rsync is a tool to efficiently copy directory hierarchies, locally or remotely, with powerful filters to decide what gets copied.

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4
votes
3answers
6k views

Alternative to diff with progress for massive directory compare?

I just rsync-ed 2,000,000 files (3TB) from one RAID to another. I want to make sure my data is intact. rsync -c takes a really long time. diff doesn't show me what it's doing. Is there an ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Help Shell script to pass variables to rsync

I'm trying to create a simple wrapper shell script for rsync. When I send file names to my script, rsync can never seem to identify the correct location. The file names have spaces in them. I've tried ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to properly setup web server directory permissions

I'm lost with this, hopefully I can find some help here: I have Ubuntu 12.04 LTS webserver. For example I have user "myuser". There is a public directory which is my web root. I chowned it and all ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Reasons for rsync NOT transfering all files?

Does anyone know common reasons for such a large deficit difference in the number of files transfered when backing up my LARGE home directory using rsync on a ubuntu 10.04 LTS setup.. machine is ...
1
vote
1answer
448 views

rsyncing from ext3 on mac: file has vanished

I am on Os X and I am rsyncing from a ext3 volume (that I read with osxfuse 2.6.2) to a HFS+ volume. The data I am backupping are ~ 500GB. Sometimes rsync gives the following message: file has ...
6
votes
2answers
18k views

How to force overwrite non-empty directories using `mv`

I am wanting to move (not just copy) a group of files/directories to a different directory some of which have name clashes with files/directories in the target directory. My main objective is to move ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Meaning of Crossing filesystem boundaries, --one-file-system, etc

I'm planning to use rsnapshot to backup my whole Linux system, though I'm confused by -x option (same of one_fs in rsnapshot.conf). The man page says: -x one filesystem, don't cross partitions ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Is setting a higher nice level for a process an effective way to reduce its impact on system load/CPU time?

I have an rsync cron job which is pushing the server load and triggering monitor alerts. If I set the job to be run with a high nice level, would that effectively reduce the impact it has on system ...
18
votes
8answers
18k views

How to rsync over ssh when directory names have spaces

I am new to Linux and am trying to rsync from one server to another. The servers have the same directory structure but I am having trouble getting the remotes server to properly recognize the path ...
2
votes
4answers
198 views

Why would I use a rsync mirror?

Most Linux distributions offer mirrors that use rsync. I know that rsync is best used on mirrors because it only copies the delta between the local file and the remote one. What benefits do I get as ...
11
votes
5answers
9k views

How do you compare two folders and copy the difference to a third folder?

You've got three folders: folder current, which contains your current files folder old, which contains an older version of the same files folder difference, which is just an empty folder How do ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

rsync move files, leave directories?

I'm using rsync to copy data between my internal and external hard drives. It's done what I need, but I'm running out of room on my internal hard drive. So, is there any way to get rsync to function ...
0
votes
2answers
571 views

How to backup /etc/{,g}shadow files with 0000 permission?

I am trying to backup several servers' /etc by using rsync from another server. Here's a relevant snippet: PRIVKEY=/path/to/private.key RSYNC_OPTS="--archive --inplace --no-whole-file --quiet" ssh -n ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

rsync directory and contents to new location and owner

I have access to 2 group accounts: ops_user and test_user. Is it possible to copy a directory and all subdirectory owned by ops_user to a new directory owned by the test_user? I.e I want to copy ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

inotify and rsync on large number of files

I am using inotify to watch a directory and sync files between servers using rsync. Syncing works perfectly, and memory usage is mostly not an issue. However, recently a large number of files were ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Replace all files except one with rsync

I'm currently using rsync as follows rsync -az --delete ... What option can I use with rsync to replace all destination files that already exist except for one specific file that should not be ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

rsync only leaves partial files?

I am trying to copy files from my hard drive to a networked external disk (WDMyCloud). I have enabled the FTP access to the hard drive and mounted it to a local directory using curlftpf to a local ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Rsync that handles moves sensibly

I've been successfully using rsync to synchronize my home directories between my laptop and my netbook (both using ext4 with Linux). My only problem with it is that every now and then I like to ...
5
votes
1answer
683 views

easy rsync solution with file manager (thunar or nautilus or…)

A common tasks I teach new users in UNIX is how to make backups. Since most are not comfortable with the command line (CLI) and I want to have them make backups (more than forcing them to use the ...
14
votes
3answers
27k views

rsync ignore owner, group, time, and perms

I want to know how use rsync for sync to folders recursive but I only need to update the new files or the updated files (only the content not the owner, group or timestamp) and I want to delete the ...
2
votes
1answer
929 views

How does rsync patch files when there is a difference in the middle?

I know how rsync works. My doubt is how does rsync patches the parts which are different between source and destination file. After calculating the block which is different, it sends that part to ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How to efficiently create (read-only) both a snapshot and a diffshot at the same time?

I use rsync to regularly create snapshots of some directories via PAR="-aP --chmod=a-w --no-owner" # Create diffshot rsync $PAR --compare-dest=$CURRENT_SNAPSHOT $SOURCE/ $DEST.changeset.incomplete ...
0
votes
1answer
593 views

rsync vs mtime and ctime

I've been using rsync for Android to backup my phone to a remote NTFS filesystem on a Linux system for a while. Recently, the HDD containing the NTFS filesystem has started to fail (or throw "I/O ...
20
votes
2answers
11k views

How to use rsync to backup a directory without git subdirectory

I want to copy my c directory with all subdirectories excluding ./git subdirectory. I do it using rsync : echo "copy c and sh files " rsync -a --include='*.c' --include='*.sh' --include='*/' ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to prepare files for rsync on a case insensitive filesystem?

