rsync is a tool to efficiently copy directory hierarchies, locally or remotely, with powerful filters to decide what gets copied.

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4
votes
1answer
138 views

“hard-linking” parts of a big file in which only a small part has changed

I use rsync to make backups: rsync -a --link-dest=PATHTO/$PREVIOUSBACKUP $SOURCE $CURRENTBACKUP This way I save space due to using hard links. The problem appears when I need to backup a huge file ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Reasons for rsync NOT transfering all files?

Does anyone know common reasons for such a large deficit difference in the number of files transfered when backing up my LARGE home directory using rsync on a ubuntu 10.04 LTS setup.. machine is ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Restrict file access to append only

I have a directory with log files and I'm putting logs from script launched by users into them. Logging with syslog doesn't seem possible in this case. (non-daemon rsync) I want the users to have ...
4
votes
2answers
604 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Different rsync behavior for identical directory name

I want to synchronize 2 codebases. The below command is working great, except that it doesn't account for one use case that I have with 2 directories named test in different locations: /test/ ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Edge cases in filesystem operations during backup and file copy

I have a question about file access in Linux that I cannot sum it up completely. Consider that I have a home directory that I backup it using rsync triggered via cron. My home directory is on an EXT4 ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

rsync certain files, excluding the rest, ignoring .svn/ directory, recursively

I'm using rsync to copy some files from a share to another. Recursively, I need to: Delete files at destination that were removed from the origin Only sync php and js files Exclude every other file ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I rsync only some files in some directories

I'm trying to sync all *.jpg files from /var/www/data/models/days/ + some other directories from /var/www/data root. I do: rsync -az --delete --include='/models' --include='*.jpg' --exclude='*' ...
4
votes
3answers
109 views

rsync: continue or in random order

I use rsync over tor. It works for a while, then it drops the connection. That in itself is not a big problem and I suppose it is not entirely unexpected when running long sessions over tor that takes ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Using setfacl to create recursive permissions for Apache with rsync

I have a Dokuwiki installation locally, which I regularly sync to my server with rsync. I'm also going to give a friend of mine an ssh account, and host his public Dokuwiki installation. However, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
388 views

light weight disk based backup solution

Currently I am using Dirvish to backup a handful remote machines, both Linux and Windows to local disks. But Dirvish hasn't seen any updates for many years and it has a couple of small annoyances ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

rsync doesn't preserve directory ownership even with -a

I use this rsync invocation to backup my home directory: rsync -aARrx --info= --force --delete --info=progress2 -F "$USER_HOME" "$BACKUP_MNTPOINT" rsync man page says that -a implies -g and -o ...
4
votes
3answers
670 views

One-way-sync a directory, but leave deleted files deleted on the destination

I want to sync a directory between two systems. To make it more interesting the syncing must only be done in one direction, i.e.: if a file is deleted in the source directory, it must also be ...
3
votes
3answers
928 views

rsync server/daemon security

I have a NAS (Netgear Readynas NV+) at home and a linux (Arch) box at work that is always on. The linux box is already running an ssh server/daemon and the NAS is already running an rsync ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Is setting a higher nice level for a process an effective way to reduce its impact on system load/CPU time?

I have an rsync cron job which is pushing the server load and triggering monitor alerts. If I set the job to be run with a high nice level, would that effectively reduce the impact it has on system ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

How to rsync over ssh when directory names have spaces

I am new to Linux and am trying to rsync from one server to another. The servers have the same directory structure but I am having trouble getting the remotes server to properly recognize the path ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I backup via rsync to a remote machine, preserving permissions and ownership?

Drive A is 2TB in a closet at home. Drive B is 2TB in my office at work. I'd like drive A to be the one I use regularly and to have rsync mirror A to B nightly/weekly. The problem I have with this ...
3
votes
4answers
162 views

Comments in argument lists?

Some commands, such as rsync, take in lists as an argument. Can these files contain unix comments like #?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Rsync two file types in one command?

How to write those into one line, also without repeat the same path? rsync -a root@somewhere:/folder/remote/*.txt . rsync -a root@somewhere:/folder/remote/*.jpg .
3
votes
4answers
392 views

The most *robust* remote file copy?

How would I go about to copy files over a very unstable internet connection? Sometimes, the connection is lost, other times the IP of one machine or the other machine is changed, sometimes both, ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

creating a device image for a network location

I have a dedicated ubuntu server with hetzner.de. hetzner also provides a seperate backup space accessible via samba/ftp/sftp/scp. In their support document about backups, the following line is ...
3
votes
3answers
866 views

Rsync problem with cron and no problem manually

I have a backup.sh file that launch an rsync command. This rsync is to backup my dedicated server on a RaspberryPi running raspbian. (I use keychain so I don't need to type any password etc ...) The ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

rsync over ssh tunnel

---------- /| /| ------------ | Home | | | | | | Work | | |--------| |---------------------| ...
3
votes
3answers
483 views

Backup and synchronization

I want to synchronize my personal document repository between my different computers in my home. Today this folder is under a dedicated partition of the hard drive of a dual boot workstation. My ...
3
votes
2answers
9k views

rsync ignore owner, group, time, and perms

I want to know how use rsync for sync to folders recursive but I only need to update the new files or the updated files (only the content not the owner, group or timestamp) and I want to delete the ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

rsync exclude directory not working

I am running Fedora 17 64-bit and the rsync --exclude=/home/ben/<dir> is not working as expected. I am trying to rsync my home directory to a thumb drive, but I want to exclude certainly ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

How do I backup a non-empty directory and preserve metadata like permissions/user-group ownership/time file was modified?

