rsync is a tool to efficiently copy directory hierarchies, locally or remotely, with powerful filters to decide what gets copied.

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How to copy directory structure without removing symlinks?

I need to "install" a bunch of files to another directory keeping the directory structure of the source files intact. For example, if I have ./foo/bar/baz.txt going to /var/www/localhost/webroot/ I ...
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1answer
7k views

RSync - Excluding a particular subdirectory and its children where the subdirectory exists at different levels

G'Day, I am using rsync to recursively sync a remote folder tree that looks something like the following: /folderA/a1/cache /folderA/a1/cache/A1 /folderA/a1/cache/A2 /folderA/a1/somefolder ...
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3answers
417 views

Copying large tree from one machine to another, maintaining ownership

I am trying to copy a large folder structure between machines. I want to maintain the ownership/rights during the copy as it is not reasonable to 'fix' the privs afterwards. Therefore, I am using the ...
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1answer
256 views

Can I exclude /run from my backup scheme?

I have written a rsync-based system backup for my Linux system. The aim is to be able to redeploy the system entirely from the saves, so I don't only backup homedirs. I have excluded a few top-level ...
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1answer
10k views

how to tell rsync to preserve time stamp on files when source tree has a mounted point

Related to this question Short description of the problem: When source tree has a mounted point inside it, then time stamps on files inside that mounted point when copied to target tree are not ...
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1answer
2k views

How to examine the fast output of rsync

I am using rsync for backup about 100GB files and directories. My command is sudo rsync -azvv /home/path/folder1/ /home/path/folder2 However, the output for each file goes up so quickly and there ...
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4answers
449 views

Rsync that handles moves sensibly

I've been successfully using rsync to synchronize my home directories between my laptop and my netbook (both using ext4 with Linux). My only problem with it is that every now and then I like to ...
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1answer
779 views

Automated incremental backups to an external drive

Background A client needs an automated backup solution to an external drive (to be taken offsite weekly). I'd typically suggest rsnapshot (or perhaps rolling out a custom rsync script), but this ...
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2answers
51 views

mv with rsync functionality

I'm trying to merge two directory trees that have many common elements but also each have elements that are only present in one of the two trees. The main issue I am having is that when mv encounters ...
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3answers
474 views

Two-way rsync results in oscillating content

I am trying to sync content between two servers. The servers are identical builds (Ubuntu 12.04LTS) and have this cron job running to sync the content: rsync -arzc --update --delete ...
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2answers
2k views

rsync-like tool that supports compression and maintains hardlinks?

I use an rsync-based backup scheme to maintain daily (and soon weekly and monthly as well) "snapshots" of my file server, using rsync's link-dest feature to store hardlinks between the snapshots for ...
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1answer
7k views

rsync compare directories?

Is it possible to compare two directories with rsync and only print the differences? There's a dry-run option, but when I increase verbosity to a certain level, every file compared is shown. ls -alR ...
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2answers
1k views

Can't share an ssh connection with rsync

In my .ssh/config file I have the following: Host xxx User yyy HostName zzzz ControlMaster auto ControlPath ~/.ssh/%r@%h:%p This works great for multiplexing my ssh connections (i.e. login once, ...
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1answer
1k views

preserving extended attributes with cp/rsync

When copying with cp, the extended attributes are not preserved, even with explicit cp -a --preserve=all /source /dest or cp -a --preserve=xattr /source /dest The same is with rsync, i.e. ...
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2answers
898 views

inotify and rsync on large number of files

I am using inotify to watch a directory and sync files between servers using rsync. Syncing works perfectly, and memory usage is mostly not an issue. However, recently a large number of files were ...
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2answers
21k views

Why do I get an “rsync: failed to set times on … : Operation not permitted (1)” error on Ubuntu 10.10 with SME Server 7.4? [duplicate]

I am trying to cron an rsync via ssh between two fileservers that are running SME Server 7.4 and Ubuntu 10.10, respectively. The first rsync worked just fine (for reasons that I do not know), but now, ...
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2answers
612 views

Sync files from a mac to a flash drive - automatically?

