Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
2k views

iptables: what the difference between filter and mangle

I am using iptables to to mark the package and want to route based on the marks. First I added the ip rule: sudo ip rule add fwmark 1 prohibit (The "prohibit" is just for test, I will change it ...
22
votes
3answers
35k views

what is the meaning of 0.0.0.0 as a gateway?

Can anyone clarify gateway assignment for me? What is the difference between adding gateway as 0.0.0.0 and assigning a specific ip address as a gateway?
1
vote
0answers
12 views

iptables routing input and forward paths

I would like to know the flow of a packet given the configuration below. Suppose that I setup an adhoc network between my android phone and a NIC on my linux box. I then setup the android phone to ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I configure OpenVPN as a Gateway client for Witopia?

I have the following setup: Witopia SSL account Synology 409 NAS (with OpenVPN and Apache etc) PS3 Mac Apple AirPort router (configured for NAT) Locked IPT-box (using DHCP and NAT traversing) &...
3
votes
1answer
926 views

Routing through iptables

I have this vpn client that touches the routing table and then keeps watching it to exit if it gets touched. It is the kind of setup needed for an endpoint, such as a laptop. I want to use a small ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

bridge or route wlan traffic to eth

Have been trying to make a laptop share its wireless connection via ethernet to other devices, but am getting nowhere. First tried bridging, but soon found out bridging wireless interfaces is not that ...
0
votes
2answers
832 views

two NICs in the same subnet— need to set up routing

I have a tricky case: +---+ +----+ |D1 +->eth0---------<-eth0-+D2 | | | | | | +->eth1---------<-eth1-+ | +---+ +--...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Traffic between two separate openvpn servers' clients

I have two Openvpn servers on two separate linux boxes, with different settings and clients. Lets call them server A and server B. When I connect to server A, I want to be able to access server's B ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Forward ICMP Ping Packets to Interface

I've got a script that listens for ICMP ping packets (containing data payload) and while this works if you run it from command line, it doesn't work in a Docker container because ICMP ping packets are ...
2
votes
2answers
19 views

AIX - redirect hostname in other subnet via route

I have two servers: one application and one database. They are both connected over two interfaces. One is frontend LAN with 100 Mbit and one is in the backbone LAN with 1 Gbit. Well, planned is that ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Why is apache rendering internal ip?

I have apache running on 192.168.0.2 (localhost), and a NAS on 192.168.0.32. When I set apache to listen to port 80, attempts to connect to my external ip produce a connection refused error, while ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Ubuntu virtual machine routing problem

Defining the problem is a little bit complicated. So İ will attempt to draw the case: Number 2 is an ubuntu router(virtual box Vm) with three interfaces. Number 1 is a emulated router, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Shorewall 4-interface setup

I am trying to use shorewall on Arch to manage a setup with 2 local networks and 2 ISP connections. Ultimately I want traffic from local network 1 (192.168.1.0/24 interface enp5s0) to use ISP 1 (76. .....
1
vote
1answer
521 views

routing table “220” in Linux kernel 3.2.0-23-generic

I have a Linux machine with kernel 3.2.0-23-generic and it has rule with priority 220 in RPDB which points to routing table named "220": T42:~# ip rule show 0: from all lookup local 220: ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Unable to SCP to another IP

I am attempting to scp some files from one IP address to another. I entered the command: $ scp file baileyd@*IP*:/home/baileyd/doc and got the response: ssh: connect to host *IP* port 22: No route to ...
3
votes
0answers
189 views

Traffic getting routed through Apache

For some reason, certain outgoing traffic on my server gets routed to the Apache webserver I am running. this problem just started happening. I have the webserver set up to use vhosts, the webserver ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Is it possible people use Linux commands to change link locations as you're clicking on them?

In theory, is it possible that people use features included in Linux distros as standard to change link locations as they are clicked, and direct people to different websites. An example of this ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

How to bypass route path filtering (for ping)?

I know asymmetric is wrong and I do not want to use it. But on the other hand I have Linux server having multiple interfaces (prod, backup, interconnect) and I want to monitor them all - via ping for ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Configure my modem not to be a router

I would like to configure my linux box to act as its own router, or maybe the better way to put it is that I want the box to connect to the internet directly with no router. There are some other ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Can not reach internet through ethernet interface

Working with Debian 7.10, and 'wicd' network manager, when ethernet cable is disconnected and reconnected again, network no longer works until device is rebooted (ethernet interface [eth0] is not able ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

What are the requierements to sniff UDP packets in a Wireless Ad-Hoc network?

In a wireless Ad-Hoc network, I have two computers which communicates in UDP together from 192.168.1.3 to 192.168.1.5 I have a third computer (192.168.1.6) which wants to listen to the packets which ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

OpenVPN with /112 IPv6 subnet, unable to route to eth0 and vice-versa

I'm trying to set up an IPv6-enabled OpenVPN server. The provider only gave me a /64 subnet : 2a06:1700:1::640/64. Here is the OpenVPN configuration : port 1194 proto udp dev tun0 server-ipv6 2a06:...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Survive Mac address of client after routing

I am developing an application in which it is very important that I can know the mac address of the client hitting the server. Clients are connected to wifi router (W). Multiple wifi routers (W) are ...
0
votes
2answers
235 views

How to route 3 computers in a wireless ad-hoc network?

