rsync is a tool to efficiently copy directory hierarchies, locally or remotely, with powerful filters to decide what gets copied.

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7
votes
5answers
2k views

force copying a corrupted home directory

I have a home directory in a disk that has a lot of corrupted files. I am trying to save most files as possible. I am trying to create a backup of my home directory on an external drive using tar ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I speed up operations on sparse files with tar, gzip, rsync?

I have a sparse file. (du -h reports 3G and du -h --apparent-size reports 100G.) So far, so good. Now, when I want to compress the file using tar or send it over the network using rsync, it will ...
7
votes
1answer
13k views

Rsync Error 23: Can I tell which files were not transfered?

I ran sudo rsync -va --progress from the root of one ext. drive to a folder on another ext. drive. The reason is that the source drive has an error-ful NTFS and I don't have access to a Windows PC to ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

rsync: colon in file names

Other than by renaming the files first, how can I rsync files that may have colons in their names?
7
votes
4answers
10k views

rsync, delete files on receiving side that were deleted on sending side. (But don't delete everything)

I'd like to use rsync to... delete files on the receiving side that were also deleted on the sending side not delete other files that are in the rsynced directory on the receiving side For ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Copy symlink AND where it points to using rsync

It doesn't need to be done by rsync, but it would be nice not have to write a script to do this, and rsync is very close to what I want. "rsync -a" (or -l) can preserve symlinks, and -L can ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Rsync except .svn folders and their sub-contents?

Dealing with a subversion repo and a new user that didn't quite understand how it worked. Long story short, since their local structure was messed up due to copying random .svn folders about, I did ...
6
votes
1answer
347 views

How does rsync resolve conflicts?

What if machine A and machine B shares have a directory previously in sync via rsync, and A changes a file and B changes the same file, and you rsync from A to B? Is it perhaps anything like a merge ...
6
votes
2answers
13k views

rsync ignore owner, group, time, and perms

I want to know how use rsync for sync to folders recursive but I only need to update the new files or the updated files (only the content not the owner, group or timestamp) and I want to delete the ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Having an rsync job complete after closing SSH connection

I am transferring a large amount of files from one computer to another using rsync. I am doing this by SSHing into the source computer and executing a command like this: sudo rsync ssh ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

rsync to copy files which has changed

I need to copy some files from a particular directory to a different location on a daily basis. I want to copy the changes only, so planning to use rsync. These files follows the following naming ...
6
votes
4answers
924 views

Rsync that handles moves sensibly

I've been successfully using rsync to synchronize my home directories between my laptop and my netbook (both using ext4 with Linux). My only problem with it is that every now and then I like to ...
6
votes
1answer
898 views

Automated incremental backups to an external drive

Background A client needs an automated backup solution to an external drive (to be taken offsite weekly). I'd typically suggest rsnapshot (or perhaps rolling out a custom rsync script), but this ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

root user denied access to .gvfs in rsnapshot?

I was running rsnapshot as root and I got the following error. Why would this happen? what is .gvfs? rsnapshot weekly slave-iv ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Restrict file access to append only

I have a directory with log files and I'm putting logs from script launched by users into them. Logging with syslog doesn't seem possible in this case. (non-daemon rsync) I want the users to have ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

Rsync different behavior when syncing folders HDD-HDD or HDD-Ext HD

When I sync two folders between two HDDs, rsync only lists the changes made at the end. However if I sync a folder between a HDD and an external HD, while the sync is running it is listing each ...
6
votes
2answers
300 views

rsync hangs unless I defrag ext4 filesystem

I have a XBian server (Raspberry Pi version of Debian) running rsync via inetd (not the native dæmon). I am serving a couple of directories on an ext4 filesystem (on a USB disk) as individual modules ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

rsync gives “chown <…> failed: Invalid argument (22)” with nfs share

I'm trying to back up my entire system to an external disk using rsync, via a shell script which is run as root: #!/bin/bash rsync -vSHPhhaX --numeric-ids --delete ...
5
votes
3answers
466 views

Copying large tree from one machine to another, maintaining ownership

I am trying to copy a large folder structure between machines. I want to maintain the ownership/rights during the copy as it is not reasonable to 'fix' the privs afterwards. Therefore, I am using the ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

`cp -al` snapshot whose hard links get directed to a new file when edited

I am trying to take snapshots of a massive folder regularly. I have read here: http://www.mikerubel.org/computers/rsync_snapshots/#Incremental that cp -al takes a snapshot of a folder by simply ...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

Can I exclude /run from my backup scheme?

I have written a rsync-based system backup for my Linux system. The aim is to be able to redeploy the system entirely from the saves, so I don't only backup homedirs. I have excluded a few top-level ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Performing accurate snapshot and incremental backups to a remote server

I have a few Ubuntu (and potentially RHEL) servers I'd like to back up to a central backup server (via rsh/SSH). I'd like to do both snapshot and incremental backups. The goal is that if one of the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to examine the fast output of rsync

I am using rsync for backup about 100GB files and directories. My command is sudo rsync -azvv /home/path/folder1/ /home/path/folder2 However, the output for each file goes up so quickly and there ...
5
votes
2answers
289 views

How should I restore /var/cache?

I just restored my Raspberry Pi server from an rsync image. During the backup, I had excluded /var/cache/*, thinking that this would restore an empty directory. This worked, but when I rebooted, a ...
5
votes
2answers
78 views

mv with rsync functionality

I'm trying to merge two directory trees that have many common elements but also each have elements that are only present in one of the two trees. The main issue I am having is that when mv encounters ...
5
votes
3answers
764 views

Two-way rsync results in oscillating content

I am trying to sync content between two servers. The servers are identical builds (Ubuntu 12.04LTS) and have this cron job running to sync the content: rsync -arzc --update --delete ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

rsync-like tool that supports compression and maintains hardlinks?