I am transferring a large number of files on a HFS+ filesystem. The files are currently on ext2 partitions. I have conflicts due to case insensitivity of the target partition (HFS+). I want to ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

Permission issues when doing system backup using rsync [duplicate]

I'm trying to backup my linux system (arch linux on a laptop) to a remote computer on the same network using ssh (or NFS). I use rsync extensively to backup my /home directory to the remote computer ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Rsync --backup-dir seems to be ignored

I want to use rsync to backup a directory from a local location to a remote location, and store changed files in another remote location. I did use: rsync -rcvhL --progress --backup \ ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

why do I get no output from zenity in shell script under gnome-schedule

I am using Fedora Linux 12, and intend to update to an up-to-date version soon. To prepare for this I have made a full backup on an external drive. I want to keep this backup up to date, using rsync, ...
3
votes
1answer
350 views

Snapshot large changing files

At home I have the following backup scheme: All machines daily rsync to the servers $FULL_COPY directory. The server takes snapshots of that directory daily (also weekly/monthly), keeping at most X ...
0
votes
1answer
800 views

Cannot install rsync (unable to create…Input/output error)

How do I resolve the following error to get rsync installed? unable to create '/usr/bin/rsync.dpkg-new' (while processing './usr/bin/rsync'): Input/output error Full log follows: ...
0
votes
1answer
433 views

Periodically sync local folders using rsync (no symlinks!)

I am using Dropbox to have an online backup of some data. However I want to encrypt my data before uploading it to Dropbox. Therefore I have created a TrueCrypt container and I am using rsync to ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

rsync most recent x GB

I'm looking for a command/script to allow the most recently modified files (up to) 10GB be copied to another computer. So if there are 4 files 4 GB each, only 2 of them should be transferred by the ...
6
votes
5answers
13k views

How can a filesystem be copied exactly as is?

I have a file system for a device I am programming that I would like to make an exact copy of. Ideally I would like this copy to be identical to the folder that it was copied from. I have tried using ...
3
votes
1answer
756 views

Rsync over ssh tunnel - using gateway server

Environment: ---------- ---------- /| ------------ | Work | | Gateway| | | | cluster | |Station |--------------------------------| ...
1
vote
0answers
375 views

Can I install a sync completion hook with rsync daemon?

Like hooks in svn or git, can I install a server-side hook script for rsync daemon? For sync completion event. I am using FreeBSD9/rsyncd.
3
votes
0answers
770 views

How to use rsync to backup large files by either appending or replacing

I am using rsync to backup some large files regularly: rsync --archive --update --append-verify [source] [destination] Most of the times, the files increase in size (like a log file), but sometimes ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How to use `~/.ssh/config` setting for each server by `rsync`

I'm now using rsync with -e 'ssh -p 10022' option to specify the port. I have already ssh setting in ~/.ssh/config. Host myvps HostName example.com User ironsand Port 10022 Can I use this ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Rsync problem with cron and no problem manually

I have a backup.sh file that launch an rsync command. This rsync is to backup my dedicated server on a RaspberryPi running raspbian. (I use keychain so I don't need to type any password etc ...) The ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to avoid unnecessary deletion and recopying of moved folders when using rsync? [duplicate]

I've read that rsync cannot detect moved folders, and simply delete and recopy them into the new folder structure. Since the only change I did to my master copy is the simple introduction of a top ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Using setfacl to create recursive permissions for Apache with rsync

I have a Dokuwiki installation locally, which I regularly sync to my server with rsync. I'm also going to give a friend of mine an ssh account, and host his public Dokuwiki installation. However, I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
703 views

Get a clean list of files transferred from rsync

I'm trying to get an itemized list of files transferred by rsync. Using the -i and --out-format options, I'm instead ending up with output that looks like this: 3HMP1MO_001.tif 974.68K 100% ...
33
votes
6answers
39k views

rsync all files of remote machine over SSH without root user?

I have this command to backup a remote machine. The problem is that I need root rights to read and copy all files. I have no root user enabled for security reasons and use sudo the Ubuntu way. Would I ...
10
votes
2answers
18k views

rsync is very slow (factor 8 to 10) compared to cp on copying files from nfs-share to local dir

I have a freshly installed Ubuntu-server which is ought to be the new backup-server for our VM-storage. The server has 4 nics, 2 of them 10Gbit (in fact an intel x540-T2 with the newest driver ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

sudo askpass: ask from other tty

Context I want to setup rsync backups of my server, so I run the following command rsync -r -e ssh --rsync-path="sudo rsync" rsyncuser@example.com:/ /backup/ Ideally, that command would ask my ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Why not always use rsync?

I wanted to ask is there any reason not to use rsync for everything and abandon cp? I wasn't aware of rsync and now I don't know why cp is ever needed.
11
votes
1answer
6k views

Is using rsync while source is being updated safe?

Is it safe to use rsync when the source filesystem is mounted and writeable, assuming that it may very well be modified while rsync is running? I presume that under race conditions I may not get the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I add an array of arguments inside my rsync call inside a script?

I want to copy a folder to another location, while excluding some specific files Here is my current script: #!/bin/bash if [ -n "$2" ] then source=$(readlink -f $1) destination=$(readlink ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Can I set defaults for rsync in non daemon mode?

Can I set defaults for rsync in non daemon mode? I know the daemon mode has this configuration file: /etc/rsyncd.conf But I typically use the non daemon version in this sort of manner: rsync -avzcO ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

Finding out whether rsync modified target?

My program copies/synchronizes several directories from source to target, each using rsync. For each directory, if the version in target is not identical to source, and thus rsync modifies the target, ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Reverse rysnc with multiple sources

I'm working on some backup script right now. To speed the process up I used rsync with all folders to be backed up. (Something like this: rysnc -a --delete --progress $folder1 $folder2 $folder3 ...