I have 3 computers: 192.168.2.1, 192.168.2.2, 192.168.2.4 connected into an wireless ad-hoc network. I want all the traffic from 192.168.2.1 to go through 192.168.2.2 when it talks to 192.168.2.3. ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Understand the Route table

I just setup the OpenVPN and it is working as expected. However, the routing table of the client is confusing me to no end. Here is the route table: # route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Add route from internal network to external network

I am using a box running Arch as my router and firewall (with shorewall). Recently, I tried to add another network onto the system, which failed horribly. After putting everything back where it was ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Is there a way to send packets through one ISP and receive answers through another one?

I just finished building my first load balancer that combines two different ISPs. This mechanism works just fine, but it's a little bit limited because a connection can't simply utilize both ISP at ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Two ISPs and multipath gateway configuration

I have two different ISPs. I want to set some kind of load balancing setup that will distribute packets to those providers. I know this can be done using different routing tables, but I wanted to use ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

ubuntu 14.04 create route to multicast stream server and have access udp://239.255.0.169:5500

My server is ubuntu 14.04 server edition and I am trying to re stream existed multicast stream by my server : Multicast stream server is using udp://239.255.0.169:5500 destination ip. On my side I ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

How to add marks together in iptables (targets MARK and CONNMARK)

When you want to mark a packet in iptables, you would generally add the following line to your firewall script: iptables -t mangle -A POSTROUTING -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j MARK --set-...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Set up a preferred network interface on Debian/Raspbian

I have a Raspberry Pi that is connected by Ethernet to DSL (eth0) and I also have some 3G/4G dongles that I am testing for fallback, in case the RPi loses the wired connection. In other words, I would ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How can I set up my ethernet on a fresh install of Fedora Server 23?

I am using Fedora Server 23, and cannot get my ethernet connection to work. It works fine on Ubunutu, OS X, and Windows 7 on the same machine. [root@localhost etc]# ifconfig ens5: flags=4163<UP,...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

bridge-routing and martian packets

i am experimenting with routing a bit, and now i have a problem i cannot solve by myself eth0 | | ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

No “unreachable” response for an outgoing TCP connection when using fwmark and policy routing

I would like to route locally-generated traffic: to a TCP port "A" of host "H" via the interface "A", to a TCP port "B" of host "H" via the interface "B". Interface "B" is sometimes unavailable. ...
5
votes
2answers
670 views

How can I use Linux as a Gateway?

NOTE: If client devices (computer B in this example) want to obtain internet through the gateway computer, maybe they still need to configure nameserver resolution. This is not explained here (a ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the interface scope (global vs. link) used for?

Routing table entries have an attribute scope. I would like to know how the change from global to link (or the other way round) affects the network system.
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Trace route taken through multiple simulated link clicks on the Linux command-line

I have a Twitter post which links to a website. The website has a counter on it that checks the number of people who have accessed the page. However, I noticed that when looking at the Twitter ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Remove route from routing table by position

I know how to delete a route from a routing table providing all of the route's details (ip r d ...). Is there any way to list routing table with some kind of indexes and then delete from its ...
6
votes
4answers
6k views

Trying to connect to gateway in static ip network

I have arch-linux-arm running on a raspberryPi. The network I am in uses static IPs. gateway IP is 192.168.178.5 IP for my device is 192.168.178.201 To connect to the internet I use: ip addr add ...
4
votes
2answers
762 views

Policy routing with load balanced ppp connections

This my setup using Debian 6.0. 6. It's role is a proxy server and a load balancer using eight 3G modems. Whenever a ppp connection dials it takes over the default gateway which is ok but it also ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

multiple default gateways for alias interfaces (SOLVED)

Alias interfaces defined in /etc/network/interfaces cannot have multiple default gateways. Unfortunately I would like to use the same interface to access 2 different nets, and I need to define 2 ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Configuring 2 NIC with 2 gateways

Lets say my router has a LAN (192.168.0.1/24) and a DMZ (192.168.1.1/24). My computer has 2 NICs, one for LAN and one for DMZ. How can I configure my routes so that it uses both gateways instead of a ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Debian, two network cards - “no route to host” on eth1

I have added a secound nic in a debian box. That nic is ment for doing some test stuff, so those devices connected should just be able to access the debian box or be accessed from it. To set up the ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What do I need to add a virtual IPsec adapter?

I'm trying to set up an IPsec connection manually from the console with iproute2. What I need is a virtual interface (at best, a virtual IP address could also be sufficient) that IPsec-transforms ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Centos 7 persistent static routes for any interface

I am trying to set up some static routes in a CentOS 7 box. The official RHEL says it is possible to add files in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-interface. This approach works, however I need ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

How add configure to add default gateway from different subnet?

I am working in a host in LAN segment of 192.168.148.X with subnet mask 255.255.255.0. The LAN should be configured to use 192.168.128.1 as default gateway. What I normally do is to issue following ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

PPTP VPN not working with Linux router

ORIGINAL: I've just switched from an old Linux install (Debian squeeze) to a new one (Linux Mint 17.3) for my router (I am using a full desktop PC with a Linux install as my router). The Linux PC ...
8
votes
7answers
122k views

How can I change the default gateway?

Currently I'm running a FreeBSD 9.1 and the default gateway is already configured in the rc.conf. rc.conf: defaultrouter = "10.0.0.1" But now I want to change the default gateway without rebooting ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Bind unix program to specific network interface

Question: How do I launch a program while ensuring that its network access is bound via a specific network interface? Case: I want to access two distinct machines with the same IP (192.168.1.1), but ...