I have a flash drive, let's name it FLASH. I want, when on my mac, when FLASH is plugged (and automatically mounted), execute a specific script and make ~/Documents to be automatically copied to ...
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1answer
3k views

Rsync — Itemized List of Changes

I've learned that with the -i option, I can get rsync to list all the changes it makes. I've been using it along with the -n or --dry-run options so that I can always learn about all expected changes ...
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1answer
212 views

How can I synchronize all PDFs from one directory with Dropbox?

I want to synchronize all the PDFs from one directory (my Zotero library) to Dropbox. Finally, I want to have a list of all the PDFs, not the directory names. I successfully synchronized all my PDFs ...
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1answer
356 views

How to merge multiple WebDAV accounts for backup?

I use davfs, aufs, rsync: sudo mount -t davfs -o uid=wd,gid=wd,dir_mode=777,rw https://wd1.wd.wd/ /mnt/webdav1 sudo mount -t davfs -o uid=wd,gid=wd,dir_mode=777,rw https://wd1.wd.wd/ /mnt/webdav2 ...
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rsync hangs unless I defrag ext4 filesystem

I have a XBian server (Raspberry Pi version of Debian) running rsync via inetd (not the native dæmon). I am serving a couple of directories on an ext4 filesystem (on a USB disk) as individual modules ...
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2answers
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rsync is very slow (factor 8 to 10) compared to cp on copying files from nfs-share to local dir

I have a freshly installed ubuntu-server which is ought to be the new backup-server for our VM-storage. The server has 4 nics, 2 of them 10Gbit (in fact an intel x540-T2 with the newest driver ...
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2answers
4k views

How can I send single file to multiple remote sites at the same time?

Can scp be used to send a single file to multiple remote servers at the same time? If so, how? If not, what's the alternative?
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2answers
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Having an rsync job complete after closing SSH connection

I am transferring a large amount of files from one computer to another using rsync. I am doing this by SSHing into the source computer and executing a command like this: sudo rsync ssh ...
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2answers
1k views

How to use rsync with a remote remote host

I am a happy user of rsync -e ssh and use it to synchronize data between my machine and a remote host using rsync -avz -e ssh me@hostA:~/folder ~/folder And this did what I needed until now. I am ...
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282 views

Is there a way to put comments in an rsync --files-from file?

I have a file that rsync uses as --files-from: dir1 dir2 dir3 I want to be able to put comments above each dir entry like that: # my dir1 comment dir1 #dir2 comment dir2 #yet another comment ...
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3answers
2k views

Performing accurate snapshot and incremental backups to a remote server

I have a few Ubuntu (and potentially RHEL) servers I'd like to back up to a central backup server (via rsh/SSH). I'd like to do both snapshot and incremental backups. The goal is that if one of the ...
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3answers
804 views

Help Shell script to pass variables to rsync

I'm trying to create a simple wrapper shell script for rsync. When I send file names to my script, rsync can never seem to identify the correct location. The file names have spaces in them. I've tried ...
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2answers
3k views

How to force overwrite non-empty directories using `mv`

I am wanting to move (not just copy) a group of files/directories to a different directory some of which have name clashes with files/directories in the target directory. My main objective is to move ...
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5answers
2k views

How can a filesystem be copied exactly as is?

I have a file system for a device I am programming that I would like to make an exact copy of. Ideally I would like this copy to be identical to the folder that it was copied from. I have tried using ...
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3answers
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`cp -al` snapshot whose hard links get directed to a new file when edited

I am trying to take snapshots of a massive folder regularly. I have read here: http://www.mikerubel.org/computers/rsync_snapshots/#Incremental that cp -al takes a snapshot of a folder by simply ...
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1answer
198 views

What does all this extra data from rsync mean?