I used rsync for creating a backup copy: bash-3.2$ rsync -tvrog /export/home/kent/Scripts /export/home/kent/TEST_Scripts_rsync With these options: Options: -v, --verbose ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How should I rsync files in /var/www if I want them to be owned by www-data?

I have set up a new ec2 ubuntu box and installed apache and php5. By default you log onto the box with the ubuntu user who has sudo privileges. I believe apache runs as root and php5 runs as ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Real Time Local File Sync

How can I set up an instant file sync for two local directories? The catch is I need it in real time (15, 10 or even 5 seconds is too slow), and I don't want the target root directory created. For ...
3
votes
3answers
134 views

How to rsync files between two remotes?

I would like to transfer files between two remote hosts using on local shell, but it seems rsync doesn't support synchronisation if two remotes are specified as follow: $ rsync -vuar host1:/var/www ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

rsync to copy files which has changed

I need to copy some files from a particular directory to a different location on a daily basis. I want to copy the changes only, so planning to use rsync. These files follows the following naming ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Rsync won't Give Up Writing to an Unmounted Remote Drive

I've been having issues with a external hard drive staying mounted to a mount point. That's not the topic of this question, but background info. The issue is with rsync. It doesn't seem to recognize ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

rsync move files, leave directories?

I'm using rsync to copy data between my internal and external hard drives. It's done what I need, but I'm running out of room on my internal hard drive. So, is there any way to get rsync to function ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

rsync all directories that start with a specific digit

I have directory loaded with thousands of sub directories: /home/tmp/ 1 12 123 1234 2345 234 3456 345 34 ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

rsync time comparison - what's the precision of the Modified times comparison

I'm doing some synching with rsync using: rsync --rLvv --times --size-only For my initial sync. My idea, now is to use: rsync --rLvv --times To synch files that have a new modified time. ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

rsync file copy including files that change

I have to copy files between 2 servers using rsync (the network is slow). Can mirroring/ FXP with lftp be used here? Also there will be a continuous flow of files in the source directory & the ...
3
votes
1answer
437 views

how to use rsync (using password-less ssh), with sudo just on the local side?

This command works fine for me with password-less ssh: rsync -aqve ssh ${user}@${remote_host}:/etc/bind /tmp/etc/bind Since I would like to rsync directly to my own local /etc/bind with root ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

rsync'ing multiple {src,dest} pairs

I have a remote server on which I am deploying code. I am currently using scp to upload code, but scp is very slow and I'd like to switch to rsync (or something else which is more efficient). The ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Rsyncing files with special characters to USB FAT32

I want to copy a large number of files to a USB drive that is formatted FAT32 (and cannot be formatted anything else, unfortunately). Many of these files have names with characters such as : and ? ...
3
votes
3answers
417 views

How to diff two folders by inodes

I'm currently using a script to backup files on my computer. In a nutshell, it works like this: rsync --link-dest=$FOLDER/current $SOURCE $DESTINATION However, I think that my script may be ...
3
votes
1answer
468 views

Using rsync + cron to sync a machine behind a firewall with my dropbox

I have a machine (A) behind a firewall with no access to the Internet, on this machine I can NFS mount directories on another machine (B) which can access internet, and is accessible from Internet, ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

rsync causing errors after sync

When I run the rsync command to push my files to production, sometimes - not always, and it's very rare - after the sync has completed, we are getting errors within our production environment. The ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Delete the files on the destination which are found in the source using rsync

I was wondering is there any way to delete all the files in the destination using rsync which are found in source. I have 30+ dir in source and 100+ files on the destination I want only the 30+ in ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

rsync archive mode

I have been reading plenty of articles regarding rsync and its -a switch. As per theory, I have understood that it preserves a lot of properties like permission, time, group, owner, etc., but why ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

How to configure Unison for real peer-to-peer?

I have a handful of devices, and am considering keeping them in sync with Unison. The devices are not running all the time, they are switched off a few hours per day, not necessarily at the same ...
3
votes
3answers
612 views

How to avoid unnecessary deletion and recopying of moved folders when using rsync? [duplicate]

I've read that rsync cannot detect moved folders, and simply delete and recopy them into the new folder structure. Since the only change I did to my master copy is the simple introduction of a top ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

sudo askpass: ask from other tty

Context I want to setup rsync backups of my server, so I run the following command rsync -r -e ssh --rsync-path="sudo rsync" rsyncuser@example.com:/ /backup/ Ideally, that command would ask my ...
3
votes
1answer
394 views

Bash remote autocompletion : change the 'starting' directory

I'm regularly downloading files from a remote server, always from the same directory. So I wrote a custom function that I put in my bashrc: download_from_myserver () { for file in "$@" do ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

rsync: failed to set permissions on “/path/to/file.txt”: Operation not permitted (1) [duplicate]

I encountered the error when attempting to transfer source files from a remote Linux web server to a local HP dt1000i Desktop Hard Drive connected to an Ubuntu 12.10 box via USB. A Samba share is ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Any ideas to simplify the awkward rsync expression below?

Here is expression: rsync -avz --progress -e "ssh -i /where/is/my/id_dsa" vivek@some.host:`ssh -i /where/is/my/id_dsa vivek@some.host "find /remote/source/dir -type f -name '*.sql' | sort -nr | head ...