I use an rsync-based backup scheme to maintain daily (and soon weekly and monthly as well) "snapshots" of my file server, using rsync's link-dest feature to store hardlinks between the snapshots for ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Can't share an ssh connection with rsync

In my .ssh/config file I have the following: Host xxx User yyy HostName zzzz ControlMaster auto ControlPath ~/.ssh/%r@%h:%p This works great for multiplexing my ssh connections (i.e. login once, ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

preserving extended attributes with cp/rsync

When copying with cp, the extended attributes are not preserved, even with explicit cp -a --preserve=all /source /dest or cp -a --preserve=xattr /source /dest The same is with rsync, i.e. ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

inotify and rsync on large number of files

I am using inotify to watch a directory and sync files between servers using rsync. Syncing works perfectly, and memory usage is mostly not an issue. However, recently a large number of files were ...
5
votes
2answers
13k views

Move files and delete directories with rsync?

Recently I needed to delete a large number of files (over 1 million) and I read that doing: rsync -av --delete `mktemp -d`/ ~/source && rmdir ~/source Was one of the most optimized ways to ...
5
votes
2answers
25k views

Why do I get an “rsync: failed to set times on … : Operation not permitted (1)” error on Ubuntu 10.10 with SME Server 7.4? [duplicate]

I am trying to cron an rsync via ssh between two fileservers that are running SME Server 7.4 and Ubuntu 10.10, respectively. The first rsync worked just fine (for reasons that I do not know), but now, ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

rsync doesn't preserve directory ownership even with -a

I use this rsync invocation to backup my home directory: rsync -aARrx --info= --force --delete --info=progress2 -F "$USER_HOME" "$BACKUP_MNTPOINT" rsync man page says that -a implies -g and -o ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

rsync certain files, excluding the rest, ignoring .svn/ directory, recursively

I'm using rsync to copy some files from a share to another. Recursively, I need to: Delete files at destination that were removed from the origin Only sync php and js files Exclude every other file ...
5
votes
2answers
719 views

Sync files from a mac to a flash drive - automatically?

I have a flash drive, let's name it FLASH. I want, when on my mac, when FLASH is plugged (and automatically mounted), execute a specific script and make ~/Documents to be automatically copied to ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Rsync — Itemized List of Changes

I've learned that with the -i option, I can get rsync to list all the changes it makes. I've been using it along with the -n or --dry-run options so that I can always learn about all expected changes ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

How can I synchronize all PDFs from one directory with Dropbox?

I want to synchronize all the PDFs from one directory (my Zotero library) to Dropbox. Finally, I want to have a list of all the PDFs, not the directory names. I successfully synchronized all my PDFs ...
5
votes
1answer
401 views

How to merge multiple WebDAV accounts for backup?

I use davfs, aufs, rsync: sudo mount -t davfs -o uid=wd,gid=wd,dir_mode=777,rw https://wd1.wd.wd/ /mnt/webdav1 sudo mount -t davfs -o uid=wd,gid=wd,dir_mode=777,rw https://wd1.wd.wd/ /mnt/webdav2 ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

One-way-sync a directory, but leave deleted files deleted on the destination

I want to sync a directory between two systems. To make it more interesting the syncing must only be done in one direction, i.e.: if a file is deleted in the source directory, it must also be ...
4
votes
4answers
7k views

How to rsync over ssh when directory names have spaces

I am new to Linux and am trying to rsync from one server to another. The servers have the same directory structure but I am having trouble getting the remotes server to properly recognize the path ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

rsync server/daemon security

I have a NAS (Netgear Readynas NV+) at home and a linux (Arch) box at work that is always on. The linux box is already running an ssh server/daemon and the NAS is already running an rsync ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is setting a higher nice level for a process an effective way to reduce its impact on system load/CPU time?

I have an rsync cron job which is pushing the server load and triggering monitor alerts. If I set the job to be run with a high nice level, would that effectively reduce the impact it has on system ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How can I send single file to multiple remote sites at the same time?

Can scp be used to send a single file to multiple remote servers at the same time? If so, how? If not, what's the alternative?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Rsync two file types in one command?

How to write those into one line, also without repeat the same path? rsync -a root@somewhere:/folder/remote/*.txt . rsync -a root@somewhere:/folder/remote/*.jpg .
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to use rsync with a remote remote host

I am a happy user of rsync -e ssh and use it to synchronize data between my machine and a remote host using rsync -avz -e ssh me@hostA:~/folder ~/folder And this did what I needed until now. I am ...
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Copy from remote server which doesn't have rsync

I need to recursively copy a folder from a Ubuntu remote server where I have ssh access. I don't want to follow symbolic links, nor to copy permissions/owner/group, because my client system (Ubuntu ...
4
votes
2answers
9k views

How to force overwrite non-empty directories using `mv`

I am wanting to move (not just copy) a group of files/directories to a different directory some of which have name clashes with files/directories in the target directory. My main objective is to move ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

How can a filesystem be copied exactly as is?

I have a file system for a device I am programming that I would like to make an exact copy of. Ideally I would like this copy to be identical to the folder that it was copied from. I have tried using ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Help Shell script to pass variables to rsync

I'm trying to create a simple wrapper shell script for rsync. When I send file names to my script, rsync can never seem to identify the correct location. The file names have spaces in them. I've tried ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

rsync mkstemp failed Invalid argument (22) with davfs mount of Box.com cloud

I mounted Box.com cloud storage using davfs according to these instructions. I mounted my Box.com account under /home/me/Cloud/Box I can access the mounted filesystem via Dolphin as well as via the ...