Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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iptables: route packets to example.com via public proxy

I want to access certain websites via a public proxy and I can't seem to get it right using iptables. Let's say I want to access example.com having ip address 1.2.3.4 via a public proxy at ...
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routing through a GVPE network

The following is a GVPE network (VPN) setup on Debian Linux systems. It is how I interpreted the two paragraphs starting at line 174 in the GVPE README. Sadly, there is not much detail and my ...
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18 views

Access network of PC2 from virtualbox installed on PC1

I am going to attend one seminar where I need to bring laptop with installed Virtualbox and Windows 7 running inside it. My laptop is too old to handle Virtualbox with Windows 7 and native Linux ...
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How do I configure OpenVPN as a Gateway client for Witopia?

I have the following setup: Witopia SSL account Synology 409 NAS (with OpenVPN and Apache etc) PS3 Mac Apple AirPort router (configured for NAT) Locked IPT-box (using DHCP and NAT traversing) ...
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13 views

Default Route in ip route

I'm trying to setup an IP based route in DD-WRT using DD-WRT v24-sp2 (12/22/14) giga. Instead of only sending traffic from 10.13.37.0/24 to the tun1 VPN, all traffic is going there. Below is the ...
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38 views

How to create a wireless-to-ethernet router?

I have a Debian machine, which I want to turn into a router. It will connect via wireless to a access-point, where it will get an IP. To its ethernet port, other machines will be connected. It will ...
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2answers
590 views

Policy routing with load balanced ppp connections

This my setup using Debian 6.0. 6. It's role is a proxy server and a load balancer using eight 3G modems. Whenever a ppp connection dials it takes over the default gateway which is ok but it also ...
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403 views

iptables Port Forwarding — no service with the port

I have setup a network as in the image below: Firewall (FW) running CentOS 6 has two physical interfaces with subinterfaces: eth0:2 — 10.100.1.78/25 eth0:3 — 10.100.1.79/25 eth3 — 192.168.0.21/24 ...
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68 views

Default gateway fallback via DHCP configuration

I have a small network, with two routers/Internet connections. I have configured a Raspberry Pi to load balance traffic between these two routers. I would like to have a redundant setup. If one of ...
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23 views

DNAT forwarding for FTP: No route to host

I have a single public IP for multiple VM, i need forward multiple ports for FTP service, i write these lines: iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i eth0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 20:21 -j DNAT ...
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21 views

How to create an internal multipath gateway

Basically trying to bend bridging and NATing to my will with quite a unique project. I've simplified what I'm doing below (VM=Kali virtual machine for testing): ZoneX's are network namespaces, ...
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Reply on same interface as incoming?

I have a system with two interfaces. Both interfaces are connected to the internet. One of them is set as the default route; a side effect of this is that if a packet comes in on the non-default-route ...
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24 views

two NICs in the same subnet— need to set up routing

I have a tricky case: +---+ +----+ |D1 +->eth0---------<-eth0-+D2 | | | | | | +->eth1---------<-eth1-+ | +---+ ...
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61 views

Linux tun interface packet routing [closed]

I have questions on the ip packet flow for the following scenario. The scenario is : A tun0 (10.0.0.2/8) interface and a physical wireless lan card wlan0 (ip address not fix) on the client side, ...
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How can I change the default gateway?

Currently I'm running a FreeBSD 9.1 and the default gateway is already configured in the rc.conf. rc.conf: defaultrouter = "10.0.0.1" But now I want to change the default gateway without rebooting ...
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1answer
888 views

Routing a LAN through OpenVPN on OpenBSD 5.5

I'm configuring an OpenVPN gateway to allow a LAN access to the internet through the tunnel. The gateway is running OpenBSD 5.5-stable amd64 on the PC Engines APU platform. The LAN contains re1, re2, ...
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412 views

How do I route a spare network interface through an SSH tunnel?