When I move directories with rsync, I get some extra data to the right of the progress bar right after each file has been copied: $ rsync -aP assembly /media/andreas/backup sending incremental file ...
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2answers
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rsync mkstemp failed Invalid argument (22) with davfs mount of Box.com cloud

I mounted Box.com cloud storage using davfs according to these instructions. I mounted my Box.com account under /home/me/Cloud/Box I can access the mounted filesystem via Dolphin as well as via the ...
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3answers
527 views

from a sparse file to a block device over the network

If I have a sparse file representing a block device, then how can I efficiently restore the file over a network? Ideally, I'd use rsync -S host:file /dev/sdb, but rsync won't write to block devices. ...
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3answers
562 views

Monitor directory and if a file is requested then rsync on demand

Is there a tool that monitors a certain directory and if a program tries to access a file in that directory, the program loads that file from another place transparent for any application that tries ...
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4answers
5k views

How to exclude numeric directories with rsync?

I know rsync has an --exclude option which I use quite frequently. But how can I specify that it should exclude all "numeric" directories? In the directory listing below I would like to only have it ...
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1answer
1k views

Do any Linux distributions have a folder sync option (like briefcase in windows)?

I want to keep my local folder synchronized with a network folder. Is there any folder synchronization utility or feature in Linux?
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466 views

How to synchronize a networked drive and an external drive (Ubuntu & OS X)?

In light of a recent hardware failure, I've decided that it's time to be a little less lax regarding back-ups. What I have: An Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS' A MacBook 5,2 A WD external HDD The server ...
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1answer
509 views

Only use mtime comparison with rsync?

Is it possible to sync files via rsync and let rsync only compare mtime informations? Or is there another tool for this job? That means that such a tool only copies src to destination if the src is ...
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1answer
2k views

Asking rsync to create *any* necessary directories

I have the following loop in zsh: for x in my_folders*; do rsync -adrv $x/foo/bar/ /foo2/bar2/new_dir/$x/ done new_dir does not exist before calling rsync, and I would like rsync to create ...
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1answer
2k views

rsync: colon in file names

Other than by renaming the files first, how can I rsync files that may have colons in their names?
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1answer
56 views

Use rsync to just get a folder and its content with a pattern

I've looked all around the internet, looked in regexp sites and everything else, but I'm unable to write a rsync command to fetch what I want to. I need to mirror the FreeBSD release, but I don't ...
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1answer
112 views

“hard-linking” parts of a big file in which only a small part has changed

I use rsync to make backups: rsync -a --link-dest=PATHTO/$PREVIOUSBACKUP $SOURCE $CURRENTBACKUP This way I save space due to using hard links. The problem appears when I need to backup a huge file ...
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2answers
3k views

How to see the total progress while copying the files

We know that if we give --progress parameter to rsync it will show the progress of files copied. But issue is that is shows the progress for each single file not total or overall progress. So how to ...
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2answers
1k views

Restrict file access to append only

I have a directory with log files and I'm putting logs from script launched by users into them. Logging with syslog doesn't seem possible in this case. (non-daemon rsync) I want the users to have ...
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2answers
574 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
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1answer
48 views

Different rsync behavior for identical directory name

I want to synchronize 2 codebases. The below command is working great, except that it doesn't account for one use case that I have with 2 directories named test in different locations: /test/ ...
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1answer
70 views

Edge cases in filesystem operations during backup and file copy

I have a question about file access in Linux that I cannot sum it up completely. Consider that I have a home directory that I backup it using rsync triggered via cron. My home directory is on an EXT4 ...
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2answers
4k views

rsync certain files, excluding the rest, ignoring .svn/ directory, recursively

I'm using rsync to copy some files from a share to another. Recursively, I need to: Delete files at destination that were removed from the origin Only sync php and js files Exclude every other file ...
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3answers
71 views

rsync: continue or in random order

I use rsync over tor. It works for a while, then it drops the connection. That in itself is not a big problem and I suppose it is not entirely unexpected when running long sessions over tor that takes ...