rsync is a tool to efficiently copy directory hierarchies, locally or remotely, with powerful filters to decide what gets copied.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
2answers
10k views

How to force overwrite non-empty directories using `mv`

I am wanting to move (not just copy) a group of files/directories to a different directory some of which have name clashes with files/directories in the target directory. My main objective is to move ...
4
votes
5answers
7k views

How can a filesystem be copied exactly as is?

I have a file system for a device I am programming that I would like to make an exact copy of. Ideally I would like this copy to be identical to the folder that it was copied from. I have tried using ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Help Shell script to pass variables to rsync

I'm trying to create a simple wrapper shell script for rsync. When I send file names to my script, rsync can never seem to identify the correct location. The file names have spaces in them. I've tried ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

rsync mkstemp failed Invalid argument (22) with davfs mount of Box.com cloud

I mounted Box.com cloud storage using davfs according to these instructions. I mounted my Box.com account under /home/me/Cloud/Box I can access the mounted filesystem via Dolphin as well as via the ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How to see the total progress while copying the files

We know that if we give --progress parameter to rsync it will show the progress of files copied. But issue is that is shows the progress for each single file not total or overall progress. So how to ...
4
votes
2answers
527 views

Is there a way to put comments in an rsync --files-from file?

I have a file that rsync uses as --files-from: dir1 dir2 dir3 I want to be able to put comments above each dir entry like that: # my dir1 comment dir1 #dir2 comment dir2 #yet another comment ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

How to exclude numeric directories with rsync?

I know rsync has an --exclude option which I use quite frequently. But how can I specify that it should exclude all "numeric" directories? In the directory listing below I would like to only have it ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to rsync files between two remotes?

I would like to transfer files between two remote hosts using on local shell, but it seems rsync doesn't support synchronisation if two remotes are specified as follow: $ rsync -vuar host1:/var/www ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

What does all this extra data from rsync mean?

When I move directories with rsync, I get some extra data to the right of the progress bar right after each file has been copied: $ rsync -aP assembly /media/andreas/backup sending incremental file ...
4
votes
3answers
733 views

from a sparse file to a block device over the network

If I have a sparse file representing a block device, then how can I efficiently restore the file over a network? Ideally, I'd use rsync -S host:file /dev/sdb, but rsync won't write to block devices. ...
4
votes
3answers
677 views

Monitor directory and if a file is requested then rsync on demand

Is there a tool that monitors a certain directory and if a program tries to access a file in that directory, the program loads that file from another place transparent for any application that tries ...
4
votes
1answer
491 views

Using rsync + cron to sync a machine behind a firewall with my dropbox

I have a machine (A) behind a firewall with no access to the Internet, on this machine I can NFS mount directories on another machine (B) which can access internet, and is accessible from Internet, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Do any Linux distributions have a folder sync option (like briefcase in windows)?

I want to keep my local folder synchronized with a network folder. Is there any folder synchronization utility or feature in Linux?
4
votes
2answers
543 views

How to synchronize a networked drive and an external drive (Ubuntu & OS X)?

In light of a recent hardware failure, I've decided that it's time to be a little less lax regarding back-ups. What I have: An Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS' A MacBook 5,2 A WD external HDD The server ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Force new permissions on files after rsync from seedbox

I have a seedbox-account which I use for torrenting. I have set up a cron job that uses rsync to download all files from the seedbox to my 14.04.1 ubuntu server. The download folder is a samba share, ...
4
votes
1answer
590 views

Only use mtime comparison with rsync?

Is it possible to sync files via rsync and let rsync only compare mtime informations? Or is there another tool for this job? That means that such a tool only copies src to destination if the src is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Asking rsync to create *any* necessary directories

I have the following loop in zsh: for x in my_folders*; do rsync -adrv $x/foo/bar/ /foo2/bar2/new_dir/$x/ done new_dir does not exist before calling rsync, and I would like rsync to create ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Using inotifywait along with vim

I have simple script that monitors file for changes and rsyncs it with remote copy: #!/bin/bash while inotifywait -e close_write somefile do rsync somefile user@host.domain:./somefile done It ...
4
votes
1answer
605 views

Rsync folder while --exclude-from'ing .gitignore files at different depths

So I'm trying to work on a command to rsync a source folder with a structure like so: - app.js - .gitignore - src/ - src/logs/ - src/logs/.gitignore The first .gitignore would have a series of ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Use rsync to just get a folder and its content with a pattern

I've looked all around the internet, looked in regexp sites and everything else, but I'm unable to write a rsync command to fetch what I want to. I need to mirror the FreeBSD release, but I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

“hard-linking” parts of a big file in which only a small part has changed

I use rsync to make backups: rsync -a --link-dest=PATHTO/$PREVIOUSBACKUP $SOURCE $CURRENTBACKUP This way I save space due to using hard links. The problem appears when I need to backup a huge file ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Reasons for rsync NOT transfering all files?

Does anyone know common reasons for such a large deficit difference in the number of files transfered when backing up my LARGE home directory using rsync on a ubuntu 10.04 LTS setup.. machine is ...
4
votes
3answers
959 views

How to avoid unnecessary deletion and recopying of moved folders when using rsync? [duplicate]

I've read that rsync cannot detect moved folders, and simply delete and recopy them into the new folder structure. Since the only change I did to my master copy is the simple introduction of a top ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I rsync only some files in some directories

I'm trying to sync all *.jpg files from /var/www/data/models/days/ + some other directories from /var/www/data root. I do: rsync -az --delete --include='/models' --include='*.jpg' --exclude='*' ...
4
votes
2answers
665 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
4
votes
1answer
995 views

Is there any way to rsync absolute symlinks alone?