I just bought a Raspberry Pi and I am wanting to route an ad hoc wireless network interface fully through an SSH tunnel that was created using another wireless interface. I want to do this so that I ...
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779 views

ICMP gives host an impossible redirect

I am having trouble with forwarding on a system which hosts a few headless VirtualBox VMs. I have not changed anything but the configuration has stopped working. The VMs have IP addresses on their own ...
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36 views

Connect through different interfaces to the same server (SO_BINDTODEVICE): Destination Host Unreachable

I have 2 interfaces: eth0 and wlan0, each one connected to a different router. Their network specs are these: eth0: ip: 192.168.1.7 Gateway: 192.168.1.1 Submask: 255.255.255.0 wlan0: ...
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423 views

solaris netstat -rn output clarification

We have couple of servers performing the same function. On some I see following output: Routing Table: IPv4 Destination Gateway Flags Ref Use Interface ...
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1answer
41 views

How do I apply iptables SNAT to packets bound for localhost (INPUT chain)?

I'm setting up a host that has two routes to the public internet: one via my run-of-the-mill home gateway router, the other via a gateway router on a semi-private network (AMPRNet on 44.0.0.0/8). Most ...
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iptables routing through firewall

I have a httpd service running on server machine, I have a firewall and internet browser on desktop machine. On server I have a rule that only firewall can access to server: -A INPUT -m state ...
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117 views

complex dd-wrt routing setup - is it possible?

I have access to my university's VPN through OpenVPN, and would like to extend it to all the devices at home. I have cable internet, a DD-WRT router, a bunch of clients (mostly Windows), and a ...
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30 views

Internet sharing disappears when either eth0 or wlan0 gets disconnected

I just got a RasPi B+ and I'm looking to replace the Windows PC that's doing the routing job. What I'm trying to do with the Pi is making it share the connection (wlan0) with another wifi router (via ...
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iptables --set-mark - Route diferent ports through different interfaces

Short story, 3 interfaces, eth0 (LAN), eth1(ADSL), eth2(4G). eth0 -> eth1: Works (ports 80, 443, 4070) eth0 -> eth2: Doesn't happen This is a graphical representation of the idea: Port 80 & ...
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route gateway proxy traffic through different interface with identical upstream gateways

My question is similar to the below with a small caveat not answered by any of these threads: Output traffic on different interfaces based on destination port ...
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Make a request through vpn interface

I want to be able to make request through a specific network interface, like this: ping -I eth0.1 google.be ping -I eth0.2 google.be This example works on my multihomed OpenWRT router. I now want ...
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Making static routes persist after a reboot

I have two VLANs (default vlan and vlan 5 for voip). I have 2 interfaces, one for each VLAN. My route table looks like this right now: Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric ...
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51 views

Why doesn't Linux remove route from routing table if interface is physically down?

As seen below, Linux(3.7-trunk-686-pae) keeps route to 10.10.12.64/28 in routing table although the interface is physically down: root@kali:~# ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: ...
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63 views

Using a VPN client as a VPN gateway

I would like host 1 to use host 2 as a gateway to the remote host 3. I have scoured the web looking for a solution, but it doesn't seem to work for me. VPN client software is ike (shrewSoft VPN) is ...
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23 views

IP routing to domain

I have a remote device that sends data to an IP address through a specific port. The problem I want to solve is that I need it sends data to a domain, but device only allow set IP addresses. I want ...
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300 views

Is it possible to prevent eth0 network traffic from accessing eth1 network?

I am not really sure how this is possible but I have a linux(ubuntu 14.04) box with 2 interfaces. eth0 is connected to our lan 192.168.0.* and eth1 is connected to a dlink wifi router on network ...
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Route VPN traffic through different proxies

I want to setup VPN server and route (based on my routing algorithm) all traffic through different proxy servers. Let's say I have one host, with many users, connected to my VPN. I want to route all ...
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493 views

Skip routing via `lo` interface for outgoing packets

Introduction I have following load balancing configuration: 10.0.1.31 - lb 10.0.1.35 - virtual IP 10.0.1.32 - node1 (tomcat + mysql) 10.0.1.33 - node2 (tomcat + mysql) I'm using keepalived which ...
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Redirect ALL packets from eth1 & eth2 through a SOCKS proxy

Is there a way to redirect all traffic, UDP and TCP, coming to and from eth1 and eth2 through a SOCKS proxy (Tor) which then passes it through eth0? eth0: Internet in - leads to the main router, then ...
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Always Forward Traffic Out The Interface It Originated On

(This is the original question but my eventual solution was too different from how I originally asked the question so I'm posting as a new question.) Background: I have a VM with three different ...
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26 views

Iptable forward interfaces for gateway machine

I have two Ethernet interface being configured to use as system gateway ex: eth1: 10.10.1.0 eth2: 10.10.2.0 I want to forward all the packets which are coming to the 10.10.2.0 gateway contacting ...
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51 views

iptables IP address (source and destination IP address) mangling

I tried to understand the concept of iptables mangling part, but somehow failed to understand the IP header manipulative section. For example: Below is the system scenario which I'm trying to ...
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Default iterface/routes metric in Linux

When I run ip route on my Linux machine, I see default via xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx dev eno1 metric 202 I wonder, where this 202 metric is configured and what other ip commands use it.
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75 views

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode?

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode? My machines are FreeBSD 8.2-PRERELEASE or RELEASE The NIC (respectively em0 or re0) is set to get a dynamic IP address. ...
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105 views

Forward port 22 out a particular interface

The situation I'm in is where we have three separate interfaces on a particular machine. Each connected network only allows servers (by network-based routing/firewalling) to only offer particular ...
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30 views

Adding routes for configured virtual IP addresses of different segments

I have configured virtual IP addresses in different segments as below in RHEL box. eth0 - 192.X.X.208/27 eth0:1 - 192.X.X.219/27 eth0:2 - 10.72.X.19/24 eth0:3- 10.72.X.20/24 The problem here is as ...
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388 views

Using source routing (LSRR) - any ideas?

What I want to do is conceptually very simple, but I can't find any information or help about how to go about doing this. Basically, I want to configure my networking to use source routing (LSRR). ...
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49 views

How to bridge a VM to public IP

I wish to to assign the IP from my eth1:2 to a VM; I also have no use of this IP for the host, it would be desirable to be exclusive to the VM. I've ended up with a setup just like this (eth1:1, ...
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Assymetric routing problems in LINUX

Assymetric routing problems are driving me crazy! I am trying to build a multi-homed server with 3 NICs. Each NIC is connected to 3 different subnets: eth0: LAN connected, 10.99.72.38; function: ...
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Bridge/Router with custom logic

I've a Linux box with 3 network adapaters, which I'd like to configure as follow: Adapter A is connected to computer A Adapter B is connected to computer B Adapter C is connected to the Internet. ...
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Having trouble with packets not making it into Fedora 16 Apache [closed]

Background: I haven't done anything with iptables in a few years... I have Fedora 16 running in a VM on VMWare, with my firewall (TomatoUSB) port forwarding to the VM. VM is at 192.168.1.155. I know ...
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Is legacy checkpoint endpoint blocking puppy 528 wireless Internet connection and how can I remove it?

Background: Whilst booting with an old flash drive (SafeXs by block master) plugged in to my laptop (DELL latitude 6430u) I came up against a blue login screen . At full encryption point ... ...
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how to binding each each interface to a seperate VPN config

What I am trying to do is route all traffic that comes on a given interface to a specific, per interface, VPN connection where all outbound traffic is actually leaving on WAN0. I frankly don't have a ...
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61 views

Network connectivity trouble to non-routing multi-homed hosts?

I have two networks: A and B (172.16.2.0/24 and 172.17.2.0/24). A is Ethernet, B is WiFi. An OpenWRT router connects A and B, and most traffic gets passed OK. Default route on router leads to a ...