Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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Linux not using default route [on hold]

I'm no Linux expert, though I use it regularly. So can someone throw some light on the following behavior. I would expect traceroute to have the first hop as 192.168.1.160 ian@ubuntu-mini:~$ ...
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2k views

How do I configure OpenVPN as a Gateway client for Witopia?

I have the following setup: Witopia SSL account Synology 409 NAS (with OpenVPN and Apache etc) PS3 Mac Apple AirPort router (configured for NAT) Locked IPT-box (using DHCP and NAT traversing) ...
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24 views

Does “ip_forward” need to be enabled for any iptables SNAT/DNAT (postrouting/prerouting) rules?

I remember I had to enable ip_forward kernel parameter in the past in order to run SNAT/DNAT rules in iptables successfully. Today I was reading this post: ...
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8k views

Linux as router with multiple internet providers

Linux as router: I have 3 Internet providers, each with its own modem. Provider1, which is gateway address 192.168.1.1 Connected to linux router eth1/192.168.1.2 Provider2, gateway address ...
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1k views

forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
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Linux Source Routing, Strong End System Model / Strong Host Model?

Can a multihomed Linux machine implement a true Strong ES Model? Specific Use Case I have a system with five different interfaces, each connected to the same subnet, thus the same gateway to the ...
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3answers
4k views

Trying to connect to gateway in static ip network

I have arch-linux-arm running on a raspberryPi. The network I am in uses static IPs. gateway IP is 192.168.178.5 IP for my device is 192.168.178.201 To connect to the internet I use: ip addr add ...
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iptables: route back to source

How can I have iptables route a source back to its source on the same requested port? Example: X.X.X.X comes in on port 22; I want to route X.X.X.X back to X.X.X.X on same requested port; how do I do ...
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Reassemble images forwarded though Linux router? [migrated]

In 2003-2004 I used a Linux app that reassembled images from HTTP traffic forwarded through a Linux router, displaying them live. Just a command line app that threw up an X window, showing the images ...
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114 views

Can't delete default route on linux

I have two default routes and I want to delete one of them, but can't. I get no error message and the route is still there. Am I doing it wrong? Is NetworkManager screwing with me? ...
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2answers
28 views

IP routing not working

I configured network bridge for my VM. VM can ping host but can't ping anything from internet. My configuration: # ip route default via 192.168.1.100 dev wlp3s0 192.168.1.0/24 dev wlp3s0 proto ...
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27 views

Centos 7 persistent static routes for any interface

I am trying to set up some static routes in a CentOS 7 box. The official RHEL says it is possible to add files in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-interface. This approach works, however I need ...
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible to prevent eth0 network traffic from accessing eth1 network?

I am not really sure how this is possible but I have a linux(ubuntu 14.04) box with 2 interfaces. eth0 is connected to our lan 192.168.0.* and eth1 is connected to a dlink wifi router on network ...
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2answers
714 views

Policy routing with load balanced ppp connections

This my setup using Debian 6.0. 6. It's role is a proxy server and a load balancer using eight 3G modems. Whenever a ppp connection dials it takes over the default gateway which is ok but it also ...
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What do I need to add a virtual IPsec adapter?

I'm trying to set up an IPsec connection manually from the console with iproute2. What I need is a virtual interface (at best, a virtual IP address could also be sufficient) that IPsec-transforms ...
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26 views

How to route mail server from both intranet and internet?

We have a mail server configured in Ubuntu 12.04 with postfix, dovecot and roundcube. It has two interfaces, one with real IP and one with private LAN IP. Incase of intranet we have branches and head ...
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1answer
29 views

Linux routing IPv6 packets through incorrect interface

I have a Arch Linux system where link-local packets are not being routed properly. I have 4 interfaces on this machine (wan, lan0, lan1 and lan2). All three of the lanX interfaces are bridged ...
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39 views

pfsense: Network freezes when squid service started in bridge mode

We are using pfsense firewall in bridge mode. When squid service with Transparent proxy option is started the network freezes. On routing mode, squid works pretty well. Squid setup is as below: ...
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Debian, two network cards - “no route to host” on eth1

I have added a secound nic in a debian box. That nic is ment for doing some test stuff, so those devices connected should just be able to access the debian box or be accessed from it. To set up the ...
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351 views

Bridge interface - add default route

I used to connect my ubuntu 14.04 laptop on office network via eth0 and the route table gets updated with the office network gateway ip in auto mode. Now, i changed my /etc/network/interfaces ...
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Ubuntu routing tables problem

I'm having an issue with ubuntu's server network traffic rules. Ubuntu server's version is 14.04. I have a zabbix server monitoring serveral hosts. 2 days ago, about 14 hosts started reporting down. ...
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How do I change NAT type for UDP to be more P2P-friendly?

On gateway I do iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE, and on device I have this: $ stun stun.counterpath.net STUN client version 0.96 Primary: Indepndent Mapping, Port Dependent ...
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38 views

Nothing happens when trying to add/set default gateway

I'm connected to a network using VPN (Managed byt NetworkManager, Fedora 23), and I want to route all traffica via the VPN network. But for some reason nothing happens when I run ip route add or ip ...
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1answer
23 views

How can I tell which IP address is used to connect to another machine?