I want to sync a big folder hierarchy between two machines. I want to copy the contents of the symlinks if they are absolute, for eg it points to /some/folder/someFile I want to retain the symlinks if ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Different rsync behavior for identical directory name

I want to synchronize 2 codebases. The below command is working great, except that it doesn't account for one use case that I have with 2 directories named test in different locations: /test/ ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Edge cases in filesystem operations during backup and file copy

I have a question about file access in Linux that I cannot sum it up completely. Consider that I have a home directory that I backup it using rsync triggered via cron. My home directory is on an EXT4 ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Does rsync over any type of checksum? [duplicate]

I need to transfer files from several servers to a single remote host using Rsync over SSH. However, I need to be sure that before the file is deleted on the source using the --remove-from-source ...
4
votes
3answers
176 views

rsync: continue or in random order

I use rsync over tor. It works for a while, then it drops the connection. That in itself is not a big problem and I suppose it is not entirely unexpected when running long sessions over tor that takes ...
4
votes
1answer
447 views

easy rsync solution with file manager (thunar or nautilus or…)

A common tasks I teach new users in UNIX is how to make backups. Since most are not comfortable with the command line (CLI) and I want to have them make backups (more than forcing them to use the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Using setfacl to create recursive permissions for Apache with rsync

I have a Dokuwiki installation locally, which I regularly sync to my server with rsync. I'm also going to give a friend of mine an ssh account, and host his public Dokuwiki installation. However, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
448 views

light weight disk based backup solution

Currently I am using Dirvish to backup a handful remote machines, both Linux and Windows to local disks. But Dirvish hasn't seen any updates for many years and it has a couple of small annoyances ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I backup via rsync to a remote machine, preserving permissions and ownership?

Drive A is 2TB in a closet at home. Drive B is 2TB in my office at work. I'd like drive A to be the one I use regularly and to have rsync mirror A to B nightly/weekly. The problem I have with this ...
3
votes
4answers
176 views

Comments in argument lists?

Some commands, such as rsync, take in lists as an argument. Can these files contain unix comments like #?
3
votes
4answers
876 views

The most *robust* remote file copy?

How would I go about to copy files over a very unstable internet connection? Sometimes, the connection is lost, other times the IP of one machine or the other machine is changed, sometimes both, ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

rsync all directories that start with a specific digit

I have directory loaded with thousands of sub directories: /home/tmp/ 1 12 123 1234 2345 234 3456 345 34 ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

creating a device image for a network location

I have a dedicated ubuntu server with hetzner.de. hetzner also provides a seperate backup space accessible via samba/ftp/sftp/scp. In their support document about backups, the following line is ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Rsync problem with cron and no problem manually

I have a backup.sh file that launch an rsync command. This rsync is to backup my dedicated server on a RaspberryPi running raspbian. (I use keychain so I don't need to type any password etc ...) The ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

rsync over ssh tunnel

---------- /| /| ------------ | Home | | | | | | Work | | |--------| |---------------------| ...
3
votes
3answers
502 views

Backup and synchronization

I want to synchronize my personal document repository between my different computers in my home. Today this folder is under a dedicated partition of the hard drive of a dual boot workstation. My ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How should I rsync files in /var/www if I want them to be owned by www-data?

I have set up a new ec2 ubuntu box and installed apache and php5. By default you log onto the box with the ubuntu user who has sudo privileges. I believe apache runs as root and php5 runs as ...
3
votes
1answer
358 views

How do I backup a non-empty directory and preserve metadata like permissions/user-group ownership/time file was modified?

I used rsync for creating a backup copy: bash-3.2$ rsync -tvrog /export/home/kent/Scripts /export/home/kent/TEST_Scripts_rsync With these options: Options: -v, --verbose ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

Real Time Local File Sync

How can I set up an instant file sync for two local directories? The catch is I need it in real time (15, 10 or even 5 seconds is too slow), and I don't want the target root directory created. For ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Can rsync fix time stamps without redownloading?

I have mirrored 100 GiB of files. On my mirror, some of the timestamps and maybe file permissions are wrong. I would like to use rsync to fix this. The server from which I have downloaded has more ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How does rysnc work over ssh?

When the rsync program is invoked over ssh what does the interaction between rsync and ssh look like? What feature of ssh is rsync using? I am interested in the interaction between rsync and ssh.
3
votes
2answers
386 views

Rsync won't Give Up Writing to an Unmounted Remote Drive

I've been having issues with a external hard drive staying mounted to a mount point. That's not the topic of this question, but background info. The issue is with rsync. It doesn't seem to recognize ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

rsync move files, leave directories?

I'm using rsync to copy data between my internal and external hard drives. It's done what I need, but I'm running out of room on my internal hard drive. So, is there any way to get rsync to function ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

rsync: how to include files with name ending in a specific string [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Rsync filter: copying one pattern only I would like to use rsync to transfer all files from a server (or server-via-ssh) which have a specific ending string, such as a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

rsync time comparison - what's the precision of the Modified times comparison

I'm doing some synching with rsync using: rsync --rLvv --times --size-only For my initial sync. My idea, now is to use: rsync --rLvv --times To synch files that have a new modified time. ...