ) for item in ${!values[@]} do cat $apacheLog | sed ...
9
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2answers
50k views

how can I add (subtract, etc.) two numbers with bash?

I can read the numbers and operation in with: echo "First number please" read num1 echo "Second mumber please" read num2 echo "Operation?" read op but then all my attempts to add the numbers fail: ...
3
votes
2answers
889 views

How to copy multiple files but keep their extensions the same?

I am looping through a number of files, and $file represents the current file. How can I make copies or renames and keep the extension the same for this current file? e.g. if $file = x.jpg How to ...
1
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3answers
3k views

How to add Multiple Searches in AWK command

Im trying to search for the files Created in June,July and August months. I used this method ls -lrth|awk '/[Jun][Jul][Aug]/ {print}' but it ain't working. Please help me correct the syntax.
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3answers
262 views

Analyzing tricky one liners & having handy list of useful ones

Have seen one liners like below & took a little time to analyse exact use & working of it – something like set the value to later one if it is not set. export ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

(Ill)Logical statement

I am attempting to make a simple script to flip my computer screen. My first if statement executes perfectly, but after that, thought $istouch is "on", the elif statement block will not execute! I ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Regular Expressions within a string in AWK using if/then control structure?

PROBLEM I want to specifically use AWK (GAWK, MAWK, whatever) in an AWK script to sum up the values in field 9 for every record that contains "runner__.jpx" (the underscores are placeholders for two ...
0
votes
4answers
200 views

Create a duplicate record based on a condition

I need to write a shell script where I have to create a duplicate record based on a condition and then change the value in a column of the new row which will be created. I am trying to create a ...
15
votes
4answers
22k views

How can I use bash's if test and find commands together?

I have a directory with crash logs, and I'd like to use a conditional statement in a bash script based on a find command. The log files are stored in this format: /var/log/crashes/app-2012-08-28.log ...
1
vote
3answers
365 views

how to calculate the average value of the column that have the row ID?

I want to calculate the average value of my data when they have the same ID (in my specific case, the same day but different time in a day). This is meant to calculate the daily average value of my ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Summing up an array inside of awk?

I have the following piece of code: sum1= sum2= declare -a a echo $temp | awk '{split($0,a,","); name=a[1] ; for(i=2;i<=4;i++) sum1+=a[i] ; for(i=5;i<=7;i++) sum2+=a[i] }' This code is ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Configure add-to-tranmission-daemon-action in firefox?

How do I configure firefox such that a clicked bittorent link is automatically added to a transmission daemon that runs on a remote machine? The transmission daemon is available via ...
2
votes
3answers
188 views

Using sed to insert latex commands around headers of a document

I have a documen with headers in ALL CAPS, for example: NAME env - run a program in a modified environment and I want to insert \item[ before the header and ] \hfill \\ after a header ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

How can I write a sed script to delete numbers from a line?

Sample File a.b.gg3d 0000000001 0000000001 y a.b.112a 0000000000 0000000001 y a.b.gg3s 0000000001 0000000001 y a.b.1111 0000000000 0000000001 m I have a file that includes about three thousand ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to run a shell command in a server?

I am fairly familiar with computers and web stuff but this is a bit out of my comfort zone. I have a shell script (.sh file) I want to run in a Linux server I have one site hosted (the script is a ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

bash: integer expression expected

I have a file out.csv I have to check if the name inputed by user exists in the file(comma separated) or not. I am taking name using read but while checking for equality I am getting error ...
5
votes
2answers
965 views

Launching an external script with source command

I've been learning shell scripting, by reading good tutorials and reading scripts. I was reading this minecraft init script, and these first lines hit me: if [ -L $0 ] then source `readlink -e ...