I have several computers that are multi-homed, and have different static IP addresses for each of several network connections. How can I tell which of these IP addresses is used when I'm connecting to ...
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Routing to different subnet via single NIC to another box

I have a home network with 3 subnets (I like to play around!) I've been struggling with something that I thought would be easy, but after a few days I'm no closer to the answer. My network is ...
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29 views

How to get numerical output in `ip route` command

When using route command, -n switch does the trick. How to get numerical output using ip route command? It's man page does not mention anything similar. Specifically I need 0.0.0.0 instead of default. ...
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Linux static routing : Ping a private network(Network Diagram Attached)

In the Network Diagram above my aim is to ping 192.168.20.20 from System A. I do not want to configure the router. For that to happen All the traffic to 192.168.20.0/24 should be first forwarded ...
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1answer
2k views

ICMP gives host an impossible redirect

I am having trouble with forwarding on a system which hosts a few headless VirtualBox VMs. I have not changed anything but the configuration has stopped working. The VMs have IP addresses on their own ...
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Make nslookup use specific interface

On my computer I have two network cards. Both are using different Internet Providers service. Both Internet service provider have different DNS server and their IP address are known to me. I want to ...
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1answer
29 views

SSH tunnel between 3 box to get internet access

The network looks like this : Server X -- My machine -- Server Y My machine has SSH access to both boxes. Server Y has internet but not server X. How can I make a tunnel so server X can acces the ...
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23 views

Bridging two interfaces with iproute2 doesn't work

I'm trying to create a bridge between eth0 and eth1 with iproute2, but there's always the error: RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported when I use the command:ip link add name br0 type bridge. ...
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Not permitted to add eth0 to bond0

I'm trying to add an interface to my bond0 but I always get the error. sudo ip link set dev eth0 master bond0 RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted I already tried it with sudo and with ...
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41 views

ip link add gives me an error that it's not supported

I would like to set up a bridge with iproute2 like this: Adding bridge : ip link add name br0 type bridge Bringing bridge UP : ip link set dev br0 up Adding interface to bridge : ip link set dev eth1 ...
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1answer
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What is kernel ip forwarding?

I have seen on many blogs, using this command to enable IP forwarding while using many network security/sniffing tools on linux echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward Can anyone explain me in ...
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57 views

Quagga ebgp routes not advertised to ibgp peers

I am trying to achieve http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/13762-40.html#conf3. Only difference from the setting is that the ISP is sending full BGP table instead ...
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1answer
47 views

Modifying existing route entry in linux

what is the command to modify metric of an existing route entry in linux? I am able to change gateway of an existing entry using "ip route change" command as below but not able to change metrics. Is ...
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1answer
556 views

Use two NICs for different subnets

In my office I have use a system with two network cards. I want to use both at same time. I have four subnets in my LAN. I want to route two subnets (192.168.2.0 and 192.168.4.0) through eth0 and ...
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1answer
28 views

Adding route entries to the routing table

I have a device that has a default IP address of 10.1.1.102 with netmask 255.255.255.0. Rather than changing it, I tried to add a routing entry to my routing table using route add. sudo route add ...
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1answer
88 views

Linux ignoring multicast route over loopback

I'm trying to test some multicast code on a single machine. I'm trying to get the packets sent over the loopback device (lo) instead of the default eth1. Googling keeps turning up the incantation ...
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1answer
57 views

Linux Forward Packets between interfaces

I would like to forward packets between interfaces without using iptables. I am not against iptables per se, I just believe that for my simple needs it's not necessary. However I am unable to do so. ...
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1answer
74 views

OpenVPN connection help. Multiple Tunnels

i have a system setup, mostly from reading posts and instructions and am having a bit of trouble. My basic setup multiple openvpn clients, e.g. macbook, android phone dd-wrt router / firewall ...
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3answers
58 views

Unable to figure out how to route a packet through a multi-homed nic

The environment is FreeBSD for the most part and looks like this: HOST_A <-> ROUTER <-> LOKI <-> HOST_B Minimally, I would like to be able to ping ROUTER from HOST_B. ROUTER is ...
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29 views

Hang routing cache

Recently I've started to get the following message in my syslog "kernel: [274521.629591] dst cache overflow". Short investigation led to some troubles with routing cache. This is what I found: On ...
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1answer
30 views

Route Locally generated packets to different gateway [duplicate]

I need to send the packets of specific port to different gateway. This is the situation: The server has different services, like http, dns, and mail (smtp,pop,imap), and it has two gateways. eth2: ...
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77 views

How should a two nic gateway be routed (FreeBSD 10.2)?

I am trying to set up a freebsd router that sits between the cable/dsl modem and my lan machines. Here is the logical setup: Cable/DSL modem connected to internet: gateway 192.168.0.1 FreeBSD ...
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Debian : 2 Nic 2 different networks switches - kernel sees a bad network

Hello Here is the situation : - VMplayer with 2 physical NICs (network interface cards) on the Windows host - VM Debian 64bits - On VM settings: both NICs are configured to replicate on the physical ...
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Configure Linux PC as router

Consider the below network configuration. wan ----[WAN router] <----> [eth1 (PC2) eth0]<---->[eth0 (PC1)] wan ----[WAN router 192.168.169.1] <--> [192.168.169.5 (PC2) 10.1.2.3] ...
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2answers
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Bind unix program to specific network interface

Question: How do I launch a program while ensuring that its network access is bound via a specific network interface? Case: I want to access two distinct machines with the same IP (192.168.1.1), but ...
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2answers
71 views

Direct connection w/ ethernet cable

This is for "research" not pragmatic purposes -- I want to know how this is supposed to work, since my guess below does not. In other words, I do not want an answer that involves ...
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140 views

Debian 8 : where are default static routes set?

i'm facing a strange problem with my newly installed Debian 8 box : default static routes are missing the 0.0.0.0 destination route. $ sudo route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway ...